How to give a good scientific oral presentation

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  1. 1. skills @JoshDNeufeld October 22, 2014 compassion enthusiasm clarity preparation examples presentation
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. What is a scientic seminar? A forum for verbally communicating scientic information with the use of visual aids
  4. 4. What is a scientic seminar? A forum for verbally communicating scientic information with the use of visual aids in person.
  5. 5. introduction details summary Tell them what you are going to tell them Tell them Summarize what you have told them Seminar structure
  6. 6. What makes a good seminar?
  7. 7. What breaks a good seminar?
  8. 8. Compassion
  9. 9. Compassion in a scientic seminar Make sure they understand. Do not go over your time. Golden Rules
  10. 10. How much background to include? What level of expertise to expect? How big is the audience? Who is speaking before you? Does the audience know you? Know your audience
  11. 11. Screens of sediment o the coast of Namibia revealed large unicellular organisms. Initially, the identities were unknown. Know your audience
  12. 12. Expert Informed Non-specialist Know your audience
  13. 13. Which audience is this statement suitable for? Expert Informed Non-specialist Know your audience We used allele-specic PCR-based molecular markers for genotyping.
  14. 14. Which audience is this statement suitable for? Expert Informed Non-specialist We used allele-specic PCR-based molecular markers for genotyping. Know your audience
  15. 15. Which audience is this statement suitable for? Expert Informed Non-specialist We used DNA ngerprinting methods. Know your audience
  16. 16. Which audience is this statement suitable for? Expert Informed Non-specialist Know your audience We used DNA ngerprinting methods.
  17. 17. Clarity
  18. 18. 1. Being heard 2. Pacing the delivery 3. Avoiding jargon 4. Using clear pronunciations 5. Use inections 6. Adding movement Seminar clarity
  19. 19. 1. Being heard (use microphone) 2. Pacing the delivery (slow down!) 3. Avoiding jargon (dene it) 4. Using clear pronunciations (use your slides!) 5. Use inections 6. Adding movement (eye contact) Seminar clarity
  20. 20. Power corrupts and Powerpoint corrupts absolutely - Edward Tufte
  21. 21. Outline Introduction Objectives Materials and Methods Results Discussion Conclusion
  22. 22. skills @JoshDNeufeld October 22, 2014 compassion enthusiasm clarity preparation examples presentation
  23. 23. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  24. 24. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  25. 25. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  26. 26. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  27. 27. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  28. 28. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  29. 29. intro objectives methods results discussion Outline
  30. 30. Title of some sort Some key statement about the data Data visual of some sort Referencetoyourpaper2011
  31. 31. Data visual of some sort
  32. 32. Outline Bullet text Short comment Key points only Not full sentences Talk to audience Data visual of some sort Reference to your paper 2011
  33. 33. h"p://www.presenta.onzen.com/
  34. 34. h"p://www.presenta.onzen.com/
  35. 35. h"p://www.presenta.onzen.com/
  36. 36. h"p://www.presenta.onzen.com/
  37. 37. http://usableworld.com.au/2009/03/16/you-look-where-they-look/
  38. 38. http://usableworld.com.au/2009/03/16/you-look-where-they-look/
  39. 39. Animations and images Animations (fade is the only one) Transitions (fade is the only one) Use animations sparingly to pace information roll out, building understanding gradually on a slide Graphics (please crop; save as png)
  40. 40. Animations and images Blah, blah, blah
  41. 41. Animations and images
  42. 42. Animations and images Animations (fade is the only one) Transitions (fade is the only one) Use animations sparingly to pace information roll out, building understanding gradually on a slide Graphics (please crop; save as png) Become friends with Illustrator, Photoshop, GIMP (OA), Inkscape (OA)
  43. 43. Enthusiasm
  44. 44. 1. Passion and motivation. 2. Expertise and immersing oneself wholly in their eld. 3. Listening, questioning and respecting others. 4. Experimentation and adaptation. 5. Style, entertainment and dynamism. 6. Humour and the ability to make jokes at your own expense. 7. Being available, caring and nurturing. 8. Strength and leadership. 9. Teamwork, training and mentoring between senior and junior faculty. 10.Fun and pleasure. Good Teaching: The Top 10 Requirements York Universitys Dr. Richard Leblanc
  45. 45. Communicate your excitement! If you look or sound bored, the audience will be bored. A presentation should be self- contained and informative (make your audience feel good about how smart they are) Do not read the text on your slides! Enthusiasm
  46. 46. Communicate your excitement! If you look or sound bored, the audience will be bored. A presentation should be self- contained and informative (make your audience feel good about how smart they are) Do not read the text on your slides! Enthusiasm
  47. 47. The secret: Someone is always going to be falling asleep during your seminar! Enthusiasm (reality)
  48. 48. The secret: You will always have friends in the audience. Find them. Enthusiasm (reality)
  49. 49. The truth: Everyone is going to fall asleep (or worse) if you drone on! Stick to your allotted time Enthusiasm (reality)
  50. 50. Have you stimulated interest? Good questions often follow a good seminar. (see Preparation section) Enthusiasm (reality)
  51. 51. Preparation
  52. 52. What makes a speaker eective? Practice
  53. 53. 1. Gain experience giving seminars 2. Start by doing so in front of a friendly audience 3. Get feedback from your peers and your mentors 4. Learn (steal ideas) from others Other tools you can use
  54. 54. What was good? What was bad? What was ugly? Watch other seminars and be critical
  55. 55. Own the podium (clicker, lights, windows, doors, microphone, potted plants) Preparation
  56. 56. Be prepared. Be very prepared. Look cool, calm, smile, welcoming. Use feedback from peers/mentors to help identify likely questions Acknowledge weaknesses in data Important: repeat the question (or else) Consider ninja slides Question time
  57. 57. Add a little humor. (but only if you feel comfortable doing so) Try not to put on a show, even if it means breaking the rules Enthusiasm (be yourself)
  58. 58. Dont use comic sans or a serif font Do use Gotham, Calibri, Arial, Helvetica, Verdana (pick one!) Do give your presentation a common look-and-feel (e.g. last slide was iy) Dont read the text on your slides Do not pack too much into your talk (1 slide per minute is a good rule) Do not go over time! Do practice beforehand Miscellaneous (laundry list)
  59. 59. Do not stand behind your computer Do not stand behind the podium Do not rock back and forth Do not put your hands in your pockets Do smile when introduced and for questions Do make eye contact Do look around, even to the back Do not face your slides (back to audience) Do use humour if you can Miscellaneous (laundry list)
  60. 60. Do speak loudly Do interact with audience/bring prop? Do not say I dont need a microphone Do explain all axis labels Dont include enough text on the slides that it could be read Do include ninja slides for extra material Do not pack too much into your talk (1 slide per minute) Do not go over time! Miscellaneous (laundry list)
  61. 61. Do not say This is here to remind me Do not say You wont be able to see this Do not say How much time do I have left? Do not say Thank you. Ill take questions When nished, say Thank you for your attention. Thats it. Do not moderate your own question period unless invited to do so. Look to chair. Do keep your answers short and sweet. Do not have a Questions? slide. Do not bs Miscellaneous (laundry list)
  62. 62. For a 30 minute talk, give a talk outline at the beginning: what stories will you tell? For a

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