how to give a good research presentation thanks for lucia dettori’s slides

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  • How to give a good research presentation

    Thanks for Lucia Dettoris slides

  • Purpose of a research talkIs not toImpress the audienceTell them all you know about a subjectPresent every little detail of your workIs toGive the audience a sense of what your idea/work isMake them want to read your paperGet feedback on your work

  • Know your audienceWho would be there?Scientists expert in your fieldScientists not expert in your fieldStudentsNon expertsWho knows?Most likely a mix so have something for all

  • Know your audienceKeep in mindThey might be tiredThey can read They are thinking Why should I listen?Non-experts will tune off within 2 minutesExperts after 5 minutes What can you do?

  • What can you do?Early motivation - at the beginning of your talk motivate your research with easy to understand examplesState your results early and in simple termsVisuals Illustrate your idea with images and diagrams

  • Leave them with these thoughtsI understood what the problem was and why it was importantI have an idea of what her solution was and how it was different/better than othersShe knows the literature (i.e. quoted my work ) and we might collaborate on this aspect of her research

  • Use examplesExamples are your weapon toMotivate your workIllustrate the basic intuitionShow your solution in action (baby problem)Highlight extreme cases or shortcomingsIf you are running out of time cut the general case not the example

  • Where were you?People will get lost during your talk, even those who are listeninghave a running outline of the main steps of your idea (more than the talk itself) use visual clue to highlight where you are in the process present it at the beginning of each stepPreprocessingFilteringTexture ExtractionDecision TreesClassificationPreprocessingFilteringTexture ExtractionDecision TreesClassification

  • Related workBe familiar with all related workDont list each paper you readMainly talk about results that are immediately related to what you didReferences at the end of the talk or better in the paper itselfAcknowledge co-authors (title slide)

  • Technical details: in or out?A fine linePresent specific aspect that show the meat of your workLeave the rest out. If you were convincing they will read your paperDont fill up your slides with lots of equationsPrepare back-up slides to answer questions. Leave them at the end of the presentation

  • The skeletonWhat is the problemMotivation and goalsRelevant state of the artWhat is your key idea/contributionWhy is your approach good/betterWhat I just said and what I want to do next

  • Preparing the presentationUse animation sparinglyUse color to emphasize some points but limit to 2 or 3Be consistent! In the choice and use of color font size/type etc

  • Slide layout - BadThis page contains too many words for a presentation slide. It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for your audience to read and for you to present each point. Although there are exactly the same number of points on this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to you.

  • Slide layout GoodShow one point at a time:Will help audience concentrate on what you are sayingWill prevent audience from reading aheadWill help you keep your presentation focused

  • Fonts - GoodUse a decent font sizeUse different size fonts for main points and secondary pointsthis font is 24-point, the main point font is 32-point, and the title font is 44-pointUse a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial

  • Fonts - BadIf you use a small font, your audience wont be able to read what you have written

    CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ

    Dont use a complicated font

  • Color - GoodUse font color that contrasts sharply with the background Blue font on white backgroundUse color to reinforce the logic of your structureEx: light blue title and dark blue textUse color to emphasize a pointBut only use this occasionally

  • Color - BadUsing a font color that does not contrast with the background color is hard to read Using color for decoration is distracting and annoying.Using a different color for each point is unnecessarySame for secondary pointsTrying to be creative can also be bad

  • Background - GoodUse backgrounds such as this one that are attractive but simpleUse backgrounds which are lightUse the same background consistently throughout your presentation

  • Background BadAvoid backgrounds that are distracting or difficult to read fromAlways be consistent with the background that you use

  • Graphs - GoodUse graphs rather than just charts and wordsData in graphs is easier to comprehend & retain than is raw dataTrends are easier to visualize in graph form

    Always title your graphs

  • Graphs - Bad

    Good

    20.430.6

    27.438.6

    9034.6

    20.431.6

    Blue Balls

    Red Balls

    Items Sold in First Quarter of 2002

    Bad

    20.430.6

    27.438.6

    9034.6

    20.431.6

    Blue Balls

    Red Balls

    Sheet1

    JanuaryFebruaryMarchApril

    Blue Balls20.427.49020.4

    Red Balls30.638.634.631.6

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Graphs - Good

    Good

    20.430.6

    27.438.6

    9034.6

    20.431.6

    Blue Balls

    Red Balls

    Items Sold in First Quarter of 2002

    Sheet1

    JanuaryFebruaryMarchApril

    Blue Balls20.427.49020.4

    Red Balls30.638.634.631.6

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Graphs - Bad

    Good

    20.430.6

    27.438.6

    9034.6

    20.431.6

    Blue Balls

    Red Balls

    Items Sold in First Quarter of 2002

    Bad

    20.430.6

    27.438.6

    9034.6

    20.431.6

    Blue Balls

    Red Balls

    Sheet1

    JanuaryFebruaryMarchApril

    Blue Balls20.427.49020.4

    Red Balls30.638.634.631.6

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Graphs - BadMinor gridlines are unnecessaryFont is too smallColors are illogicalTitle is missingShading is distracting

  • Preparing the presentationPrepare the slides in advanceShow them to friendsWhen you think you are done read them againCheck all animations with the sound on

  • Preparing the presentationPractice, practice, practiceGive a practice talk to a general audienceGive a practice talk to an audience of expertTime your presentation (allow for speed up effect caused by nervousness)Always assume technology will fail you. Have backups.

  • Delivering the talkBe enthusiastic! If you arent why should the audience be?Make eye contact with the audienceIdentify a few nodders and speak to themWatch for questions. Be prepare to digress or brush off when irrelevant

  • Delivering the talkPoint at the screen not the computerDo not read directly from the PPT or your notesFinish in time

  • Handling questionsDifferent types handle accordinglyNeed clarificationSuggest something helpfulWant to engage in research dialogShow that he/she is better than youAnticipate questions (additional slides)Dont let them hijack the talk (postpone)

  • How can I get better?Practice every chance you canObserve othersSteal good presentation ideasNotice all the things that turned you offSeek comments from friends and mentors

  • Some resourceshttp://research.microsoft.com/~simonpj/papers/giving-a-talk/writing-a-paper-slides.pdfhttp://wit.tuwien.ac.at/research/tips/good_research_talk_slides.pdf http://research.microsoft.com/~simonpj/papers/giving-a-talk/giving-a-talk-html.html

  • Some resourceshttp://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~rapaport/howtowrite.htmlhttp://www.iasted.org/conferences/formatting/Presentations-Tips.ppt

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