how to create a bibliography: using the apa referencing style
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How to write a Bibliography:
How to create a Bibliography:using the APA Referencing StyleWhat is a Bibliography?A Bibliography is a list of all material used in the preparation of your assignment. It is usually in alphabetical order of author's surname. If a resource has no author, list it in alphabetical order by the first 3 letters of the title, ignoring the words A, and The at the beginning of a title. ? Hints:Remember to write down the bibliographic details of a resource as you use it. Don't wait until the end of the assignment, when you have returned some of the resources, and think 'which book did I use? Where is it?'
What bibliographic details do I need to reference different types of resources?BookAuthor's surname, author's initial.Publication date (in brackets).Title italics.Place of publication: Publisher.
Kourik, R. (2010). The lavender garden. San Francisco: Chronicle Books
Book chapterAuthor's surname, author's initial of chapterPublication date (in brackets).Title of chapterAuthor's surname, author's initial of bookTitle of book italics.Pages of chapterPlace of publication: Publisher.
Prinze, T.P. (2001). Colours of the rainbow. In F.M. Hood & T.S. Center (Eds.). Colour spectrums. (pp. 74-85). New York, NY: Scott Press.Journal articleAuthor surname, InitialPublication date - in brackets Title of article', Title of periodical - italics, Volume, Number in brackets Page number
Smith, M., & Brown, L. (2010). A look at gaming in education. Schools and Education, 12(6), 123-134.
Electronic journal article from online databaseAuthor surname, InitialPublication date - in brackets Title of article', Title of periodical - italics, Volume, Number in brackets Page number .Retrieved from URL of online database
Baker, V., Smiths, K., & Dodd, Y. (2010). Changing careers in mid stream. Australian Journal of Careers, 23(4), 1925. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/
Newspaper articleAuthor surname, Initial.Publication date - in brackets Title of article', Title of newspaper - italics, Page number.
Shaw, P. (2011, May 12). Mining shares drop, The Australian, p.12. Encyclopedia articleAuthor's surname, author's initial of articlePublication date (in brackets).Title of article.Volume number and pages of encyclopediaPlace of publication: Publisher
Barker, D. (2007). Tiger cubs. In International encyclopedia of animals. (Vol. 3, pp. 22-27). New York: N.Y.: Notable Press.Audio Visual MaterialSurname and initials of producer. Surname and initials of writer/directorProduction date (in brackets)Title in italicsMedia type in square bracketsPlace of productionStudio nameMovie: Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.DVD: same as above but [DVD] in square bracketsTV program: Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.
Webpage with an author. Author surname and initialsDate webpage created in brackets . Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the pageTitle of web page in italics Retrieved and date retrievedfrom full URL
Luikkonen ,P. (2008). Roald Dahl (1916-1990). Retrieved October 2, 2011, fromhttp://kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm
Webpage with no author. Title of webpage in italics Date webpage created (in brackets) Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the pageRetrieved and date retrievedfrom full URL
Roald Dahl. (2011) Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://www.roalddahl.com/.
Personal communicationForms of personal communication include letters, telephone conversations, personal interviews and e-mail messages. These are not included in your bibliography as they cannot be traced by the reader.You should refer to your source in the text of your assignment (in-text referencing).Examples: D. Scott reported that 111 mm of rain fell in Turramurra yesterday.(personal communication, October 10, 2010) . races. (S.Smith, personal communication, May 24, 2011)...