How ICTs can make a difference to livelihoods

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<ul><li> 1. 28 April 2014 How ICTs can make a difference to Livelihoods </li></ul> <p> 2. ICTS FOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMING 3. Page 3 ICT IN PROGRAMME AT OXFAM 4. Page 4 KEY PRINCIPLES FOR SUCCESS Consider ICT as an enabler Embed ICTs in existing process Context appropriate solutions Build on existing solutions (where possible) Sustainability Womens rights at the heart Listen to stakeholders 5. Page 5 THE REALITY OF USING ICTS En un despliegue usando lo digital Allocation of time in a deployment using ICTs TECHNOLOGY SET UP set up technology/server, training on functionality, organising information flows, integrate other systems PROGRAMME DESIGN outreach, branding, ince ntives, feedback, messa ging, data collection, verification, m ultichannel approaches 6. ICTS IN LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMMING http://growsellthrive.org/our-work/ict 7. Page 7 INTEGRATING ICTS IN OXFAMS LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMMES STEP 1 1. Understand the wide range of information and financial services that can be provided through ICTs for small-holder farmers Information Services Value Chain Linkages Financial Services Inputs information Agronomic information Weather forecasts Market information Aggregation of farmers for purchase and sale Connection with input providers and buyers Mobile banking (money transfers) Micro-credits Micro-insurance Service Offering Better choice of inputs Better agro practices Improved productivity Higher crop quality Higher price received Purchase at lower cost Access to larger buyer Less product loss Access to new products and markets Reduced risks and transaction costs Access to credit Reduced vulnerability to risks and shocks Benefits The effect of M-Agri services depends on the type of service provided. A combination of services has greater potential to have an impact on poverty reduction and to achieve sustainability in the long term Types of M-Agri services: org/our-work/ict 8. Page 8 INTEGRATING ICTS IN OXFAMS LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMMES STEP 2 2. Identify concrete activities where ICTs could be used as a delivery channel and contribute to reduce the operating costs, increase the outreach and improve the efficiencies of the programme Gendered market map (Value Chain section) with opportunities for ICTs in the dairy value chain Bangladesh org/our-work/ict 9. Page 9 INTEGRATING ICTS IN OXFAMS LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMMES STEP 3 3. Conduct a quick landscape analysis of the enabling environment, M-Agri and Mobile Money service offering in the country ...and 230 in the field of Mobile Money Source: https://mobiledevelopmentintelligence.com/ : 2014 Source: https://mobiledevelopmentintelligence.com/ : 2014 org/our-work/ict There are currently over 100 active initiatives in the field of M-Agri, many of which compete in the same countries with similar service offerings Source: https://mobiledevelopmentintelligence.com/ : 2014 10. Page 10 INTEGRATING ICTS IN OXFAMS LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMMES STEP 4 4. Compare the opportunities for using ICTs in the programme (step 2) and the existing ICT service offering in the country (step 3) to identify potential synergies between both Gendered market map (Value Chain section) with opportunities for ICTs in the dairy value chain Bangladesh org/our-work/ict 11. Page 11 A. Outcome: The existing service offering fully matches an opportunity identified to use ICTs in a particular activity of the programme Intervention: Linking the existing service offering to an Oxfam programme OUTCOMES FROM STEP 4 EDP Programme in Ethiopia; Honey Value Chain org/our-work/ict 12. Page 12 B. Outcome: The existing service offering matches partially an opportunity identified to use ICTs in a particular activity of the programme. Intervention: Collaborating with the service provider to improve their current service offering to address the needs and activities of the programme OUTCOMES FROM STEP 4 Fish Value Chain: Lake Turkana org/our-work/ict 13. Page 13 C. Outcome: The existing service offering does not match any opportunities identified to use ICTs in the programme. Intervention: Designing and implementing new services through public-private partnerships to address service- offering gaps OUTCOMES FROM STEP 4 Livelihoods Programme in Rwanda; Pineapple Value Chain org/our-work/ict 14. Page 14 GENDER APPROACH Opportunities: Mobiles can address womens time and mobility constraints Facilitate womens access to relevant information Increase access to financial services for income generating or care related activities Gather sex-disaggregated data in agriculture and for MEL purposes Facilitate womens participation in political processes Address power imbalances at the household and community levels org/our-work/ict 15. Page 15 GENDER APPROACH Financial constraints to buy mobile phones and pay for services High levels of technological and language illiteracy Cultural constraints can prevent women from accessing services Access to information does not in itself promote behavioral change Challenges: Ownership and usage of mobile phones by women in rural areas Recommendations: Use multiple delivery channels (e.g. mobiles, radio, face to face) Explore alternative business models for revenue generation Peer to peer knowledge exchange can facilitate behavioral change Involve women in the design of the service org/our-work/ict 16. Page 16 The world needs a paradigm shift in agricultural development...from conventional, monoculture-based and high external-input-dependent industrial production towards mosaics of sustainable, regenerative production systems that also considerably improve the productivity of small-scale farmers...a farmer is not only a producer of agricultural goods, but also a manager of an agro-ecological system that provides quite a number of public goods and services (e.g. water, soil, landscape, energy, biodiversity and recreation). UNCTAD: 2013, Trade and environment review 2013 RESEARCH AND INFLUENCING ICTs and sustainable agriculture Partners: Results: org/our-work/ict 17. Page 17 Implementer: Global Content Partner: Timeframe: 3 years Goal: Improve nutrition levels of 3 million women and children 3 Services: Health, Agriculture &amp; Nutrition 14 Countries from Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia Oxfams role in the consortium: Sustainable Agriculture &amp; Women Empowerment advisory role Technical advise in business model design of the services Lead partner in Bangladesh, Malawi and Rwanda Links to other programmes: GEM, EDP &amp; WEE-Care Donors: NEW PROGRAMMES: M-NUTRITION Local Content Partners MNOs Governments 18. MOBILE DATA COLLECTION 19. Page 19 HOW DOES IT WORK? 20. Page 20 Major benefits Speed of data capture Cost effectiveness Direct export to Excel Advanced analysis &amp; visualisation Smarter data: GPS &amp; photosImproved sharing Removal manual data entry &amp; human error Higher quality data: no illegibility Automated logic 21. Page 21 SNAPSHOT: IN THE FIELD Protection surveys: Jordan &amp; Philippines Remote reporting: Kenya &amp; Ethiopia Project monitoring: Haiti, Bangladesh &amp; Philippines 22. Page 22 RESOURCES: MOBILE SURVEY TOOLKIT 23. Page 23 REMOTE REPORTING &amp; WEE-CARE 24. THE FUTURE OF ICTS IN PROGRAMME 25. Page 25 FUTURE OF ICT IN PROGRAMME Work as One Oxfam strategy and shared vision Network of staff Stories are our bread and butter for inspiration More robust and standard MEAL Improving communications Sustainable and replicable opportunities to reach scale Unique role in ethics and appropriateness 26. MOVING TO 2020 27. Page 27 MOVING TO 2020 ICTs for Oxfam 2020: Reduced costs MEAL Increased outreach Influencing Sustainable Business ModelsIncreased Funding Increase impact Relevance and influential Legitimacy and accountability Sustainability </p>