Household Solid Waste Management in Malaysia: A Legal ... Solid Waste...Household Solid Waste Management in Malaysia: A Legal Perspective . Organised by . By APCEL Visiting Researcher Ms Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan, Lecturer

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<ul><li><p> Household Solid Waste Management in Malaysia: A Legal Perspective </p><p>Organised by </p><p> By APCEL Visiting Researcher </p><p>Ms Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan, Lecturer Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) &amp; Ph.D Candidate, </p><p>Faculty of Law, National University of Malaysia </p><p>Chairperson: Associate Professor Lye Lin Heng, Director, Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law (APCEL) </p><p> Monday, 26 October 2015 </p><p>4.00pm 5.30pm </p><p>http://law.nus.edu.sg/apcel/http://law.nus.edu.sg/apcel/</p></li><li><p>HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN MALAYSIA: A LEGAL PERSPECTIVE </p><p>Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan Ph.D Candidate, Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia </p><p>(UKM) Lecturer, Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia </p><p>(USIM) </p><p>26/10/2015 2 </p></li><li><p>Outline Introduction International convention &amp; other international environmental </p><p>instruments Current institutional framework </p><p>in several States and Federal Territories in Malaysia Current legal framework in several States and Federal </p><p>Territories in Malaysia Solid waste related laws in other countries Summary </p><p>26/10/2015 3 </p></li><li><p>Introduction: Waste Generation, Composition and Recycling Rate in Malaysia </p><p> 2005 2012 Population 26,600,000 28,300,300 Waste Generation (tonne/day) </p><p>19,000+ 33,000 </p><p>Generation rate 0.8kg/day/person 1.1kg/day/person Waste composition </p><p>Food waste 45 44.5 Plastic 24 13.2 </p><p>Diapers - 12.1 Paper 7 8.5 </p><p>Garden waste - 5.8 Glass 3.3 </p><p>Textile 3.1 Others 24 9.5 </p><p>Recycling Rate (100%) 5 10.5 </p><p>(Source: Ab. Rahim bin Md. Noor. (22-23 April 2014). Waste Minimization through Separation at Source and Waste Recovery. WMAM Conference) </p><p>26/10/2015 4 </p></li><li><p>State Number of </p><p>Operating Landfills </p><p>Number of Non-operating </p><p>Landfills </p><p>Total </p><p>Johor 14 23 37 </p><p>Kedah 8 7 15 </p><p>Kelantan 13 6 19 </p><p>Melaka 2 5 7 </p><p>Negeri Sembilan 7 11 18 </p><p>Pahang 16 16 32 </p><p>Perak 17 12 29 </p><p>Perlis 1 1 2 </p><p>Pulau Pinang 2 1 3 </p><p>Sabah 19 2 21 </p><p>Sarawak 49 14 63 </p><p>Selangor 8 14 22 </p><p>Terengganu 8 12 20 </p><p>WP Kuala Lumpur 0 7 7 </p><p>WP Labuan 1 0 1 </p><p>Total 165 131 296 </p><p> (Source: National Solid Waste Management Department, Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government, http://www.kpkt.gov.my/, accessed on 23 February 2015) </p><p>Landfills in Malaysia </p><p>26/10/2015 5 </p><p>http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/http://www.kpkt.gov.my/</p></li><li><p>Issues </p><p>Low recycling rate Poor management of landfills Increase generation of solid waste </p><p>26/10/2015 6 </p></li><li><p>International Convention &amp; Other International Environmental Instruments UN Convention on the Control of Transboundary </p><p>Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (1989 Basel Convention) </p><p> Rio Declaration on Environment and Development </p><p> Agenda 21 </p><p>26/10/2015 7 </p></li><li><p>Malaysia Plan &amp; National Policy Eleventh Malaysia Plan (2016-2020) Revision on the Solid Waste &amp; Public Cleansing </p><p>Management Act 2007 (Act 672) Strengthening the institutional framework Reinforcing coordination among relevant ministries and </p><p>agencies National Solid Waste Management Policy </p><p>26/10/2015 8 </p></li><li><p>Current Institutional Framework in several States and Federal Territories in Malaysia </p><p>26/10/2015 9 </p><p>Ministry of Urban Well Being, Housing &amp; Local Government </p><p>- The Federal Government has the executive authority (section 3 of Act </p><p>672) </p><p>National Solid Waste Management Department Malaysia </p><p>- Established in order to integrate the solid waste management system </p><p>at the national level </p><p>The Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Corporation - One of its functions is to implement </p><p>and enforce the solid waste and public cleansing management laws </p></li><li><p>Privatization </p><p>26/10/2015 10 </p><p> A concession agreement between the Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Corporation and the concession companies was signed for the privatization of the solid waste and public cleansing management for the period of 22 years. </p></li><li><p>Current Legal Framework in Several States and Federal Territories in Malaysia </p><p>Federal Constitution </p><p>Main Statutes Subsidiary Legislations </p><p>Others </p><p>- Act 672 was passed in accordance with Article 74 (1) and Article 80 (2) of the Federal Constitution. </p><p>- Solid waste management falls under the concurrent list (Third List) of the Ninth Schedule, Federal Constitution under item, sanitation. </p><p>- The Solid Waste &amp; Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672) </p><p> - The Solid Waste </p><p>and Public Cleansing Management Corporation Act 2007 (Act 673) </p><p>- e.g. The Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management (Scheme for Household Solid Waste and Solid Waste Similar to Household Solid Waste) Regulations 2011 </p><p>- The Town and Country Planning Act 1976 (Act 172)- New provision inserted </p><p>- Amendment to the Street, Drainage and Building Act 1974 (Act 133) and the Local Government Act 1976 (Act 171) </p><p>26/10/2015 11 </p></li><li><p>The Solid Waste &amp; Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672) Different dates may be assigned: for the coming into operation of the SWPCM Act 2007 </p><p>(Act 672) in different parts of Peninsular Malaysia; for the coming into operation of different provisions of the </p><p>SWPCM Act 2007 (Act 672); or for the coming into operation of different provisions of the </p><p>SWPCM Act 2007 (Act 672) in different parts of Peninsular Malaysia and the Federal Territories of Putrajaya and Labuan (section 1 (3) of Act 672) </p><p>26/10/2015 12 </p></li><li><p>The Solid Waste &amp; Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672) Separation of controlled solid waste (e.g. section 74 (1) of </p><p>Act 672) Collection of controlled solid waste (e.g. section 73 (2) of </p><p>Act 672) Transportation of controlled solid waste (e.g. section 71 </p><p>(1) of Act 672) Sanitary landfill (e.g. section 71 (2) of Act 672) Recycle, Reduce and Reuse (e.g. section 101 of Act 672) Take Back and Deposit System (section 102 of Act 672) </p><p>26/10/2015 13 </p></li><li><p>Other States in Malaysia Still apply the same laws as applicable for the whole States in </p><p>Peninsular Malaysia before the coming into force Act 672 The laws are: The Town and Country Planning Act 1976 (Act 172) The Street, Drainage and Building Act 1974 (Act 133) The Local Government Act 1976 (Act 171) The local authorities are in charge of solid waste management </p><p> Sabah and Sarawak have different set of laws governing the </p><p>solid waste management since the new statutes are passed with the scope to cover only the Peninsular Malaysia and the Federal Territories. </p><p>26/10/2015 14 </p></li><li><p>Laws in other countries Singapore </p><p> The Environmental Public Health Act, Chapter 95 (Act 14 </p><p>of 1987) (EPHA). EPHAs subsidiary laws including the Environmental </p><p>Public Health (General Waste Collection) Regulations </p><p>26/10/2015 15 </p></li><li><p>Laws in other countries Japan </p><p> Waste and recycling laws in Japan include: </p><p> Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law The Basic Act for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle </p><p>Society Law for the Promotion of Sorted Collection and Recycling </p><p>Containers and Packaging </p><p>26/10/2015 16 </p></li><li><p>Summary Currently the laws are not enforceable in some States in </p><p>Malaysia Enforcement of the provisions are in stages in the States </p><p>and Federal Territories in Malaysia which apply the Act 672 </p><p> Enforcement of the laws in Malaysia needs to be </p><p>enhanced There is a need for more subsidiary legislations in </p><p>Malaysia, e.g. subsidiary legislation on waste reduction </p><p>26/10/2015 17 </p></li><li><p>THANK YOU </p><p>26/10/2015 18 </p><p>Slide Number 1Household Solid Waste Management in Malaysia: A Legal PerspectiveOutlineIntroduction:Waste Generation, Composition and Recycling Rate in MalaysiaLandfills in MalaysiaIssuesInternational Convention &amp; Other International Environmental Instruments Malaysia Plan &amp; National PolicyCurrent Institutional Framework in several States and Federal Territories in MalaysiaPrivatizationCurrent Legal Framework in Several States and Federal Territories in MalaysiaThe Solid Waste &amp; Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672)The Solid Waste &amp; Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (Act 672)Other States in Malaysia Laws in other countriesLaws in other countriesSummaryTHANK YOU</p></li></ul>

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