hotel shuttle consolidation at sfo

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Hotel Shuttle Consolidation at SFO. Alice Sgourakis Ground Transportation Manager, SFO AGTA Conference April 20, 2007. SFO-Area Hotels. Most hotels within 5 miles of Airport terminals have courtesy shuttle links - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Hotel Shuttle Consolidation at SFO Alice SgourakisGround Transportation Manager, SFOAGTA ConferenceApril 20, 2007

  • SFO-Area HotelsMost hotels within 5 miles of Airport terminals have courtesy shuttle linksThe 51 hotels served have a combined 10,000 rooms; the median-size hotel has 169 roomsSince hotel consolidation took hold, some smaller hotels have courtesy shuttle service for the first time The hotels are located in small San Mateo County cities, under separate jurisdiction from the AirportThe San Mateo County Convention and Visitors Bureau occasionally serves as a cooperative liaison

  • 1990s Congestion33 hotels provided their own shuttle service to their own hotel only, while adjacent hotels under the same ownership ran 2 shuttle services serving 2 hotels eachSevere curbside congestion often led vehicles to park two deep and be hemmed in The typical courtesy shuttle was a cramped minibus or vanVehicles sometimes broke down on the roadsideHotels often diverted bell staff from other duties to drive shuttles

  • 1990s Pollutant EmissionsHotels operated diesel and gasoline vehiclesVisible exhaust trails reflected spotty maintenancePassengers endured toxic odorsDrivers and curbside personnel suffered health impactsFuel residue marked loading areasAirport ground vehicles affected regional air emissions

  • SFO Clean Vehicle Policy

    Implemented in 2000100% of vehicles in applicable fleets to be clean-powered by 2012 Trip fee differentials and other economic incentives encourage compliance Airport applies for and manages grant fundingOver 500 grant-funded vehicles to date, 98% privately-owned

  • SFOs Hotel Clean Vehicle Policy Effective July 1, 2000, a dual tier trip fee structure was established for hotel courtesy shuttlesThe existing rate became the base rate in the two-tier structureThe new tier was set at triple the base rate Vehicle emissions and trip limits apply to the base rate

  • Vehicle Emissions RequirementsFor a hotel operator to qualify for the base fee, all their newly-permitted shuttle vehicles must be dedicated Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) or equivalent emissionsContinued placement in the base fee tier requires retirement of pre-2000 diesel and gasoline vehicles by July 1, 2007A single non-compliant vehicle causes the operator to pay the high fee for all trips

  • Trip Limits

    To be placed in the base fee tier, hotels in business as of April 1, 1999 had to reduce their average monthly trip total by one third (using April 1999-March 2000 as baseline)Newer hotels have a ceiling of 2.25 trips per room per month, frequently lower than the adjusted ceiling for established hotelsHotels with 67 to 133 rooms have a minimum allowance of 300 trips per monthHotels with 66 or fewer rooms have a minimum allowance of 150 trips per month

  • 2007 Results44 out of 51 hotels are in consolidated groupings. Most trips service multiple hotels, avoiding significant loss of service at a given hotel. There are only 15 full-time courtesy shuttle operators, down from 35 before consolidation:- 5 contractors, most active in other services such as parking shuttles and charter operations (68% of trips)- 3 hotels providing service for other hotels (20% of trips)- 7 hotels providing solo service (12% of trips) Only one full-time operator (a solo hotel) pays the high fee. This operators trip total is below its limit, but the operator prefers to run gasoline-powered vans.

  • Consolidated Route DesignNo Airport involvement Two to 5 hotels are grouped in a single tripMost contractors use multiple routes to service the 4 to 10 hotels each that they are responsible for Lead hotel operators service between 2 and 4 nearby hotels each with a single route During peak periods, vehicles normally return to the Airport every 30 minutes or lessDuring off-peak periods, some routes operate only on demandDuring late evenings and overnight, some hotels operate solo service under a separate Airport permit to reduce contractor cost

  • Current Vehicle FleetAbout 50 vehicles in full time fleet38 minibuses and 12 vansBy July 1, 2007, all regularly-operated minibuses are expected to be CNG-powered, along with about 7 vansThe remaining gasoline-powered vans will be replaced with CNG when a new van product is available and grant-funded by Fall 2007, or will be operated by hotels paying the high fee Effective July 1, 2007, there will be no diesels in the full time fleet

  • CNG Vehicle Refueling

    Offering no subsidy or guarantees, SFO attracted two CNG fueling companies to lease property and build 2 large public access CNG stations, together worth $3MThe first station opened in 1999, the second in 2004 The stations provide a combined 15 fast-fill hoses with fill pressures of 3,000 and 3,600 psi Annual CNG demand is currently 1,150,000 equivalent gallonsHotel shuttles account for 22% of demandOther large demand categories are taxis (25%) and parking shuttles (24%)

  • CNG EmissionsModel Year 2007 CNG minibuses and vans have at least 75% less nitrous oxide (NOx) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions than MY 2007 gasoline minibuses and vans.Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are at least 25% less than gasoline vehicles.Natural gas is lighter than air, and cant contaminate land or water. CNG refueling nozzles are double-sealed. There is virtually no vapor leakage in the refueling process.

  • Current CNG Vehicle MarketFord Motor Co., traditional supplier of most CNG minibuses and vans, exited the market after Model Year 2004BAF Technologies started converting E450 Ford minibuses to CNG in MY 2005BAFs converted E350 van is available in MY 2007Converted GM products may soon be available through BAF or othersThe converted product is more expensive than the former Ford OEM product

  • CNG Incentives and GrantsA full Federal tax credit of up to $20,000 per vehicle is available for CNG minibusesSome air quality districts, such as the Bay Area District and the CA South Coast District, offer grants of $4,000 (for CNG vans) up to $20,000 (for CNG minibuses), in addition to the Federal tax creditThe Bay Areas minibus grants require 1:1 diesel vehicle scrappageCNG refueling station operators offer fuel price discounts for high volume use The non-discounted price of CNG averages 20% to 35% less than gasoline or diesel

  • An Assessment of SFOs Hotel Vehicle Initiative16% increase in hotel rooms served by courtesy shuttle service since 1999-2000, mostly due to the opening of new hotels 27% reduction in courtesy shuttle trips37% reduction in trips per room servedNo significant reduction in service to and from most individual hotelsAdequate Airport curb space

  • An Assessment of SFOs Hotel Vehicle Initiative (cont.)

    No staff scheduling and vehicle maintenance headaches for hotels contracting for serviceA few hotels gain income from transporting customers of nearby hotels Over 80% reduction in nitrous oxide and hydrocarbon emissions, and more than 30% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions over the do-nothing alternative, holding vehicle model year constant

  • For More InformationRoger Hooson, Senior Planner, SFO(650)