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DESCRIPTIONHorse Breeds. Spring 2006 M. Marler. Horses breeds can be classified by. the way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse) the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter Horse) a single horse that a breed originated from. (Morgan) the country or area of the breeds origin. (Arabian). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Horse BreedsSpring 2006M. Marler
Horses breeds can be classified bythe way the horse is ridden. (Tennessee Walking Horse)
the purpose the horse was bred for. (Quarter Horse)
a single horse that a breed originated from. (Morgan)
the country or area of the breeds origin. (Arabian)
Popular Breeds in the USAThoroughbred
American Quarter Horse
American Paint Horse
Breed was developed in England from the finest Arabian horses crossed with native English mares.
ThoroughbredPurpose: A horse that could maintain a high speed over distances of a couple miles.
Temperament: Sensitive; sometimes high strung
ThoroughbredFerdinandAverage sale price for US racing bred 2yr. Old $61,000.Most paid for a Thoroughbred in history $16,000,000
ThoroughbredColors: Predominately gray, bay, chestnut, and brown
Very elegant and fine boned horse
Average size: 15.2-17 hands and 1,000lbs.
ThoroughbredUses: Mainly racing; also jumping, fox-hunting, dressage, 3-day eventing, pleasure riding
Also used as a foundational or appendix breed for other breeds
ArabianDeveloped by Bedouin tribes in Arab countries over thousands of years
Purpose: Used for transportation over long distances and war
Foundation breed to nearly every breed known today
ArabianTemperament: Sensitive; Highly intelligent; Often high strung
Average Size: 14.2 to 15.2 hands; small; 800-1,000 lbs.
Very elegant and fine boned horse
American MustangOriginated from the Spanish Andulsians brought over by Spanish explorers.
There were no horses on the US continents prior to the Spanish exploration.
American MustangPure Spanish horses mixed with other settlers horses and ran wild Kiger Mustangs are one of the purest bloodlines from the original Spanish horses,
American MustangComes in all colors and many sizes
Protected by the Bureau of Land Management
May be adopted
Very hardy horses with great stamina and sound legs and feet
American Quarter Horse
American Quarter HorseOriginated from Spanish Mustang, Thoroughbred racing stock, and some draft horses
Purpose: Originally bred to race a mile. This was the length of most small American towns in the late 1800s
Also used as a cow pony for herding cattle
American Quarter HorseClaims the title Americas Horse for its versatility
Quarter Horses are used for both english and western disciplines such as cutting, reining, pleasure, dressage, and jumping.
All solid colors and roans; No white markings above the knee
American Quarter HorseTemperament: Intelligent but generally quiet, gentle, and easily trained
Average Size: 14.2-15.2 hands; 1,000-1,200 lbs.
Known for being stocky and heavily muscled
AppaloosaDeveloped by the Nez Perce Indian tribe which lived near the Palouse river in Idaho
Developed through careful and selective breeding
Original purpose: Buffalo hunting; horses had to be swift and courageous
AppaloosaHorses were regarded by white men as being of very high quality
Herds were dispersed after the Nez Perce War of 1877
Characteristics: Spotted coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera around the eye, striped hooves, short tails
AppaloosaUses: Multi-purpose; Perform well in English & Western disciplines; good stock and rodeo horses, excellent jumpers
American Paint HorseDeveloped sporadically through mustang herds on the American plains
2nd largest breed registry in U.S.A.
Characteristics: One of three distinct splotched patterns (Overo, Tobiano, and Tovero)
TobianoDark color covers one or both flanks.All four legs are white
Head markings are like a solid colored horse
OveroWhite does not cross the back between the withers and the tail
At least one and often all four legs are dark.
Head markings are distinctive.
ToveroDark pigmentation around the ears and mouth
One or both of the eyes may be blue.
Dark splotches on chest and flank.
American Paint HorseConformation, size, temperament, and purpose closely resemble the American Quarter Horse
ClydesdaleDraft breed developed in England.
Bred to haul heavy loads
Common colors: Bay, black, brown; occasionally chestnut or roan
ClydesdaleWhite markings are common on face and legs
Legs have feathers or long, silky hairs
Generally 16 to 18 hands; ______________________________
All originated from one foal Figure born in 1789 and owned by Justin Morgan.
Figure became famous for being able to out-walk, out-trot, out-run, and out-pull other horses
Recognized as Americas first horse breed
MorganKnown as the preferred breed of American calvary.
Served as a foundation breed for Quarter Horses, Tennessee Walking Horses, and Standardbreds
MorganIntelligent with gentle dispositions
Generally smaller horses; 14.2 -15.2 hands high
Frequently bay, brown, and black; may be most solid colors
Purpose: Used predominately in English disciplines but also in Western
Popular for Carriage Driving Events
Paso FinoKnown as the smoothest riding horse in the world.
Bred from Spanish Andalusians and Spanish Barbs (Arabians)
Bred by Spanish conquistadors and early Spanish plantation owners in the Caribbean and Latin America
Paso FinoPaso Fino means the fine walk or fine movement.
Has three gaits which are as follows:Classic FinoPaso CortoPaso Largo
Paso FinoVery small horses or ponies
Typically, 13 to 15.2 hands high
Weigh only 700 to 1,100 lbs.
Compete in Western events, endurance races, and Spanish classeshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZsGXUCDHA8&feature=related
AndalusianThought of for many centuries as perfection in horseflesh.The preferred horse for nobility and war in the Middle Ages.The breed Cortes brought to America.
AndalusianDescended from the Spanish Barb.
A foundation breed for many breeds.
From Andalusia, Spain
AndalusianColor: Usually gray and occasionally bay, black, palomino, and buckskin
Height: 15.2-16.2 hands tall