homelessness prevention. ssvf: homelessness prevention eligibility & services 2

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  • Slide 1
  • Homelessness Prevention
  • Slide 2
  • SSVF: Homelessness Prevention Eligibility & Services 2
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  • SSVF Eligibility SSVF Eligibility: A member of a Veteran family: Either (a) a Veteran; or (b) a member of a family in which the head of household, or the spouse of the head of household, is a Veteran. Very low-income: Household income does not exceed 50% of area median income. Occupying Permanent Housing 3
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  • SSVF Eligibility: Homelessness Prevention Occupying Permanent Housing: must meet Category 1 definition: 4 Category of Occupying Permanent HousingTime Restriction Category 1: If a very low- income Veteran family is residing in permanent housing. A grantee may continue to provide supportive services to a participant within Category 1 so long as the participant continues to meet the definition of Category 1.
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  • SSVF Eligibility: Homelessness Prevention At risk of losing their housing and becoming literally homeless or remaining literally homeless but for SSVF assistance (strongly encouraged, but not required). VA encourages grantees serving participants in Category 1 to assess and document that the household would become literally homeless but for the SSVF assistance. In other words, a household would require emergency shelter or would otherwise become literally homeless in the absence of SSVF assistance. 5
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  • SSVF Eligibility: Homelessness Prevention Persons currently in permanent housing and at-risk of losing their housing and becoming literally homeless but for SSVF assistance may include persons who are: Losing their housing in 14 days or less: An individual or family who will imminently lose their primary nighttime residence within 14 days of the date of application for assistance; AND No subsequent residence has been identified; AND Lacks the resources or support networks, e.g. family, friends, faith- based or other social networks, needed to obtain other permanent housing. Losing their housing in more than 14 Days: An individual or family who will imminently lose their primary nighttime residence in more than 14 days of the date of application for assistance.; AND No subsequent residence has been identified; AND Lacks the resources or support networks, e.g. family, friends, faith- based or other social networks, needed to obtain other permanent housing (strongly encouraged, but not required). 6
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  • SSVF Eligiblity: Homelessness Prevention Additional risk factors or targeting criteria to identify households at greater risk of homelessness. A few examples: Eviction within two weeks from a private dwelling (including housing provided by family or friends); Residency in housing that has been condemned by housing officials and is no longer meant for human habitation; Sudden and significant loss of income; Mental health and/or substance abuse issues; Physical disabilities and other chronic health issues, including HIV/AIDS; Severe housing cost burden (greater than 50 percent of income for housing costs); Homeless in last 12 months; Young head of household (under 25 with children or pregnant); Extremely low income (less than 30 percent of area median income); High overcrowding (the number of persons in household exceeds health and/or safety standards for the housing unit size); Recent traumatic life event, such as death of a spouse or primary care provider, or recent health crisis that prevented the household from meeting its financial responsibilities; Significant amount of medical debt. 7
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  • SSVF Services Grantees are required to provide the following supportive services: Outreach Services Case Management Services Assistance in Obtaining VA Benefits Assistance in Obtaining and Coordinating Other Public Benefits Available in the Grantees Area or Community 8
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  • Homelessness Prevention: Overview 9
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  • Why Prevention Assistance? Most households can successfully avoid homelessness with limited assistance. Preventing an episode of homelessness costs less than sheltering an episode of homelessness. Even more important, it helps diminish the trauma and dislocation caused by homelessness for the individual or family. 10
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  • Why Prevention Assistance? The cost savings generated by an efficient prevention program can: Reduce the CoCs need for and reliance upon emergency solutions (i.e., shelter), allowing the community to reallocate resources towards other types of projects. Allow CoC providers more time and resources to address needs of persons with more severe housing barriers. 11
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  • Principles of Prevention Assistance Crisis Resolution: Prevention resources are most effective when they are targeted directly to resolving a particular households specific crisis & maintaining the housing. Targeting: Helping those at greatest risk for losing housing. Just Enough Assistance: Provide minimum financial assistance/services necessary for shortest time possible. Supportive Services: Financial assistance without services is often Not Enough. 12
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  • Homelessness Prevention: Program Implementation Considerations 13
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  • Targeting Will the program serve a geographic catchment area? Will the program target one or more specialized population(s)? How will urgency be used to prioritize services? Targeting criteria are in addition to SSVF eligibility criteria 14
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  • Outreach Two parts to the provision of outreach services: Identifying very low-income Veteran families Focus on Veteran families at greatest risk and perhaps difficult to otherwise identify Orient and establish referral relationships with local partners Train partners on basic program eligibility and to assess for risk of housing loss Host local informational events and/or participate in Stand Down (or similar) events Screening to determine eligibility 15
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  • Outreach A Plan to Find Clients Identify the places and organizations that come into contact with people experiencing a housing crisis. Identify where people who enter shelter stay immediately before entering shelter. List the methods the program will use to find clients. Design materials and test them with the target population. 16
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  • Outreach Possible partners: Local VA facilities Grant & Per Diem Programs CHALENG network Emergency shelters Existing supportive housing programs Local information and referral agencies (e.g., 2-1-1, senior assistance hotlines, etc.) Department of Defense (DoD) Resources (e.g., Transition Assistance Program) VA Medical Center Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) / Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Care Management Teams Community agencies serving low-income populations Welfare offices 17
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  • Screening & Assessment Select or design a screening tool that includes all criteria required for eligibility and prioritization. Select or design an assessment tool that includes different levels, so more intrusive information is requested only when necessary and useful. 18
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  • Admissions Protocol Draw a decision tree or flow chart of the process for making a decision to accept a client or decline services. Decide who will make key decisions at each point. Determine what happens with persons denied services who may have other service needs. 19
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  • Program Rules & Expectations Identify and communicate critical rules of conduct. List the kinds of expectations that individuals will be required to meet for ongoing assistance. Define due process rights for clients whose services or financial assistance may be terminated. Determine how and when all clients are informed of program rules, expectations and client rights. 20
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  • Housing Stability Plan Select or design a Housing Stability Plan for use by staff and clients. The Plan may be as simple as the one-time financial assistance that will be provided to the clients landlord. In the case of medium-term rental assistance, it may include steps the individual will take to transition off the subsidy. Plans should focus on goals and steps related to housing retention or relocation and not routinely include more personal or therapeutic goals. Identify how and when plans should be reviewed and updated. 21
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  • Program Services What assistance and services limits have been established (within SSVF constraints)? How often will these be revisited? Has flexibility been baked in to the program? Successful programs typically are able to provide varying type/level/duration of assistance based on individual needs and program resources. Is a process in place for supervisory or management review if services or financial assistance exceed certain limits or to otherwise assure adherence to program assistance parameters and expectations? 22
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  • Program Services What public benefits has the program established referral relationships with? Are MOUs needed? Health care services; Daily living services; Personal financial planning services; Transportation services; Income support services (e.g., disability benefits, social security, Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF), unemployment assistance, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP or formerly, food stamps), etc.); Fiduciary and representative payee services; Legal services; Child care services; and Housing counseling s


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