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  • 1. Mrs. Battless lesson on The Holocaust- this is a SERIOUS topic Be RESPECTFUL!The Holocaust Fill in the K section of the KWL chart! (page 232) What do you already know about the Holocaust?

2. Holocaust (hol o caust): n - 1. Great destruction resulting in the extensive loss of life, especially by fire 2. Greek word that means burnt whole or consumed by fire 3. Holocaust Victims 6 million Jews 1.5 million children under 12 Other Undesirables 5 million11 MILLION KILLED 4. Adolf Hitlercourtesy of USHMM Photo ArchivesPhoto credit: USHMM Photo ArchivesPhoto credit: National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives 5. Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) He was a war veteran who fought in WWI. He became the leader of the Nazi Party in 1921. He later became the absolute dictator of Germany. He was appointed Chancellor of Germany in 1933. He became the President or Fhrer of Germany in 1934. 6. Hitlers MotherClara HitlerGeli Raubel, his niece- Hitlers first lovedied of a unexplained self inflicted gun shot wound.She died of cancerwith a Jewish doctor and experimental treatments 7. Swastika- The nazi sign The Swastika is an ancient symbol of life, luck and wellbeing, a solar sign that was sacred to many Gods and people.Nazi Swastika- turned the ends upward instead of down. 8. The Ban on Jewish BusinessThe signs read, Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!" 9. Propoganda 10. You have no right to live among us. 11. Kristallnacht Night Of Broken GlassPhoto credits: Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives 12. World War II A military conflict lasting from 1938-1945 involving two opposing alliances:The Axis Leaders Germany Italy Japan Additional Axis Nations Hungary Romania BulgariaThe Allies Leaders England United States of America Soviet Union (USSR/Russia) Additional Allied Nations France Australia Belgium Bolivia Brazil Canada China Denmark Greece Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland South Africa Yugoslavia 13. German Expansionism 14. Identification Cards This is the cover of a kennkarte or identification card issued during WWII. The J printed on the front in black identified a Jew. The eagle printed on other kennkartes is absent. 15. Identification Cards The J was also stamped inside in red or purple ink. Fingerprints and a photograph showing the left ear were required of all Jews . All women were required to add the Jewish middle name Sara and the men Isreal. This womans name is Erna Sara Fromm 16. Wearing the Yellow Badge 17. Nuremberg LawsThe white figures represent Aryans; the black figures represent Jews; and the shaded figures represent Mischlinge. 18. Hitler Youth Movement A youth organization that formed in the 1920s for boys aged 10-18. Membership became compulsory in 1936. One aim was to instill the boys motivation as soldiers, to fight faithfully for the Third Reich. Many of the members were drafted into the military during WWII. Some as young as 12. 19. Hitler Youth 20. The League of German Girls Formed in the 1920s for girls age 10-18. It was the only organized youth group for girls in Germany. Enrolment grew when the Nazi Party came to power in 1933. Membership became compulsory in 1939 for all girls age 10-18. 21. First They Came In Germany they first came for the Communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me and by that time no one was left to speak up. - Pastor Martin Niemller Date: 1959 or 1960 22. Part I Pictures of Frankfurt Fill in some information in your KWL chart!! 23. Frankfurt, Germany World War II 24. The Frankfurt Ghetto 25. Public Humiliation Jewish men cleaning the streets 26. At Belzec death camp, SS Guards stand in formation outside the kommandant's house. 27. Deportation by Train to the Lodz Ghetto 28. List of Jewish Ghettos Biala Podlaska Bialystok Bochnia Brody Czestochowa Grodno Izbica Jozefow Kielce KrakowKrasnystaw Kovno Kutno Lodz* Lubartow Lublin Lvov Miedzyrzec Minsk Piaski Prague PrzemyslRadom Riga Rzeszow Siedlce Tarnow Tluszcz Vilnius Warsaw Zamosc Zwolen 29. Part II Pictures of Lodz Fill in some information in your KWL chart!! 30. Shoes 31. Wedding Rings 32. eyeglasses 33. Hair cut and tattoo of number 34. Even the very young 35. The Lodz Ghetto 36. The German SS Schutzstaffel 37. Lodz Soup Kitchen in LodzA meal in Lodz 38. Children Scavenging 39. Children of the Holocaust 40. German Police in Lodz 41. Deportation to Chelmno Death Camp from Lodz 42. Courtyard in Lodz Ghetto. Residents here await the final deportation in 1943 43. Cattle Cars 44. Part III Pictures of Auschwitz Fill in some information in your KWL chart!! 45. Transports 46. Auschwitz Gates- work will set you free 47. Selection off the Birkeneau ramp 48. Prison Uniforms 49. Sacks of Hair found at Auschwitz 50. A Pile of Auschwitz Shoes 51. The Barracks 52. Prisoners 53. Entrance to Showers 54. Zyclon-B 55. Video 56. Part IV Pictures of Buchenwald Fill in some information in your KWL chart!! 57. Prisoners at Buchenwald Camp 58. Survivors in Mauthausen open one of the crematoria ovens for American troops who are inspecting the camp. 59. Destinations There were 11 Concentration Camps Dachau Sachsenhausen Ravensbrucke Buchenwald Flossenburg Neungamme Gross Rosen Natzweiler Mauthausen Stutthof Dora/ Nordhausen Many sub-camps existed as offshoots to these main 11 Concentration CampsThere were 4 main Death Camps Belzec Chelmno Sobibor Treblinka There were 2 Labour / Extermination Camps Auschwitz/ Birkenau Majdanek (KZ Lublin) There were 2 Reception / Holding Centres Bergen Belsen Theresienstadt (Terezin) 60. Josef Mengele- Angel of Death 61. Mengele 'Angel of Death became his nickname He was a German Schutzstaffel (SS) officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. He was known for performing bizarre and murderous human experiments on prisoners. He also was one responsible for determining who was to be killed and who was to temporarily become a forced laborer 62. Mengeles Interests TwinsThe 7 Dwarfs of Auschwitz 63. experiments Medical ExperimentsPregnant Women 64. Human skin lamp shadeJew Hair 65. ART Art made by children in the concentration camps. Fill in some information in your KWL chart!! 66. Anne Frank 67. Fill in some information in your KWL chart!! Make sure that you have at least 5 questions that you would want to answer about the topic on the L section of the KWL chart.