History Project Burma Electric
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ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY OF BURMA/MYANMARON-LINE COMPENDIUM
GI GENERAL INTRODUCTIONTI TOPICAL INDEXAP LIST OF APPENDICES AND ANNEXESCI CHRONOLOGICAL INDEXAA ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, MEASUREMENTS, EQUIVALENTSAH ARTICLE HEAD
The compendium consists of approximately two hundred key articles about Burma/Myanmars electrical industry. This introduction provides general information on the organization of the compendium and tips on navigating around the various sections.
Electrical industry has been defined in a broad sense. With a few exceptions, the articles in the compendium are of a non-technical nature. They cover not only the side of the industry that includes the generation, transmission and distribution of electric power in Burma/Myanmar but also aspects concerned with the use of electricity, the production of electrical and electronic goods, support industries, government regulation of the industry and the increasing intervention of outside players in Burma/Myanmars electrical industry.
The articles have been listed under thirteen subheadings in the topical index. (TI). Key articles under the subheadings provide an introduction to subjects of importance under each classification. For instance, each of the major hydropower generating stations is covered by a separate article in the domestic hydropower section. (HS) Additional information about the subject of the article is added immediately below the key article and cross references to related articles are provided.
The compendium is arranged chronologically according to the date of publication of the key articles with the most recent articles appearing at the top of the compendium. The chronological index (CI) provides a complete listing of the titles of each of key articles in order of publication. The original headline or title of many of the key articles has been altered to reflect their content more accurately or the reason for inclusion in the compendium.
Information about some topics connected with Burma/Myanmars electrical industry is of a more general nature or of a kind not appropriately listed under a key article. These articles are included as separate appendices or annexes. (AP) A key to commonly used abbreviations, acronyms and measurements in the compendium is also included. (AA)
It is planned to update the compendium frequently. To find the most recently published key articles, use the link to the article head. (AH) Newly published material will also be included as updates to older key articles. Articles listed as under preparation will be added from time to time as well as introductions for the topical indexes.
The articles used in the compendium have been freely edited and revised to make their meaning clearer. Many have also been condensed and shortened. Users are urged to consult the originals using the URLs which are listed in the headings of the vast majority of the articles reproduced in the compendium.
The articles in the compendium represent many different viewpoints. No attempt has been made to reconcile contradictory statements and data presented in the articles, but charts in the appendices, clearly identified with the compendium name, represent a best guess with regard to conflicts in the data presented on various projects.
No attempt has been made to standardize the spelling of the versions of international English used in the originals of the articles reproduced in the compendium. The same applies to the wide variation in the spelling of Burmese place names, although in some cases alternative spellings are included in parentheses.
Foreign currency exchange rates noted are as of the original date of publication of the articles. A listing of the average annual US$ exchange rate for the kyat over the period covered by most of the articles in the compendium can be found in the section dealing with measurements. (KTR)
Comments, corrections, suggested additions and inquiries are welcomed by the compiler. email@example.com
TI TOPICAL INDEX
PS CONSUMER CONCERNS AND POWER SHORTAGESCG CONSUMER GOODS INDUSTRIESDS DOMESTIC SUPPORT INDUSTRIES AND SUPPLIERSED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ELECTRICITY SUPPLYFS FOREIGN SUPPLIERS AND DEVELOPERSGR GOVERNMENT REGULATION, ORGANIZATION, PRIORITIESEP HYDRO AND THERMAL POWER EXPORT PROJECTSIP INDEPENDENT PRODUCERS AND PROJECTSIU INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL USE OF ELECTRICITYHS MAJOR DOMESTIC HYDROPOWER STATIONS AND PROJECTSOV OVERVIEWTS MAJOR THERMAL STATIONS AND SUPPLY NETWORKSPG POWER GRID AND DISTRIBUTION NETWORKSSF RENEWABLE SOURCES AND SMALL GENERATING FACILITIES AP APPENDICES AND ANNEXES
CONSUMER CONCERNS AND POWER SHORTAGES PS
GAS IN SHORT SUPPLY TO MEET DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY (MT: 17/09/07)PETROL SUBSIDIES AND THE PRICE OF ELECTRICITY (Burma Digest: 02/09/07)PREMIUM RATES FOR ELECTRICITY IN MON VILLAGES (IMNA: 03/08/07)FISHERIES FACTORIES OFFERED 24-HOUR POWER (MT: 09/07/07)MORE GAS NEEDED FOR 24/7 POWER IN YANGON (MT: 02/07/07)FULL POWER SUPPLY PROMISED FOR JULY (MT: 04/06/07)MYANMAR CASHES UP ON ENERGY, BUT LOCALS IN THE DARK (AFP: 15/04/07)MYANMAR LEARNS TO LIVE WITH THE LIGHTS OUT (Reuters: 09/04/07) LOW WATER LEVELS HINDER POWER DISTRIBUTION (MT: 02/04/07)INDUSTRIAL ZONES TO RUN AT NIGHT (MT: 26/03/07)ACUTE SHORTAGE OF ELECTRICITY DISAPPOINTS MON RESIDENTS (IMNA: 21/02/07)POWER SUPPLY IMPROVES AFTER YEARS OF ABNORMAL STATUS (XN: 02/09/06)YANGON ELECTRICITY SUPPLIES GET BOOST FROM YESB PLAN (MT: 24/07/06)TRANSFER OF CAPITAL CREDITED WITH IMPROVING YANGON POWER SUPPLY (XN: 08-07-06)IMPACT OF UNRELIABLE POWER SUPPLY ON INDUSTRIALIZATION IN MYANMAR (IDE: 10/05)ELECTRICITY RATES RAISED, SUBSIDIES FOR CIVIL SERVANTS DROPPED (AP: 15/05/06)POWER CUTS AFFECT ECONOMY IN RANGOON (AP: 04/01/06)PAUNGLAUNG PLANT TO SUPPLY MANDALAY WITH 24-HOUR ELECTRICITY (MT: 16/08/04)COPING WITH POWER BLACK-OUTS IN RANGOON: (Mizzima: 27/04/04)SITTWAY POWER COMPANY PLAGUED BY DIESEL DEFICIT (Narinjara: 25/03/03)GOVERNMENT DRIVE TO CONSERVE ELECTRICITY (MT: 07/10/02)MYANMAR TAKES MEASURES TO TACKLE POWER SHORTAGE PROBLEM (XN: 26/06/01)
SPECIAL PRIVILEGES ALLEGED IN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM (NCGUB: 21/05/01)EXPERTS DIFFER OVER HOW TO FINANCE IMPROVEMENTS IN POWER SUPPLY (MT: 11/12/00)MYANMAR REELS UNDER HUGE ELECTRICITY PRICE HIKE (AFP: 03/08/99) RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY SUPPLY IN RURAL MYANMAR: INTRO (Appendix 9)
CONSUMER GOODS INDUSTRIES CG
YADANABON CYBER CITY SLATED FOR SOFT OPENING IN SEPTEMBER (MT: 24/09/07)RISING WORLD LEAD PRICES ZAP YANGON BATTERY MARKET (MT: 10/09/07) HOMEGROWN SOFTWARE INDUSTRY STRUGGLES ON (MT: 12/03/07) ASIAN ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES VIE FOR MARKET SHARE IN MYANMAR (MT: 12/03/07)MOTOR AND ELECTRICAL APPLIANCE FACTORIES OPENED IN INDAGAW (NLM: 21/03/06)NIBBAN ELECTRONICS EXPECTS 'IP' PROTECTION FOR ITS PRODUCTS (ASEAN: 06)COLLABORATE ON CONTRACTS, ICT SECTOR URGED (MT: 12/12/05) MARKET EXPANDS FOR GENERATOR AND RENTAL SHOPS (MT: 09/05/05) CABLE FACTORY AND FOUNDRY OPENED IN INDAGAW INDUSTRIAL ZONE (NLM: 04/04/05) DAEWOO ELECTRONICS MYANMAR LIQUIDATED (XN: 11/01/05) ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY SPREADING ROOTS IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR (NLM: 06/06/04)LOCAL TV MANUFACTURER TAKES ON INTERNATIONAL COMPETITORS (BT: March 2004)LOCAL BATTERY BRANDS COMPETE WITH IMPORTS (MT: 24/11/03)LOCALLY-MADE STOVES AND OVENS FIND FAVOUR (MT: 06/10/03)POWER FLUCTUATIONS STILL KEEP ELECTRICAL SUPPLY SHOPS BUSY (MT: 06/10/03)WIRE AND CABLE PRODUCERS FIND READY MARKET IN MYANMAR (MT: 25/08/03)MANDALAY MARKET FAVOURS LOCAL SATELLITE DISHES (MT: 03/02/03)EARTH INDUSTRIAL SUBCONTRACTING FOR ELECTRONICS MANUFACTURERS (BT: 15/08/01)FLUORESCENT LIGHT MANUFACTURER TAKES ON IMPORTERS (MT: 21/05/01)SOFTWARE GROWTH BADLY IN NEED OF HUMAN TOUCH (MT: 16/10/00)
DOMESTIC SUPPORT INDUSTRIES AND SUPPLIERS DS
RISING WORLD LEAD PRICES ZAP YANGON BATTERY MARKET (MT: 10/09/07) FACTORIES URGED TO SPEED UP PRODUCTION OF LAMPOSTS AND WIRING (NLM: 30/05/07)ADVANCED INSULATOR FACTORY PLANNED FOR CHAUK (NLM: 24/03/07)TURBINE FACTORY PLANNED FOR THAGARA INDUSTRIAL REGION (NLM: 25/02/07)PADAUNG FACTORIES BEGIN PRODUCTION OF GENERATORS AND METERS (NLM: 17/10/06)MOTOR AND ELECTRICAL APPLIANCE FACTORIES OPENED IN INDAGAW (NLM: 21/03/06)VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION TECHNOLOGY ON DISPLAY (MT: 14/11/05)INVERTERS KEEP LIGHTS AND TV SETS RUNNING (MT: 04/07/05)YANGON COMPANY PRODUCING INDUSTRIAL ENERGY METERS (MT: 04/07/05) MYANMAR EXPORTS FIRST DOMESTIC TRANSFORMER (MT: 30/05/05) MARKET EXPANDS FOR GENERATOR AND RENTAL SHOPS (MT: 09/05/05) CABLE FACTORY AND FOUNDRY OPENED IN INDAGAW INDUSTRIAL ZONE (NLM: 04/04/05) CONSTRUCTION FUELS WIRE AND CABLE MARKET (MT: 29/03/04)MARKET FOR POWER INVERTERS EXPECTED TO DWINDLE (MT: 29/03/04)LOCAL BATTERY BRANDS COMPETE WITH IMPORTS (MT: 24/11/03)POWER FLUCTUATIONS STILL KEEP ELECTRICAL SUPPLY SHOPS BUSY (MT: 06/10/03)MANUFACTURE OF SMALL HYDRO TURBINES IN MYANMAR (JICA: Sept 2003)WIRE AND CABLE PRODUCERS FIND READY MARKET IN MYANMAR (MT: 25/08/03)LOCAL TRANSFORMER MANUFACTURERS FACE TOUGH COMPETITION (MT: 27-01-03)POWER PARTS PROVE LUCRATIVE BUSINESS FOR GUNKUL ENGINEERING (MT: 28/08/00)
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ED
POWER SUPPLY, BANK CREDIT KEYS TO SME BREAKOUT (MT: 09/07/07)IMPACT OF UNRELIABLE POWER SUPPLY ON INDUSTRIALIZATION IN MYANMAR (IDE: 10/05)THE ECONOMIC