History of Post-Talmudic Rabbinic Literature - of Post-Talmudic Rabbinic Literature ... Commentaries on the Torah and Talmud Bavli. ... the Zohar, the masterpiece of

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<ul><li><p> "</p><p>History </p><p>of </p><p>Post-Talmudic </p><p>Rabbinic </p><p>Literature </p><p>David Derovan </p><p>Jerusalem </p></li><li><p>History of Post-Talmudic Rabbinic Literature </p><p>Contents </p><p>3 History Of Rabbinic Literature A Chart </p><p>33 Index Names </p><p>37 Index Book Titles Copyright 2002 David Jay Derovan All Rights Reserved The contents of this booklet can be freely shared for educational purposes </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p>History of Post-Talmudic Rabbinic Literature </p><p>Introductory Notes: The following abbreviations are used: b. = date of Birth; d. = date of death. Not every work by each of the personalities mentions is listed. Not all those who contributed to the development of Post-Talmudic Rabbinic literature are mentioned, for such a listing would include thousands of names. Those who are listed here were the most influential people, whose work has had a lasting effect on our understanding of Classical Jewish texts, Jewish law and thought. </p><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p> 640 - 1090 The Ge'onim - The Ge'onim were the leaders of the Babylonian Jewish communities and the heads of the Yeshivot in Sura and Pumpedita. Among the Ge'onim were: </p><p>1 R. Achai Ga'on She'iltot - Responsa and halachic inquiries arranged according to the order of the Torah, accompanied by ethical teachings. </p><p>2 R. Yehudai Ga'on Halachot Pesukot - A summary of applicable Halacha arranged according to the order of the Talmud. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 4 - </p><p>3 c. 825 R. Shimon Kira Hilchot Gedolot - A halachic code, </p><p>including post-Talmudic information. </p><p>4 R. Amram Ga'on Siddur Rav Amram Ga'on - The earliest complete prayer book. </p><p>5 882 - 942 R. Sa'adi'ya Ga'on Halachic Responsa Bible translations and commentary written in Arabic </p><p>Sefer Emunot VeDay'ot The Book of Beliefs) and Opinions) - the first comprehensive, organized book of Jewish philosophy; Sefer Ha'Igron - a book on Hebrew grammar. </p><p>6 998 d. R. Shrira Ga'on Iggeret Rav Shrira - A letter detailing the development of Halacha. </p><p>7 1013 d. R. Shmu'el ben Chafni Mavo LaTalmud - An introduction to Talmudic literature and study. </p><p>8 939 - 1038 R. Hai Ga'on R. Hai wrote halachic Responsa and a halachic work titled Sefer HaMekach U'Memkar. </p><p>9 1055 ? d. </p><p>North African Halachists Rabbenu Chananel ben Chushi'el </p><p> Commentary on the Talmud </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 5 - </p><p>10 1062 d. Rabbenu Nisim ( ;Commentary on the Talmud Chibur Yafeh MayHaYeshu'a ( Sefer HaMaftay'ach. </p><p>11 The Rishonim - Rishonim (singular is Rishon) means those who were first. </p><p>12 956 - 1028 Rabbenu Gershom Me'or HaGola </p><p>Responsa which included a number of important Rabbinic decrees (e.g. monogamous marriage; the prohibition to read another person's mail) </p><p>14 1013 - 1103 R. Yitzchak Alfasi (Rif - " ) Talmud Katan - A summary of the relevant1 Halacha arranged in the order of the Talmud. The most important halachic code until the appearance of Maimonides' code. Sefer Hilchot Ketanot - A compendium of non-relevant Halacha. </p><p>15 c. 1050 d. R. Shmu'el HaNagid Mavo LaTalmud - An introduction to Talmudic literature and study. </p><p>16 1020 - 1057 R. Shlomo ibn Gabirol Tikkun HaMidot HaNefesh; Mekor Chayim - Major philosophical treatise dealing primarily with the </p><p> 1 "Relevant Halacha" refers to laws that are applicable in post-Temple times. "Non-relevant Halacha" refers to the Halachot applicable in Temple times, i.e. the laws of </p><p>sacrifices, the Temple service, kings and ritual purity (Tum'a VeTahara). </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 6 - </p><p>issue of Gods creation of the world; religious and secular Hebrew poetry. </p><p>17 d. 1106 R. Natan ben Yechiel of Rome HaAruch The first comprehensive Talmudic dictionary. </p><p>18 1040 - 1105 R. Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi - " ) </p><p> Comprehensive commentaries on the entire Bible and Talmud Bavli. </p><p>19 d. 1161 R. Bachya ben Yosef Ibn Pakuda </p><p> Chovot HaLevavot - A profound presentation of Torah how a Jew is to relate to God. </p><p>20 d. 1174 R. Shmu'el ben Me'ir (Rashbam " - ) </p><p> Commentaries on the Torah and Talmud Bavli. </p><p>21 c. 1080 - 1141 </p><p>R. Yehuda HaLevi Sefer HaKuzari - A complete presentation of Torah philosophy. </p><p>22 1164 d. R. Avraham ibn Ezra ( ) Commentary on the Bible </p><p>23 d. 1171 Rabbenu Ya'akov Tam (Rabbenu Tam - ) </p><p> One of the most important members of the Tosafot, the second most important commentary on the Talmud Bavli after Rashi. The commentary focuses on major issues and presents the views </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 7 - </p><p>of a variety of scholars, as opposed to the opinions of one person. </p><p>24 1120 - 1198 R. Avraham ben David (Ra'avad - " ) </p><p>Commentary on the Talmud Katan of the Rif and on the Mishnah Torah by Maimonides. </p><p>25 1135 - 1204 R. Moshe ben Maimon (Maimonides or Rambam - </p><p>" ) </p><p>Mishnah Torah - A comprehensive, all-encompassing halachic code arranged topically in 14 volumes. Halachic Responsa. </p><p>Commentary on the Mishnah (written in Arabic). </p><p>Moreh Nevuchim (Guide for the Perplexed) - A masterpiece of Jewish philosophy. Rambam also wrote philosophic and numerous works on medicine. </p><p>26 1217 d. R. Yehuda HaChasid Sefer HaChasidim - Ethics and philosophy. Member </p><p> of Chasiday Ashkenaz, a mystic group. </p><p>27 1235 d. R. Yitzchak Sagi Nahor Kabbalah </p><p>28 c. 1235 d. R. David Kimchi (Radak - " ) Commentary on the Bible. </p><p>29 1238 d. R. Eliezer ben Yehuda of Worms (Germiza) (HaRokayach ( -</p><p>Sefer HaRokayach - A halachic compendium reflecting the customs of Chasiday Ashkenaz. </p><p>Commentary on the Bible. A member of Chasiday Ashkenaz, a mystic group, the Rokayach wrote a commentary to the Siddur and works about mysticism. </p><p>30 c. 1200s R. Yitzchak ben Moshe of Vienna </p><p>Or Zarua - Halachic essays. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 8 - </p><p>31 c. 1200s R. Shmuel ben Yitzchak HaSardi </p><p>Sefer HaTerumot - Halachic essays. </p><p>32 1194 - 1270 R. Moshe ben Nachman (Ramban - " ) </p><p>Commentary on Talmud Katan of the Rif, to answer the challenges of the Ra'avad. Torat HaAdam - The laws of mourning and their philosophical underpinnings. </p><p>Commentary on Bible and Talmud Bavli. </p><p>Ramban wrote a variety of short philosophical works. </p><p>33 b. 1263 R. Yonah Gerondi Shaaray Teshuvah - A complete presentation of the ethics and theology of repentance. </p><p>34 1200's R. Tzidki'ya ben Avraham HaRofay </p><p>Shibolay HaLeket - Halachic compendium. </p><p>35 c.1286 R. Moshe de Leon R. Moshe de Leon published the Zohar, the masterpiece of Kabbalah. </p><p>36 1240 b. R. Moshe d'Coucy Sefer Mitzvot Gadol " - Semag) ) - A list of the 613 Mitzvot and a detailed exposition of the relevant halachic material. </p><p>37 c. 1291 d. R. Avraham Abulafi'a Master of ecstatic Kabbalah. </p><p>38 1293 d. R. Me'ir of Rotenberg (Maharam - " ) </p><p>Halachic Responsa. Commentary on the Talmud Bavli. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 9 - </p><p>39 d. 1300 R. Menachem Ricanati Sefer Ricanati A mystical commentary on the Chumash. </p><p>40 1235 - 1310 R. Shlomo ben Avraham Aderet (Rashba - " ) </p><p>Torat HaBa'yit - Summary of the laws of Kashrut; Halachic Responsa. </p><p>Commentary on the Talmud Bavli. </p><p>41 1200's - early 1300's </p><p>R. Meir HaCohen Hagahot Maimoniyot Commentary on the - Rambams Mishnah Torah. </p><p>42 1240 b. R. Mordechai ben Hillel HaCohen (Mordechai - ) </p><p>Sefer HaMordechai - Halachic commentary on the Talmud Bavli </p><p>43 1249 - 1315 R. Menachem ben Shlomo HaMe'iri (HaMeiri - ) </p><p> Two Commentaries on the Talmud Bavli: The Bayt HaBechirah and Chiddushay HaMe'iri </p><p>44 d. 1330 R. Yom Tov ben Avraham ibn Ashvili (Ritba - " ) </p><p> Commentary on the Talmud Bavli. </p><p>45 1250 1327 R. Asher ben Yechiel (Rosh " ) </p><p>Halachic summary and commentary on the Talmud Bavli considered to be the third great Halachic code after those of the Rif and the Rambam </p><p>46 d. 1340 R. Bachai ben Asher (Rabbenu Bachai ) </p><p> Commentary on the Chumash Kad HaKemach A mini-encyclopedia of Jewish </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 10 - </p><p>ethics. Shulchan Shel Arba Laws and philosophy of eating. </p><p>47 d. 1340 R. David ben Yosef Abudraham </p><p> Sefer Abudraham Comprehensive commentary on the Siddur. </p><p>48 1300s R. Shem Tov ibn Gaon Migdal Oz Commentary on the Rambams Mishnah Torah. </p><p>49 1300s R. Vidal of Tolosa Maggid Mishnah Commentary on the Rambams Mishnah Torah. </p><p>50 1270 - 1343 R. Ya'akov ben HaRosh (Ba'al HaTurim) </p><p>Arba'a Turim (nicknamed Tur ) - A code of relevant Halacha arranged topically: Orach Cha'yim ,deals with prayer - blessings, Shabbat and holidays; Even HaEzer - all the laws of marriage, divorce and related family matters; Yoreh Day'ah - Kashrut, Nidah, honoring parents &amp; teachers, mourning, idol worship &amp; </p><p>assorted other matters; Choshen Mishpat - civil and criminal law. </p><p>Commentary of the Chumash. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 11 - </p><p>51 1344 d. R. Levi ben Gershom (Ralbag - " ) </p><p> Commentary on Bible. Sefer Milchamot HaShem - Jewish philosophy. </p><p>52 1340 - 1375 R. Nisim ben Re'uven Gerondi (Ran - " ) </p><p> Commentary on the Rif and on Talmud Bavli. </p><p>Derashot HaRan " - </p><p>53 1408 d. R. Yitzchak ben Sheshet (Rivash " - ) </p><p>Halachic Responsa. </p><p>54 d. c. 1400 R. Yosef ben Chavivah (Nemukay Yosef ) </p><p> Nemukay Yosef Commentary on the Talmud and Rif. </p><p>55 1340 - 1410 R. Chasdai Crescas Or HaShem ' - Presentation of Jewish philosophy. </p><p>56 1400s R. Yaakov HaLevi Molin (HaMaharil - " ) </p><p>Sheaylot UTeshuvot HaMaharil - Responsa. </p><p>57 c. 1425 R. Yosef Albo Sefer Ha'Ikkarim - Classic presentation of Jewish philosophy. </p><p>58 d. 1460 R. Yisrael ben Petachya Ashkenazi Isserlin </p><p>Terumat HaDeshen Halachic compendium </p><p>59 d. 1467 R. Shlomo ben Shimon Duran (Rashbash " ) </p><p>Halachic Responsa. </p><p>60 1420 - 1492 R. Yitzchak Arama Akedat Yitzchak - A philosophical commentary on </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 12 - </p><p>the Chumash. </p><p>61 d. 1492 R. Yehoshua Boaz ben Shimon Shiltay Giborim Glosses on the Rif and Mordechai. Torah Or, Mesoret HaShas, Ayn Mishpat Ner Mitzvah Cross references for the Bible, Talmud Bavli and works of Halacha that appear in the standard edition of the Talmud Bavli. </p><p>62 d. 1493 R. Yitzchak Abuhav Menorat HaMaor Philosophical and ethical presentation of basic Mitzvot </p><p>63 1508 d. R. Yitzchak Abarbanel (Abarbanel - ) </p><p> Commentary on the Bible. Abarbanel wrote numerous short philosophical works, among them are Rosh Amana; Ateret Zekaynim; Mifalot HaShem; Mayanay HaYeshua &amp; Yeshuot Meshicho. </p><p>64 1452 - 1525 R. Eliyahu ben Avraham Mizrachi </p><p>Halachic commentary on the Rif </p><p>HaMizrachi Commentary on Rashis commentary on Chumash. </p><p>64 1457 - 1516 R. Ya'akov ibn Chabib Ayn Ya'akov - A collection of all the Midrash and Aggadah from the Talmid Bavli. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 13 - </p><p>65 1450 -. 1530 R. Ovadi'ya di Bertinoro (Bartenura - ) </p><p> Commentary on the Mishnah. </p><p>66 d. 1530 R. Shimon Ashkenazi HaDarshan </p><p> Yalkut Shimoni Comprehensive anthology of Midrash on the entire Bible. </p><p>67 1520 - 1523 First complete editions of the Talmud published. </p><p>68 1524 - 1525 First edition of the Mikraot Gedolot published. </p><p>69 1475 - 1542 R. Ovadi'ya ben Yaakov Seforno (Seforno ) </p><p> Commentary on the Chumash. Commentary on Nach and Pirkay Avot. </p><p>70 Acharonim Literally, those who are last </p><p>71 1522 - 1570 R. Moshe Cordovero A major Kabbalist, R. Cordovero wrote Pardes Rimmonim, Or Neerav, Aylimah Rabbati, Shiur Komah and Tomer Devorah a presentation of Jewish ethics based on Kabbalah. </p><p>72 1534 - 1572 R. Isaac Luria (HaAri HaKadosh ( -</p><p> Leader of the Safed circle of Kabbalists </p><p>73 1480 - 1574 R. David ben Shlomo ben Halachic Responsa. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 14 - </p><p>Zimra (Radbaz " ) </p><p>74 1488 - 1575 R. Yosef Karo (HaMechaber - (</p><p>Kesef Mishnah - Commentary on the Rambam's Mishnah Torah; Bayt Yosef Commentary on the - Arba'a Turim; Shulchan Aruch Using the structure of the Arba'a Turim, R. Yosef Karo rewrote the inside contents, thus producing the Halachic code considered to be authoritative to this day. </p><p> Maggid Maysharim - Kabbalistic journal of his dialogues with a Maggid, a spirit voice. </p><p>75 1525 - 1572 R. Moshe Isserles (Rama - " ) HaMapah - Commentary on the Shulchan Aruch reflecting Ashkenazic practice. The combination of the Shulchan Aruch and the Rama's commentary created a code that was accepted by all of Jewry. </p><p>76 1511 - 1574 R. Shlomo ben Yechiel Luria Ashkenazi (Maharshal " ) </p><p> Yam Shel Shlomo Halachic commentary on the Talmud </p><p>77 1505 - 1580 R, Moshe ben Yosef Di Trani (HaMabit ) </p><p>Kiryat Sefer Commentary on the Mishnah Torah of the Rambam. Halachic Responsa. </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 15 - </p><p>78 1545 - 1588 R. Avraham di Boton Lechem Mishnah - Commentary on the Rambams Mishnah Torah. </p><p>79 1520 - 1592 R. Betzalel ben Avraham Ashkenazi </p><p> Shita Mekubetzet - Collected commentaries on selected vols. of Talmud Bavli </p><p>80 1508 1593 R. Moshe ben Chayim Alshech (HaAlshech ) </p><p> Torat Moshe Commentary on the Chumash. Marot Tzovot Commentary on Nach. </p><p>81 c. 1512 1609 </p><p>R. Yehuda Loew, the Maharal of Prague ( " ) </p><p> Gur Aryeh An extensive commentary on Rashis commentary on Chumash. Derech HaChayim Commentary on Pirkay Avot. </p><p>The Maharal authored numerous works of Jewish philosophy combining rational and mystic approaches, among them Netivot Olam, Tiferet Yisrael, Netzach Yisrael, Gevurot HaShem. </p><p>82 1531 1600 R. Elazar ben Mordechai Azikri </p><p> Sefer HaCharaydim Ethics and philosophy. </p><p>83 1530 1612 R. Mordechai Yafeh HaLevusim Ten different books of commentary, including a commentary on the Shulchan Aruch and on Rashis Chumash commentary. </p><p>84 1550 1614 R. Yehoshua Falk Cohen Drisha UPrisha Commentary on the Arbaa </p></li><li><p> DATE </p><p> PERSONALITIES </p><p> HALACHA </p><p>BIBLICAL &amp; TALMUDIC COMMENTARY </p><p>PHILOSOPHY, ETHICS &amp; MYSTICISM, etc. </p><p>- 16 - </p><p>Turim; Sefer Meirot Aynayim Commentary on the Shulchan Aruch. </p><p>85 1558 1616 R. Meir ben Gedalia of Lublin (Maharam MiLublin " (</p><p> Commentary on the Talmud. </p><p>86 d. 1619 R. Shlomo Efrayim ben Aharon of Lunshitz (Kli Yakar ( </p><p> Kli Yakar Commentary on Chumash. </p><p>87 d. 1620 R. Chayim Vital Etz Chayim - A detailed presentation of the Kabbalistic ideas of R. Isaac Luria (HaAri HaKadosh). R. Vital wrote numerous othe...</p></li></ul>