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  • History: 20 Centuries ADChapter 2

  • History How important is it?Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it. George Santayana

    History is more or less bunk. Henry Ford

    When Americans say something is history, they mean it is no longer relevant. When Europeans say the same thing, they usually mean the opposite. Javier Solana

    A historian who would convey the truth must lie. Often he must enlarge the truth by diameters, otherwise his reader would not be able to see it. Mark Twain

  • Chapter 2History: 20 Centuries ADFirst Century 1-100AD

  • Major Empires in the 1st CenturyDominant ReligionHindu/Buddhist, etcOtherSecular/MixedEthnic ReligionsShakaParthiaZapotecRomeKushanaMayaHan ChinaHuns (XiongNu)TeotihuacaMocheSatavahanaScythiansAxum/EthiopiaAD 100China defeats Huns who begin migrating Westwards. Silk Trade Routes re-opened between East and West.Centuries of conflicts between Romans and Persians.ReligionsChristian

  • The Four Major Globalizations of HistoryGlobalizationPeriod of ImportanceCause of EndingSilk Route between China and Rome100 BC 200 ADDecline of empires of both Rome and China800 1300The Crusades; Break-up of Mongol Empires; Black DeathIslamic forming a bridge between E & WMassive migrations ?Islamism?Natural catastrophe?1990 ?Post-Cold War with the use of Internet and mobile phonesEuro-nationalisms1815 1884Post-Napoleonic peace; British control of oceansHow can this present globalization be best used for the spread of the Gospel?

  • The Itineraries of the ApostlesRoman Empire in 114 ADRomeJerusalem

  • The Itineraries of the ApostlesRoman Empire in 114 ADRomeJerusalemChristian Expansion by 100 AD

  • The Itineraries of the ApostlesRoman Empire in 114 ADChristian expansion by 100 ADRomeJerusalemPauls MinistryPeters MinistryAreas of Ministry of Paul and Peter

  • The Itineraries of the ApostlesRomeJerusalemPauls MinistryPeters MinistryThomasLukeJohnPhilipJudeThaddeusBartholomewMarkAndrewMatthiasMatthewSimon the ZealotRoman Empire in 114 ADChristian Expansion by 100 ADProbable Ministry of the Apostles

  • The Itineraries of the ApostlesRomeJerusalemThomasJoseph of ArimatheaAndrewJamesRoman Empire in 114 ADChristian expansion by 100 ADPossible Ministry of the Apostles

  • The Itineraries of the ApostlesRomeJerusalemPauls MinistryPeters MinistryThomasLukeJohnPhilipJudeThaddeusBartholomewMarkAndrewMatthiasMatthewSimon the ZealotRoman Empire in 114 ADChristian Expansion by 100 ADThomasJoseph of ArimatheaAndrewJames

  • The Five Ministry Gifts of Ephesians 4:11-13PositionStriving for Power and InfluenceApostlesProphetsDeveloping Ministry of OthersTimeEvangelistsPastorsTeachersApostlesProphetsEvangelistsPastorsTeachers

  • Chapter 2History: 20 Centuries ADThe First Century 1-100AD

    History: 20 Centuries AD (Chapter 2)

    [also see FGC Chapter 2 pp.21-64]

    The aim of this book is that we as Christians should be better prepared for ministry in the 21st Century. Some knowledge of history is essential if we are to understand our world and communicate the Gospel in a relevant way.

    I look back in this section at the worlds history in the light of the Great Commission, which I believe is the key to history. This is a philosophy of history that could well be seen as looking at the world through rose-tinted glassesMark Twains quote (right) is relevant here! Yet I believe passionately that history is His story of redemptive acts in human affairs. God is in control. Jesus reigns now.

    *History How important is it?

    Here are a few choice quotes of what others have said about history.

    History seems to be merely a catalogue of suffering, greed, lust for power, cruelty and bloodshed in which humankind stumbles from one tragedy to another. Yet there is another level of history centred on Gods Kingdom. It addresses rather the heroic faith and exploits of the often hated, despised and persecuted body of people who have met with God through faith in Jesus Christ and obeyed His Last Command. They have decisively influenced our world for good in every realm of human life.

    [In the book] This section is designed to show these two sides. For both, I have given a few key dates with some observations relevant to our ministry in the 21st Century. On the left-hand page is a summary of each century in terms of its politics, wars and movements of peoples and the religious affiliations of its rulers. I have also included developments in political Christianity. Often, such factors as these are catalysts for the advance of the Gospel, or barriers to its progress. On the right-hand page, I have attempted to show something of the spiritual world and the growth or decline in vitality of visible Christendom (also see pp121ff); also which Christians suffered martyrdom, and by whom they were being persecuted.

    *History: First Century, 1-100 AD (part of Chapter 2)

    [also see FGC pp.22-23]

    Introduction to History (chapter 2): The aim of this book is that we as Christians should be better prepared for ministry in the 21st Century. Some knowledge of history is essential if we are to understand our world and communicate the Gospel in a relevant way. I look back in this section at the worlds history in the light of the Great Commission, which I believe is the key to history. This is a philosophy of history that could well be seen as looking at the world through rose-tinted glasses. Yet I believe passionately that history is His story of redemptive acts in human affairs. God is in control. Jesus reigns now.

    Major Empires in the First Century

    Significant dates06 Rome took direct control of Judea and Samariaa major factor facilitating the later spread of Christianity.25 The foundation of the Later Han dynasty in China. China was the most advanced civilization and foremost industrial power until Europe began to exploit her inventions in the 16th Century. The Silk Routes were now functioning effectively for the first time.43 Romans began the conquest of Britain. Britain was fairly densely populated (maybe 6 million), and more developed and intensively cultivated than Roman historians acknowledged.48 Chinese drove out the Xiong-Nu (Huns) who for three centuries had raided and occupied parts of N China. The Chinese then built the Great Wall to keep them out. The Hun later invaded Europe, the Middle East and India.50 The Kingdom of the Goths (originally from Scandinavia) founded on the river Vistula (in present-day Poland) and then in the Crimea. The Ostrogoths (Eastern Goths) and Visigoths (Western Goths) were the barbarians who later contributed most to the fall of the Western Roman Empire.53 First war between the Romans and the Parthian Persians, ending in AD 58 in compromise over Armenia. It was followed over six centuries by more than 21 wars between the two empires. This struggle contributed to the separate development of Western and Eastern Christianity.58 Nero became Emperor of Rome. He was the first Emperor specifically to persecute Christians. There followed 10 periods of statesanctioned persecution up to 310, with over a million martyred. Buddhism reached China. It was to become the chief rival to Eastern Christianity for the hearts of the Chinese.66 The Jewish Revolt started. It was crushed by Vespasian and his son Titus. Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed in AD 70, and an estimated 600,000 people died and 90,000 were enslaved.3 The large Jewish diaspora was the launch pad for evangelism within and beyond the Roman Empire, but from now on the Christian Church became truly multicultural and predominantly Gentile in composition.69 Vespasian became Emperor of Rome. Titus succeeded him in AD79 and Rome entered its golden era of peace and prosperity.

    Food for Thought: The coming of Jesus was in a unique time when many strands converged (Galatians 4:4). One of these was the first globalization. There are many parallels to our situation today in the fourth and most comprehensive globalization. Every previous globalization has provided open trade routes, relative peace and a transfer of ideas that has given fresh impetus to world evangelization. Should we not expect this time, too, to give us a new day for the Gospel in the 21st Century?The Four Major Globalizations of History

    The hand of God in historyA world preparedGreek learning and language, widely disseminated and known, Romes sprawling empire and pax Romana, cultural diversity, good communications, a generally stable economy and multiple religions made possible the rapid spread of the Gospel.The worlds first globalizationin trade, the mingling of cultures, transfer of ideas, huge movements of population in the Jewish diaspora and migrations of whole peoplesReligious freedoms and a ferment of new ideasthe Romans permitted all religious views that did not threaten the Empire. The Jews expected the imminent appearance of the Messiah. The Zoroastrians in Persia were seeking enlightenmentas shown by the coming of the wise men at the birth of Jesus. The Greeks were constantly searching out new ideas. Buddhism was spreading through India and into China, causing much religious debate.Christians were politically powerless, social misfits but spiritually dynamic, making astonishing progress in the first few centuries.

    Food for ThoughtThe coming of Jesus was in a unique time when many strands converged (Galatians 4:4). One of these was the first globalization. There are many parallels to our situation today in the early stages of the fourth and most comprehensive globalization. Every previous globalization has provided open trade routes, relative peace and a transfer of ideas that has given fresh impetus to world evangelization.Should we not expect this time, too, to give us a new day for the Gospel in t