Historically important people

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<ul><li> 1. HISTORICALLY IMPORTANT PEOPLEBy Haslinda Midy</li></ul><p> 2. History is important and I think it is the wayof learning for the future. The great people ofthe past were thinkers, problem solvers anddoers. They read books and they relied ontheir own resources. We need the past tomeasure ourselves. I rely on past experiences,not only of myself, but of others, gone before,to guide me on my way. History holds the keysto a prosperous future, as it brings learning tolife. A view of the history "that has gonebefore" helps explain the history "that is now"and, if we are listening, may help us find thebetter choices to guide our future. Gandhiquotes We need to be the change we wish tosee in the world. ~ Haslinda Midy 3. "I walk slowly, but I never walk backward."Abraham Lincoln is regarded as one of Americasgreatest heroes due to both his incredible impact onthe nation and his unique appeal. His is a remarkablestory of the rise from humble beginnings to achieve thehighest office in the land; then, a sudden and tragicdeath at a time when his country needed him most tocomplete the great task remaining before the nation.Lincolns distinctively human and humane personalityNAME:Abraham Lincolnand historical role as saviour of the Union andOCCUPATION:Civil Rights emancipator of the slaves creates a legacy that Activist,Lawyer,U.S. President,U.S. Representative endures. His eloquence of democracy and hisBIRTH DATE:February insistence that the Union was worth saving embody the 12,1809 ideals of self-government that all nations strive toDEATH DATE:April 15, 1865 achieve.PLACE OF BIRTH:Hodgenville,Kentucky Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the UnitedStates. He preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil Warand brought about the emancipation of slaves."Nearly all men can handle adversity, if you want to test a mans character, give him power." 4. "Remember upon the conduct of each depends the fate of all.Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region ofMacedonia on September 20, 356 B.C. to parents KingPhilip II of Macedonia and Queen Olympia, daughter ofKing Neoptolemus. During his leadership, he unitedthe Greek city-states and led the Corinthian League. Healso became the king of Persia, Babylon and Asia, andcreated Macedonian colonies in Iran. While consideringthe conquests of Carthage and Rome, Alexander died of NAME:Alexanderthe Greatmalaria in Babylon on June 13, 323 B.C. OCCUPATION:King ofMacedonia Alexander the Great was the King of Macedonia. During BIRTH DATE:c. 356 BCEhis leadership he united Greece, re-established the DEATH DATE:c. 323 BCECorinthian League and conquered the Persian Empire. EDUCATION:Temple of theAfter capturing Prince Oxyartes, Alexander married theNymphs at Meiza (wastutored by Aristotle there) princes daughter, Rhoxana. During his leadership heunited Greece, re-established"I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of anthe Corinthian League and army of sheep led by a lion."conquered the Persian "I had rather excel others in the knowledge of what is excellent, than inEmpire.the extent of my power and dominion.""There is nothing impossible to him who will try." 5. Eureka! - I have found it! Archimedes was born in the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. He was the son of an astronomer and mathematician named Phidias. Archimedesis said to be a relative of Hiero II, the then king of Syracuse and spent most of his life in Syracuse except for the time he went to Alexandria, Egypt to receive hiseducation. He was a great mathematician, physicist,engineer, inventor andastronomer. His outstanding contributions in the field of science brought about significant changes to the Full Name:Mr. Archimedes scientific world. Some of his notable contributions to the Date of Birth :287 BC field of math and science include the finding and Place of Birth :Syracuse, Sicily,Italydevelopment of the laws and principles of mechanics, Died:212 BCbuoyancy, hydrostatics, specific gravity, the lever, and the Place of Death:Syracuse,pulley; in addition, he discovered ways to measure a circleSicily, Italyandthe volume of a solid. Classification:Scientists &amp;Thinkers, Mathemation Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world. 6. "Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom."Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384B.C. in Stagira, Greece. When he turned 17, he enrolledinPlatos Academy. In 338, he begantutoringAlexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle foundedhis own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spentmost of the rest of his life studying, teaching andwriting. Aristotle died in 322 B.C., after he left Athensand fled to Chalcis. Aristotles father, Nicomachus, was NAME:Aristotle court physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas II.His OCCUPATION:Philosopher mother, Phaestis, believed to have died when Aristotle BIRTH DATE:c. 384 BCEwas young. Aristotles friend Hermias, king of Atarneus DEATH DATE:c. 322 BCE EDUCATION:Platosand Assos in Mysia, invited Aristotle to court. During hisAcademy, Lyceum three-year stay in Mysia, Aristotle met and married his PLACE OF BIRTH:Stagira,first wife, Pythias, Hermias niece, and had a daughter,Chalcidice, GreecePythias, named after her mother. PLACE OF DEATH:Chalcis,Euboea, Greece "All men by nature desire knowledge." "A friend to all is a friend to none." 7. One of the greatest emperors of all times, EmperorAsoka was a Mauryan ruler whose empire spreadacross the Indian subcontinent, stretching fromthe present day Pakistan and Afghanistan toBangladesh and the Indian state of Assam to Reign: 268232 BCE Coronation: 268 BCE Kerala and Andhra in south India, thus covering a Born: 304 BCE vast area. He is known as Asoka the Great since Birth of place: Pataliputra,Patnahe was one of the most able rulers who ruled Died: 232 BCE (aged 72) India. Under his rule, the entire India was united as Place of death: Pataliputra,Patna Buried: Ashes immersed in theGangesone single entity with smooth administration. HisRiver life is an inspiration to many as he excelled in Predecessor: Bindusaraeverything he did. The name Ashoka means Successor: Dasaratha"without any sorrow" in Sanskrit. Wives: Kaurwaki, Devi, PadmavatiTishyaraksha Father: Bindusara Mother: Dharma Children:Mahendra,Sanghamitra,Tivala,Kunala, Jaluka, Charumati Religious beliefs: Buddhism 8. Charlemagne (c.742-814), also known as Karl andCharles the Great, was a medieval emperor who ruledmuch of Western Europe from 768 to 814. In 771,Charlemagne became king of the Franks, a Germanictribe in present-day Belgium, France, Luxembourg, theNetherlands and western Germany. He embarked on amission to unite all Germanic peoples into onekingdom, and convert his subjects to Christianity. Askilled military strategist, he spent much of his reign Father: Pepin the Shortengaged in warfare in order to accomplish his goals. In Mother: Bertrada of Laon800, Pope Leo III (750-816) crowned Charlemagne Born: 2 April 742Lige,Frankish Kingdom emperor of the Romans. In this role, he encouraged the Died: 28 January814(aged71) Carolingian Renaissance, a cultural and intellectualAachen,Carolingian Empirerevival in Europe. When he died in 814, Charlemagnes Burial: Aachen Cathedralempire encompassed much of Western Europe, and he Religion: Christianhad also ensured the survival of Christianity in theWest. Today, Charlemagne is referred to by some as thefather of Europe. 9. After five centuries, Columbus remains a mysterious and controversial figure who has been variously described as one of the greatest mariners in history, a visionary genius, a mystic, a national hero, a failed administrator, a naive entrepreneur, and a ruthless and greedy imperialist. Columbuss enterprise to find a westward route to Asia grew out of the practical experience of a long and varied maritime career, as well as out of his considerable reading in geographical and theological literature. Born: 31 October 1451He settled for a time in Portugal, where he tried unsuccessfullyGenoa,Republic of Genoa (Italy) to enlist support for his project, before moving to Spain. After Died: 20 May 1506 (agedc.54)Valladolid,Crown of Castile many difficulties, through a combination of good luck and(Spain)persuasiveness, he gained the support of the Catholic Nationality: Genoese (Italy) monarchs, Isabel and Fernando. Occupation: Maritime explorerThe widely published report of his voyage of 1492 made Title: Admiralof theOceanColumbus famous throughout Europe and secured for him theSea;Viceroyand Governor of thetitle of Admiral of the Ocean Sea and further royal patronage.Indies Columbus, who never abandoned the belief that he had reached Religion: Roman Catholic Asia, led three more expeditions to the Caribbean. But intrigue Spouse(s): Filipa Moniz and his own administrative failings brought disappointment andPerestrelo political obscurity to his final years. Partner(s): Beatriz Enrquez deArana Children: Diego, Fernando 10. Kong Qui, better known as Confucius, was born in 551 B.C. in the Lu state of China. His teachings, preserved in theAnalects, focused on creating ethical models of family and public interaction, and setting educational standards. He died in 479 B.C. Confucianism later became the official imperial philosophy of China, and was extremely influential during the Han, Tang and Song dynasties. Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, teacher and political figure known for his popular aphorisms and for his models of social interaction. Born: 551 BCEZou,Lu state Died: 479 BCE (aged 71-72)Lu StateBe not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them crimes. Nationality: Chinese Era: Ancient philosophyEverything has its beauty but not everyone sees it. Region: Chinese philosophyI hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.School Founder ofConfucianism It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop. Maininterests: Moral Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.philosophy,Socialphilosophy,EthicsRespect yourself and others will respect you. Notableideas: ConfucianismHold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. 11. Constantine I was born on February 27, c280 inmodern day Serbia to army officer, Flavius ValeriusConstantius. In 305 he was passed over in imperialsuccession, so Constantine fought a series of civil wars,finally becoming the sole Roman emperor. He ascribedhis success to his conversion to Christianity. Herenamed Byzantium as Constantinople and made it hiscapital. He died in 337. NAME:Flavius ValeriusConstantine I was the first Christian Roman Emperor.ConstantinusHe ruled at the beginning of the 4th century and began OCCUPATION:General, Politicalthe evolution of the empire into a Christian state.Leader, Religious Leader, Emperor BIRTH DATE:c.February 27,280 DEATH DATE:March 22, 337 PLACE OF BIRTH:Ni, Serbia PLACE OF DEATH:Ancyrona,Turkey AKA:Constantine the Great 12. Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter and a geniusin many realms of science. He is best known for twopaintings: the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper.Born on April 15, 1452, in Vinci, Italy, Leonardo da Vinciwas concerned with the laws of science and nature,which greatly informed his work as a painter, sculptor,inventor and draftsmen. His ideas and body of work --which includesVirgin of the Rocks,The Last NAME:Leonardo di ser Piero daSupper,Leda and the SwanandMona Lisa-- haveVinci influenced countless artists and made da Vinci a OCCUPATION:Mathematician,Arti leading light of the Italian Renaissance.st,Inventor, Musician, Writer BIRTH DATE:April 15, 1452Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication. DEATH DATE:May 02, 1519 PLACE OF BIRTH:Vinci, Italy "Nothing strengthens authority so much as silence." PLACE OF DEATH:Amboise,France AKA:Leonardo da Vinci 13. Mongolian warrior and ruler Genghis Khan created the largest empire in the world, the Mongol Empire, by destroying individual tribes in Northeast Asia. Genghis Khan was born in Mongolia around the 1155. He married at age 16, but had many wives during his lifetime. At 20, he began building a large army with the intent to destroy individual tribes in Northeast Asia and unite them under his rule. He was successful the NAME:Genghis Khan Mongol Empire was the largest empire in the world OCCUPATION:Warriorbefore the British Empire and lasted well after his own BIRTH DATE:c. 1155death. DEATH DATE:c. 1227 PLACE OF BIRTH:Mongolia PLACE OF DEATH:Mongolia ORIGINALLY:Temujin "The Greatest happiness is to scatter your enemy, to AKA:Chingis Khan drive him before you, to see his cities reduced to ashes, AKA:Jingis to see those who live him shrouded in tears, and togather into your bosom his wives and daughters." 14. "Courage is knowing what not to fear." Ancient Greek philosopher Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in Western thought. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was the student ofSocratesand the teacher ofAristotle. His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the NAME:Platophilosophy of language. Plato was the founder of the OCCUPATION:Philosopher, Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions ofWriter higher learning in the Western world. BIRTH DATE:c. 424 BCE DEATH DATE:c. 347 BCE"All the gold which is under or upon the earth is not PLACE OF BIRTH:Athens,Greeceenough to give in exchange for virtue." PLACE OF DEATH:Athens, "Attention to health is lifes greatest hindrance."Greece AKA:Aristocles "Dictatorship naturally arises out of democracy, and AKA:Platon the most aggravated form of tyranny and slavery outof the most extreme liberty." 15. Venetian merchant and adventurer Marco Polo travelled from Europe to Asia from 1271 to 1295. He wroteIl Milione, known in English asThe Travels of Marco Polo. Marco Polo was born in 1254, in Venice, Italy. He travelled extensively with his family, journeying from Europe to Asia from 1271 to 1295. He remained in China for 17 of those years. Around 1292, he left NAME:Marco Polo China, acting as consort along the way to a Mongol OCCUPATION:Explorer,Journali princess who was being sent to Persia. His bookIlst Milione describes his travels and experiences and BIRTH DATE:c. 1254 influenced later adventurers and merchants. DEATH DATE:January 08, 1324 "I have not told half of what I saw." PLACE OF BIRTH:Venice, Italy PLACE OF DEATH:Venice, Italy 16. 1169 Succeeded the defeated faction and his uncle as vizier in this year.1170 - He retreated from an invasion of the Kingdom of Jerusalem on this year.1171 He had the imams pronounce the name of Al-Mustadi, the Sunni and, moreimportantly, Abbassid caliph in Baghdad, at sermon before Friday prayers;authority simply deposed the old line in the month of September on this year.1174 He assumed the title of sultan in Egypt on this year with Nur ad-Dinsdea...</p>