hinduism today, jan, 1997

Click here to load reader

Post on 17-Nov-2014

131 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Hinduism Today, Jan, 1997

TRANSCRIPT

January, 1997"$2.95 0'--c:=J. Affirming Sanatana Dharma and Recording the Modern History of aBillion-Strong Global Religion in Renaissance MITA (P) No: 245/04190 PPS 120J/4I96 Canada. ... .C$3.95 Fiji... . .... FJD2.00 Germany.. .. DM4.5 India.... .... Rs.50 Malaysia.... .. RM5 Mauritius.. .. . Rs.30 Sri Lanka.. . Rs.BOTrinidad. ... TDB.OOUK. ...... 2.90 HINDUISM TODAY wns founded on January 5, 1979; by Satguru Sivayn Subrumunlynswnmi to strengthen all Hindu lineages. Published by.Himalaynn Academy, 107Kaholalele Road, Kapaa, Hawaii 96746-9304 USA. Edilorial Office Ph: 18()8.822-7032. Subscriptions: 180S-822-3152 or 1-S0()'89().IOOS: advertising: 1-8()8.823-9620 or 1-800-850-100s. AUdepartment fax: 18()8.82.2-4351 USA subscriptions:" $3511 year, 565/2 years, S9513 years, S500/lifetime. Fbreign rates on request.Q 1996 Himalayan Academy. AU rights reserved. lSSN# 0896-0801.CORRESPONDENTS: Cowri Shankar & Anandhi Ramachandran, Madras: Choodamani Shivaram, Bangalore: Rajiv Malik & Mangala Prasad Mohanty, Delhi: VTindavanam S. Copalakrishnan, Kemla: ShynmaJ Chandra Debnath, Bangladesh: Ar-chana Dongre, LOs Angeles; LavinaNew York: Prabha Bhardwaj, Kenyn:Dr. Hari 80nsh Jha, Kathmandu: Parasram Ramoutar, Trinidad: Vetcha Rajesh,London; Ravi Peruman, San Francisco; Dr. Devananda Tandavan, Chicago; v.c.Julie Rajan, Philadelphia. Web Masters: Dew Seyon: Sadhunathan Nadesan.PUBLISHER: Satguru Sivayn Subramuniynswnml ADMINISTRATIVE OIRECTOR: Acharyn VeylanswamiEDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Acharya PalaniswamlPUBLISHER'S ASSISTANT: Achnrya CeyonswamiDEPUTY EDITOR: Acharya KumarswamlMANAGING EDITOR: Tyngi ArumugaswamiGRAPHIGS DIRECTOR: 'I)lagi NatarajaswamiPROMOTION/PRODUCTION:Tyngi KathirswamiMANAOING EDITOR'SAID: Tyngi ShanmuganathaswamiADVERTISING MANAGER: Sadhaka JothinathaSUBSCRIPTION MANAGER: Sadhaka Haranandi nathaEDITGR-IN-CHIEF'S ASSISTANT: Sadhaka YuganathaDEPUTY MANAGING EDITOR: Yogi KasinathaSUMMER INTERN: Brahmachari Jothi Sendan IJANUARY,1997' . '1 I.."7 '.

.. . COVER: A father lifts his daughter tothe heavens.This familyof priests, with four generations under one roof, lives between Cochin and Kerala's capital, Jliru-vananthapuram.Such large joint familiesare nowthreatened. See pages22-26. ' , . INTE.RN Nfl ON'AL Politics: Muslims Are Politicking to Get Heard in America17Special Report: Joint Families, a Venerable Tradition in Jeopardy22 Literature: A Survey of Books by 'and about Hindu Women28 ,. Mpvemen'ts: Struggle Over a Powerful Kerala Ashram34 Liturgy: Women as Vedic Priests40 Art: 'Crace FlowsHis Fingertips48 Refugees:Bhutan and Kashmir Camps49 -Worship:'"A City of Ten Million Icons52 tfFESTYLE Insight: IDndus View Death Differently30 Str,iving: 72-Hour Marathon Dance36 .Astrology: Hagpy Roman New Year36 People:Peace Pilgrim's Worthy Walk47 . (O;PINION Publisher's Desk:My MOJ;lasticOrder's !Mission Is HINnUISM TODAY 6 Editorial: Great Drarture, Death ' 8Is Not the End .. My Turn:Being a Hnndu in Ireland10 Q Letters14 , -..Healing:Are Hospitals Healthy?44 0 '"Minister's fIlessage: Personal Peace.,50 '" ...DIGESTS :sz . "'" l-Quotes &. Quips !g Evolutions44 ,.Dlaspora11 Digital Dharma54..Q Brlef!y20.." bttp:!' ....HlnlulamTtdQ.kauaLhLusl . PUBLISHER'SDESK Chronicling Hinduism's Modern Experience How 25 penniless monks living on the world's most remote land mass are making history by forging the future BYSATGURUSIVAYASUBRAMUNIYASWAMI JUST DAYS BEFORE WE WENT TOPRESS,THE ANCIENTRAJPUT painting to the right was completed, greeting 1997 and preserv-ing HINDUISM TODAY'S quantum leap far into the futureof fu-tures and beyond.The mathavasisin the painting are not from some distant yuga;they are the stalwart sevaks that produce this magazine each month. Many reader's queries havecome on my e-mail, and even through what they call snai\ mail, asking how and whyHINDUISM TODAY appears in somany nations. Here it is. Everyone of my 25 monks isinvolved in its production, in ,ways small and large. Yes, they look and dress exactly like that, living simply,meditating and serving with me here in a tropical jungle on our planet's most remote land mass, the Island of Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands.And, yes, the giant banyan tree, sacred river and natural waterfall are really here, too, along with par("otsand cows. When you visit some day, we hope not toolong fromnow, youcan meet and talk with some of my swamis, yogisand sadliakas. A thousand years or more agoa great book was written, the M.ahabharata, recording the history of Bharat.Nowrevered asa religious scripture, it speaks of the gloriesaswellas' the problems of that era and the wise solutions that dharma provides. Today in Bharat, India's official name in its constitution, this great religion still flourishes and recently moved explosively into. nearly every country of the world with its temples, ministers, priests and holy men and women.HINDUISM T\t>DAY has forthe past 18 years reorded the history of this billion-strong religion in renaissance.It hasacclaimed by some, perhaps generously, asa Mahabharata, once again recording the Hindu experience in a new era. The small multi-national team pictured here have beEJn the scribes and editors fora much larger group in the many na-tions where live Indian Hindus, Sri Lankan Hindus,Malaysian Hindus, Mauritian Hindus, Singaporian Hindus, South African Hindus, South American Hindus, Fijian Hindus and, yes, North American and European Hindus, too. The result isthe living epic you hold in your hands. HINDUISM TODAY is just entering its 19th year of publication since its founding on January 5, l B79. My three successors, the acharyas seated just tomy right in the painting, will carry it all on into the futureof futures. Every Hindu order has its public ser-vice, be it a hospital, eyeclinic, orphanage, school,ashram, feeding hall or priestly training center. This magazine is the primary pub-lic.service desigr:tated by me forour order-along with teaching children's classes, building and supporting temples and giving away money toworthy institutions.It was during a world tour years ago through Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Reunion, South Africa, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Europe that I realized Sanatana Dharma had no global voiceand nonetwork of communication. 6HINDUISMTODAY.JAUARY,1997 Hindus in Durban had no idea what was happening with Hindus in Canada. Those in London had no connection with their brothers and sisters inKath-mandu.Hindus in India thought there were none elsewhere.Thus,I wasdivine-lydirected by inner orders fromour Yo-gaswami Kailasa Parampara, by my Satguru in this life,tocreate a means tointerconnect Hindus worldwiae. The editorial policies I have laid down forthe mathavasis are:toshow both sides of every story;to put forward religious leaders of all Hindu sects equally, ac-knowledging their central role in the futureof Dharma; to bring intothe con-sciousness bf Hindus and onlookers the glories of this most ancient religionthe planet; to support tradition and its matu-rity into contemporary times; tomaintain a strict nonpolitical point of view, mean-ing not taking sides;to give a voice to cultural, artistic and spiritual leaders as well as to 'the common woman, man and youth.In summary, our monastic order has committed itself tofosterHindu soli-darity asa "unity in. diversity" among all sects and lineages;to inform and inspire Hindus worldwide and people interested in Hinduism; todispel myths, illusions and mis-information about Hinduism; toprotect, preserve and promote the Hindu religion and tonUl;ture a truly spiritual Hindu renaissance. It is the duty of mymonastics tocontinue maintaining TODAY asour way of giving back an infinitesimal part of what this profound heritage has given us,to be a reliable voice, tospeak totheneeds of allHindus, todefend ahimsa, noninjury,to persist asa global presence, a resource of Indian spirituality, to bring forth the ancient Vedic arts and sciences and. promote the Vedasasthe number-one scripture of Hinduism. By allthis we may empower the next generation tocome up strong in the rich-nessof theiF heritage, with well-defined metaphysics applicable tomodern life, giving them security and faith in their work place, in the corporate office, factory,field,or asa small businessman, en-trepreneur, politidan or scientist.These are ambitious goals,but we have foundand trained, as of 1997, over 100 skilled and articu-late laypeople around the globe tohelp make it allhappen month after month. JaiVasara Hindutva, jai, jai, jai... I I\ I Satguru Sivaya Subramunlyaswaml at his Ha:*aii Ashram: to his right are Acharyas Veylanswami, Palaniswami,Ceyonswami, Kumarswami; t hen (clockwise) Tyagis Kathirswal11i, Arumugaswami and Muruganatlwsu;ami. Standing behind (left to right, in yellow) arc Yogis Rishinatlw, Tapodluma, Ekanatha and Kasinat/w. S' tting m front (left to n glIt, tilYuganat/lO, Tyaganat/lO, T/lOndunatha, Hotranatha, Adinat/lO, Haranandi natha and Jothinatiia TraCinganEvolution After 18 years asa newspaper, we've reincarnated as a magazine 1979: HINDUISM To- to new quarters; DAY, a quarterly, is adopts newspaper founded in Hawaiisize, international as"a bridge betweencharacter. East and West." , Monks trained in typesetting and the graphic arts. 1981, Oct: The in;;-house journal moves I' 1985, Sept: Spot col-or added, and we start publishing every two motJ.ths. 1986,July:HT goes completelY digital with i'nnovative Macintosh comput-ers, tossing out o15so-lete photo-imaging technology. 1987, July:,,-- MacConnection honors H.T forits ' innovativ:e Desktop Publishing.Big Bucks Award; well, $500 wasa lot back then.Comput-er, impressed with HT's useof Mac "empowerment tools," fliesteam to Kauai tocapture first-ever pl1blica-tions network for a worldwide Apple training video. 1987: HT goes monthly, adds new features, more color. 1988, Oct: Nine1ust-invented Mac lIs added to enHance Hawaii's largest pub-lishing network. , 1989,August:Unique franchise system developed toprint paper in South . Africa, Mauritius, UK, Holland, India and Malaysia. 1992:Wow! Full color explodes on the desktop. 1994:HT (and the Vedas) published electronically on the Web, hailed by Pub-lisher'sWeeklyand Yopa Journal as con-tent-rich site viSited by thousands v.:eekly. 1995:HT acquires blazing-fast 9500 Macintoshes.Every monk has robes,japa mala and Power Mac. 1996,Dec: Newspa-per transforms into magazine.New jour-nalists and photogra-phers appear.Lots of gain, so where's the pain? JANUARY ,1997HINDUISMTODAY7 \ I , EDITORIAL Great:" Departure .' ageof 32.Sankara, having conquered the mind, alsodied at 32.In Europe in the Exiting life,sofrequently fraught with fear and,trembling, can be an experience Middle Ages,lifeexpectancy increased to 36 by the 18th century.By 1841 it was 40 foran Englishman, 42 forhis wife.Today it is 70 formen, 75 forwomen.Hindu tradi-tion says a natural human life is 120 years; some hold this was once the norm in India. Death may seem stltic, but it is changing. ' In modern times life-and death have both been extended.Life has gone froma few decades of vitality tomany decades ending BYTHEEDITOR fiENERAL. GEOR_\?EPATTON OF WORLDWAR II FAME,NO stranger to personal reincarnational remembrances (he claimed to recall previous battlefield experiepces asNapoleon), once observed, "For Hindus deaclt isthe most exalted experience of life." This idea isnaturally hard for nOI1-Hindusto grasp-all the more soforatheists facingEternal Oblivion and those of Abrahamic faiths which define death as a punishment forman's sinful disobedience.To them, death isthe ul-timate signof man's spiritual failure,a belief which arouses in-stincts of denial and injustice.One may feelpenitent and guilty, not tomention uncertain about the'destination ahead. No such thoughts attend the dying days of aHindu.Of course, there is much sadness surrounding the passing of friends and fam-ily, but that is honest acknowledgement of our loving attachments. Inside we know death isOK,natural, that the soul,even if it was less than perfect in this lift?, iscontinuing its appointed journey across life's oceanic I1hep.omenatoward Liberation and will, in time and without fail,reach the other shore.The Hip.du'spre-sumption of numerous births mitigates the tragedy of death, whether the passage ishis own or another's.So, call death by lofty names-,-MahaSamadhi, "Great Superconscious State" and MahaPrasthana, "Great Departure." To be near an awakened soul at the time he or she givesup the body isconsidered among the most blessed of opportunities.While ordinary people are remembered on ijleir day of birth, Hindus honor enlightened souls on the day of their departure, translated in' English as "liberation day." If we view death asthe opposite of life, life isgood and death isbad.But:.:death is the opposite of birth, not of life. Seeing life and death ascollaborative: parts of agreater wholecalled samsara0 (the cosmic evolutionary cycleof birth-death-rebirth), life is good and death isequally good, though the Vedasare clear that certain deaths, especially premature ones,are grievous. The pious Hindu approachesa meditation and a spiritu-al discipline. The body's impendmg demise compels him to prac-tice detachment, which is difficult toachieve amid life's tumult.LordYama's nearness compels new urgency tostrive. No longer can he put it offNo more excuses. No more distractions.Death'sknock at the door reminds him of what is. transient and what is etffi-nal, and he knows instinctive'ly which toembrace. Impermanent though life is, we are getting more of it these days. It is estimated that the average life span forprehistoric man was only 18 years. In ancient Greece and Rome it was20-22.Alexan-der Great, having conquered the world,died at the ripe 91d . 8HINDUISMTODA);JAUARY1997 with diminished health; death has changed from nature's swift reprieve toa man-made, slow-motion decline which ever mo.re fre-quently exhausts theand families. Death's victims have changed, going from the very young a fewcen- . turies back (when most died aschildren)to the elderly (over 80% of deaths in the US occur over 65). Technological systems of life-support have introduced moral, le-gal and medical questions about what constitutes death; and peo-ple are struggling, literallyat any cost, tostay alive. Our choice' for MostBizarre:Americans having their heads removed and frozen (atgreat expense) in hopes future medical advances will conquer presently incura,blediseases.Psychedelic guru Timothy Leary shocked many this summer by arranging after his death to have his head surgically removed as part of a filln shown at the Cannes Film Festival (some think it a hoax).Where, how and with whom we die isalsochanging.Academic Geoffrey Gorer describes how death, once a socially recognized inevitability, has become an.embarrassing private trauma in which almost alloutside solace, except from intimates, is deemed an in-trusion. Death, once the familysduty,has become the work 0'paid strangers.Today in North America 75-80%of all oc-cur in hospitals, and 80% of those are "negotiated," shortened or extended ffi1tificially. Many terminal patients are under sedation, soinstead Of the conscious death Hindus esteem, there is a dim and drugged in-sensibility at the end. In response tothe exorbitant and me-chanical end-game played in hospitals, groups are organizing'to regain control. People want todie at home, near na-ture's soothing presence, with friends having tea in the next room or listening tothe bells froma nearby temple. They don't want toexperience a social mini-death first,followed years later by the physical one. , Death is personified in most cultures. THe Greeks called him Thanatos, and' tothe Romans he was Mors.In India he is Yama, riding on ablack wafer buffalo, dressed in red. The pigeoIYand owlare his messengers. His weapon isa mace. He carries a noose, called kala-sutra, 0 "black thread," with which he snares the lifeforce,,prana,and draws it fromthe body.He is also called Mrityu, "death," Kritanta, I "the finisher," Bhimasasana, "he of terrific decrees," Pretaraja, "king of ghosts," Kala,"time" and Dharma Raja, ''king of justice." Hindu insights on death (see pages 30 to33) include the hopeful message of awakened who conquered it by conquering life and knew the bogy's dissoiutionasliberation intothe Light, asa flowing of the finiteinto the Infinite. ,For those surfing the Web fordeath resources, here's agood place to start:http://www.trinity.edul-mkearlldeath.html IIJOTESA IIJIPS I "As you would not bark back at a dog, do not waste yourarguing with foolis,h people." SageYogaswami(1872-1964) todevotees in Sri Lanka "Mind absorbed in God,noplace togo." Poondyswami when asked by a HINDUlSMTODAY staffer why he sat for 10 years at a roadside shrine inSouth India without 17Wvingfrom his seat' World-weary, a man took refuge at an ashram. The swami told him, "You can stay here, but you must observe avowof mauna, . silence.You will be allowed tospeak two words every sixmonths." He practiced hatha asanas, pranayama, meditation and karma yoga forsixmonths.Then, brought before the abbot and invited to speak, he said, "Bed haid." After another six months, he spoke again, "Food cold." Six more months w;mt by, and he informed the swami, ''I'm leaving." The swami replied, ''I'm not surprised. You've done nothing but complain since the day you arrived." , "Nonviolence leads tothe highest ethics, which isthe goalof all evolution.Until we stop harming all other living:beings, we are TO BEMY PERFECT I'V\STER> APR.50NMUST FilL1V\f() QUALIFICATIONS. J HE MUST NEVE!? &ET /w&RY, f still savages."A. Edison(1847-1931), American inventor "I think it would be agood idea." Mahatma Gandhi(1869-1948) when asked what he thought of Western ' Even the ignorant willbe reckoned wise, if they refrain from speaking in the presence of the learned. Tirukural, Verse403 DIDYOUKNOW? Check,Mate! 1 HE EARLY WAR GAMEOF CHESSWASINVENTED BY THE Hindus of India.In the BlJaisyaPurana(550 BCE)it is described asa four-handeddice game.Originally called Chaturanga ("fourparts" ), its strategies are based onthe fourbranches of the Indian army-elephant (now bishop),horse (knight), chariot (rook) and infantry (pawns).Ponder the tactical minds of early India when your miniature army prevails over the enemy and youtriumphantly call "Mate." "In India fromthe beginning, in time of war,breastworks have been built of hQ!:el pillows.It was foundthat acannon ball pould go thro' earth or sandbag, but when it hit a pillow it hit it with a dull thud and dropped to the ground." Mark Twain(1835-1910) commenting after his fou,r-monthlecture tour and hotel stays in India and .SriLanka in 1896 AND HE MIJ5TL.OV f)lfRYONEALLTHE SAME, ! WHAT I WANT }S ANEQlJAL O?PORTUNITY GURU f JANUARY ,1997HINDUISMT0DAY9 / I Loving Ganesa by Satguru SivayaSubramuniyaswami, at once simple,deep and practical.teachesever somany waysthat Ganesasgrace canbe attained by sincere devotion,song, prayer and meditation to bring greater harmony.contentment and spirituality into ones daily life. An BOO-pageillustratedresource. $ 19.95 plus shipping(US$2, Foreign$4).Also in bookstores. 1-800-890-1008 http://www.HinduismToday. kauai.hi.us/ashram/ LOVING GANESA HIMAlAYAN ACADEMY PUBUCATIONSI 07KAHOIAlELE ROAD KAPAA. HI 96746-9304 USABOOKSYOUCANTAKE.SERIOUSLY MYTURN , I It's Easier to be Hindu in .Ireland than l'ndia Yearsofhavecreated a crisis of religious confidence forNRIs BYJAYKESHAVAPPASHANKAR ITISEASIER FOR ME TO BRING up my childrento be Hindus in the West than it is in In-dia. Mychildren here in Ire-land have the freedom to ex-press their Hindu values and in a non-Hindu society wllere people are tolerant and eager to understand us.The local Irish people take part in programs of Bhajans.yoga, yaj-na and the like. Lately, vegetarianism is becoming popular among them-while Hindus arriving here are taking tomeat eating.yveare fortunate tohave contact with tIrepresent Avataras likeBhagavan Sathya SaiBaba and Mata Ainritan'anda Mayiand the many Hindu saints who come to the West topropagate Sanatana Dharma. Many of these saints areridiculed and laughed at in India by "rationalists,"whereas in the West they receive enor-mous respect. I find the opposite situation in india in the midst of Hindu society. there iscolOI:ed by Western glamor.1>eople belittle long-held sacred values which not. onlyIndia need;;, but the whole world. In the fast-movingIndian society it isvery difficult tobring up children asHindus in a Vedicway. It is"uncool" tphavea Hindu, identity.Traditional culture isdying in-many big cities. Even in villages, aHindu who openly displays his lifestyleor goes to the temple is laughed at.. .I wasborn in post-independen(India in a small village in Tumkur District of Kar-nataka toVirasaiva(Lingayat) family. My parents never taught me our glorious Sanatana Dharma and, despite the fact that they did pujas and practiced rituals, they had no idea of the significance of these ancient practices.To them it wassimply .a custom handed down without explanation. By the time it came tomy generation, these practices were nolonger handed down. Wewere never encour-aged toread the holybooks, scriptures, Vedas,Puranasor toperform pujas and rituals.The occasion to visit the temple only came oncertain holydays.As a boy, I was told that religion was the affa1'r of old people. Nothing wasexplained tousabout our glorious heritage. Wewere even activelydiscouraged fromHin-du observances.MyloveforHindu her-itage, if openly displayed, wasridiculed. I had tostudy holy books and other scrip-tures in secret because this attitude to denigrate Hinduism in India isvery wide spread., Nehru and the Congress Party's idea of pseudo-secularism allowed the education system togiveMuslims, and Christians free voice topractice and teach their religions freelyevenin state-schools. The indigenous religions-Sanatana Dharma and its branches-were prohibited from teaching religion in state-funded ,schools.In India, secularism became something for Hindus, but not forMuslims and Chris-tians. Hindu identity was scorned and made a mockery. of The wavesof-Hindu shame of our owp. swept through even tiny villages. These deep-planted seeds of self-shame ru;ebeing reaped in present India, especjally among our youth, who haye no direction in life and are fastsuccumbing to Western influences.The indigenous and eternal religious heritage of India wasneglected and misunderstood by its own practition- I ers.The result isthat it iseasier today to be a Hindu in the West than it isin India. ! hope and pray Hindu Indians wiH realize their follyand regain their lost identity. DR.JAY KESHAVAPPA SHANKAR, 47: isa consultant anaesthetist living with his wife and three children in Cork,Ireland. DIASPORA DalaiLama at the HinduCenter: a blessed spiritual presence SOUTHAFRICA Buddha, Most Merciful SOUTH AFRICANS WERE BLESSED WHEN THE DALAI LAMA paid them a rare visit in August.Guest of the World Con-ference onReligionand Peace, the politicalhead of the Ti-betan government in exile and spiritual head of millions of Bud-dhists addressed capacity audiences in Durban, Cape Town, Pretoria and Johannesburg. Young Africans were enthused.One 20-year-old Christian, David Pascolo, said, "I find Eastern in-fluences very interesting and am sure tobe spiritually enriched by the Dalai Lamas talk." Representatives from the Hindu, Christian, Jewish,Muslim and Parsee faiths jOinedthe Dalai Lama at the University of Durban-Westville's Hindu Center. He emphasized the nonviolence of the Gandhian philosophy and voiced his aversionto conversion."To me Buddhism isbest, but that does not mean that Buddhism isbest for everyone.It isbetter to follow your ownreligion rather than changing to a new one.No one hasthe right to impose a religion on another." REI N'CA RNA TION Riding a Jaguar Journal was designed by bgilvy and Mather, one of the world's six top advertising agencies,I with annual,sales of over 7.6 \V fRAT VALUEDOESWEST- billion dollars.Targeting the Wern civilization place on amillions in America and others Hindu theological concept?the world over who are aware Well,on October 3, Jaguar Cor- of reincarnation, their creative poration spent us$300,000 foradesign team followed an old single day'sadvertisement withHindu tradition.Gods and the-this lead line:"Reincarnationological concepts often "ride" occurs when an old soul enterssymbolically on animals.In this a new- - case, rebirth "rode" mans most body." ...elegant piece of hot rod engi-Theirneering, the revolution-eigh;'pageary new $70,000 pitch in the WallStreetJaguar XK8 JGU.Ar' CLOCk"WISEFROM TOP: RAJESH KANTILAL-HINDUISMTODAY, MARY DEAL,THEHINDU,RADHlKASRINIVASAN, CORPORATION. VEGETAR, IA N ISM Holy Goat In Hawaii IN HAWAII, MY NEIGHBORS raise goats forfood.I once ate goat, thirtx-five years ago. I've long since become a vegetarian and asked forgiveness.That conversion brought spiritual re-newal. I wear a golden O(n around my neck, proud to nev-er again eat animals.I feed the goats with leftovers.They love me now. I wasstunned to find one femalemarked with a re-verse white image of the same Om I wear.In my source book of names Ifound-rMahesvari, Great Lady, and Viveka and named her Mahesvari Viveka. MARY DEAL,HAWAlI DANCE Sacred Paths SINGAPORE' S MARCH DANCE production, "Sacred Jour-I Can plants produce petrol? MODERNALCHE!vIY Herbal Hoax? nAMAR PILLAI, CLAIMSTO NJ.ave discovered a "petrol" producing herb.In September demonstrations in Tamil Nadu, he produced and burned the fuel forgovernment officials. Other hydro-carbon producing plants have not yet been com-mercially'viable, sowhen Ra-mar projected 10,000 litres a day at 5 rupees each, Indian of-ficialsprepared tofund a plant. But, totheir chagrin he failedtoproduce fuel under controlled conditions in October.One periment revealed a rp.ass in-crease from 1138 grams to 1422 grams as well as sulphur, lead and. oleofins in the final prod-uct-proof, said some scientists, that Ramar had surrepitiously introduced petrochemicals. Malaysia:"Odissi dancer, Ajit B. Dasa, and renowned new Delhi-based vocalist and com-poser O.S. Arun on a uniquely Singaporean set designed asa HindulBuddhist mandala. ney," hit a high-water mark in the new Hindu classical dance trend to "break out of over-worked legends and jaded rou-tines" such as Krishna and the cowherd girls. Producer Mrs. Radhika Srini-Modern; multilingual With English narration, even non-Hindus were entranced by the portrayal of a dance stu-dent's fallfrom purity into the egoistic entangle-ments of per-forming arts and back to the spiri-tual path at the vasan brought together Singa-pore's talented Bharata Natyam dancer, Priya Arun,I center of the mandala, "strong enough tobe humble and wise enough to surrender." JANUARY , 1997HINDUISM / I ARTS A Raj putJewel ,IVING SHORT OF THE DIS-Uinction he deserves, talent-ed Rajput artist,Swa-mi, perpetuates the precious, fading tradition of Rajasthani miniature painting. Several of his exquisite works grace Naveen Patnaik's (and Jackie Onassis')delightful book on Ayurvedic plants, TheGarden of Life. Since 1988 Mahaveer hastaught a handful of aspiring artists at his250-year-old Bik;mer studio on the edge of the Thar Desert. "I can't keep my secret inside," he explains. WRITE:JAMESJ. WRITE,HUNT INSTIT.uTE, CARNEGIEMELLONUNIVERSITY,PITTS-BURG, PENNSYLVANIA15213-3890,USA Mahaveer with student Harish NEWAGE Hot NewZine "7\1996 ENTRY IN-TOTHE J=\.New Age scene is touted as 'Jndias First Body-Mind-Spirit Magazine." Life Positive, Your Gtbi'de toPo.sitive Growth may well take a lead over similar magazines from the USA and Europe. The new "zine" has it all-outstanding design and a rich mix of articles.Its power heralds India's burgeoning New Age movement, deriving frotp a local5,000-year-old meta-physical culture. Similar zines often struggle with unresolved editorial conflicts of interest betweenexisten-tialism, Asian roots and attempts to paste aNew l\.ge lifestyleontoa Christian-Judeo COOL Head South? ON JULY 27, DR.LARRY Payne, a California yoga teacher, completed a twelve-minute headstand at the North Pole. 'J\.fter 5,000 years, yoga ' finall}"made it tothe top of the world," saysLarry, who prayed forworld peace during his This1987 Mumbai march did little to slow selective abortion SOCIALPROBLEMS "Femicide" "7\ SEPTEMBER ARTICLE IN J=\.TheHindu by R.PRavin-dra explains the use of amnio-centesis and ultrasound forsex-selective abortion of gtrls. Despite new laws regulating prenatal diagnostics, he reports, not one Indian medical associa-tion stands against the practice. The sex ratio in some Indian states has dropped to 890 fe-males per 1,000 males.Ravindra philosophy.Secure in Indias ancient wisdom and tolerance, Life Positive bdngs together Aurobindo, Rajnesh,Reiki, Silva mind control, Hazbat Imayat , Khan and Paramahansa Yo-gananda. In an typical issue, we find a one-page an article on a Tamil tribal mid-wife fol-lowed by a feature on aUSguru of positivethinking, Wayne W. Dyer, and the "new rishison the block," like Guru RishiPrabhakar. Alongside ever-popular cancer-cure sto-ries, ads on how to quit smok-ing and modern techniques on contentment, one findsselections fromancient tradi-tion. It is a life positive indeed! Subscribe at: S-487 GreaterKailashI, New Delhi, 110048, India. , June cover , warns, "China, leading India in sex-selective abortions, facesa catastrophe. By the year 2000, 70 million Chinese men will be single. The result? Atrocities, forced marriages, prostitution and social turmoil." A deeper tragedy is the psychic damage towomen and children.After one mother aborted two of their would-be sisters, three daughters committed suicide in despair when their "wanted" brother was later born. Law en-forcement isaccruing a fore-boding karma. Beware. HEALTH Mad Cow Karma THE "MAD COW DISEASE," wreakeCl. on the bovine species who were fedground sheep and cattle carcasses, con-tinues toprovoke global con-cern. In October the Swiss gov-ernment declined the World Hindu Federation's. Dr. Payne'sheadstand at the pole asana.He had b"een invited by the World President's Organi-zation to teach yoga aboard the Russian nuclear icebreaker, Ya-mal. Because of the lurching movements ofthe boat as it crashed through heavy pack ice, several new posesin-vented forstability, such as the "Walrus Wall Hang." of concealing the figures forin-fected animals entering the food chain. Dr.Dealler, who has been studying the disease since 1988, says that on average every British adult has eaten 50 meals made from infected cat- . tle tissue. In the US an alert ison, as the practice of feeding dead cows and sheep to cows continues. The USDA says 7,500 US scrapie, the,like-lysource of mad cow disease. offer toshelter in Nepal 230,000 Swiss cows due to be slaughtered.The Swiss cited the impossibility of airlifting so many cows and the need tocon-tain the disease. Also in October, independent UK scientists accused their governmentFifty meals per Englishman of mad-cow meat CLOCl\""WISE FROM TOP:ASIA\VEEK,LANO'KUN,SHARP ELECTRONICS, LIFEPOSITIVE,CARNEGIEMELLON UNIVERSITYInternational YogaTeachings Courses Are you looking fora spiritual rebirth into a loving yoga family? Place yourself inthe Guru-kula of the world renowned master of Ashtanga Yoga the lateYogamaharishi Satguru Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri. Tender stirrings of spiritual aspiration and yearning are carefully nurtured by his closest disciples in a protec-tive, yet strict and disciplined environment.Yearlyfrom Oct.1 through March 31.Pranayama Raja Yoga RoyEugene Davis, a widely-traveledteacher, author and direct disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda, hastaught in the kriya yoga tradition formore than four decades. Request information about hisbooks and classes in the USA, India, Europe and other countries. Center forSpiritual Awareness PO. Box 7-H Lakemont, Georgia 30552 USAConcentration and meditation Hundreds of Yoga Asanas,Kriyas and mudras Tel: 706-782-4723Fax 706-782-4560 http://wehinfoave. netl-csainc E-mail [email protected] Yogic attitudes toward life Bhajana classes, carnatic music and Bharat NatyamIn India: Sanskrit mantrams Hindu cultural life patterns, attitudes and style of living A Master Guide toMeditation(Rs. 55) The Book of Life(Rs. 65) by Mr. Davis.Motilal BanarsidassLocated in abeautiful garden site on the Bayof Bengal with a wide expanse of sandy beach and warmwaters.41 U.A. , Bungalow Road Jawahar Nagar, Delhi 110 007 The International Centre forYoga Education and Research 16A Nettu St.Offices and stores alsoin Patna, Bangalore, Madras, Varanasi, Calcutta and Pune. Chinnamudaliarchavady, Kottakuppam, TamilNadu 605 104 ViaPondicherry, SOUTH INDIA If bymail, add Rs. 15 each book forpostage. pre-release price $24.95 (UnJiJIJecemher30, 1996)AVAILABLENOW Awaken tothe Eternal Nisargadatta Maharaj:AJourney ofSelfDiscovery 60 Minutes $29.95(PAL 39.95) Nisargadatta Maharaj speaks from his own direct spiritual experience, hammering awayat the concepts that keep us from realizing truth and freedom. The essence ofMaharaj's teachings are clearly presented, and several people who had the opportunity to be with him discuss the impact of his presence and teachings in their lives. Included are interviews with Jack Kornfield, Jean Dunn, Stephen Wolinsky, Robert Powell, and others.Incorporates comprehensive film footage of Maharaj speaking to visitors!AVAILABLEDECEMBER1996 Abide AstheSelf The Essential Teachings ifRamana Maharshi 60 Minutes $29.95(PAL $39.95) To order these andother extraordinaryselections from theWisdom VideoLibrary, write, phone, or fax: Inner DirectionsPO Box 231486-HEncinitas, CA 92023tel: 619471-5116fax: 619471-0337Shipping: Add $3.75 for the first videoand $1. 00 for eachadditional video. Include appropriatesales tax. Abide As the Seifis a transfonning video which takes you on an inner journey into the teachings of Ramana Maharshi and the path of Self-Knowledge. Comprehensive film footage of Ramana comes alive, with emphasis on the teachings of Self-Equiry and its practice.Aspecial collection of rare photos enhance Ramana's presence and capture the compassion and grace of one of the most respected sagesin this century. With narration by Ram Dass, the video also includes interviews with H.W L. Poonja,Douglas Harding, Allan Anderson, and two Milerican women who spent time in the Maharshi's presence. InAbide As the Self, one experiences how the teachings of Ramana can be assimilatedinto everyday life. 13 Media Kinships HINDUISM ISLIKE THE CENTER-OF-GRAVI-ty..,doll which regains its equilibrium howso-everitbedisturbed.Waveafterwave, of alieninvasionshavecomeandgoneupon this sacred tenet, but none of t hem has real-ly succeeded in uprooting it.The Vedas,the wisdom of.God, revealed to four rishis in the beginningof re-creation, werefJJ.e basisof cljrily lifeand culture.As acommunity,we are facingproblemseveryday.' Wecontinue togrowlargeinnumber,butourpeople continue to grow farther apart. If we did not haveethnicmedia,wewouldprobablybe cut off from each other." /' , RAMESHKALICHARAN JAMAICA,NEWYORK, USAIs SaiBabaBeyondHinduism? YGlU MAY PROBABLYWELL RECEIVEOTH-er,moreeloquentand complete,responses to the Sai Baba artide ("Sai:Hindu of Year,"AWARDS, December '96),butIbelievethat thearticledoesagreatdisservicetothe communityof Saidevotees.SaiBabadoes notguideaHinduorganization.Hewas born and lives in South India, and must lead andfollowint,he Hindutraditionsof that area, b1ft his teachings and organization are beyond culture and religion.Indians find it verydifficulttoavoidmakingforeignSai Centersintoextensionsof theHindureli-gion,makingitdifficultfornon-Indian, non-Hindu followersof SaiBaba.The cen-tersarenotto ' be extensionsof Hinducul-ture.SaiBabarepeatsoverandoverand oer agai]l that, he does not preach one reli-gion,and that he isnot creating areligion. Heoftenexhortshisfolfowersto' become stronger in their own beliefs and practices. He has told the Western centers to sing bha-jans in their own languages. Many of us love tosingbhajansinIndiandialects,butthis createsseparationratherthaninclusion whe)J. it comes to encompassing new follow-ers of Sai-as does this article telling Hindus thatSaiBabaleadsaHinduorganization! SaiBaba is the Avatar-flf our age forall peo-ple of all religion. TIM WRIGHT \o,j [email protected] VHmmm!Let's see.SaiBaba was 'born to Hindu parents, raised in a Hindu communi-ty,tookaHinduname,wearsthesaffron-colored ve,stments of a H i1'(du sannyasin, and whenheleavesthisEarth willbehonored by/Hindu funeni.l rites'He teaches the high-est formof FJ.indu philosophy,quotes from Hindu scriptures,urgesmankind to follow SanatanaDharmaanddirectsan ' Clver-whelminglyHindu follOWingtosingtradi-tional Hindu devotional songs.Yousay lie is an avatar, which is an exclUSively Hindu the- 14HJNDUISMTODAYJANUARY,1997 LETTERS ological found nowhereelse.Other than that,Ihave toagreehe isbeyond Hin-duism entirely. Signed,the Editor: Mr: Wright replies: THANKSFORYOURTHOUGHTFULRE-sponsetomydiatribe.HowcanIpossibly disagree with your points-they are all com-' pletelyaccurate.IsupposewKatItook (take) issue isthe factthat SaiBaba isallthat yousayintermsof Hinduculture andreligion,andyetmuchmorebeyond that.TheSarvaDharmasymbolisplaced conspicuously on entrance gates,buildings, publications, etc.that Sai Baba presides over.ThatSarvaDharmasymbolisasymbolof the unity of faiths,showing symbols of Hin-duism,Islam,Buddhism,Christianityand Zoroastrianismarounditsperimeter.This maybeanindicationthatBabais-beyond Hinduism alone. SheddingLight ona Light Festival WHATMAKESDEEPAVALIA UNIQUENA-tional event and perhaps the greatest socio- . religiousfestivalof India?Thepopular in-terpretationthatitmarksthetUJiIl of the season,.-the advent of winter and the begin-ning ofa commercial year, etc., isfar too su-perficial to justify the majestic solemnity of the Deepavaliday. It issomething farmore -sublimeandprofoundthanjustadayof light.It isactuallythestoryof theeternal conflict between darkness (which stands for ignorance,hate:falsehoodandconfusion) and light (which embotlies knowledge, love, trt.Jthand clarity-more of acleanlinessof heart than of house). One of its many mes-sages is clearing away the cobwebs of confu-sion and purging out the inward dross with a rekindled light of ?ope and understanding. MOHANLAL GUPTA CAMBRIDGE,ONTARIO,CANADAAnKiding Technology YOURWORLDWIDEWEBSITEPROVIDES , excitingandvitalinformationaboutmy identityasa, !:Iindu.Hindusareaveryin-timidatedlotwhenitcomesto verbaldia-logue or protest with the Muslims and Chris-tians.Hinduscan'tmatch' theaggressionof . these people while discussing facts about our precariOUsexistence,orwhythesepeople ought to at least apologize to us for their mis-deeds'. then, whywould awinner con-cede to a loser whois ill-informed, mentally colonizedandlacksthecouragetotalk abouthisidentity ' with and pride?Ironically,internetbodeswellfor Hindus,if theyarewilling toorganizeand unitt; themselves. VIKASMOHAN "'[email protected];-re.com Quashing ConversioninMalaysia CI}RISTIANMISSIONARIESARELURING unsuspectingpoorMalaysianHindusinto p hristianity.Alarmingnumbersof Hindus are converted, and Iam (as a Hindu) so con-cerned.Unfortunately, there is nothing con-crete that I can do. A small group of ushere. managedtosavesomefamiliesfrombeing converted.Wego inandhelpthesepoor familiesbX givingmonthlyrationsof food andsomemoneyfortheirexpenses.Even theHinduSangamof Malaysiaisquiteup.-able to check this erosion. Hlndus here woui{!spend anyamount of moneyonceremonial affairs, but normally tUrn a blind eye toward ,the poor, unfortUnate and helpless Hindus. InEqualMeasure K.THURUVANSEREMBAN,MALAYSIAMY HEARTIEST CONGRATULA:rIONS ON THE of HINDUISM TODAY magazine.I hope that it willattain even gFeater heights and become avaluable resourcetoHindus of allpersuasions.WliileIdeeplyrespect the bent of itsfounder toward Saivism,it is critical that the new magazine maintain ap- '. propriate balance by devoting proper atten-tionto Vaishnavism,Saktismandother facetsof our great faith,asin fact,millions of rank and fileHindus do. DR. MUKUNDARAO BUCKHANNON,WEST VIRGINIA,USAVAgreed. That isour policy, !o give a pro-portioned voice to every Hindu lineage. TheyGotit All Wrong. RECENTLY WE BOUGHT A 26-ACRE PARCEL of land in Syracuse forour temple.Wehad a big article in the local newspaper.One re-porter came to see me regarding our project. I did some research frommybig collection of HINDUISM TODAY and Grolier Encyclope-dia.Iwasnot happy about the information, in the encyclopedia about our religion. They "start with caste system, women being inferi-'ortomen, satipractjce,etc.Iwant youtopublish an article about these British authors' distorted image of our religion. ANIL K.VERMA,MD CAMILLUS,NEWYORK, USA\o,[email protected] Letters with writersaddress anddaytime phone number, should be sent to:Letters, HINDUISM TDDAY107 Kaholalele RoadKAPAA, HI, 96746-9304 USAor faxed to: (808) 822-4351or e-mailed to:[email protected] may be emted for space and clarity and mayappear in electronic versions of HINDUISM TODAY.'" INDICATES LEITERSRECEIVEDVIA E-MAIL Ayurveda Holistic Center Books by Swami Shankar Purushottam Tirtha: Yoga Vani Instructions forthe attainment of Siddhayoga during sadhana. postpaid:US$13.50 (USA) $16.50(Canada) Guru Bani 100 waysto attain inner peace. How tolive a spiritual life-for monks and families. postpaid:US$9.50 (USA) $12.50 (Canada) Ayurvedic Products Distributors-wholesale or retail catalog:$1.00e-mail)Consultations. I-year Ayurveda CertIficatIOn Courses in person or by correspon-dence (US mail, or e-mail). Ayurveda HolisticCenter c/o Swami Narayan Tirtha Math 82A-H Bayville Ave Bayville,NY 11709 USATel/fax: 1-516-628-8200 Ask forSwami Sada Shiva Tirtha E-mail:[email protected] Web:httpllwww. holistic.com!listings/11709acl.html Free interactive dosha self-test and articles. March 14-11, 1991 KEAUHOU BEACH HOTEL, KaNA, HAWAII (5miles south of Kana on the Big Island) 9SPEAKERS,INCLUDING: A Comprehensive Approach to Yoga .. ... based on the teachings of Paramhansa Yogananda (author of Autobiography ofa Yogi) . Yoga and Meditation Retreat. Yoga teacher training. Spiritual communities. Catalog of books, music and videos. Anandas home-study course in yoga and meditation. For a free cassette onMystical Musicand Talks call or write: Ananda 14618 Tyler Foote Rd Nevada City,CA95959 USATel: 916-478-7560 Extension 7025 Ananda Home Page:http://www.ananda.org E-mail:[email protected] Ananda, founded in 1968 by SwamiKriyanandaa direct disciple of Paramhansa Yogananda, is not' affilIated with Self-Realization Fellowship. Vedic Astrology in Paradise March 14-17, 1997 for more information c.ontact: CHAKRAPANI ULLAL, DAVID fRAWLEY,DENNIS HARNESS, CHRISTINA COLLINS, DENNISflAHERTY, JAMES KELLEHER, EDITH HATHAWAY, LINDA JOHNSEN,AND WILLIAM LEVACY INSTITUTE Of VEDIC ASTROLOGY P.O. BOX 2149, SEDONA, ARIZONA 86339 (520)282-6595 to register with Visa or Mastercard call 800-900-6595 BEGINNING AND ADVANCED CLASSES REGISTRATION fEES:(fOR MAIN SYMPOSIUM 3/14-3/16) $145 BY JANUARY 10TH,1997-$195 AfTER1/10/97 Autobiography of a Yogi byParamhansa Yogananda $14.95 The verbatim reprinting of Yogananda'soriginal 1946 unedited edition, with allits inherent power, just asthe great master of yoga first presented it.A treasure forall truthseekers! To order or fora freecatalog, call Crystal Clarity Publishers: 1-800-424-1055 Written byPola Churchill. Amazing new book!Records people's dreams, visions and encoun-ters with Babaji-known tomillions through Paramahanasa Yogananda's Autobiography of a Yogi. His message of Truth, simplicity,Love and karma Yoga. 27 stunning photos of Babaji.$13.91 (inel. tax,sIh)overseas, $15.08.Checks to: Pola Churchill, PO Box 1537 BeverlyHills, CA . 90213 USA. Tel: 213-980-7927. Superconsciousness by J. Donald Walters (Swami Kriyananda) $10.99 A culmination of nearly 50 years of teaching the science of meditation to thousands of people worldwide, by a leading exponent of yoga and medi-tation.FUll of insight foradvanced seekers. To order or fora freecatalog, call Crystal Clarity Publishers 1-800-424-1055 YogaandMeditation Aids The hand-crafted meditation and yoga aids offered by The Ananda Collection are designed, crafted and distributed fromAnanda Village, a spiritual community in Northern California.

COLLECTION Our products include zafu and half moon pillows,zabutons, meditation mats, as well as padded benches. ((WhereGanges,Woods,Himalayancaves and men dream God.I am hallowed;my body touched that sod!":!: Marking the 50th anniversary of India's Independence Day, ADay inthe Life of India isa photographic celebration of thisancient, honored ' civilization. Photo directed by world-renowned photographer Raghu Rai, this stunning pictorial captures the historic and the contemporary landscape of this, the most spiritual of countries. Collins Publishers A Division of HarperCollinsP"blishers-"Paramahansa Yogananda, from "My India,"a poem : lim extremists use it to mean ''holy war." Kennedy used the word to de-scribesomeRepublicansasover-zealous and extremist. EvenWarnerBros.willeditits movie, "Executive Decision," hefore its release in somecountries in the Middle East and the Far East after the company met with Muslim and Arab organizations that complained the movie contained imagery offen-sive to)slam. Hoopersaidmostpoliticalpro-gressismadefromthebottom' up, however.So he's teachingMuslims",newtothiscountryto shedtheir fearof standingupfortheirrights whichcould leadtopersecution in their native countries. Taking a stand:Muslims'gather to publicly voice worldwide concerns in New YorkCity He encourages Muslim!) to partic-ipateinlocalradioandTVtalk showstoexplaintheirrelfgionto .AmericansanddispelS0meof the stereotypesandprejudicesthey face.Healsoencouragesthecom-POLITICS munity toopen up its mosques and centers tothe larger community. Ctetting Heard,n .America "Whenwegetacallthata mosque has' been firebombed,very oftenwefindthatthecommunity wasveryisolated-whichbreeds suspiciononthe part of thelarger Hindus can learn fromMuslims' political activism ,. community," Hooper said. AmericanMuslimsareadiverse community-inadditiontoAfri-can-Americans, they include immi-grantsordescendantsof immigrantsfrom Asia and the Middle East. They don't vote as a homogeneous block.But Khaled Saffuri of the American Muslim "' Council said Muslims tend to vote overwhelmingly Republican be-By DONNA ABU-NASR,(AP ) IBRAHIMHOOPERTRAVELSAROUND thecountryto teachMuslimshowto . .rhake voices heard, style. For example,writing a letter tothe edi-tortocriticizeagovernmentpolicywon't land them in jaiLLong-winded rhetoric will not help get their message across.en who appear on TV talk showshavetowear make-up, and no, it's not a feminine thing. Hoo!ier'sworkasnationalcommunica-tionsdirectorattheCouncilon American IslamicRelationsispartofa nationwide drive by American Muslims to become more assertive socially and politically as an ethnic andreligiousgroup."Muslimpoliticalac-tivism isstill in its infancy.Wehave a lot of work to do," Hooper said. "It's not something thats going tohappen overnight." Yet, already, the efforts are paying off The community, which American. Muslim groups say numbers about 6 million;'v.as gained vis-ibility and recognition from top leaders that . it didn't have just a fewyears ago. Building on that progress will be a topic of discussion astheIslamicSocietyofNQrthAmerica holds its33rd annual convention in Colum-bus, Ohio, beginhing Friday under the ban-ner of "Muslims forpeace and justice." TheMuslimcommunityi,sbeginningto emerge now because of the influx of immi-grants in the '6Ds that brought Muslimsnot only fromthe Middle East but also fromthe FarEast,said JamesZogby, whoheadsthe Washington-based Arab-American Institute. U.S. Rep.TomDavis,R-Va. , said,"They'regettinga little bit more organized and we'restartingto payatten-tion,and I think in America that'sthepathwaytopower throughthe ballot box."In Ips speech at the Republi-can convention, House Speak-cause they support conserv-ative stands on abortion, ho-mosexualityandthedeath penalty. erNewtGingriOKS (BHARATIYA VIDYA .BHAVAN),P.O.BOX502,CO LUMBIA,MO 65205 USA ADVAITAASHRAMA,P.O.MAYAVATIVIALOHAGHAT,262 524, PITHORAGARH,U.P.INDIA JulieRajan, a Madurai'-bom Hindu living in Philadelphia, strengthens the distaff staff at HT,joining Lavina,Choodie, Prabha and Madhu.She broke our PatRobertson story in 1 "Great Women of India,"by Swami Madhavananda and Ramesh Chan-dra Majumdar, editors (Advaita Ashrama, Almora). A scholarly and in-.;!epth look .at women and their contributions to Indian cul-ture, religion and history through essays written by Indian femalescholars.This book ismore expansive tpan WomenSaints of East and West, being thoughtfully di-vided into large sections, such as "Women in Sanskrit Litera-ture," "Wome!} in Buddhism and Jainism" and "Women'ln the Modern Peri-od." There isa welcome reliance on the wealth of Ij.indu scriptures. And chapters such as"Great Indian Women of the Nineteenth Centu-ry" provide ample chronicles of women'slives and balance out the historical themes. Buy all and enjoy. J ANUAR Y,1997HI'NDUISMTODAY29 / .1 INS LG HT ". :'Death'"and,',Dying" QUI' faith transiti0n from this' world,. offerinK solace to suffering and those facing foreboding c-ertainty' of de.atl) EAD .MEFROM DARKNESS TO LIGHT,FROM deathto,immortality,"Thisfamed"vedic prayer proclc;rims the hurrian urge to survive, toconquer death and to know the joys of ........_ .illu'minatedconsch:>usness,PeopleoftEin pilgrimage toan isolated place in expectation of a vision, be ita jungle of'faun,a .an