hennepin county library world language storytimes what children need to be ready to learn to read...
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Hennepin County Library World Language Storytimes What children need to be ready to learn to read Bernie Farrell Hennepin County Library firstname.lastname@example.org Slide 2 Portions of this presentation are taken from a joint project of the Public Library Association and the Association for Library Service to Children (divisions of the American Library Association). For more information, go to: www.pla.org and click on the Every Child Ready to Read icon.www.pla.org Slide 3 What is early literacy? Early literacy is what children know about reading and writing before they can actually read or write. Slide 4 Why do this now? Children get ready to read long before they start school. From the first months through age 2, childrens experiences with oral language development and literacy build a foundation for later reading success. From 2 to 3 years of age, children begin to produce understandable speech in response to books and the written marks they create. From 3 through 4 years of age, children show rapid growth in literacy. Slide 5 Why do this now? The earlier shared reading begins, the more likely children will have better language scores when assessed at four years of age. Research has also shown that the age at which parents started to read to their children is associated with their childrens interest in and enjoyment of reading activities. Librarians play a role by encouraging parents to read, providing materials and modeling early literacy techniques. Slide 6 Why do this now? Learning pre-reading skills now will make it easier for children to learn to read when they start school. Learning to read and write is essential to school (and life!) success. So any time we start to read with children and build their early literacy skillswill help them succeed! Slide 7 Developing pre-reading skills The development of early literacy skills through early experiences with books and stories is critically linked to a childs success in learning to read. Reading or sharing stories with children is one way to talk with them, and it helps them understand their world. Slide 8 What if the parents dont read English? Providing opportunities for children to read in their home language connects reading to love, caring and family. Reading with children in their home language helps give that language status. Slide 9 What if the parents dont read English? Children learn more from books when they are actively involved: when they can ask questions and when stories can be explained and deepened by caring adults. Slide 10 Why World Language Storytimes? Families who speak languages other than English have significantly less access to formal storytimes. World Language Storytimes are an opportunity for these families to gain the early literacy benefits of storytime. Slide 11 Why World Language Storytimes? The primary goal of World Language Storytimes is to demonstrate to parents and caregivers how to effectively share books with children and to support families as they help their children with early reading success. Slide 12 World Language Storytime Best Practices World Language Storytimes can be offered for babies, toddlers, preschoolers and their families. Offer storytimes in languages that your collection supports. Slide 13 World Language Storytimes Best Practices Best practices outlined in Components for a Successful Storytime are applicable to World Language Storytimes. Use these Best Practices as guidelines. Each community is unique. Slide 14 World Language Storytime Best Practices Librarian presents World Language Storytime together with a community partner who is a native speaker of the target language and who has had training in storytime best practices. Slide 15 World Language Storytime Best Practices Librarian provides: coaching, knowledge of the collection and early literacy resources. Community partner provides in-depth knowledge of the language and cultural practices that enrich the storytime experience. Slide 16 Native Speakers of Target Language Families speak the target language at home, and they may also speak English or be learning English Goal: To model early literacy techniques and to teach the target language group (e.g., families who speak Spanish, Hmong or Somali) about library resources. Slide 17 Native Speakers of Target Language Entire story, dialogue, and follow-up activities will be presented by the native-speaking partner in the target language, including early literacy tips. The librarian may use some English to welcome families, introduce storytime, describe library resources or events and to coach the native- speaking partner. Special efforts should be made to thoroughly explain library services and resources, for both adults and children. Slide 18 Native Speakers of Target Language In many cultures, reading is not done for fun, but more for gathering information. Use nonfiction books as part of the storytime. Explain the fun component of storytime. In many cultures libraries are either non-existent or a resource for academic use only. Families may not be familiar with the public library concept and services, especially services for young children. Slide 19 Native Speakers of Target Language You may need to be more directive with families about the mechanics of how a storytime works and encourage them to participate. Slide 20 Native Speakers of Target Language Use books that have a high context for target culture, e.g. stories and props the families may be able to identify with. Use books that have simple concepts and very literal themes. Look carefully at the illustrations and make sure that they support the text. Slide 21 Native Speakers of Target Language Just like any other storytime, as you continue and develop cohesiveness in your group, you can stretch them with more challenging stories. Slide 22 Immersion Audience This storytime may have a mixed audience. Some parents do not speak target language, but want their children exposed to a second language. Some families have one parent who speaks the target language and the other parent doesnt. Slide 23 Immersion Audience Native speakers may also attend this storytime. Goal: To introduce literature in the target language and to model early literacy techniques. Slide 24 Immersion Audience Librarian will lead the discussion, and the native-speaking partner will read the stories and lead songs and other activities. Dual language education indicates that children learn two languages best when they are kept separate. Read book entirely in target language and then discuss book in English. Summarize book in English before reading story. Then have the native-speaking partner read the book entirely in target language. Read text in target language, and briefly summarize key points in English at the same time. Slide 25 Immersion Audience When using books with bilingual text on each page, read only the target language. Use books with more literal themes Themed storytimes may work well for highlighting new vocabulary words and allowing families to continue conversations at home. Slide 26 Immersion Audience Give clear guidelines about how the storytime is set up and the goals. Include culturally traditional stories or songs, not just translations. Slide 27 Incorporating the Six essential early literacy skills Slide 28 Six pre-reading skills Print awareness Vocabulary Letter knowledge Print motivation Phonological awareness Narrative skills Slide 29 Print awareness Encourage children to print their own nametags. Add print words to the environment. Keep to one language. Use flip charts with words to action songs and fingerplays. Point to letters and words as you read. Slide 30 Vocabulary Use books with realistic and literal illustrations. Be aware that there may be slight variations in the words used by people from different countries or regions. Slide 31 Vocabulary Use stories that are vocabulary rich. Explain the meaning of unfamiliar words before reading the story. Read the text first. If you have more than ten unfamiliar words, the book is too difficult. Use objects from the target culture to encourage further conversation and promote understanding. Slide 32 Narrative Skills Use a puppet to help tell and retell a story Many cultures have strong oral traditions. Invite parents and caregivers to share stories from their childhoods or lead songs. Slide 33 Narrative Skills Provide support and understanding for parents and children to participate. Use wordless books or have pictures and prompt a story. Give families some time to practice. Slide 34 Phonological Awareness Use culturally familiar music, fingerplays and rhymes. These activities help with rhyming and alliteration. When you use common American songs, you are helping create new traditions. Slide 35 Phonological Awareness Use themes to create repetitions of words and sounds. Point out words that start with the same sound. Choose books that incorporate rhymes and point them out. Ask parents and storytime partner to share rhyming chants or games. Slide 36 Letter Knowledge Have a Letter of the Week, and encourage families to emphasize that letter all week. Use a letter theme for your storytime. Have letters available for children to use, e.g. alphabet squares, magnetic letters. Choose fun alphabet books to share, such as A is for airplane / A es para avin. Slide 37 Letter Knowledge Nametags, name songs, focusing on the first letter of each childs name. Point to letters or the beginning of words as you readpoint out instances of the letter of the week. Slide 38 Print Motivation Encourage parents and children to sit together or very close. Model how much fun reading is. Use a variety of formats. Read silly stories. Encourage parents to make reading a fun, low pressure family activity. Slide 39 Plan how you will share early literacy tips during each storytime. Connect the early literacy tip to an activity or story you share during storytime. Spreading the Early