Helping your child with:
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DESCRIPTIONHelping your child with:. Reading November 2011. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Helping your child with:
The Simple View of Reading-
to become good readers children must develop both word recognition and language comprehension skills:
The dog sat on the mat.
The goal of reading is comprehension understanding what you are reading.
Learning to read gradually changes to reading to learn
The aim for the 3 books we send home each week
Book 1 - a text they can read independently, easier than the one we read together in class
Book 2 - a book at instructional level (read 90 - 94% of the words correctly).
Book 3 - own choice from class library, any level of ability - can be one they can read to you, or for you to read to them
These are the first 7 letters we teach, as they can be combined to make many words:
What does learning a letter consist of ?
Distinguishing the shape of the letter from other letter shapes
Recognise and say the sound (phoneme) associated with the letter shape
Recalling the shape of the letter (or selecting it from a display) when given its sound
Writing the shape of the letter with the correct movement, orientation and relationship to other letters
Naming the letter
Being able to recall and recognise the shape of a letter from its name
ALL AT THE AGE OF 4!
Where do we start? HANDOUT 1
It is really important to pronounce phonemes (sounds) very clearly and not add uhat the end
e.g.Long sounds - m mmm not muh,n ,s,f,l,jrvwxz
Short sounds - t,b,d,igckp
Dont say suh - a - tuh for sat - can make blending sounds to read words and spell words difficult
Ideas at home for early readers:
Tuning into sounds: Its time to get your c oa- t, coat!Touch your t-oe-s,toes!
Clapping sounds -
Think of words using the letters satpin
And sound them out clapping each sound (or phoneme)
Then blend (or squeeze) the sounds to say the whole word (start of reading)
Then see if they can count how many phonemes they can hear using their fingers :man
We start by teaching individual sounds e.g. S
Children are taught to link the sound to:
an image (a snake),
an action - weaving your hand like a snake;
learn the shape of the letter - start like a c and curl around
Fast recognition of letters is very important for reading and recall for spelling so the Reception children areregularly shown letter cards to call out the phoneme
Terms we use:
Phoneme - a sound in a word
Grapheme - a letter or sequence of letters that represents a phoneme
These words below each have 3 phonemes (separate sounds)
Each of these sounds is represented by a grapheme. A grapheme may consist ofone, two, three or four letters:
We convert graphemes to sounds when we are reading aloud.
sh ou t shout ( not s h o u t)
In order to read an unfamiliar word, a child must recognise each grapheme, not each lettere.g.
sounding out ship assh ipnot s h i p
then blend the sounds together to make a word
Have a go: HANDOUT 2Sound buttons - draw a dot under each phoneme and a long oval for each phonemerepresented by a digraph (ea), trigraph (igh) or where 4 letters(eigh) represent 1 phoneme:meat
Which one?Group of objects with names that have 3 sounds e.g. l -ea-f, sh -ee-p, f - i -sh
Can you find the s -o-ck : child blends the sounds and find the object
I spySelection of objects spread out
I spy with my little eye a z-i-p etc When they have found it ask them to segment the word for you - show you the zip and say z - i p (stretch the word)
Make it harder by having a group of objects all starting with the same phoneme-Cat, cap, cup, comb, kite - will really encourage blending right through the sound and not just relying on the initial sound.
Segmenting - child asks you to pick up from a group of objects with 3 sounds the c -u -p, d - u - ck so they have to segment the word into its sounds
Children who can hear sounds in words and sound them out accurately are generally well placed to make a good start in reading.
Word WallsHAND OUT 3
There are certain words which occur very frequently in childrens books. They are known as high frequency words.
The children learn them in groups the word wall we send home.
Many of these words children can sound out to read e.g. had, but etc
Other words they just have to learn as a whole word as you cannot sound them out e.g. what, said
Play games with them to make them fun to learn make 2 copies of a word wall and play:snap, fish, bingo, make a silly sentence, climb the ladder etc
Reading a new book suggestions:HAND OUT 4
(but you dont need to do it every time or they will get bored with the routine).
Use the correct vocabulary from the start
Look at front cover and title- what will it be about?
Who is the author? e.g. This book was written by a lady called..
Who is the illustrator? The illustrations were drawn by a lady called..do you think she is a good artist?
Look at the blurb on the back cover
Look through the illustrations -what is the story going to be about?
Pick up on the characters names and use them as they are often difficult to read
Stop part way through and ask how he/she thinks it will end
When reading a description of a characters actions ask if he can work out from this what kind of character this is - good, bad, sad, lucky?
Check this as the story develops.
Could you think of a different ending to the story?
If your child is stuck on a word or words.Dont tell them the words straight away or they will get used to looking to you for the answer and not bother to apply strategies they know for reading so:
Pause - give them time to think about it
Encourage them to sound out the phonemes (sounds).
Break the word down into chunks - can they read part of it, see a smaller word within the word e.g.broom, is it a compound word? e.g. bedroom, greenhouse
Tell them to leave that word and read the rest of the sentence. Now ask them what word they think would make the sentence make sense
If they still cant work out what the word says, then tell them what it is
Reward their efforts with praise.
Dont make a fuss about mistakes - we all make them and its how we learn
Reading books at home together:
Research has shown that when parents read to their child for 8 - 10 minutes, four times a week, their children have higher reading levels than those who dont have this experience.
The main thing to remember when helping your child to read is to keep it fun.All children will learn to read - the important thing is developing a love of reading so that they will choose to read as an activity
Be a good role model - Have books and magazines around the house and let him/her see you reading.
Lack of reading stamina - When children first start to read they will enjoy showing you their new-found skills but may not yet have a great deal of reading stamina.
So you could take turns to read.
Let your child start by reading a sentence, a paragraph or a page depending on their reading ability then you take over and read the same amount.
If your child makes a fuss when you ask him/her to get out their reading bookTake a break for a few days. If you give them a little breathing space they will soon be coming back for more.
What should you do if they lose interest in reading? Try letting them choose a comic when you are in the shops - same words and way to work them out is the same as for a book but the presentation of the story and the supporting pictures may be the kind of help he/she needs most at this stage.
Read instructions together make a model, follow a recipe, read what will be on TV before switching on.
Choose a regular time to read together - make it a routine
Dont abandon the bedtime story - children can understand books with stories more complex than the ones they can read independently. Their interest level is often beyond their ability to decode the printed page.
Bedtime reading shouldnt be their school book.
Tips for parents of reluctant boys (or reluctant girls):Read short stories - quick to read and easy to stick with.
Never try to force your child to read a book that he doesnt want to. Instead, try to find books that your son or daughter will be interested in.
Listen to stories on tape learn the language of stories e.g. once upon a time.
If you want your son to read, show him that you enjoy reading also.
He will be impressed if his Dad, older brother, grandfather, uncles, cousins or friends read as well. He will see that it is okay for boys to read.
Dads often see their role as kicking a football around with their son, rough and tumble games, but it is really important to also read with them.
Look out for good role models such as footballers and pop stars seen reading
All children will learn to read.
The important point is that we ensure they will want to read and enjoy reading for pleasure, for information.
Make it fun
Dont make it a chore
Enjoy reading together
the Reception staff will be more than happy to go through some of these ideas again with you.
Continue to write questions you may have on the comments part of the weekly teaching points sheet in your childs reading folder
If you have any questions,or there is anything you need explaining again,
xxRead instructions together - making a model, ingredients for a recipe.Reading what will be in TV before switching on. Leaflets of places you will visitNo matter how enjoyable you make reading together there will be times when your child will lose interest. When this happens dont get upset - just take a break for a few days. If you give them a little breathing space they will soon be coming back for more. As they develop, their skills children often prefer to read to themselves and in their head In this instance, ask you child some questions about the book, or ask him to choose a short piece to read out loud to you so that you can check he is reading it accurately.
Its a good idea for you and your child to fix a regular time each day when you can sit down to read together. Dont worry if you miss a day just read together as often as you can.Once your child has started to learn to read it is very tempting to abandon the bedtime story routine.Children can understand books that are more complex than those they can actually read independently. Their interest level is often beyond their ability to decode the printed page. Bedtime reading shouldnt be their school readingbook