Heart of a Pueblo

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<ul><li> 1. Heart of a PuebloFilm Review by Sarah Macedo</li></ul> <p> 2. PLAZA Introduction It literally translates to place Plazas are found throughoutSpanish America because it wasrequired by Spanish law to build anopen space that the city couldgather for fiestas and importantgovernment announcements Today, they are used as a gatheringplace for the community to listen tomusic and hang out with friends It is the heart and soul of theMexican town (and is foundelsewhere in Latin America) Back in the day of the Mayanpeople, however, the Plazas wereequally important for religiousceremonies 3. CHICHEN ITZA 80-100 thousand people could gathertogether at the center Celebrations were based on theircalendar and the cycle of the year, life,and death The pyramids at the plazademonstrated their world view (thepriests at the top) The Plaza was used for religiousceremonies and celebrations to thegods Built as a visual demonstration of thesocial structure and with the audioacoustics that allowed speakers to beheard throughout the plaza Was a public and economic center aswell 4. Merida Named after Merida, Spain It was the Spanish capital of theYucatan Peninsula Founded in 1542 on the site of avanquished Maya Town Even though it is used as a modernplaza, there is still a Mayan presence inthe people who congregate there The Spanish influence is seen in thearchitecture of the plaza wherebuildings are made from stone andbrick Called the White City because of thelimestone used in the construction Although these past influences are apart of the plaza, it is still changingaccording to the todays peoplesculture 5. Mexico City Is where the symbolic flag forMexico is flown It is known as the central plazabecause it is in the center ofMexico City The Spanish built the city bydesigning the plaza first andconstructing importantbuildings around it (bothpolitical and religious) People are there performing oldMeshika rituals and expressingmodern political beliefs at thesame time within the plaza 6. Patzcuaro While smaller in size than the otherplazas discussed, it has a deeprelationship with its town Was founded during the 13th centuryand was built by warriors expandingtheir territory Spanish influence is seen in theSpanish language, Catholic religion,and the Architecture The Spanish and Indigenous peoplegathered together in the same place It has one plaza for markets, one for apolitical center, and one for religion The women have to go to the marketplaza everyday because they do nothave refrigerators Each house also has a privatecourtyard which acts like a privateplaza behind the house 7. Santa Clara Del Cobre It is located just south of Patzcuaro The ancient people from this area fashioned tools to defend themselves in time of war using copper Still has a famous copper shop in existence today It takes over a week to produce a single copper piece by hand It is currently run by fifth generation artisans While it is set up the way a Spanish town would, the culture is influenced greatly by the indigenous people The plaza is an expression of civic pride and belongs to the town</p>