heart book telugu new.pdf

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  • 1g QO_ QiOz`HO_

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    =# s~xH''QO_

    ~= J#

  • 2QO_ =i QO_ [| QiOz=# [ ` H=# =Y q+

    1) QO_ x~}= QO_x Q =#= ~H ~} == H~#s ~H

  • 32. AORTIC VALVE : Wk LEFT VENTRICLE =i QO_ #O_"=_ =Y ~H
  • 4Right atrial branch ofRight coronary artery

    Right coronary artery

    Left main coronary artery

    Left circumflex artery

    Left anterior descendingartery

    Aorta

    H~#s ~H

  • 52. QO_ xK q^#= CARDIAC CYCLE QO_ HO_~= SYSTOLE ([email protected] =j==) =i DIASTOLE (=#= H"HK=) H=OQ [~Q `Ok.

    CARDIAC CYCLE ==k 0.8 H# QO_ OHzOK#_ "=_ ~HO - 70ml. - 80ml. xqxH QO_ #Oz "=_ ~H O 70x72 = (5050ml)

    (CARDIAC OUTPUT) 5 [email protected]~. [email protected] 5x60=300 Liters. ~A - 300x24=7200 Liters s~O ~H= =x+ |~= 8 `O (=~ 5,600ml) ^~}OQ CORONARY BLOOD FLOW (H~#s ~H

  • 63. QO_ [| H}(SYMPTOMS OF HEART DISEASE)

    1. P= H ^= BREATHLESSNESS.2. Ku

  • 74. QO_ [| x~~}QO_ [| x~~} G H~= XH H=O HOk q ^OQ

    [~Q `Ok.1. [| H} : SYMPTOMS OF HEART DISEASE.2. ^qH QO_ sH : EXAMINATION OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR

    SYSTEM3. ~H sH : BIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS4. E.C.G. ZHHiQO5. X-RAY CHEST : Ku ZH~6. DHHi QO H ~ _ ~ 2DIMENSIONAL

    ECHOCARDIOGRAM - COLOUR DOPPLER.7. TREADMILL TEST OR EXERCISE TEST (OR) STRESS TEST :8. CORONARY ANGIOGRAM, CARDIAC CATHETERISATION

    Hx Ju `H sH :24 HOURS HOLTERELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES

    STRESS THALLIUM

    C.T. SCAN, MRI

    POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY

    1. [| H} : (SYMPTOMS OF HEART DISEASE)" ^@ u =x+ H} `Hx, "i =# |\,i` # =i QO_ [|# ~OK " ^#, (RISKFACTORS L^! Q`[email protected], = ^" "k, [email protected], ~HOJkHOQ H [email protected], =O~O~ "k) ^$+LOKHx sH [email protected] K =Y=.

    2. ^qH QO_ sH :nx ^~ =x+

  • 83. ~H sH :g\ =Y"#k ~HO H =i qq ^ ~HH `O `H#@.~HO LDL H, TRIGLYCERIDES (K_ H) `Oiy
  • 924 HOURS HOLTERJ#Q 24 [email protected] ECG RECORDING : D sH ^~ XH

    xs` 24 [email protected] HO QO_ xK q ^

  • 10

    5. QO_ [|# ~OK H~}RISK FACTORS

    1) DIABETES MELLITUS - = ^" "k2) HYPERTENSION - JkH [email protected]) SMOKING - Q`[email protected]) FAMILY HISTORY - =O~O~OQ QO_ [| [email protected]) HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA - ~HO K_ H `O

    [email protected]

    = ^" "k = ^" "k L#"iH QO_ [| ~H ~HQ =Ok.

    = ^" "k =# QO_ HO_~= ^|ux ~ ~~~=K#.

    =^" "k =# H~#s ~H

  • 11

    ~HO H ~H :Total CholesterolLDL Cholesterol

    - 'K_ HTriglycerides }HDL Cholesterol - '=Oz H Risk Factors L#"~ =i = ^ = L#"~QO_ sH K~OKH#_O =Ozk.

    =O~O ~OQ QO_[| L#"~ QO_ sHK~OKH#_O ~O.

    "= q, =#H PO^# =i H= QO_[| ~=\xH H~}= H=K#.

    6. QO_ [|1. CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE - @H` LO_ [|.2. RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE - ACUTE RHEMATIC FEVER

    `~ ` =YOQ QO_ H"\ ^ |u#@O ^ ~ =K "k.3. ISCHEMIC HEART DISEARSE : QO_ HO_~xH ~H ~}

    JO `~O U~__O =# =K "k.4. CARDIOMYOPATHY : QO_, HO_~=# O|OkOz# [|.5. PERICARDIAL DISEASE : QO_ [email protected] LO_ ~H} H=KxH

    PERICARDIUM # =K "k.6. ARRHYTHMIAS : CONDUCTION DISORDERS : QO_ "QO

    =~.QO_ ` =Q [email protected]=_O Complete Heart Block Hx, QO_Ju"QOQ [email protected][email protected] VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA HxOqOK#.

    7. TUMORS OF THE HEART.CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES :

    O_ ^ QO_ x~}O O [iy ` =K qq ^ ~H" ^.QO_ ~O ^O [email protected] q

  • 12

    @H` LO_ " ^ H} : =~ HHx, Tiu ` "k [email protected] =~ [| [email protected] `[email protected] [email protected] ~Q ^ O. Hx H+"# "^ L^ : Cyanotic Congenital Heart

    Diseases ^=Hx,

  • 13

    =#= ~H ~} == ~H

  • 14

    Hi=u :Hi=u J#Q QO_ HO_~=# O|OkOz# "k.

    [email protected] ^ , = ^" "k, JkH [email protected] =# Wk ~=K. Hx =~ "~ =# QO_ HO_~= g ^ == =#

    =H~\ J# P` ~ "k ~=K#. Z~_ =# _ QO_[| ~=K#. JuQ =^O [email protected] =# QO_ HO_~= ^|u#_"

    HO_, ~HOx K_ H `O iy QO_ [|~=K#.

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  • 15

    QO_ [|` PHH =~} H~} :rq `O "@" ^\ iQ QO_ [| H} =YOQ

    Ku

  • 16

    8. QO_ [| zH` ^ ` QO_ [| x~~} [iy# `~ ` zH` =Y=. zH` ^ ` : =O ^ "[email protected] (MEDICAL MANAGEMENT) INTERVENTIONAL METHODS. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT ( zH` ) zH` ^ ` "k ` ~ =i "k ^ # |\ LO_#.

    @H` LO_ " ^ zH` ^ ` (TREATMENT METHODS FOR CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE)

    @H` LO_ " ^ JxO\H zH` J=~=?^ .

    Hx @H` LO_ "^ (ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT,VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT) ''QO_ J~ = ^QQ_ ~O ^=:D = HO ` =Ok HH"} ^ ==#Hx =#.

    ~O ^= ^ = iqux |\, "k H}, f= `|\, z# `#O

  • 17

    TREATMENT OF VALVULAR HEART DISEASES

    H"@ O|O ^ " ^ RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE =#=K MITRAL STENOSIS. =# ^ O ^~}=. D "kMITRAL VALVE iqu ` Q` Ok. zH `, P ^xH ^` #PERCUTANEOUS BALLOON VALVOTOMY ^~ nx zH` K=K#.

    Hx H"@ O|OkOz# "^ zH` H"@OQ~_O (VALVEREPAIR) H H"@O =i_ (VALVEREPLACEMENT K_O [~Q `Ok.VALVE REPLACEMENT J#Q zH ` ^ ~ H$u= H"@O(ARTIFICIAL VALVE) [email protected] [~Q `Ok.

    H~#s "k zH` ^ ` (TREATMENT OF ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE)

    H~#s "k ~O ^ =O ^` zH` " ^= `Ok.D "k ^~}OQ "_ =O ^ NITRATES, ASPIRIN.

    H~#s "k H} f==~ `, UNSTABLE ANGINA J#"k ^ K~#. D i` "^ x "~"kQx INTENSIVE CORONARY CARE UNIT (ICCU) [email protected] L `==. ZO ^HO>, UNSTABLE ANGINA, [email protected](HEART ATTACK) ~=\xH XH KiH.

    [email protected] zH` ^ ` H~#s ~H

  • 1832

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  • Mobile : 0870-3105045e-mail : [email protected]

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    Mobile : 0870-3105045e-mail : [email protected]

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