Health and economic valuation of the subsistence harvest of wildlife in Madagascar

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Presentation by Christopher Golden at the symposium, "Innovative ways for conserving the ecosystem services provided by bushmeat" in the 51th Annual Meeting ATBC 2014 in Cairns, Australia.

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<ul><li> 1. Christopher Golden, PhD, MPH Harvard School of Public Health (CHGE) Director, WCS HEAL (Health &amp; Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) ATBC 2014 Health and economic valuation of the subsistence harvest of wildlife in Madagascar </li> <li> 2. HEAL SLIDE Double-click to enter text </li> <li> 3. Ecological Transition: enter the Anthropocene Intact, Natural Environments Engineered Infrastructure/ Markets Increased capital, Increased inequality The Poor Loss of natural insurance: food, shelter, etc. </li> <li> 4. Conservation as Public Health Intervention </li> <li> 5. 85% of all flora and fauna in Madagascar is endemic to the country 50% of floral diversity is found in the Makira watershed Lemurs and all native carnivores are endemic only to Madagascar Makira Watershed </li> <li> 6. Wildlife as an Ecosystem Service </li> <li> 7. BUSHMEAT AND ECONOMIES The bushmeat trade is a local to global market that is valued at billions of dollars per year </li> <li> 8. Biodiversity Targeted </li> <li> 9. 7 yrs of panel data from 2 adjacent NPs for more than 650 hh Only 2% of wildlife harvest is sold (n=232, from 194 hh) Wildlife demand curve Two-stage least squares panel data method using IVs </li> <li> 10. Average ecosystem service value per hectare was $0.42/ha 57% of annual cash income (95%CI: 1.3-190.7%) Imputed price of wildlife and its consumption were highly correlated where higher prices led to reduced consumption Welfare value (foregone benefits from conservation) 2/3 of wildlife is harvested illegally </li> <li> 11. Nutritional Value of Wildlife </li> <li> 12. Global Anemia Prevalence </li> <li> 13. Double-click to enter title Double-click to enter text </li> <li> 14. Nutritional Importance of Wildlife </li> <li> 15. Nutritional Importance of Wildlife </li> <li> 16. Wildlife and nutrition </li> <li> 17. Anthropometry &amp; Clinical Work </li> <li> 18. Nutritional Analyses - Micronutrients (iron, zinc), vitamins (A, B12, E) and fatty acids (LA/ALA vs EPA/DHA) - Biomarkers (CRP, AGP, TFR, ferritin) - Linking diet to status - Linking environmental change to diet </li> <li> 19. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS the HEAL Consortium Matthew Bonds, Justin Brashares and Claire Kremen Dr. Herlyne Ramihantaniarivo WCS Madagascar Anjaranirina Evelin Gasta </li> </ul>