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2 he nature of todays global economy highlights our interdependence and the need for much better global policies. Inspiring Technovation is pleased to present its report on transforming the city of Versailles into a hub for sustainable development by renovating Versailles Chantiers train station. Our strategy addresses the relationship between eco-innovation, historical heritage, entrepreneurship, economic, social progress and global issues such as climate change. Inspiring Technovation has helped generating innovative solutions by analysing, diagnosing and developing technology options for the benefit of Versailles city and Versailles Chantiers train station. Their integration, pathway and governance aspects for our project are also discussed. We strongly believe that the solutions presented are synonyms of success, sustainability and economic growth. The Versailles we propose will be ready for new local and global challenges, with a long term commitment to sustainability. We focused in four key areas to achieve our vision towards 2050: mobility, sustainability and utilities, customer experience and multi-pole infrastructures. With the publication of this report the reader has the opportunity to look back at the Versailles of yesterday, admire its progress, but at the same time to look forward at what could be done better for the next 40 years. In this report we also introduce new concepts such as the circular economy and the idea that economy and ecology are no longer seen as opposites. It is now recognised by many authors that the markets of the future are green, thus embracing eco-innovation and sustainability now will assure a solid economical growth for the city of Versailles while being recognised as one of the European leaders on sustainability and Eco-innovation. The main objective of this report is to inspire and to illustrate fresh and innovative approaches to the challenges that face the city of Versailles and the Versailles Chantiers train station. T Elodie Gonthier (Team leader) Kevin Ramirez Sandra Velasco Krishna Chandran Anna Aghvanyan Sirin Hamsho 3 he historical city of Versailles is located in the south western suburbs of Paris; 17 km away from its centre. This city attracts more than 6 million tourists every year thanks to its rich historical heritage, with a magnificent castle and gardens. The Inspiring Technovation consultancy presents a vision for a sustainable Versailles through this report and a set of technological solutions that fulfil the vision of transforming the city of Versailles into a hub for sustainable development by renovating Versailles Chantiers train station. The train station fails to meet the needs of the customers in terms of mobility, ambiance, both inside and outside. The firm started the project with an extensive analysis of the existing data (renovation plans, surveys, presentations, etc.) of Versailles Chantiers and the city of Versailles in order to build a first diagnosis. A benchmarking study of technologies was undertaken and the possible acceptability and economical feasibility aspects were studied. The core of the project was dedicated to the analysis of different clusters included in our vision; we found solutions for mobility issues, to improve customers satisfaction, and the creation of new infrastructures. As a result, the profound analysis of these clusters led to the identification and screening of different competitive technologies that could be adapted overtime to meet the changes of infrastructure, peoples habits and behaviour. Through this report Inspiring Technovation depicts how technologies and the integration of these technologies in Versailles context can be a force in transforming the Versailles station into a multimodal transportation and eco-innovative centre for various businesses and tourist activities. We believe that the technologies proposed are clearly market pullers. Our firm presents scenarios that clearly support our vision towards Versailles in 2050, and illustrate the possible futures, successes and failures. A Foresight scenario which extrapolated current data and trends in order to generate the most likely outcomes is described. A scenario with a backcasting approach is also presented. This approach starts by setting targets and works backwards to define the solutions that are needed in order to achieve such goals instead of looking at the more likely scenarios. Furthermore, Inspiring Technovation presents a mobility vision based on multiple transportation solutions such as pods at a local scale and tramways at a wider scale, for Versailles Grand Parc. Landscape modifications are also proposed to allow a multimodal mobility. Versailles and Versailles Chantiers train station are two potential world leaders in sustainability. Thanks to a progressive and adaptative implementation of technologies our vision can become true.T 4 Foreword 2 Executive summary 3 Table of content 4 List of table and figures 5 Introduction 7 Building the project 8 Defining the scope of the project 8 Scenarios and the backcasting method 8 Designing the Versailles of tomorrow 11 The context of Versailles Chantiers train station and Versailles city 11 Project implementation 18 Governance 38 Resiliency 38 Challenges of the project 43 Recommendations 44 List of references 46 Appendices I 5 6 Historically, the increase of railways construction started during the XIX century, as part of the development of European States structural framework, with a main purpose of reducing building costs, and in terms of duration. But building railway stations was a real generator of change as it had an impact on infrastructures and the surrounding environment, often generating conflicts with the city, partly because it was a physical barrier due to the fact that a railway station and its transportation duties are using a lot of space, therefore impacting the organization of the territory (Conticelli & Tondelli, 2011). Indeed, the main objective by building railway and expending the network was to develop the structure of the European territory, while land and environment impact were not an issue that were really questioned. But now, the global issues have changed, so have the local issues related to train stations. In fact, what was a secondary issue or not even an issue has become the priority, namely the environmental impact of our activities. Achieving sustainability is the main concern and an important objective is the reduction of GHG emissions, particularly CO2 emissions. As transport is the main source of CO2 emissions nowadays in France, representing 32% of the total emissions, it is a priority to promote a shift from individual to public transport. Moreover, as we said, the railways station, soon after their implementation, became issues because they were at the same time representing physical barriers. As a consequence, we can tackle these two issues, of environmental impact and place of the train station within the city, by opening the train station to its surroundings. In this report, Inspiring Technovation proposes a set of solutions that are innovative, especially because they are integrative, as an answer to these issues in terms of sustainability, taking into account the current situation of Versailles Chantiers train station, at a local scale with its functions and at a more important scale, with the context of its integration to the city of Versailles, while always dealing with global issues such as global warming and resources scarcity that are also important to take into consideration, especially with such projects written in a long term vision. 7 The work done over the last few months identifying, assessing, estimating and studying the realities and issues faced by the city of Versailles and the train station of Versailles Chantiers has led our team to formulate the following recommendations: Global issues For global issues such as climate change, global warming, economical downturns and others that might affect us a whole, there is a potential for a city like Versailles to become a centre of innovation and a driver of change, first at a national stage but with the potential to become a role model at the European level. Such transformation unfortunately does not come from free; it first requires a clear motivation from the local authorities to be an active player in generating change, and second such motivation needs to be accompanied by coherent and supportive legislation that helps young entrepreneurs transform their ideas into green businesses. Another area that has to gain strength is the cooperation between the state, the private sector and the universities. There are important opportunities to create synergies that lead to innovation and new business models, such interaction and cooperation between the private and official sectors, are likely to promote the emergence of solutions that address problems such as climate change and global warming. Integrating clean energy systems The reality of transforming the Versailles train station into a sustainable hub is such that individual and isolated actions will not enable the rapid transition in a large scale in the future. The energy infrastructure on which the communities depend will therefore need to be adapted and upgraded to meet the future energy demands. One of the possible solutions is to develop and integrate clean energy technologies needed to support demand. The goals of integrating smart systems (water, electricity, PV, transportation, gas, heat, EV charging) through the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) can promote increased sustainability, reliability as well as social benefits such cost reduction, better services and job creation. Improve mobility Special emphasis has been given to the mobility of pedestrians at a local scale around the station. In order to achieve improvements it is recommended to consider developments to the main roads (Avenue) of Versailles, allowing the pedestrians to freely circulate using bicycle tracks and allowing for example the use of segways to move comfortably through the city. 8 Reducing carbon emissions by promoting car sharing and increased parking spaces, for people using their cars to go to the station and then taking a train to reach their final destination. Identifying and promoting best sharing practices in Versailles and beyond, like bike parking lots, electric bike renting. Greater access to mass transportation systems such as tramways, pods and clean buses from stations to promote sustainable public transportation. Access to information Providing accurate, easily accessible information to customers by implementing energy saving practices and innovative technologies such as interactive information kiosks and smart tickets could play a major role in customer satisfaction across the station and the city. Community concept through Multimodal exchange Promote collaboration between firms and work collectively in environmental issues and in eco-innovation projects, also with other stakeholders, like universities. Attract businesses in environment and technology sector through the creation of Eco business parks to make this model as a sustainable conglomerate of buildings. APPENDIX 1: Questionnaire for the survey to Versailles Chantiers customers and results APPENDIX 2: Administrative organization of Versailles (city and agglomeration) APPENDIX 3: The 5 train stations in Versailles city APPENDIX 4 Flow of workers in Versailles city APPENDICE 5: Projects in the surroundings of VersaillesAPPENDIX 6 : Technical sheets (28 pages) II Solution : Changing road organization Category : Mobility Sub-category : Pedestrians mobility Eco -innovation : organizational DESCRIPTION Place: Implementation in time: Partners and governance: Costs : PLAN OF IMPLEMENTATION BENCHMARKING References: RELATION WITH VERSAILLES CONTEXT:

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