Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed

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it is about a great muslim general who wrote a different doctrine of war.


<p>HAZRAT KHALID BIN WALEED</p> <p>RESTRICTEDHAZRAT KHALID BIN WALEED AND THE BATTLE OF YARMUK</p> <p>INTRODUCTION</p> <p>GM allow me to take you back in time when the fire in the two camps burnt merrily the whole night long and could be seen for miles like twinkling stars descended to earth. But, there was no merriment in the hearts of those who sat in the light of those fires. The thought of ordeal that awaited them had driven all joy from their mind. They were great men of valor, the soldiers who awaited the morrow. These Romans and Arabs, these Europeans and Asians, these Christians and Muslims, they were all lions, eagles and wolves. But they were also human being and thought of their wives and children to whom they will bid fare well in a few hours perhaps for the last time.GM in another sight from the rise in the ground emerged a dark line of horsemen whom none may resist and survive to tell the tale. This thundering squad is led by a leader who gallops ahead, a large broad shouldered, powerfully built man, he is mounted on a magnificent Arab stallion and rides it as if he were a part of it. The loose end of his turban and cloak fluttered behind with his large full beard pressed against his chest by the wind. His fierce eyes shine with excitement, with a promise of battle and blood and glory -- the glory of victory, the glory of martyrdom. GM that was the eve of. Yarmuk the titanic battle between the crescent and cross. And this is the commander of Muslims never to born again Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed. Today we shall give you the detailed account of the link between the two in the presentation HAZRAT KHALID BIN WALEED&amp; THE BATTLE OF YARMUK. which is divided into four parts. First part being the biography shall be covered by SL Khanzada in the sequence as shown. Part 2 The commander will be covered by SL Sohail describing the concepts of Khalid and background of Yarmuk. In part-3 the war a sketch of the battle by SL Nasir will be followed by the final part of analysis by myself in the sequence as shown. GM after the conclusion we would be glad to answer your questions. Now I will request SQN LDR KHANZADA to come and tell us about the life of Hazrat Khalid.</p> <p> PART 1BIOGRAPHY</p> <p>Gentlemen while covering the Biography of Hazrat Khalid, I shall briefly touch upon the aspects as shown on the view foil. </p> <p>Family Background</p> <p>1.No woman will ever afterwards mother a child as brave as Khalid said Hazrat Abu Bakr the first caliph of Islam about Hazrat Khalid who was born in 586 A.D to Al Waleed the chief of Bani Makhzum, a noble clan of Qureish. In the family ladder of Hazrat Khalid, the history tracks the names of prophets like Ismail, Abraham, Noah and Idrees till Adam. Soon after his birth, Khalid was sent to a Bedouin tribe in the desert as per the custom among the better families of Qureish, where a foster mother nursed him and brought him up. The clear, dry and unpolluted air of desert laid the foundation of tremendous strength and robust health that Khalid was to enjoy throughout his life. The desert suited him and he came to love it and feel at home. When he was six years of age, he returned to his parents in Mecca. Khalid had four brothers named Waleed, Hisham, Ummara, Abd Shams and two sisters Fakhta and Fatima. After the birth of his sons he was commonly known as Abu Suleiman after the eldest and his other son Abdur Rehman later became a commander in Syria.</p> <p>Military schooling</p> <p>2.As a boy Khalid came to realize with a thrill of pride that he was son of a Chief of the clan. Khalids father did his best to instill into Khalid the virtues of Arab manhood courage, fighting skills, toughness and generosity. While still a child he was taught to ride as per the demand of his clan and soon acquired mastery over the art of horsemanship. Along with riding, Khalid learned the skill of combat, to use weapons the spear, the lance, the bow and the sword. He learnt to fight on horseback and on foot. He was naturally gifted for his skills in use of lance while charging on horseback, and the sword, for mounted and dismounted dueling</p> <p>Personality Traits</p> <p>3. Khalid had a height over six feet, wide shoulders, expanded chest and hard muscles on his lean and athletic body. He soon became popular for his consummate skills and enormous strength. Khalids best friends included Amr bin Al Aas and Ikrama who later became well known commanders. Khalid got his first lesson in the art of warfare from his father Al Waheed. Khalid learnt how to move fast across the desert, how to approach a hostile settlement, how to attack it, how to catch the enemy unaware and attacking them at an unexpected moment. Khalid by nature was a moderate in religious sense not paying much attention to the idols before Islam and concentrating more on battles afterwards. He was ruthless like a warrior and composed like an administrator. He preferred a lavish and rich way of life like a chief. </p> <p>Quest for Military Skills 4.His quest for fighting skills was natural because the great tribes of Qureish that inhabited Mecca had evolved a clear cut division of privilege and responsibility among its three major clans. The Three leading clans of Qureish were the Bani Hashim, Bani Abdudar and Bani Makhzum. The Bani Makhzum was responsible for the matters of war. This clan bred and trained the horses on which the Qureish rode to war; frequently it provided officers to lead Qureish groups into battles. This Role of Bani Makhzum set the atmosphere in which Khalid was to grow up and clash.</p> <p>Obsession to fight </p> <p>5.On reaching maturity, Khalids main interests became war and this soon reached the proportions of an obsession. Khalids thoughts were thoughts of battle; his ambitions were ambitions of victory. His urges were violent and his entire psychological make-up was military. He would dream of fighting great battles and wining great victories, himself always the champion-admired and cheered by all. He promised himself battle and he pronounced himself victory. And he promised himself lots and lots of blood. Unknown to him, destiny had much the same ideas about Khalid.</p> <p>Conquests as Khalid</p> <p>6.Battle of Uhud. (22 March 625) Jubilant Muslims at the base of Uhud were in pursuit of the retreating enemy and war spoils along with the reserves unaware of the rear inspite of Holy Prophets instructions - not to leave the positions till allowed. Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed and Ikrama appeared from nowhere as the wrath of Allah to teach the Muslims a lesson of life for disobeying the prophet which became Khalids trick to change a complete victory of Muslims into a near defeat.</p> <p>7.Battle of Ditch. (24 Feb 627)Khalids second major battle against Muslims was siege of Mecca during this long and tormenting period, the inner instinct of Khalid to engage made him to cross the ditch and kill one Muslim followed by withdrawal. Finally the infidels had to retreat with Khalid cavalry providing the rear guard. </p> <p>Conversion of Khalid </p> <p>8.For some time a change had been taking place in mind of Khalid. At first he thought mainly of military matters and military objectives. Conscious of his own ability and military prowess, he felt that he was truly deserving of victory, but somehow victory always eluded him. He admired the Prophets dispositions and the way the prophet had forced battles Uhad and Ditch on the Qureish with the odds. In the expedition of Hudeibiya, when Khalid had tried to intercept the Muslims, the Holy prophet had neatly outmaneuvered him. Khalid could not help admiring Muhammad (MPBUH) his generalship, his personality qualities, which he could find in no one else. Above all Khalid wanted the clash of battle and the glory of victory and with the Qureish there was only misadventure. On the other hand, there was plenty of military activity at Madina. Between the battle of Uhad and the Pilgrimage spaning over a period of four years, 28 expeditions were taken out by the Muslim which ended in complete success. 9.Khalid would think wistfully of the fun that Muslims were having. After the prophets pilgrimage serious doubt entered Khalids mind regarding his religious beliefs and suddenly it flashed across his mind that Islam was the true faith. Khalid took his armor, his weapons and his horse, and set out for Madina to embrace Islam. At 43, he was glad to be at Madina, where there was activity, anticipation, enthusiasm, optimism and this atmosphere entered the heart of Khalid. He breathed the clear air of the new faith and was happy. Conquest as Saifullah </p> <p>10.Battle of Mauta.The battle took place in September, 629 AD Khalid had to take over command of the Muslim forces after three designated commanders were martyred. Khalid broke nine swords and averted a close defeat. On his return, the Prophet said Khalid is the sword of Allah. He then became known as Saifullah.11.Afterwards Hazrat Khalid played dominant role in a number of battles, most important to mention are shown on this view foil. Battle of Hunein, Jan Feb, 630. Seige of Taif, 5 Feb, 630. The Campaign of the Apostasy. The Battle of Vatrama, Dec, 632. The Battle of Chains, April, 633. The Battle of the River. The Battle of Walaja May, 633. The Battle of Firaz, Jan, 634. The Battle of Fahl, Jan Feb, 635. The Battle of Marj ur Rum, Mar, 635. The Battle of Yarmuk, August 636.</p> <p>Demise</p> <p>12.It was 642 AD, Hazrat Khalid was taken ill but the nature of illness was not known and it took the strength out of Khalid. On the same death bed he asked his friend I have sought martyrdom in a hundred battles why could I not die in battle. His friend replied If you had been killed by a non believer it would have meant that Allahs sword had been broken and that could never be. And the man for whom Hazrat Amr Bin Aas said A master of war and a friend of death died in the same year.Gentlemen! Let us see how the commander led the Muslim army against the enemies. </p> <p> PART-2</p> <p>MILITARY CONCEPTS</p> <p>1. Gentlemen! It is well evident from the conquests of Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed which span from the day he was able to carry a sword to the day of his farewell to arms. It is no ordinary feat by any standards when miles were days and months. From the battle of Uhud up to the time of his dismissal over a period of 15 years, Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed fought 41 battles.</p> <p>2. Khalid was most versatile soldier history has ever known - a true military genius. He had the strategic vision of Genghis Khan and Napoleon, the tactical brilliance of Taimur and Fredrick the great, and the individual strength and prowess of the legendary Rustam of Persia. In no other case in history we see such diverse military virtues combined in a single soul</p> <p>Ideas of war3. His idea :- *His idea about a battle was to fight and vanquish mighty foes, to attack, and to conquer. * His idea of retreat was to employ a surprise in the disguise of defense.*His idea of offence was a total wipe out of the enemy with no room to escape.*His idea of victory was not contentment but obsession for fresh glory and strive towards distant horizon. *His idea about tactics was not a customary principle of war but most dynamic step to ever changing situation of battle.</p> <p>Strategy</p> <p>4.Khalid always planned his battles, though offensive but always measured. His over all strategy was to take the enemy by surprise and charge offensively to crush him before he realized. Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed could rejoice his victory of crushing large imperial forces like Romans by the strategy of exploiting the tremendous mobility and traveling on trackless new routes along his mounted army with audacity, surprise and violet offensive action.5.He employed the reserves as a rapid deployment force on weaker fronts, to strengthens a counter offensive move and inflict surprise attacks from the flanks.6.Psychological warfare was his favorite strategic move in every battle to demoralize the enemy and add vigor to his own soldiers. He always led the duel with victory. 7. Development of effective intelligence network was a very important aspect of his strategy in order to plan his tactical shifts. Tactics</p> <p>8.Khalid had the capability to use variation in his tactics which was evident; During the battle of Mauta, as the event began one after the other, Muslims lost all their appointed commanders and ALAM came to Khalid. The situation facing Khalid was a grim one he was left with three choices. The first to withdraw and save the Muslims from destruction, second was to stay on the defensive and continue fighting, and the third was to attack and throw the enemy off-balance. He chose the last being closer to his nature. Here we again see the quick and clear thought of Khalid in a classic application of his favorite Offensive with flexibility of decision.</p> <p>9.In the Battle of Walaja, the Muslims in a tormented situation were looking miracle as they fought with the suicidal desperation. The next moment over the crest of the ridge appeared two dark lines of mounted warriors - one from the Persians left rear and the other from right rear. With the cries of Allah-o-Akber Andarzaghars army was sandwiched.10.Gentlemen! This tactical maneuver of frontal holding attack combined with powerful envelopment was his original conception. </p> <p>11.And finally GM in the Battle of Yarmuk, Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed conducted tactical manoeuvre which seldom practiced in history, and most difficult to control and coordinate even now a days. It was a simultaneous converging attack from three directions made at night which only a highly efficient military machine could carry out under the able guidance of a visionary leader.</p> <p>12.Gentlemen! All these tactical moves are not mere stroke of luck or one time actions but a part of well orchestrated strategy from the thoughts of first Muslim commander who laid down the beginning of Muslim conquests in the foreign lands.</p> <p> Back ground of battle of Yarmuk</p> <p>13.GM the zenith of Khalids generalship was displayed in the battle of Yarmuk which was fought between the Muslims and the Christians Byzantine Empire, in 636 AD. Under his command the Muslims inflicted a crushing defeat to the great Roman imperial army and opened the gateway for the Muslims to spread the massage of Islam to Africa and Europe.</p> <p>Historical Background</p> <p>14.The conquest of Arab lands under the rule of Persians and the Romans was started by Caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr (RAA) in a pre-planned campaign to spread Islam to other parts of the world. Khalid in a series of battles reached Hira and made it, the headquarters of Islamic forces. Invasion of Syria was planned with distribution of forces into four sectors under the command as shown on the view foil. Abu Ubeida Bin-Al-Jarrah----Emessa Yazeed Bin Sufiyan -----------Damascus. Shurahbeel Bin Hassana-------Jordan. Amr Bin Al-Aas-----------------Palestine</p> <p>Events Leading to the Ba...</p>