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TÜRKİYE İSTATİSTİK KURUMU Turkish Statistical Institute HANEHALKI İŞGÜCÜ İSTATİSTİKLERİ Household Labour Force Statistics 2010 TÜİK ISSN 0259-5036

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TRKYE STATSTK KURUMUTurkish Statistical InstituteHANEHALKI GCSTATSTKLERHousehold LabourForce Statistics2010TKISSN 0259-5036HANEHALKI GCSTATSTKLERHousehold LabourForce Statistics2010TKTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010IJUkKlYf lSJAJlSJlK KUkUMUJurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tuteTKBANBALKl l5CClS1A1lS1lKLklBousehold Labourlorce Statistics2008JUkKlYf lSJAJlSJlK KUkUMUJurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tuteTKHANEHALKI GCSTATSTKLERHouseholdLabourForce Statistics2010TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010IIHANfHALKl l5GUCU lSJAJlSJlKLfkl Househo|d Labour lorce Stat|st|cs lstatistiki veri ve bili istekleri iin lor stat|st|ca| data and |ntormat|on requests 8ili 0agtm Crubu Data D|ssem|nat|on Group1el: + (312) 410 02 15 - 410 02 44fax: + (312) 417 04 32 - 410 02 13 Yayn istekleri iin lor pub||cat|on order 0ner Sermaye lletmesi kevo|v|ng lund Management1el: + (312) 425 34 23 - 410 05 9 - 410 02 85fax: + (312) 417 58 8 Yayn ierigine ynelik sorularnz iin lor quest|ons about contents ot the pub||cat|on lc lstatistikleri 1akm Labour Stat|st|cs Jeam1el: + (312) 410 0 30 - 410 0 3fax: + (312) 425 40 27 lnternet lnternet http:]]www.tuik.ov.tr http://www.turkstat.gov.tr -posta f-ma|| bilituik.ov.tr |ntotu|k.gov.tr Yayn No Pub||cat|on Number3348 lSSN0259-5036 1rkiye lstatistik Kurumu Jurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tuteYcetepe Mah. Necatibey Cad. No: 114 06100 ankaya-ANKAkA ] 1kKlY8u yaynn 5846 Sayl fikir ve Sanat serleri Kanunu'na re her hakk 1rkiye lstatistik Kurumu 8akanlg'na aittir. Cerek veya tzel kiiler tarafndan izinsiz ogaltlamaz ve dagtlamaz.Jurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tute reserves a|| the r|ghts ot th|s pub||cat|on. Unauthor|sed dup||cat|on or d|str|but|on ot th|s pub||cat|on |s proh|b|ted under Law No: 584. 1rkiye lstatistik Kurumu Matbaas, Ankara Jurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tute, Pr|nt|ng D|v|s|on, Ankara1el: 0312 410 01 64 fax: 0312 418 50 82 Kasm 2009 November 2009M18: 2009-0878 - 310 Adet-Cop|es2008lS8N 978-975-19-4641-6HANfHALKl l5GUCU lSJAJlSJlKLfkl Househo|d Labour lorce Stat|st|csstatistiki veri ve bilgi istekleri iin lor stat|st|ca| data and |ntormat|on requests Bilgi Datm Grubu Data D|ssem|nat|on GroupTel: + (312) 410 02 15 - 410 02 44Faks-Fax: + (312) 417 04 32 Yayn istekleri iin lor pub||cat|on order Dner Sermaye letmesi kevo|v|ng lund ManagementTel: + (312) 425 34 23 - 410 05 9 - 410 02 85Faks-Fax: + (312) 417 58 8 Yayn ieriine ynelik sorularnz iin lor quest|ons about contents ot the pub||cat|on gc statistikleri Takm Labour Stat|st|cs JeamTel: + (312) 410 0 30 - 410 0 3Faks-Fax: + (312) 425 40 27 nternet lnternet http://www.tuik.gov.tr http://www.turkstat.gov.tr E-posta f-ma|| [email protected] |ntotu|k.gov.tr Yayn No Pub||cat|on Number3599ISSN0259-5036 Trkiye statistik Kurumu Jurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tuteYcetepe Mah. Necatibey Cad. No: 114 06100 ankaya-ANKARA / TRKYEBu yaynn 5846 Sayl Fikir ve Sanat Eserleri Kanununa gre her hakk Trkiye statistik Kurumu Bakanlna aittir. Gerek veya tzel kiiler tarafndan izinsiz oaltlamaz ve datlamaz.Jurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tute reserves a|| the r|ghts ot th|s pub||cat|on. Unauthor|sed dup||cat|on or d|str|but|on ot th|s pub||cat|on |s proh|b|ted under Law No: 584. Trkiye statistik Kurumu Matbaas, Ankara Jurk|sh Stat|st|ca| lnst|tute, Pr|nt|ng D|v|s|on, AnkaraTel: 0312 410 01 64 * Faks-Fax: 0312 418 50 82 Austos 2011 August 2011MTB: 2011-580-80 Adet-Copies2010ISBN 978-975-19-5144-1TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010III Foreword nszA. mer TOPRAKBakan V.Acting President IIINSZ gc piyasasnn geliimini izlemek iin gerekli istatistiksel bilgilerin alt yapsn; iktisaden faal nfus, istihdam, eksik istihdam ve isizlik ile ilgili veriler oluturmaktadr. Bu veriler istihdam ve dier ekonomi politikalarnn ynlendirilmesine yardmc olmaktadr.Trkiye statistik Kurumu, Genel Nfus Saymlarile 1955 ylndan itibaren iktisaden faal nfusa ilikinverileri derlemektedir. Planl dnemin balamas ile igcnn ayrntsna duyulan ihtiyacn ne kmaszerine Kurumumuz, 1966-1988 yllar arasnda eitliaralklarla hanehalk igc anketleri uygulamtr.Ancak bu srete uygulanan anketler srekli ve birbiri ile karlatrlabilir bir seri tekil etmemitir.Kurumumuz, birbiriyle karlatrlabilir ve uluslararas verilerle kyaslanabilir nitelikteki hanehalkigc anketlerini, Ekim 1988den itibaren dzenli olarak uygulamaya balam olup 2000 ylna kadar anket her yln Nisan ve Ekim aylarnn son haftasreferans dnemi alnarak ylda iki kez uygulanmtr.2000 ylndan itibaren lkemizde ve dnyada gelien ve deien ihtiyalar dikkate alnarak, igcpiyasasndaki gelimelerin daha sk aralklarlallebilmesi iin, ankette yapsal deiiklikleregidilmesi kanlmaz olmutur. Bu amala soru kad,rneklem tasarm, tahmin boyutu ve uygulama sklkonusunda gerekli deiiklikler yaplarak yeni bir seriye balanmtr. Yeni seri ile birlikte 2000-2003 dneminde hanehalk igc anketi sonular, Trkiye, kent ve kr tahminlerinin yansra, yedi corafi blge ve seilmi dokuz il merkezi iin de verilmitir. 2004 ylndan itibaren ise, geniletilen rnek hacmine balolarak yllk sonular Trkiye, kent ve kr tahminlerinin yan sra statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas 1. Dzeye gre kent ve kr ayrmnda, 2. Dzeye gre ise toplam bazda verilmektedir.Bu yaynda, 2010 ylna ilikin olarak Trkiye, kent ve kr ayrmnda verilen yllk tahminlerin yansra,statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas 1. ve 2. Dzey ayrmnda blgesel sonular da yer almaktadr.Yaynn karar alclar, aratrmaclar ve dieristatistik kullanclarna yararl olacana inanyoruz.FOREWORDData on economically active population, employment, underemployment and unemployment form the basis of the statistical information needed to monitor labour market of a nation and formulate employment and other economic policies. The Turkish Statistical Institute has been collecting data on the economically active population since 1955 through Population Censuses. Between 1966 and 1988, with the beginning of the development plans, in response to an increasing demand for detailed information concerning the labour force, the Institute began to conduct household labour force surveys also. But, up to year 1988, these surveys were not continuous and comparable across time. The Institute has started to conduct a new series of household labour force surveys which are comparable across time and in line with international data since October 1988. The labour force surveys were conducted bi-annually using the reference period of the last week of April and October, up to year 2000. Since 2000 considering the changes and developments either in country or in the world it became unavoidable to make structural changes on survey in order to observe labour market frequently. For this aim structural changes were made on the questionnaire, sampling design, estimation dimension and frequency with the beginning of new series, Household Labour Force Survey results were given for seven geographical regions and selected nine province centers besides the estimates for Turkey, urban and rural for 2000-2003 period. Since 2004 results of the survey are provided for Turkey, urban and rural level as in previous applications and annual results are also given by Statistical Regions of Europe (SR) Level 1 (in urban/rural detail) and on SR Level 2 in total through the increased sample size. In this publication, besides the yearly estimates for Turkey, urban and rural areas for the year 2010, the regional results by Statistical Regions (SR) Level 1 and Level 2 are also given.We believe that this publication will be beneficial to decision-makers, researchers and all the other users of statistics. A. mer TOPRAK Bakan V. Acting President TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010V Contents indekilerNDEKLER CONTENTSnsz Forewordindekiler ContentsGrafik ve tablo listesi List of graphics and tablesSimge ve Ksaltmalar Symbol and Abbreviationsgc ak diyagram Labour force flow chartAklama Explanation1. gc gstergelerinin uluslararas 1. International comparisons of labour3. Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010Deerlendirme EvaluationGrafikler GraphicsTablolar Tables4. BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre gc statistikleri, 2010 4. Labour Force Statistics by SR, Level 1, 2010Deerlendirme EvaluationGrafikler GraphicsTarihi tablolar Historical tableszet tablolar Summary tablesAyrntl tablolar Detailed tables5. BBS, 2. Dzeye gre gc statistikleri, 2010 5. Labour Force Statistics by SR, Level 2, 2010Deerlendirme EvaluationGrafikler GraphicsTarihi tablolar Historical tableszet tablolar Summary tablesAyrntl tablolar Detailed tables Ek AppendixTemel karakteristiklere ilikin standart Standard errors in basichata deerleri, 2010 characteristics, 2010BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre standart hata deerleri Standard errors by SR, Level 1BBS, 2. Dzey'e gre standart hata deerleri Standard errors by SR, Level 216713192001641647988karlatrmas force indicators18 3. Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 20102. zet tablolar 2. Summary tables252256284252SayfaPageVXXIIIIVI176XIII88417211276764VTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010VI Grahk ve Tablo Listesi List of Graphics and Tables 1.1 lkelerin igc durumu, 2004 - 2009 1.2 lkelere ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam, 2008 - 2009 1.3 lkelere gre isiz says ve isizlik oran, 2004- 2009Kent 2.1 Kurumsal olmayan nfusa gre igc durumu 4 2.2 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 5 2.3 teki duruma gre istihdam 6 2.4 Nedene gre igcne dahil olmayan nfus 73. Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010Grafik 3.1 Ya grubuna gre igcne katlma oran 13 3.2 Ya grubuna gre isizlik oran 14 3.3 Eitim durumuna gre isizlik oran 15 3.4 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 16 3.5 Meslek grubuna gre istihdam 17 3.6 teki duruma gre istihdam 18TabloKurumsal Olmayan Nfus 3.1 Ya grubu ve igc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 20 3.2 Eitim durumu, medeni durum ve igc durumuna gre 23 kurumsal olmayan nfus 3.3 Ya grubu ve nedene gre igcne dahil olmayan nfus 26stihdam 3.4 Ya grubu ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 29 3.5 Ya grubu ve meslek grubuna gre istihdam 32 3.6 Ya grubu ve iteki duruma gre istihdam 35 3.7 Eitim ve iteki duruma gre istihdam 38 3.8 teki durum ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 41 3.9 Meslek grubu ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 443.10 Haftalk fiili alma sresi ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 473.11 Haftalk fiili alma sresi ve iteki duruma gre istihdam 503.12 yeri bykl ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 533.13 yeri bykl ve iteki duruma gre istihdam 563.14 teki durum ve allan yere gre istihdam 593.15 teki durum, ekonomik faaliyet ve kaytllk durumuna gre istihdam 62siz3.16 Geni ya grubu ve eitim durumuna gre isiz 653.17 Daha nce alt ekonomik faaliyet ve nedene gre isiz 683.18 Aranlan meslek grubu ve i arama sresine gre isiz 713.19 aradklar kanal ve aradklar meslek trne gre isiz 74GRAFK ve TABLO LSTES1. gc Gstergelerinin Uluslararas Karlatrmas123Sayfa19222124131415162528313437404346495861525564677073273033363942454851606354576669727518131415161718177 75 56 62. zet Tablolar Trkiye Kr4 4VITK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010VII List of Graphics and Tables Grahk ve Tablo ListesiPage 1.1 Labour force status by countries 2004 - 2009 1.2 Employment by economic activity and countries, 2008- 2009 1.3 Unemployed persons and unemployment rates by countries, 2004 - 2009Urban 2.1 Labour force status by non-institutional population 4 2.2 Employment by economic activity 5 2.3 Employment by status in employment 6 2.4 Persons not in labour force by reason 73. Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010Graphics 3.1 Labour force participation rate by age group 13 3.2 Unemployment rate by age group 14 3.3 Unemployment rate by educational status 15 3.4 Employment by branch of economic activity 16 3.5 Employment by major occupational group 17 3.6 Employment by status in employment 18TablesNon-Institutional Population 3.1 Non-institutional population by age group and labour force status 20 3.2 Non-institutional population by education, marital status and 23 labour force status 3.3 Population not in labour force by age group and reason 26Employment 3.4 Employment by age group and economic activity 29 3.5 Employment by age group and major occupational group 32 3.6 Employment by age group and status in employment 35 3.7 Employment by educational status and status in employment 38 3.8 Employment by status in employment and branch of economic activity 41 3.9 Employment by major occupational group and economic activity 443.10 Employment by weekly actual hours worked and economic activity 473.11 Employment by weekly actual hours worked and status in employment 503.12 Employment by size of workplace and economic activity 533.13 Employment by size of workplace and status in employment 563.14 Employment by status in employment and location of workplace 593.15 Employment by status in employment, economic activity and social security registration 62Unemployment3.16 Unemployment by broad age group and educational status 653.17 Unemployment by previous economic activity and reason for unemployment 683.18 Unemployment by major occupational group sought and duration of unemployment 713.19 Unemployment by job search methods and major occupation group sought 74235 56 67 764 6622 2428 3025 2737 39LIST of GRAPHICS and TABLES 1. International Comparisons of Labour Force Indicators113 1316 1614 1415 1517 1718 1819 2134 3631 3340 4243 4546 4849 5152 5455 5761 6358 6073 7567 6970 722. Summary Tables Turkey Rural4 4VIITK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010VIII Grahk ve Tablo Listesi List of Graphics and TablesSayfa4. BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre igc istatistikleri, 2010Grafik4.1 gcne katlma oran 794.2 sizlik oran 804.3 Eitim durumuna gre istihdamn dalm 814.4 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdamn sektrel dalm 824.5 teki duruma gre istihdamn dalm 83BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre tarihsel tablolar, 200S-20104.1 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 1. Dzey'e gre igc, 2008-2010 844.2 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 1. Dzey'e gre istihdam, 2008-2010 854.3 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 1. Dzey'e gre igcne katlma oran, 2008-2010 864.4 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 1. Dzey'e gre isizlik oran, 2008-2010 87BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre zet tablolar, 20104.5 gc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 884.6 Nedene gre igcne dahil olmayan nfus 914.7 Eitim durumuna gre igc 944.8 Eitim durumuna gre istihdam 974.9 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 1004.10 teki duruma gre istihdam 1034.11 Sosyal gvenlik kurumuna kaytllk durumu ve sektrlere gre istihdam 1064.12 Ya grubu ve i arama sresine gre isiz 109BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre ayrntl tablolar, 20104.13 Geni ya grubu ve igc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 1124.14 Eitim ve igc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 1254.15 Geni ya grubu ve nedene gre igcne dahil olmayan nfus 1384.16 teki durum ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 1515. BBS, 2. Dzey'e gre igc istatistikleri, 2010Grafik5.1 gcne katlma oran 1675.2 sizlik oran 1685.3 Eitim durumuna gre istihdamn dalm 1705.4 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdamn sektrel dalm 1705.5 teki duruma gre istihdamn dalm 171BBS, 2. Dzey'e gre tarihsel tablolar, 20105.1 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 2. Dzey'e gre igc, 2008-2010 1725.2 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 2. Dzey'e gre istihdam, 2008-2010 1735.3 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 2. Dzey'e gre igcne katlma oran, 2008-2010 1745.4 statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, 2. Dzey'e gre isizlik oran, 2008-2010 175BBS, 2. Dzey'e gre zet tablolar, 20105.5 gc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 1765.6 Nedene gre igcne dahil olmayan nfus 1795.7 Eitim durumuna gre igc 1825.8 Eitim durumuna gre istihdam 1855.9 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 1885.10 teki duruma gre istihdam 1915.11 Sosyal gvenlik kurumuna kaytllk durumu ve sektrlere gre istihdam 1945.12 Ya grubu ve i arama sresine gre isiz 197BBS, 2. Dzey'e gre ayrntl tablolar, 20105.13 Geni ya grubu ve igc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 2005.14 Eitim ve igc durumuna gre kurumsal olmayan nfus 2135.15 Geni ya grubu ve nedene gre igcne dahil olmayan nfus 2265.16 teki durum ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam 2396. EkTemel karakteristiklere ilikin standart hata deerleri, 2010 252BBS, 1. Dzey'e gre standart hata deerleri, 2010 256BBS, 2. Dzey'e gre standart hata deerleri, 2010 284"lgili bilgilere ulamak iin " formu 305GRAFK VE TABLO LSTESVIIITK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010IX List of Graphics and Tables Grahk ve Tablo ListesiPage4. Labour Force Statistics by SR, Level 1, 2010Graphics4.1 Labour force participation rate 794.2 Unemployment rate 804.3 The distribution of employment by educational status 814.4 The distribution of employment by economic activity 824.5 The distribution of employment by status in employment 83Historical Tables by SR, Level 1, 200S-20104.1 Labour Force by Statistical Regions, SR Level 1, 2008-2010 844.2 Employment by Statistical Regions, SR Level 1, 2008-2010 854.3 Labour force participation rate by Statistical Regions, SR Level 1, 2008-2010 864.4 Unemployment rate by Statistical Regions, SR Level 1, 2008-2010 87Summary Tables by SR, Level 1, 20104.5 Non-institutional population by labour force status 884.6 Persons not in labour force by reason 914.7 Labour force by educational status 944.8 Employment by educational status 974.9 Employment by economic activity 1004.10 Employment by status in employment 1034.11 Employment by economic activity and social security registration 1064.12 Unemployment by duration of unemployment and age group 109Detailed tables by SR, Level 1, 20104.13 Non-institutional population by broad age group and labour force status 1124.14 Non-institutional population by educational and labour force status 1254.15 Persons not in labour force by reason and broad age group 1384.16 Employment by economic activity and status in employment 1515. Labour Force Statistics by SR, Level 2, 2010Graphics5.1 Labour force participation rate 1675.2 Unemployment rate 1685.3 The distribution of employment by educational status 1705.4 The distribution of employment by economic activity 1705.5 The distribution of employment by status in employment 171Historical Tables by SR, Level 2, 20105.1 Labour Force by Statistical Regions, SR Level 2, 2008-2010 1725.2 Employment by Statistical Regions, SR Level 2, 2008-2010 1735.3 Labour force participation rate by Statistical Regions, SR Level 2, 2008-2010 1745.4 Unemployment rate by Statistical Regions, SR Level 2, 2008-2010 175Summary Tables by SR, Level 2, 20105.5 Non-institutional population by labour force status 1765.6 Persons not in labour force by reason 1795.7 Labour force by educational status 1825.8 Employment by educational status 1855.9 Employment by economic activity 1885.10 Employment by status in employment 1915.11 Employment by economic activity and social security registration 1945.12 Unemployment by age group and duration of unemployment 197Detailed tables by SR, Level 2, 20105.13 Non-institutional population by broad age group and labour force status 2005.14 Non-institutional population by educational and labour force status 2135.15 Persons not in labour force by reason and broad age group 2265.16 Employment by economic activity and status in employment 2396. AppendixStandard errors by basic characteristics, 2010 252Standard errors by SR, Level 1, 2010 256Standard errors by SR, Level 2, 2010 284The form of "To reach the related informations " 305LIST OF GRAPHICS AND TABLESIXTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XSimge ve Ksaltmalar Symbol and AbbreviationsXSMGE ve KISALTMALAR Bilgi yoktur.Gzlem deeri 500 kiiden azdr.-0SYMBOL and ABBREVIATIONS Denotes magnitude nil. Observation value is less than 500 people.Trkiye statistik Kurumu TK TURKSTAT Turkish Statistical Institute Avrupa Birlii statistik Ofisi ABO EUROSTAT European Union Statistical Office Birlemi Milletler Kalknma Program BMKP UNDP United Nations Development Program Uluslararas alma rgt U ILO International Labour Organization Avrupa Topluluunda Ekonomik Faaliyetlerin statistiki Snflamas NACE, Rev.2 Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community Uluslararas Standart Meslek Snflamas ISCO, SS International StandardClassification of Occupations Uluslararas teki Durum Snflamas ICSE, 1993 International Classification onStatus in Employment Uluslararas Standart Eitim Snflamas ISCED, 1997 International StandardClassification of Education statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas BBS SR Statistical Regions Aklama Bkz. See. ExplanationNOT:1. ki bin kiiden az gzlem deerlerindernek bykl gvenilir tahminler iin yeterli deildir.2. Tablolardaki oransal deerler, bine blnmeden nceki mutlak deerlerzerinden hesaplanm olduundan, tabloda yer alan deerler zerinden hesaplanacak oranlardan farkl olabilir. 3. Tablolardaki rakamlar yuvarlamadan dolay toplam vermeyebilir.NOTE:1. Sample size is too small for reliable estimates for figures less than two thousand persons in each cell. 2. As the ratios are calculated by the absolute figures not divided by thousand, they may differ from the ratios to be calculated by the figures given in the tables.3. Total numbers may not be correct due to rounding of the numbers. TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XI Labour Force Flow Chart gc Ak DiyagramTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XIII Explanation AklamaXIIIAIKLAMA 1. GiriTrkiyede iktisaden faal nfus ve ayrntshakknda, genel nfus saymlar ve 1966 ylndanitibaren zaman zaman uygulanan Hanehalk gcAnketleri (HA) ile Birinci Be Yllk Plan dneminden itibaren 1987 ylna kadar, snrl da olsa bilgi derlenmitir. Ancak, bu dnemde elde edilen veriler, zellikle igc piyasasnn izlenmesinde temel kaynak olan HA sonular, bir zaman serisi ierisinde karlatrlabilir nitelikte deildir. Bu nedenle, dzenli uygulanan ve zaman serisi iinde karlatrlabilirveriler salayan HAnin uygulanmas kanlmazolmutur.Bu kapsamda Birlemi Milletler KalknmaProgram (BMKP) koordinatrlnde yrtlen gc Piyasas Enformasyon Sistemi (PES) Projesi kapsamnda, Uluslararas alma rgtnn (U) teknik katklar ile yaplan almalarda; hem krsalhem de kentsel yerleri kapsayacak byklkte bir rnek hacmi ve gelitirilmi bir soru kadkullanlarak dzenli aralklarla, Hanehalk gcAnketlerinin gerekletirilmesi ngrlmtr.Bu proje kapsamnda, iktisaden faal nfus, istihdam, isizlik ve eksik istihdamn lmnde son uluslararas standartlar (U, Onnc Uluslararasalma statistikileri Konferans, 1982) kullanlmaksuretiyle, anket yeni bir yapya kavuturulmutur.almadan elde edilecek verilerin hem zaman ierisinde kendisiyle karlatrlabilir, hem de uluslararas verilerle kyaslanabilir nitelikte olmasesas alnmtr.Ekim 1988den nceki HA sonular, toplam nfusa gre arlklandrlrken, Ekim 1988 uygulamas ile balayan bu yeni serideki anket sonular, kurumsal olmayan nfus (okul, yurt, otel, ocuk yuvas, huzurevi, hastane, hapishane, kla ya da orduevinde ikamet edenler) ayrmnda verilmeye balanmtr. Ayrca gerek rnekleme tasarm ve soru kad, gerekse kullanlan kavramlar nedeniyle Ekim 1988de balayan bu seri ile Ekim 1988den nceki uygulama sonular tam anlamyla karlatrlabilirdeildir.EXPLANATION1. Introduction Since the first five-year development plan, information on the economically active population and its components, although on a limited basis, have been periodically collected in Turkey through population census and household labour force surveys (HLFS) which had been conducted from time to time since 1966. However, data gathered within this period especially the results of the labour force surveys, which are the main source for following the labour market, were not comparable within a time series. Due to the fact that it became unavoidable to carry out regular labour force surveys, which would be comparable across time. Hence, in the context of the project on Labour Market Information System coordinated by UNDP, in 1988, Turkish Statistical Institute launched a labour force survey to be conducted bi-annually with the technical assistance of the International Labour Organization (ILO). The survey uses a sample method covering both urban and rural areas, and employs an improved questionnaire. In the context of this project, the survey was redesigned using the latest international standards (ILO, Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, 1982) concerning statistics on the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment. Historical and international comparability of the data were given priority in the new survey design. The results of the survey in the new series started with the October 1988 application have been given by the non-institutional population (which comprises all the population excluding, the residents of schools, dormitories, kindergartens, rest home for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers) while the prior surveys had been weighted according to the total population. Moreover, because of the differences in the sampling methodology, definitions and concepts used, the results of the new series were not comparable with the prior surveys.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XIVAklama ExplanationXIVEkim 1988Ekim 1999 yllar arasnda ylda iki defa uygulanan HA serilerinde, baz yllarda anketin genel yapsn bozmadan soru kad ve rnek tasarmnda deiiklikler yaplmtr. (Ayrntl bilgi iin baknz: Hanehalk gc Anketi, Kavramlar ve Yntemler) 2. Tarihe 19SS ncesi Trkiye statistik Kurumu (TK) ilk Hanehalkgc Anketini, 1966 ylnda sanayisi gelimi sekiz ilde deneme mahiyetinde gerekletirmi, Kasm1967, Nisan ve Kasm 1968de de uygulamay nfusu 2 000den fazla 106 yerleim yeri ile nfusu 2 000den az bir yerleim yerini kapsayacak ekildegeniletmitir.TK, 1973-1974 yllarnda lke nfusunun yaklak % 60nn yaad krsal yerlerde Hanehalkgc Anketi ve krsal yerler alma anketini de ieren bir dizi anket uygulamtr. Bu anketlerden Hanehalk gc Anketi, Haziran ve Ekim 1973 ile Nisan 1974te 2 000den daha az nfuslu yerleimyerlerinin kr olarak tanmland 401 yerleim yerinde gerekletirilmitir. Temmuz 1973te balayp bir yldevam eden krsal yerler alma anketi ise, 2000den daha az nfuslu 402 yerleim yerinde uygulanmtr. Bu alma ile krsal yerlerde alanlarn, altklar gn says ve sre konusunda bilgi derlenmitir.19751981 yllar arasnda HA uygulanma-mtr. Anket 19821984 yllar arasnda daha genibir rneklem bykl ve yeniden dzenlenmi soru kad ile Ekim aylarnn son haftas referans dnemi alnarak sadece kentsel yerlerde uygulanmtr. Bu uygulamada 10 001 ve daha fazla nfuslu yerleimyerleri kent olarak kabul edilmitir.1985 ylnda ise, soru kad ve rneklem tasarm yeniden gzden geirilerek ilk kez krsal ve kentsel yerleri ayn anda kapsayan Trkiye apndabir Hanehalk gc Anketi uygulanmtr. Bu uygulamada 20 001 ve daha fazla nfuslu yerler kent, 20 000 ve daha az nfuslu yerler ise kr olarak kabul edilmitir. 1986 ve 1987 yllarnda Hanehalkgc Anketi uygulanmamtr.Without changing the main structure some changes were made on questionnaire and sampling design of the survey applied bi-annually between October 1988 and October 1999 period in some periods. (For detailed information: Household Labour Force Survey, Concepts and Methods) 2. BackgroundBefore 19SS In 1966 the Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT) launched the first labour force survey in eight industrialized cities on a pilot study basis. In November 1967, April and November 1968, TURKSTAT extended the coverage of the survey to 106 localities with population of more than 2 000 and one sub district with population of less than 2 000. During 1973-1974, TURKSTAT carried out a series of surveys including the labour force survey and rural areas working survey in the rural areas where 60% of the population lived. In June and October 1973 and April 1974, the HLFS was carried out in 401 rural settlements with population less than2 000. A rural areas working survey that continued for a year was carried out in July 1973. This survey was carried out in 402 villages with a population of less than 2 000. Information on the number of days worked and working hours of the persons who worked in the rural areas was collected in this survey.Between 1975 and 1981, the HLFS were not conducted. During 1982-1984 another series of labour force surveys were conducted with the reference period taken as the last week of October of each year. These surveys were conducted in the urban areas, based on a revised questionnaire and with an enlarged sample, urban areas were defined as all settlements with a population of 10 001 and over.In 1985 the first labour force survey covering both rural and urban areas was conducted with a modified questionnaire and with a redesigned sample. The urban areas were defined as all settlements with a population of more than 20 000 and rural areas as settlements with a population of 20 000 or less. Household Labour Force surveys were not conducted in 1986 and 1987. TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XV Explanation AklamaXV19SS - 1999 1988 ylnda balanan bu serideki Hanehalkgc Anketleri ile amalanan; kullanclarn igcpiyasasna farkl alardan yaklamlarn mmkn klacak deikenlerin elde edilebilecei soru kad ve tablasyon plan oluturmakla birlikte, temelde igc piyasasnda kullanlan kavram kargaasna son vermek ve uluslararas karlatrmalara elverilirakam elde edebilecek tanmlar oluturabilmektir.Bu amala, Onnc alma statistikileriKonferansnda benimsenen temel tanm ve kavramlarn kullanld Hanehalk gc Anketleri, Ekim 1988den itibaren her yln Nisan ve Ekim aylarnn Pazartesi ile balayp Pazar ile biten son haftasn izleyen 15 gn iinde uygulanmaya balanm ve sonular; Trkiye, kentsel yerler ve krsal yerler ayrmnda yaynlanmtr. Bu serideki en son uygulama ise Ekim 1999 Hanehalk gcAnketidir.2000 - 2003 stihdam ve Eitim Projesi kapsamndayrtlen gc Piyasas Bilgisi blmnn temel amac, igc piyasas verilerinin gelitirilmesini ve bu konudaki anketlerin uygulama sklnnarttrlmasn salamaktr. Bu amala, proje faaliyetleri erevesinde mevcut Hanehalk gcAnketi ulusal ve uluslararas uzmanlar tarafndaneitli ynleri ile incelenmitir. Uzmanlar tarafndanhazrlanan raporlarda anketin rnek bykl, rnekleme ve arlklandrma teknii, soru kad,alan uygulamas ve yaynn ierii gibi eitli konular yer almtr.Bu dorultuda, 2000 ylnda, Hanehalk gcAnketinin; uygulama skl, rnek bykl, tahmin boyutu, referans dnemi ve soru kadnda bazdeiiklikler yaplmtr. Bu deiiklikler mevcut seri ile karlatrma imkan salayacak biimde gelitirilmitir.Bu kapsamda belirlenen yeni rnek tasarm ile anketin rnek bykl ve uygulama sklartrlarak, yaplacak tahminlerin duyarllnn da artrlmas hedeflenmitir. Yeni rnek tasarm ilk defa Ekim 1999 Hanehalk gc Anketinde kullanlmtr.19SS - 1999 The main goal of the labour force surveys in the new series started in the year 1988 was to set questionnaire and tabulation plan which make it possible for users to analyze labour market from different aspects and put an end to the concept confusion on labour market. Also it was aimed to constitute definitions appropriate for international comparison.The Household Labour Force surveys in which the latest international standards (ILO, Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, 1982) were used, had been applied from October 1988, within 15 days following the last week of October and April starting on Monday and ending on Sunday in each year. The results were published for Turkey, urban and rural areas. The last application of this survey was October 1999 HLFS.2000 - 2003 The main objective of Labour Market Information component in the context of Employment and Training Project was to improve data on labour market and the application frequency of HLFS. For this aim, the existent HLFS was examined by national and international experts in the context of project activity. In the report prepared by these experts, there were various critics and proposals on definitions, coverage, application frequency, sample size, sampling and weighting method, questionnaire, field application and publications of the survey.In this direction, in year 2000, some changes were made on the application frequency, sample size, estimation dimension, reference period and questionnaire of the survey. These changes were improved taking into account the need of comparisons with the existent series. It is aimed to increase the sensibility of estimation by increasing the sample size and frequency of the survey with the new design. This design was firstly used in October 1999 HLFS.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XVIAklama ExplanationXVIYeni rneklem tasarm ile seilen bir hanehalkdrt dnem takip edilmektedir. Bu rneklem tasarmnn temel gerekesi rneklerin rastgeleliinden kaynaklanan dalgalanmay minimize etmektir. 2000 ylnda Hanehalk gc Anketi soru kadna baz yeni sorular da eklenmitir.2000 ylnda Hanehalk gc Anketinin tahmin boyutunda da lke ihtiyalarna gre nemli deiiklikler yaplmtr. Bu yldan itibaren, anketin alan uygulamas aylk olarak gerekletirilirkentahminler; er aylk dnemlerde Trkiye, kent ve kr, yllk olarak; Trkiye, kent, kr, yedi corafi blge ve dokuz il merkezi iin verilmitir. Yllk tahminlerde, yln drt dnemine ait veri setleri birletirilerek yllkveri seti oluturulmakta ve yllk sonular yl ortasnfus projeksiyonlar kullanlarak yeniden arlklandrlmaktadr.Yeni seride yaplan bir dier deiiklik ise, 2000 ylna kadar 12 ve daha yukar yatakiler iin verilen sonularn, 2000 ylndan itibaren 15 ve daha yukaryatakiler iin verilmeye balanmasdr. Yine 2000 ylndan itibaren, istihdam edilenlerin ve daha nce bir ite alm isizlerin iktisadi faaliyet kodlamasUluslararas Standart Sanayi Snflamas 1990 Revize 3e (ISIC Rev. 3) gre yaplmaya balanmolup, 2004 ylna kadar bu snflama kullanlmtr.2001 ylndan itibaren ise istihdam edilenlerin, iarayanlarn ve daha nce bir ite alm olanlarnmeslek kodlamas Uluslararas Standart Meslek Snflamas (ISCO,88)e uygun olarak yaplmakta ve sonular bu snflamaya gre verilmektedir.2004 ylnda yaplan deiikliklerUygulanmaya balad tarihten itibaren, tanmve kavramlar asndan uluslararas standartlarntakip edildii hanehalk igc anketleri, 2002 ylndaAvrupa Birliine (AB) uyum asndan ele alnmtr.Bu dorultuda srdrlen almalar neticesinde Avrupa Birlii statistik Ofisinin (EUROSTAT) talep ettii tm deikenlerin kapsand bir soru kadhazrlanm olup, yeni soru kadnda yer alan deikenler ile ABnin igc istatistikleri konusundaki norm ve standartlar karlanabilmektedir.2004 ylndan itibaren HAnin rnek hacmi, statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas 2. Dzeye gre tahmin vermek zere dnemsel olarak yaklak The selected households are followed during four periods with the new sampling design. The main reason of this sampling design is to minimize the fluctuation coming from the sampling. Some new questions were also added to the HLFS questionnaire in year 2000.Important changes were made on estimation dimension of HLFS in accordance with country needs in the year 2000. The field application of the survey has realized monthly and estimations have given quarterly for Turkey, urban and rural areas since 2000. Yearly results were given for Turkey, urban and rural areas, seven geographical regions and nine province centers. On the yearly estimates, quarterly data sets were gathered to constitute yearly data and results of the survey were re-weighted by using the mid-year population projections. The results of the survey which had been given for the population 12 years old and over up to 2000, have been given for the 15 years old and over since year 2000. In addition, since year 2000, employed and unemployed who worked in a job before, have been classified according to the International Standard Industrial Classification 1990 Revise 3 (ISIC Rev. 3) and this classification was used until 2004. Since 2001 employed, unemployed who are seeking a job and person who worked in a job before, have been classified according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO,88) and the results of the survey have been given according to this classification.Revisions made in 2004 Household labour force surveys, where international standards were followed for definitions and concepts from the beginning of its first application, were reviewed in terms of harmonization with European Union in 2002. At the end of these studies realized in this direction, a new questionnaire was developed where all variables requested by Eurostat were covered. Harmonization with Eurostat requirements in terms of variables are provided with this new questionnaire. The new series of household labour force survey began to be applied from 2004. The quarterly sample size of the survey was increased to approximately TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XVII Explanation AklamaXVII37000 e ykseltilmitir. 2004 ylndan itibaren, anketin dnemsel sonular yine Trkiye, kent ve krayrmnda; yllk sonular ise statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas 1. Dzeye gre kent ve kr ayrmnda,2. Dzeye gre ise toplam bazda verilmektedir. 2004 ylnda balanan yeni seride, rneklem tasarm zerinde herhangi bir deiiklik yaplmam,2000 ylndan itibaren kullanlmakta olan ve hanehalklarnn drt kez takibine dayanan rneklem tasarmna devam edilmitir. Ancak, 2004 ylncesinde 1995 Genel Nfus Saym sonularnadayal adres erevesi yenilenerek, 2000 Genel Nfus Saym Form 1 Numarataj Cetvellerine gre oluturulan yeni adres erevesi kullanlmayabalanmtr.Anket her ayn Pazartesi ile balayp, Pazar ile biten ilk haftas referans alnarak 15 gn iinde uygulanmaktadr.2004 ylndan itibaren istihdam edilenlerin ve daha nce bir ite alm isizlerin iktisadi faaliyet kodlamas Avrupa Topluluunda Ekonomik Faaliyetlerin statistiki Snflamas (NACE Rev.1.1)e gre yaplmaya balanmtr.2005 ylnda yaplan deiiklikler2005 ylndan itibaren Hanehalk gcAnketinin tahminleri, hareketli er aylk dnemler esas alnmak kaydyla aylk olarak yaynlanmaktadr.Bu seride ilgili aylk dnemin arlklar, dnem ortas aya ilikin nfus projeksiyonlar esas alnarakhesaplanmakta olup, ifade kolayl asndantahminler de dnem ortas ay adyla ifade edilmektedir.Bu kapsamda aklanmakta olan, ubat, Mays,Austos ve Kasm ay haber bltenleri, 2000 ylndanitibaren yaynlanmakta olan dnemsel sonularla tamamen karlatrlabilir niteliktedir.37000 in order to produce regional estimations on SR Level 1 and 2. The quarterly results of the survey are provided for Turkey, urban and rural level as in previous applications and annual results are supplied for urban and rural classification on SR Level 1 and for whole Turkey on SR Level 2 since 2004. The sampling design of the survey was not revised in the new series which has started in 2004. In other words, the sampling design which has been applied since 2000 and based on visiting selected households four times are continued to be used. On the other hand, the new address frame which was constructed according to the results of 2000 General Population Census was begun to be used instead of the previous one which was based on 1995 General Population Census. The first week of each month starting with Monday and ending with Sunday has been used as the reference period and the field application is completed within 15 days. From the beginning of the year 2004, the economic activities of employed persons and unemployed persons who had worked before, have been classified according to the NACE Rev.1.1Revisions made in 2005 Starting with January 2005, Household Labour Force Survey results are announced in every month based on the moving three monthly-results. The results are called with the name of the middle month in order to simplify expression.In this new series, the Press Relases of February, May, August and November refer to the results of I. II. III. and IV. quarter respectively which has been published since 2000.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XVIIIAklama ExplanationXVIII2009 ylnda yaplan deiiklikler2009 yl soru kad, hazrlk aamasndaUluslararas alma rgtnden bir uzmanla yeniden ele alnm, bu kapsamda lke koullarnauygun olmad dnlen baz sorular karlrken,soru ifadelerinde referans dnemlerini daha iyi vurgulamaya ynelik baz dzenleme ve iyiletirmeleryaplmtr.2009 ylnda yaplan en nemli deiiklik,imdiye kadar kullanlan eksik istihdam kavramyerine, zamana bal eksik istihdam ve yetersiz istihdam kavramlarna gei yaplmasdr. Uluslararasalma rgt tarafndan dzenlenen 16. almastatistikileri Konferansnda, mevcut eksik istihdam tanm yeniden ele alnarak, yaanan lm zorluklarnedeniyle, eksik istihdam sorununu daha net ortaya koyabilecek zamana bal eksik istihdam ve yetersiz istihdam kavramlarna geilmesine karar verilmitir. Eksik istihdam tanmnn deimesiylebirlikte, ilgili sorular ve klarnda da gerekli dzenlemeler yaplmtr.Ayrca, 2009 ylndan itibaren rnek adreslerin aamal olarak, Ulusal Adres Veri Tabanndanseilmesine balanmtr.Hanehalk igc aratrmasnda, iktisadi faaliyetlerin kodlamasnda 2009 ylnda Avrupa Topluluunda Ekonomik Faaliyetlerin statistikiSnflamas (NACE), Revize 1 ve Revize 2 birarada kullanlm, 2010 ylndan itibaren ise Revize 2nin kullanmna geilmitir.3. Ama Anketin esas amac; lkedeki igcnn yapsnortaya koymak, istihdam edilenlerin; iktisadi faaliyet, meslek (ya da tuttuu i), iteki durum ve almasresi, isizlerin ise; i arama sresi ve aradklarmeslek (ya da i) ve benzer zellikleri hakknda bilgi derlemektir.Revisions made in 2009 The Labour Force Survey questionnaire was re-examined by working together with an expert from the International Labour Organization. In this study, some questions which are found unsuitable for country situation were dropped out, some of them were revised and improvements were made in the wording of some questions in order to draw attention for the reference period expressions.The most important revision made in 2009 was transition to time-related underemployment and inadequate employment concepts instead of the underemployment definition that had been used until 2009. In the Sixteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, organized by ILO, the existing definition of underemployment was changed mainly considering the measuring problems and new concepts called as time-related underemployment and inadequate employment were introduced in order to measure underemployment more accurately. Together with the new underemployment definitions, related questions and options were revised in the questionnaire accordingly. Sampling addresses have gradually been started to be selected from national address data base since 2009.In year 2009, economic activities in labour force survey were double coded by Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE) both by Revise 1 and by Revise 2. From 2010 onwards NACE Revise 2 has started to be used.3. Purpose The main objective of the HLFS is to obtain information on the structure of the labour force in the country. This includes information on economic activity, occupation, status in employment and hours worked for employed persons; and information on the duration of unemployment and occupation sought by the unemployed.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XIX Explanation AklamaXIX4. Kapsam Corafi kapsam: Trkiye genelinde her yerleim yeri rnek seimi iin kapsama dahil edilmitir.Kentsel kesim: 20 001 ve daha fazla nfuslu yerleim yerleri KENT olarak tanmlanmtr.Krsal kesim: 20 000 ve daha az nfuslu yerleim yerleri KIR olarak tanmlanmtr.statistiki birim: Hanehalk gcAnketlerinde kullanlan istatistiki birim hanehalklardr.Hanehalk: Aralarnda akrabalk ba bulunsun ya da bulunmasn ayn konutta veya ayn konutun bir blmnde yaayan, temel ihtiyalarn birlikte karlayan, hanehalknn hizmet ve ynetimine katlanbir ya da birden ok kiinin oluturduu topluluktur. Ankette, Trkiye Cumhuriyeti snrlar iinde yaayan hanelerde bulunan tm kiilerkapsanmaktadr.Ankette okul, yurt, otel, ocuk yuvas, huzurevi, zel nitelikteki hastane (6 aydan uzun kallar),hapishane ile kla ve ordu evlerinde ikamet edenler/zorunlu askerlik hizmetini yapmakta olanlar (kurumsal nfus) kapsanmamaktadr.5. Yntem 5.1. Soru kadlk aamada uluslararas standartlar esas alnarak, BMKP/U Projesi aracl ile Trkiye koullarna uygun bir soru kad gelitirilmitir. Soru kadnda zaman iinde yeni gelien kavramlarn da llmesi amalanmaktadr.Avrupa Birlii statistik Ofisinin, igcpiyasasnn ayrntsna ilikin bilgi elde etmek amacyla derlenmesini ngrd deikenlerinsalanabil- mesine ynelik olarak, 2004 ylndanitibaren soru kadnda gerekli dzenlemeler yaplmve soru says artrlmtr. 2009 ylnda soru kad bir kez daha Uluslararas alma rgtnden bir 4. Coverage Geographical area covered: All settlements in Turkey have been covered in sample selection.Urban areas: Settlements with a population of 20 001 and over are defined as URBAN. Rural areas: Settlements with a population of 20 000 or less are defined as RURAL. Statistical unit: Household is the statistical unit used in labour force surveys. Household: One person or group of persons with or without a family relationship who live in the same house or in the same part of the house, who meet basic requirements together and take part in the facilities and management of the household. All private households who are living in the territory of Turkish Republic are covered. Residents of schools (students living in dormitories), people living in rest/eventide homes and orphans home, special hospitals (for people staying more than six months) and military barracks (conscripts are excluded while army forces are included) are not covered (institutional population).5. Method 5.1. Questionnaire International standards were taken into consideration while questionnaire is being prepared at the first stage through the UNDP/ILO Project. In addition, new concepts emerged have also been aimed to be measured with the questionnaire.From 2004, questionnaire was revised in order to provide variables requested by Eurostat for gathering detailed information about labour market. For this purpose, the number of questions was increased. The Labour Force Survey questionnaire was re-examined by working together with an expert from the International Labour Organization. In this TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXAklama ExplanationXXuzmanla ele alnm ve lke koullarna uygun olmad tespit edilen baz sorular karlrken soru ifadelerinde baz iyiletirmeler yaplmtr.Form 1de hanehalk fertlerinin; cinsiyet, ya,eitim ve medeni durum gibi demografik zellikleri yer almaktadr. Form 2; hanedeki 15 ve daha yukaryataki tm fertlerin igc durumunu lmek iin kullanlmaktadr. Form Cde ise anketin gereklememe nedeni ile ilgili sorular yer almaktadr.Soru kadnda yer alan Form 2deki sorular ierik ynnden alt blme ayrlmtr:a) Hanehalk fertlerinin kiisel nitelikleri (1 - 24. sorular)b) stihdam ile ilgili sorular (25- 67. sorular) c) Gelir bilgileri (68 - 74. sorular)d) sizlik ve iktisadi faal olmama ile ilgili sorular (75 - 90. sorular) e) Gemiteki i deneyimi ile ilgili sorular (91 - 96. sorular) f) Bir yl nceki igc durumu (97 - 99. sorular) 5.2. rneklem tasarmrnek tasarm yllk bazda oturtulmu ve yllktahminler Trkiye, kent-kr, 1. Dzey (kent-kr) ve 2. Dzey iin toplam bazda hedeflenmitir. Yllkbazda oturtulan rnek tasarm;x er aylk dnemsel tahminlere olanak salanmas,x Yllk tahmin iin dnemsel verilerin kmle edilmesi erevesinde planlanmtr.5.3. ArlklandrmaHanehalk igc aratrmas sonular, en gncel nfus projeksiyonlarna gre arlklan-drlmakta ve yaymlanmaktadr. 2009 ylna kadar sz edilen nfus projeksiyonlar, genel nfus saymsonularna dayal olarak hesaplanm, 2007 ylndaise Adrese Dayal Nfus Kayt Sistemi (ADNKS) kurulmutur. ADNKS veritabanndan elde edilen yastudy, some questions which were found unsuitable for country situation were dropped out, and improvements were made in the wording of some questions.Demographic characteristics of households such as sex, age, educational and marital status of the individuals are included in the Form 1, Form 2 is used to collect information on the labour force status of households members 15 years of age and over. The reason for not conducting the survey and the questions related to the sample households are included in the Form C. The questions in Form 2 is composed of six sections:a) Demographic characteristics of household members (Questions 1- 24) b) Questions on employment (Questions 25-67) c) Questions on income (Questions 68-74 ) d) Questions on unemployment and inactivity(Questions 75- 90) e) Questions on past work experience (Questions 91-96) f) Questions on situation one year before the survey (Questions 97-99) 5.2. Sampling method Sample design is contracted on yearly basis. Yearly estimates are required by whole Turkey, rural-urban, SR Level 1 (urban-rural) and SR Level 2. Annual sample design gives; x Quarterly level estimation of whole Turkey and rural-urban, x Accumulation of the quarterly results to get annual estimates. 5.3. Weighting Results of the household labour force survey have been weighted and published by the most recent population projections. Until year 2009, population projections was calculated based on the general population censuses. In 2007 Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) was established and differences in the distribution of TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXI Explanation AklamaXXIve cinsiyet yaps ile nfusun yerleim yerine gre dalmnda, nfus saymlarna gre nemli dalmfarkllklar bulunmaktadr. Bu dorultuda, en gncel nfus bilgilerinin elde edildii bu sistemdeki bilgiler kullanlarak nfus projeksiyonlarnn retilmesine ve 2009 ylndan itibaren igc anketi verilerinin bu kapsamda yaymlanmasna balanm olup, gemiyllara ait sonular da (2004-2007 yllk, 2005ten itibaren dnemsel) bu kapsamda revize edilmitir. Bu yaynda yer alan hanehalk igc aratrmas 2010 yl sonular da yeni nfus projeksiyonlarna gre hesaplanmtr.5.4. Referans ve uygulama dnemi Referans haftas olarak her ayn Pazartesi ile balayp, Pazar ile biten ilk haftas alnmaktadr.Alan uygulamas referans haftasnn bitimini takiben onbe gn ierisinde tamamlanmaktadr.5.5. Veri derleme yntemiAnket, anketrler tarafndan yzyze grmeyntemi ile uygulanmakta ve veriler dorudandizst bilgisayarlara kaydedilmektedir. 5.6. Alan uygulamas ve cevapszlk oranCevapszlk oran, cevapszlk nedenlerinin (hanehalk evde bulunamad, hanehalk grmeyireddetti, hanehalk ile iletiim kurulamad ve konutta kimse oturmuyor), toplam rnek hacminden ereve hatalar veya uygun olmayan birimler (rnek adres iyeri, inaat, bo arsa vs. ve adres bulunamad)dldkten sonra elde edilen hane saysnaoranlanmas eklinde hesaplanmaktadr.2010 yl Hanehalk gc Anketinde kentsel yerlerden 119 362 ve krsal yerlerden 48 966 olmak zere, Trkiye genelinde toplam 168 328 rnek hanehalk seilmitir. Bu hanehalklarndan 143 871'i ile anket yaplm, 24 457 hanehalkna ise eitlipopulation by age, sex and regions in ABPRS compared to the censuses were emerged. In this direction, the new population projections were produced using the most recent population data obtained from this new system and labour force survey results were started to be published in this concept starting from 2009. Back revisions of the series were also finished (annually for 2004-2007 and monthly from 2005) and 2010 results given in this publication were calculated by the new population projections. 5.4. Reference and application period The first week of each month starting with Monday and ending with Sunday was used as the reference period. The field application starts after the reference week and is completed within 15 days. 5.5. The method of collecting data All the information was collected by interviewers on a face-to-face basis with the help of portable computers.5.6. Field application and non-response rate Non-response rate is calculated in some steps. First of all, non-eligible households resulted from sampling frame errors (sample address is an establishment, construction or land, address could not been found etc.) are exctracted from total sample. Then the total number of non-response (household members are not found in their house or rejected the interview, communication is not possible and nobody lives the house) is divided by the total number of eligible households. A total of 168 328 sample households, 119 362 of which were from urban areas and 48 966 of which were from rural areas were used in 2010 HLFS. 143 871 households were interviewed, non-response forms were filled due to various reasons for 24 457 TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXIIAklama ExplanationXXIInedenlerle cevaplamama formu doldurulmutur.2010 ylnda cevaplamama oran, krsal yerlerde % 13.9, kentsel yerlerde % 12.7 olmak zere, Trkiye genelinde % 13 olarak gereklemitir.households. In 2010, the non-response rate was 13.9 % in rural areas, 12.7 % in urban areas, and 13 % for overall Turkey. 6. Tanm ve Kavramlar Kurumsal olmayan nfus: Okul, yurt, otel, ocuk yuvas, huzurevi, hastahane, hapishane, klaya da orduevinde ikamet edenler dnda kalan nfustur. Kurumsal olmayan alma andakinfus: Kurumsal olmayan nfus ierisindeki 15 ve daha yukar yataki nfustur. Referans kii: Hanehalknn sosyo-ekonomik durumu ve hanede yaayan tm fertlerin kiiselzellikleri hakknda en doru bilgiye sahip, hanenin ynetim veya geiminden sorumlu yetikin hanehalkyesidir. Gen nfus: 15-24 ya grubundaki nfustur.gc: stihdam edilenler ile isizlerinoluturduu tm nfusu kapsar. gcne katlma oran: gcnn kurumsal olmayan alma andaki nfus iindeki orandr.stihdam edilenler: Aada yer alan ibanda olanlar ve ibanda olmayanlar grubuna dahil olan kurumsal olmayan alma andaki tm nfus istihdam edilen nfustur. banda olanlar: Yevmiyeli, cretli, maal,kendi hesabna, iveren ya da cretsiz aile iisiolarak referans dnemi iinde en az bir saat bir iktisadi faaliyette bulunan kiilerdir.banda olmayanlar: i ile balantsdevam ettii halde, referans haftas iinde eitlinedenlerle iinin banda olmayan kendi hesabnaveya iveren olarak alanlar istihdamda kabul edilmektedir.6. Definitions and ConceptsNon-institutional population: Comprises all the population, excluding the residents of schools, dormitories, kindergartens, rest homes for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers. Non-institutional working age population:Indicates the population 15 years of age and over within the non-institutional population. Reference person: Is the adult member of household who has the most accurate information about the socio-economic and personal characteristics of household members and responsible for the administration of household. Youth population: Population within 15-24 age group.Labour force: Comprises all employed persons and all unemployed. Labour force participation rate: Indicates the ratio of the labour force to non-institutional working age population. Persons employed: Comprises all the non-institutional working age population who are included in the persons at work and not at work described below.Persons at work: Persons engaged in economic activity during the reference period for at least one hour as a regular employee, casual employee, employer, self employed or unpaid family worker.Persons not at work: All self-employed and employers who have a job but not at work in the reference week for various reasons are considered as employed.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXIII Explanation AklamaXXIIIcretli ve maal alan ve eitli nedenlerle referans dneminde ilerinin banda bulunmayan fertler; ancak 3 ay iinde ilerinin bana geri dneceklerse veya iten uzak kaldklar sre zarfndamaa veya cretlerinin en az % 50 ve daha fazlasnalmaya devam ediyorlarsa istihdamda kabul edilmektedir.Referans haftas iinde "1 saat" bile almamolan cretsiz aile iileri ve yevmiyeliler istihdamda kabul edilmemektedir. retici kooperatifi yeleri, bir i ya da meslekte bilgi veya beceri kazanmak amacyla belirli bir menfaat (ayni ya da nakdi gelir, sosyal gvence, yol paras, cep harl vb.) karlnda alan raklarve stajyer renciler de istihdam halinde olanlar kapsamna dahil edilmektedirler. stihdam oran: stihdamn kurumsal olmayan alma andaki nfus iindeki orandr.Eksik istihdam: Uluslararas alma rgt tarafndan dzenlenen 16. alma statistikileriKonferansnda, mevcut eksik istihdam tanm,yaanan lm zorluklar nedeniyle yeniden ele alnarak, eksik istihdam sorununu daha net ortaya koyabilecek zamana bal eksik istihdam ve yetersiz istihdam kavramlarna geilmesine karar verilmitir. Hanehalk igc anketi soru kadnda2009 ylnda bu dorultuda gerekli dzenlemeler yaplm olup, 2009 yl ubat dnemi sonularndanbalamak zere, zamana bal eksik istihdam ve yetersiz istihdama ilikin bilgiler yaymlanmaktadr.Zamana bal eksik istihdam: Referans haftasnda istihdamda olan, esas iinde ve dieriinde/ilerinde toplam olarak 40 saatten daha az sre alm olup, daha fazla sre almak istediinibelirten ve mmkn olduu taktirde daha fazla almaya balayabilecek olan kiilerdir.Yetersiz istihdam: Zamana bal eksik istihdam kapsamnda yer almamak kouluyla,referans haftasnda istihdamda olan, son 4 hafta iinde mevcut iini deitirmek iin veya mevcut iineek olarak bir i aram olan ve byle bir i bulduutakdirde 2 hafta iinde almaya balayabilecek olan kiilerdir.Regular employees with a job who did not work during the reference period for various reasons are considered as employed only if they have an assurance of return to work within a period of 3 months or if they receive at least 50% of their wage or salary from their employer during their absence.Unpaid family workers and casual workers who did not work in the reference week even 1 hour, are not considered as employed.The members of producer cooperatives and apprentices or trainees who are working to gain any kind of benefit (income in cash or in kind, social security, travelling cost, pocket money etc.) are considered to be employed. Employment rate: Employment rate is the ratio of employed persons to the non-institutional working age population.Persons underemployment: In the Sixteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, organized by ILO, the existing definition of underemployment was revised considering the measuring problems and new concepts called as time-related underemployment and inadequate employment were introduced in order to measure underemployment more accurately. Therefore, essential arrangements have been made in household labour force survey questionnaire in 2009. Data on time-related underemployment and inadequate employment are published starting from February 2009 period.Time-related underemployment: Persons employed in the reference week who worked less than 40 hours as total (in main job and additional job/s) were willing to work additional hours and were available to do so.Inadequate employment: In case persons are not covered in the time-related underemployment concept; persons employed in the reference week but were also looking for a job to replace present job or as an additional job within last 4 weeks and were available to start if could find.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXIVAklama ExplanationXXIVsiz: Referans dnemi iinde istihdam halinde olmayan (kr karl, yevmiyeli, cretli ya da cretsiz olarak hi bir ite almam ve byle bir iile balants da olmayan) kiilerden i aramak iin son ay iinde i arama kanallarndan en az birini kullanm ve 2 hafta iinde iba yapabilecek durumda olan tm kiiler isiz nfusa dahildirler. Ayrca, ay iinde balayabilecei bir ibulmu ya da kendi iini kurmu ancak ie balamakya da iba yapmak iin eitli eksikliklerini tamamlamak amacyla bekleyenler de isiz nfus kapsamna dahildirler. sizlik oran: siz nfusun igc iindeki orandr.Gen isiz : 15-24 ya grubunda olup isiz olan kiilerdir.Gen isizlik oran : 15-24 ya grubundaki isiz saysnn ayn ya grubundaki igc iindeki orandr.gcne dahil olmayanlar: iz veya istihdamda bulunmayan kurumsal olmayan almaandaki nfustur. gcne dahil olmayanlar aadaki gruplara ayrlmtr.1. aramayp almaya hazr olanlar:eitli nedenlerle i aramayp, ancak 2 hafta iinde iba yapmaya hazr olduunu belirten kiilerdir.1.1 bulma midi olmayanlar: Daha nce i arad halde bulamayan veya kendi vasflarna uygun bir i bulabileceineinanmad iin i aramayan ancak ibayapmaya hazr olduunu belirten kiilerdir.1.2 Dier: Mevsimlik alma, ev kadn olma, rencilik, irad sahibi olma, emeklilik ve alamaz halde olma gibi nedenlerle iaramayp ancak iba yapmaya hazr olduunubelirten kiilerdir.Persons unemployed: The unemployed comprises all persons 15 years of age and over who were not employed (neither worked for profit, payment in kind or family gain at any job even for one hour, who have no job attachment) during the reference period who have used at least one channels for seeking a job during the last three months and were available to start work within two weeks.Persons who have already found a job and will start to work within 3 months, or established his/her own job but were waiting to complete necessary documents to start work were also considered to be unemployed. Unemployment rate: Is the ratio of unemployed persons to the labour force. Youth unemployment: Unemploymentpeople within 15-24 age group.Unemployment rate of youth: Is the ratio of unemployed people within 15-24 age group to the labour force of same age group. Persons not in labour force: Includespersons who are neither unemployed nor employed and 15 years of age and over. The persons not in labour force consist of the following sub-groups; 1. Not seeking a job but available to start a job: These are the persons who are not seeking a job for different reasons but are available for work within two weeks. 1.1. Discouraged workers: These are the persons who were available to start a job but were not seeking because had looked for before, but were not able to find or those believe that could not find a job with his/her qualifications.1.2. Other: These were the persons who were not seeking a job for reasons such as being seasonal workers, busy with household chores, student, property income earner, retired, or disabled, but available to start a job.TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXV Explanation AklamaXXV2. Mevsimlik alanlar: Mevsimlik almasnedeniyle i aramayan ve iba yapmaya hazrolmayan kiilerdir.3. Ev ileriyle megul: Kendi evinde ev ileriyle megul olmas nedeniyle i aramayan ve iba yapmaya hazr olmayan kiilerdir.4. EitimJretime devam ediyor: Birrenim kurumuna, kursa vb. devam etmesi nedeniyle i aramayan ve i ba yapmaya hazrolmayan kiilerdir.5. Emekli: Bir sosyal gvenlik kuruluundanemekli olduu iin i aramayan ve i ba yapmaya hazr olmayan kiilerdir.6. alamaz halde: Bedensel zr, hastalkveya yallk nedeniyle i aramayan ve i bayapmaya hazr olmayan kiilerdir.7. Dier: Ailevi ve kiisel nedenler ve bunun dndaki dier nedenler ile i aramayan ve i bayapmaya hazr olmayan kiilerdir.7. SnflamalarHem istihdam halinde olanlar, hem de referans dneminde almad halde daha nce bir itealm olanlar ekonomik faaliyet, meslek, itekidurum ve eitim durumuna gre snflandrlmtr.Ekonomik faaliyetler: Tm ekonomik faaliyetler, Avrupa Topluluunda Ekonomik Faaliyetlerin statistiki Snflamas (NACE Rev.2)e gre drt rakaml kodlanm, yllk sonular 18 ana grup (ksm) dzeyinde, blgesel sonular ise ana sektr itibariyle verilmitir.2. Seasonal workers: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of being seasonal workers. 3. Busy doing household chores: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of doing household chores. 4. In education or training: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of attending regular school or training. 5. Retired persons: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of being retired.6. Disabled, old or ill: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of being disabled, ill or elderly. 7. Other: Persons not seeking a job or who are not available for work because of family or personal reasons or other reasons.7. Classifications Both the employed and the persons who were employed before are classified by their economic activity, occupation, employment status and educational status. Economic activity: All economic activities are coded at the four digit level according to the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev.2) and given as three main sectors for regional results and 18 main groups (section) at annual level. TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXVIAklama ExplanationXIII I. Avrupa Topluluunda Ekonomik Faaliyetlerin statistiki Snflamas (NACE Rev.2) Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev.2) SektrSector KsmSectionTanmDescriptionTarmAgricultureA Tarm, ormanclk ve balklk - Agriculture, forestry and fishing B Madencilik ve taocakl - Mining and quarrying C malat - ManufacturingSanayiIndustryDElektrik, gaz, buhar ve iklimlendirme retimi ve datmElectricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply ESu temini, kanalizasyon, atk ynetimi ve iyiletirme faaliyetleri Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities F naat - Construction GToptan ve perakende ticaret; motorlu kara tatlarnn vemotosikletlerin onarmWholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles HUlatrma ve depolama -Transport and storageIKonaklama ve yiyecek hizmeti faaliyetleri Accommodation and food service activities Hizmet J Bilgi ve iletiim - Information and communication Services K Finans ve sigorta faaliyetleri - Financial and insurance activitiesL Gayrimenkul faaliyetleri - Real estate activities M Mesleki, bilimsel ve teknik faaliyetler - Professional, scientific and technical activities N dari ve destek hizmet faaliyetleri - Administrative and support service activities OKamu ynetimi ve savunma, zorunlu sosyal gvenlik Public administration and defence; compulsory social security P Eitim - Education Q nsan sal ve sosyal hizmet faaliyetleri - Human health and social work activities R Kltr, sanat, elence, dinlence ve spor - Arts, entertainment and recreationS Dier hizmet faaliyetleri - Other service activitiesTHanehalklarnn iverenler olarak faaliyetleri; hanehalklar tarafndan kendi kullanmlarna ynelik olarak ayrm yaplmam mal ve hizmet retim faaliyetleri - Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods-and services-producing activities of households for own useUUluslararas rgtler ve temsilciliklerinin faaliyetleri Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXVII Explanation AklamaXIIIMeslek: Tm meslekler Uluslararas Standart Meslek Snflamas, (ISCO,88) uygun olarak drt rakaml kodlanm olup sonular tabloda belirtilen 9 ana grup dzeyinde verilmektedir. Occupation: All occupations are coded at the four-digit level according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO,88) and results are published by 9 main group given in the table below. II. Uluslararas Standart Meslek Snflamas ISCO, 88 International Standard Classification of Occupations ISCO, 88 KsmSectionTanm Description 1Kanun yapclar, st dzey yneticiler ve mdrler Legislators, senior officials and managers 2 Profesyonel meslek mensuplar Professionals 3 Yardmc profesyonel meslek mensuplar Technicians and associate professionals 4Bro ve mteri hizmetlerinde alanelemanlar Clerks 5 Hizmet ve sat elemanlar Service workers, shop and market sales workers 6Nitelikli tarm, hayvanclk, avclk,ormanclk ve su rnleri alanlar Skilled agricultural and fishery workers 7 Sanatkarlar ve ilgili ilerde alanlar Craft and related trade workers 8Tesis ve makine operatrleri ve montajclar Plant and machine operators and assemblers 9 Nitelik gerektirmeyen ilerde alanlar Elementary occupations teki durum: stihdam edilen ve daha nce bir ite alm olanlar, Uluslararas teki Durum Snflamasna (ICSE,1993) uygun olarak snflandrlm ve yllk sonular drt ana grup, blgesel sonular ise ana grupta (kendi hesabnave iveren birletirilerek) verilmitir.1. cretli, maal veya yevmiyeli 2. veren3. Kendi hesabna4. cretsiz aile iisiEmployment status: All persons who are currently employed and persons employed in the past are classified according to International Classification on Status in Employment (ICSE,1993) and given in 4 main categories for annual results, 3 main categories for regional results (combining self employed and employer). 1. Regular or casual employee 2. Employer3. Self employed 4. Unpaid family worker TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXVIIIAklama ExplanationXXVIIIEitim durumu: 6 ve yukar yataki tm fertlerin eitim durumlar hakkndaki bilgiler Uluslararas Standart Eitim Snflamas (ISCED,1997) uygun olarak snflandrlm olup yllk sonular iin sekiz grup, blgesel sonular iin ise drt ana grupta verilmitir. 1997 ylnda zorunlu eitimin 8 ylakmasyla birlikte 5 yllk ilkokul eitimi sona ermi,onun yerine 8 yllk ilkretime geilmitir.1. Okuma yazma bilmeyen 2. Okuma yazma bilip bir okul bitirmeyen 3. lkokul4. lkretim5. Ortaokul veya mesleki ortaokul 6. Genel Lise 7. Mesleki veya teknik lise 8. Yksek retimKod Eitim durumuE1 Okuma yazma bilmeyen = 1 E2 Lise alt eitimliler = 2+3+4+5 E3 Lise ve dengi meslek okulu = 6+7 E4 Yksek retim = 8 Educational status: The educational status of all persons six years old and over are coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED,1997) and given in 8 categories for annual results and as 4 main categories for regional results. In the year 1997 compulsory education was extended to 8 years intead of 5 years. Together with this regulation, primary school education was ended and new 8 year system was called as primary education. 1. Illiterate 2. Literate without any diploma 3. Primary school 4. Primary education 5. Junior or vocational high school 6. High school 7. Vocational school at high school level 8. Higher education Code The groups of educatinal statusE1 Illeterate = 1 E2 Less than high school = 2+3+4+5 E3 High and vocational school = 6+7 E4 Higher education = 8 TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 2010XXIX Explanation AklamaXIII III. statistiki Blge Birimleri Snflamas, (BBS, 1. Dzey ve 2. Dzey) Statistical Regions, (SR, Level 1 and Level 2) KodCode1. Dzey SR, Level 1 2. Dzey SR, Level 2 TR Trkiye - Turkey TR1 stanbul -stanbulTR10 stanbul TR2 Bat Marmara - West MarmaraTR21 Tekirda, Edirne, Krklareli TR22 Balkesir, anakkale TR3 Ege - AegeanTR31 zmirTR32 Aydn, Denizli, Mula TR33 Manisa, Afyonkarahisar, Ktahya, UakTR4 Dou Marmara - East MarmaraTR41 Bursa, Eskiehir, Bilecik TR42 Kocaeli, Sakarya, Dzce, Bolu, Yalova TR5 Bat Anadolu - West AnatoliaTR51 Ankara TR52 Konya, Karaman TR6 Akdeniz - MediterraneanTR61 Antalya, Isparta, Burdur TR62 Adana, Mersin TR63 Hatay, Kahramanmara, Osmaniye TR7 Orta Anadolu - Central AnatoliaTR71 Krkkale, Aksaray, Nide, Nevehir, KrehirTR72 Kayseri, Sivas, Yozgat TR8 Bat Karadeniz - West Black SeaTR81 Zonguldak, Karabk, BartnTR82 Kastamonu, ankr, Sinop TR83 Samsun, Tokat, orum, Amasya TR9 Dou Karadeniz - East Black SeaTR90 Trabzon, Ordu, Giresun, Rize, Artvin, GmhaneTRA Kuzeydou Anadolu - Northeast AnatoliaTRA1 Erzurum, Erzincan, Bayburt TRA2 Ar, Kars, Idr, Ardahan TRB Ortadou Anadolu - Centraleast AnatoliaTRB1 Malatya, Elaz, Bingl, Tunceli TRB2 Van, Mu, Bitlis, Hakkari TRC Gneydou Anadolu - Southeast AnatoliaTRC1 Gaziantep, Adyaman, Kilis TRC2 anlurfa, DiyarbakrTRC3 Mardin, Batman, rnak, Siirt TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 201011.1 lkelerin igc durumu, 2004-2009 Labour force status by countries, 2004-2009lkelerCountries 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009Kanada-Canada(1) 17 182 17 343 17 593 17 946 18 245 18 369 78.2 77.8 77.9 78.4 78.6 78.1A.B.D- United States (2)147 401 149 320 151 428 153 124 154 287 154 142 75.4 75.4 75.5 75.3 75.3 74.6Avusturalya-Australia(1) 10 213 10 529 10 771 11 021 11 254 11 448 74.4 75.4 75.8 76.2 76.5 76.3Japonya-Japan(1) 66 420 66 500 66 570 66 690 66 500 66 170 72.2 72.6 73.1 73.6 73.8 73.9Yeni Zelanda- New Zealand (1) 2 109 2 167 2 220 2 257 2 283 2 306 76.4 77.3 77.9 78.1 78.0 77.8Avusturya-Austria(1) 3 927 4 022 4 113 4 202 4 239 4 268 71.3 72.4 73.7 74.7 75.0 75.3Danimarka-Denmark(3) 2 852 2 848 2 877 2 867 2 897 2 896 80.1 79.8 80.6 80.2 80.8 80.7Finlandiya-Finland(3) 2 584 2 612 2 638 2 666 2 694 2 670 74.4 74.8 75.4 75.7 76.1 74.6Fransa-France(1) 27 575 27 757 28 009 28 149 28 126 28 321 69.3 69.4 69.4 69.5 69.7 70.6Almanya-Germany(1) 39 711 40 696 41 206 41 364 41 481 41 507 72.6 73.8 75.0 75.6 75.9 76.4Yunanistan-Greece(1) 4 823 4 849 4 880 4 918 4 940 4 974 66.5 66.8 67.0 67.0 67.1 67.8rlanda-Ireland(1) 1 933 2 034 2 126 2 210 2 233 2 197 69.1 70.9 71.8 72.6 72.3 71.3talya-Italy(1) 24 107 24 195 24 411 24 476 24 852 24 719 62.5 62.4 62.7 62.5 63.0 62.4Lksemburg-Luxembourg(5) 307 317 329 343 360 367 65.8 66.6 66.7 66.9 66.8 68.7Hollanda-Netherlands(1) 8 496 8 513 8 597 8 741 8 836 8 900 75.6 75.8 76.4 77.5 78.4 78.8Norve-Norway(4) 2 365 2 385 2 429 2 491 2 574 2 573 79.1 78.9 78.2 78.9 80.2 79.0Portekiz-Portugal(1) 5 452 5 516 5 558 5 583 5 594 5 553 72.9 73.4 73.9 74.1 74.2 73.7spanya-Spain(2) 20 094 20 794 21 495 22 101 22 750 22 928 69.7 70.8 71.9 72.6 73.7 74.0sve-Sweden(4) 4 512 4 622 4 671 4 838 4 898 4 907 78.7 80.1 80.2 80.6 80.7 78.9svire-Switzerland(1) 4 354 4 388 4 474 4 573 4 656 4 722 81.0 80.8 81.2 81.6 82.3 82.6ngiltere-United Kingdom(1) 29 206 29 901 30 435 30 580 30 917 31 091 76.2 76.2 76.7 76.3 76.8 76.6G7 (6)351 602 355 711 359 652 362 329 364 408 364 319 74.0 74.4 74.9 75.1 75.2 75.1AB Blgesi - Euro zone (6) 147 299 150 580 152 490 154 090 155 828 156 240 69.9 70.9 71.5 71.9 72.4 72.5OECD Toplam - OECD Total (6)546 370 553 345 560 579 566 326 571 934 573 965 70.9 71.2 71.6 71.8 72.1 72.0Kaynak: gc statistikleri, OECD, 1989-2009. Source: Labour Force Statistics, OECD, 1989-2009.Not. 2010 yl verilerini ieren, OECD, gc statistikleri yayn Note. Data for 2010 can not be given becausehenz kmad iin 2010 yl rakamlar verilememitir. OECD's Labour Force Statistics of 2010 has not been published yet.(1) 15 ve daha yukar yataki nfus. (1) Persons aged 15 years and over.(2) 16 ve daha yukar yataki nfus. (2) Persons aged 16 years and over.(3) 15-74 ya arasndaki nfus. (3) Persons aged 15 to 74 years.(4) 16-74 ya arasndaki nfus. (4) Persons aged 16 to 74 years.(5) 16-64 ya arasndaki nfus. (5) Persons aged 16 to 64 years.(6) 15-64 ya aras igcne katlma oran (6) Labour force participation rates are between 15-64 yearsgcLabour force (000) gcne katlma oran(6)Labour force participation rate (%) 1 International Comparisons Uluslararas KarlatrmaTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 201021.2 lkelere ve ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam, 200S-2009 Employment by economic activity and countries, 2008-2009Toplam Tarm Sanayi {6)Hizmetler Toplam Tarm Sanayi {6)HizmetlerTotal AgricultureIndustry(6)Services Total AgricultureIndustry(6)Services {000) {000)Kanada-Canada(1) 17 126 2.4 21.5 76.1 16 849 2.3 20.3 77.4ABD- United States (2) 145 362 1.5 19.1 79.5 139 877 1.5 17.6 80.9Avusturalya-Australia(1) 10 777 3.3 21.5 75.2 10 809 3.3 21.0 75.6Japonya-Japan(1) 63 850 4.2 27.3 68.5 62 820 4.2 26.4 69.5Yeni Zelanda- New Zealand (1) 2 188 6.9 21.6 71.4 2 164 6.8 20.8 72.4Avusturya-Austria(1) 4 077 5.6 26.1 68.3 4 064 5.5 24.8 69.6Danimarka-Denmark(3) 2 799 2.7 22.9 74.4 2 719 2.5 18.8 78.8Finlandiya-Finland(3) 2 522 4.5 25.5 69.9 2 449 4.6 23.9 71.5Fransa-France(1) 26 035 2.6 20.6 76.8 25 718 2.6 20.0 77.4Almanya-Germany(1) 38 345 2.3 30.0 67.8 38 279 2.3 29.3 68.4Yunanistan-Greece(1) 4 583 11.3 22.3 66.4 4 532 11.7 21.1 67.2rlanda-Ireland(1) 2 106 5.8 25.8 68.4 1 933 5.3 22.1 72.6talya-Italy(1) 23 160 3.9 30.0 66.1 22 774 3.8 29.5 66.7Lksemburg-Luxembourg(5) 349 1.5 21.8 76.7 352 1.5 21.4 77.1Hollanda-Netherlands(1) 8 593 2.6 17.6 79.8 8 596 2.5 16.6 80.9Norve-Norway(4) 2 506 2.8 21.1 76.1 2 492 2.7 20.2 77.1Portekiz-Portugal(1) 5 167 11.5 29.4 59.0 5 025 11.2 28.4 60.4spanya-Spain(2) 20 161 4.4 27.9 67.7 18 781 4.2 24.8 71.0sve-Sweden(4) 4 593 2.2 21.6 76.2 4 499 2.2 20.1 77.7svire-Switzerland(1) 4 500 3.9 23.4 72.8 4 529 3.6 22.9 73.4ngiltere-United Kingdom (1) 29 277 1.1 21.9 77.0 28 683 1.1 19.6 79.3G7 343 154 2.3 23.0 74.6 335 000 2.3 21.9 75.8OECD Toplam - OECD Total 538 064 5.0 24.3 70.7 527 270 5.0 23.0 72.0Kaynak: gc statistikleri, OECD, 19S9-2009. Source: Labour Force Statistics, OECD, 1989-2009.Not. 2010 yl verilerini ieren, OECD, gc statistikleri yayn Note. Data for 2010 can not be given becausehenz kmad iin 2010 yl rakamlar verilememitir. OECD's Labour Force Statistics of 2010 has not been published yet.{1) 15 ve daha yukar yataki nfus. (1) Persons aged 15 years and over.{2) 16 ve daha yukar yataki nfus. (2) Persons aged 16 years and over.{3) 15-74 ya arasndaki nfus. (3) Persons aged 15 to 74 years.{4) 16-74 ya arasndaki nfus. (4) Persons aged 16 to 74 years.{5) 16-64 ya arasndaki nfus. (5) Persons aged 16 to 64 years.{6) naat sektr sanayi sektrne dahil edilmitir. (6) Construction sector is included.Ekonomik faaliyet - Economic activity2009%lkelerCountries %200S2Uluslararas Karlatrma International ComparisonsTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 201031.3 lkelere gre isiz says ve isizlik oran, 2004-2009 Unemployed persons and unemployment rates by countries, 2004-2009lkelerCountries2004 2005 2006 2007 200S 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 200S 2009Kanada-Canada(1) 1 235 1 173 1 108 1 079 1 119 1 520 7.2 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.1 8.3ABD- United States (2) 8 149 7 591 7 001 7 078 8 924 14 265 5.5 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.8 9.3Avusturalya-Australia(1) 551 531 516 482 477 638 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.4 4.2 5.6Japonya-Japan(1) 3 130 2 940 2 750 2 570 2 650 3 360 4.7 4.4 4.1 3.9 4.0 5.1Yeni Zelanda- New Zealand (1) 85 83 85 83 95 142 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 4.2 6.2Avusturya-Austria(1) 195 208 196 186 162 204 5.0 5.2 4.8 4.4 3.8 4.8Danimarka-Denmark(3) 163 143 118 115 98 177 5.7 5.0 4.1 4.0 3.4 6.1Finlandiya-Finland(3) 229 220 204 183 172 221 8.8 8.4 7.7 6.9 6.4 8.3Fransa-France(1) 2 431 2 452 2 456 2 243 2 091 2 603 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.0 7.4 9.2Almanya-Germany(1) 4 107 4 573 4 257 3 601 3 136 3 228 10.3 11.2 10.3 8.7 7.6 7.8Yunanistan-Greece(1) 493 467 427 398 357 443 10.2 9.6 8.8 8.1 7.2 8.9rlanda-Ireland(1) 88 96 98 103 127 265 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.7 5.7 12.0talya-Italy(1) 1 960 1 889 1 673 1 506 1 692 1 945 8.1 7.8 6.9 6.2 6.8 7.9Lksemburg-Luxembourg(5) 9 10 10 10 11 15 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1 4.0Hollanda-Netherlands(1) 395 402 336 278 243 304 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.2 2.8 3.4Norve-Norway(4) 106 111 84 63 67 82 4.5 4.6 3.5 2.5 2.6 3.2Portekiz-Portugal(1) 365 422 428 449 427 529 6.7 7.7 7.7 8.0 7.6 9.5spanya-Spain(2) 2 211 1 911 1 835 1 833 2 589 4 147 11.0 9.2 8.5 8.3 11.4 18.1sve-Sweden(4) 299 360 330 298 305 408 6.6 7.8 7.1 6.2 6.2 8.3svire-Switzerland(1) 184 187 173 160 156 193 4.2 4.3 3.9 3.5 3.3 4.1ngiltere-United Kingdom(1) 1 361 1 397 1 649 1 621 1 641 2 408 4.7 4.7 5.4 5.3 5.3 7.7G7 22 373 22 014 20 894 19 698 21 253 29 329 6.4 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.8 8.1AB Blgesi - Euro zone 13 613 13 544 12 723 11 499 11 681 14 687 9.2 9.0 8.3 7.5 7.5 9.4OECD Toplam - OECD Total 37 294 36 491 34 031 31 849 33 869 46 707 6.8 6.6 6.1 5.6 5.9 8.1Kaynak: gc statistikleri, OECD, 19S9-2009. Source: Labour Force Statistics, OECD, 1989-2009.Not. 2010 yl verilerini ieren, OECD, gc statistikleri Note. Data for 2010 can not be given becauseyayn henz kmad iin 2010 yl rakamlar verilememitir. OECD's Labour Force Statistics of 2010 has not been published yet.{1) 15 ve daha yukar yataki nfus. (1) Persons aged 15 years and over.{2) 16 ve daha yukar yataki nfus. (2) Persons aged 16 years and over.{3) 15-74 ya arasndaki nfus. (3) Persons aged 15 to 74 years.{4) 16-74 ya arasndaki nfus. (4) Persons aged 16 to 74 years.{5) 16-64 ya arasndaki nfus. (5) Persons aged 16 to 64 years.sizlik oranUnemployment rate {%)siz - Unemployed persons {000) 3 International Comparisons Uluslararas KarlatrmaTK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 20104zet Tablolar, 2007-2009 Summary Tables, 2007-20092.1 Kurumsal olmayan nfusa gre igc durumu Labour force status by non-institutional population [15 ve daha yukar ya] - [15 years old and over] (Bin - Thousand)YllarYearsstihdamedilenEmployedToplam - Total 200S 69 724 50 772 23 805 26 967 46.9 21 194 2 611 11.0 20.5 2009 70 542 51 686 24 748 26 938 47.9 21 277 3 471 14.0 25.3 2010 71 343 52 541 25 641 26 901 48.8 22 594 3 046 11.9 21.7Erkek - Males 200S 34 589 24 917 17 476 7 441 70.1 15 598 1 877 10.7 20.1 2009 35 000 25 369 17 898 7 471 70.5 15 406 2 491 13.9 25.4 2010 35 401 25 801 18 257 7 544 70.8 16 170 2 088 11.4 21.0Kadn - Females 200S 35 134 25 855 6 329 19 526 24.5 5 595 734 11.6 21.2 2009 35 541 26 317 6 851 19 466 26.0 5 871 979 14.3 25.0 2010 35 941 26 740 7 383 19 357 27.6 6 425 959 13.0 23.0Toplam - Total 200S 48 349 35 697 16 063 19 634 45.0 14 010 2 053 12.8 22.6 2009 48 747 36 197 16 585 19 611 45.8 13 839 2 746 16.6 28.2 2010 49 170 36 576 17 105 19 472 46.8 14 679 2 425 14.2 24.8Erkek - Males 200S 24 184 17 721 12 323 5 398 69.5 10 892 1 431 11.6 20.6 2009 24 275 17 875 12 501 5 374 69.9 10 587 1 914 15.3 26.6 2010 24 485 18 057 12 709 5 348 70.4 11 104 1 604 12.6 22.5Kadn - Females 200S 24 165 17 976 3 739 14 236 20.8 3 117 622 16.6 27.0 2009 24 472 18 321 4 084 14 237 22.3 3 252 832 20.4 31.3 2010 24 686 18 519 4 396 14 124 23.7 3 575 821 18.7 29.2Toplam - Total 200S 21 375 15 075 7 742 7 332 51.4 7 184 558 7.2 15.5 2009 21 795 15 489 8 163 7 326 52.7 7 438 724 8.9 18.9 2010 22 172 15 965 8 536 7 429 53.5 7 915 621 7.3 15.3Erkek - Males 200S 10 405 7 195 5 153 2 043 71.6 4 706 447 8.7 18.9 2009 10 725 7 493 5 396 2 097 72.0 4 819 577 10.7 22.6 2010 10 917 7 744 5 549 2 196 71.6 5 065 483 8.7 17.8Kadn - Females 200S 10 970 7 879 2 590 5 290 32.9 2 478 112 4.3 10.0 2009 11 070 7 996 2 766 5 229 34.6 2 619 147 5.3 12.1 2010 11 256 8 221 2 987 5 233 36.3 2 850 138 4.6 11.0Not. Rakamlar yuvarlamadan dolay toplam vermeyebilir. Note. Total numbers may not be correct due to rounding of the numbers.Genisizlikoranunem-ploymentrate of youth(%)KENT - URBANKIR - RURALTRKYE - TURKEYKurumsalolmayannfusNon-institutionalpopulation15 ve dahayukaryatakikurumsalolmayannfusNon-institutionalpopulation15 years old and overgcLabourForcegcnekatlmaoranLabourforceparticipationrate(%) sizUnemployedsizlikOranUnem-ploymentrate(%)gcnedahilolmayannfusPopulationnot in labourforce 4TK, Hanehalk gc statistikleri, 2010TurkStat, Household Labour Force Statistics, 201052.2 Ekonomik faaliyete gre istihdam Employment by economic activity [15 ve daha yukar ya] - [15 years old and over] (Bin - Thousand)Yllar{2)Years (2)ToplamTotalA B CDEF G H I J K L M N O P Q RSTUToplam - Total 2009 21 277 5 240 97 3 870 112 1 306 3 381 986 1 049 157 273 63 398 599 1 207 967 591 130 849 2010 22 594 5 683 115 4 216 165 1 431 3 326 1 009 1 084 204 273 61 429 766 1 292 1 019 590 102 831Erkek - Males 2009 15 406 2 795 95 3 024 103 1 266 2 779 924 889 114 156 53 273 470 1 031 516 263 110 546 2010 16 170 2 959 110 3 265 153 1 376 2 697 949 917 153 158 47 292 591 1 100 541 259 84 518Kadn - Females 2009 5 871 2 445 2 846 9 40 602 62 161 42 118 10 126 130 176 451 328 20 304 2010 6 425 2 724 4 950 12 56 629 59 167 51 116 14 136 175 192 478 331 18 314Toplam - Total 2009 13 839 589 45 3 294 89 971 2 838 770 839 149 255 55 364 520 915 823 521 110 693 2010 14 679 701 52 3 617 131 1 088 2 784 780 852 189 255 55 389 660 985 864 518 89 670Erkek - Males 2009 10 587 344 44 2 570 81 934 2 320 712 708 108 142 45 247 404 755 425 227 92 429 2010 11 104 389 50 2 801 120 1 035 2 232 725 715 139 144 42 263 503 809 446 223 72 395Kadn - Females 2009 3 252 244 1 724 8 37 518 57 132 41 113 10 117 117 160 399 294 18 264 2010 3 575 312 2 815 11 52 552 55 137 50 112 12 126 158 176 418 295 17 275Toplam - Total 2009 7 438 4 651 52 576 23 336 544 216 210 7 18 8 35 79 292 144 70 20 156 2010 7 915 4 981 63 599 34 344 542 228 232 15 18 6 39 106 307 155 72 13 161Erkek - Males 2009 4 819 2 450 50 454 23 332 459 212 181 6 13 8 26 66 276 92 37 17 116 2010 5 065 2 570 60 464 33 340 4