Hamlet Controlled Assessment - Tragic heroes

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<ul><li>1.So, your mother married your uncle who killed your father (his own brother) What are you going to do? a) Kill the b*****d! b) Cry and think deep, philosophical thoughts about your own existence? c) Go on the Jerry Springer show and let the depths of humanity bask in your freaky life </li></ul><p>2. GCSE English Literature Unit 3C The significance of Shakespeare and the English Literary Heritage Hamlet and Othello Controlled Assessment 3. What We Will Need for this Topic Hamlet (The Arden Shakespeare, Third Series) Othello (Arden Shakespeare, Third Series) 4. New Knowledge - Your Question Explore how Shakespeare presents weaknesses and tragic flaws in Hamlet and Othello Inscribeth in thy books! 5. The Task This Controlled Assessment is out of 40 marks and is worth 25% of your overall mark (thats a lot!) Your work must be about 2000 words You will have four hours to complete the assessment You will be linking two different texts Hamlet and Othello Please note that this is the only piece of coursework for Literature! 6. Assessment Objectives AO1: Responding to texts critically and sensitively, evaluating textual detail to support interpretations AO2: Explain how language, structure and form contribute to writers presentation of ideas and themes AO3: Making comparisons and links between texts AO4: Relating text to their social, cultural and historical contexts 7. Learning Objective: To understand how Shakespeare still influences modern culture I know lots of different things about Shakespeare and his plays I can compare Shakespeares themes in Hamlet to modern texts I can use my knowledge to ask whether modern writers are just imitating Shakespeare This is our success criteria 8. SOLO Taxonomy 9. What do we know? What do we know about Shakespeare already? Why was he so popular during the Elizabethan era? Why is he still studied today? 10. Hamlet - The Play 11. Hamlet The Summary Read the summary of the play Answer the following questions: Name the three main characters of the play and their relationship Why does Hamlet not kill his uncle? Why does he pretend to be insane? Who dies throughout the play and how does each character meet their demise? Do you feel sorry for Hamlet? What are Hamlets weaknesses? 12. Hamlet Themes 15 minutes With a partner, start mind mapping some of the themes that you see emerging already. Approaching texts thematically is an effective way of thinking about texts. Use the character list to help you keep track of characters Mind map using specific ideas. 13. Themes in Hamlet Claudius kills Hamlets father so he can be King of Denmark Polonius is killed by Hamlet Revenge 14. Character List (10 mins) Read through the character list on the second page Create a family tree conveying the relationships between each character Add a little bit more information than just their name 15. Compare to Modern Texts Which other texts share these themes? Can we see any elements of Hamlets character in modern texts? Do you think if Hamlet was modernised it would be a popular play/film? 16. Compare to Modern Texts 17. Compare to Modern Texts Now write a paragraph comparing your modern text to Shakespeares Macbeth. What themes are similar? Which character traits are similar? Which events are similar? 18. Compare to Modern Texts The bulk of the story and several key scenes remain intact, with Denmark swapped for the African savanna, and people swapped for animals (mostly lions). It's easy to overlook the relationship between "Hamlet" and The Lion King, since Shakespeare certainly didn't invent the idea of an 'evil uncle.' But any theatre fan would be able to follow the parallels along: the proud king (Mufasa) is killed 'accidentally' by his evil, power-hungry brother (Scar), and after a time away from the kingdom, the prince and rightful heir (Simba) returns to bring the truth to light. The film even includes the ghostly vision of Mufasa, and Simba's pair of fast-talking friends Timon and Pumbaa (Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in the original). A musical treatment and happier ending, of course, but "Hamlet" nonetheless. 19. Are modern writers imitating Shakespeare? Based on our work today, do we agree of disagree with this statement? 20. SOLO Self Assessment Multistructural Stage I know lots of different things about Shakespeares play Hamlet How I achieved this/How I can meet this: During the animated tales I noted the main themes and character traits and thought about how these link to one another. When questioned, I was able to explore where the main themes are presented in the play. Relational I can compare the themes of Hamlet to a modern text and see how they are similar of different. How I achieved this/How I can meet this: I was able to mindmap how the film The Lion King is similar to Hamlet as it focuses on the main protagonist wanting revenge for the death of his father, who was killed by his power-hungry uncle. Extended Abstract I can use my knowledge of the play Hamlet and comparison to a modern text to understand how Shakespeare still influences our society today How I achieved this/How I can meet this: I did not meet this, however next time I know I need to think more critically about what elements of the play can be seen in a variety of different modern texts and how Shakespeares influence can be seen today. I will work on this during our Dedicated Improvement and Reflection Time (DIRT) next lesson. 21. Shakespear eBig Question: Why is Shakespeare so well-known around the world? 22. Learning Objective: To relate texts to the social and historical contexts they were written I can retrieve facts about the Renaissance period I can comment on Shakespeares use of context I can analyse the language Shakespeare uses make subtle inferences about the context This is our success criteria 23. Information Stations You have 15 minutes to collect as much information from around the room as possible. You will need to answer the following essay question at the end: How is the Elizabethan and Jacobean society in which Shakespeare was writing in reflected in the play Hamlet? 24. Shakespeare wrote his plays and poetry during the Elizabethan Renaissance Early 16th century into the early 17th century. Time of rebirth and new ideas writing poetry and drama composing music painting experimenting in monarchs name Exploration became vital in this era. This was the first time people in England had excess wealth to spend. This was one of the factors that created the theatre 25. Queen Elizabeth Not accepted due to birth, gender. First real female ruler. Refuses to marry; leaves no heir. Tolerant. Loved the theatre and the arts. Defeated the Spanish armada, then is accepted and grows to be liked. Survives several assassination attempts. Dies in 1603. 26. King James 1: The New Era King James takes the throne Scottish Hamlet spans this transition (probably written in 1600 or 1601 and first performed in 1602. Not written down until 1603!) Private Still supports the theatre, in particular Shakespeares company Commissions the Bible in English Interested in the occult and unknown Not as much pomp and circumstance (or drama) Shakespeare dies when he is king 27. London: Cultural Epicentre Major trade centre. Population hits 100,000 (current population 8 million!) Rise of a new middle class of tradesmen, or merchants. Zero sanitation. Disease is high, plague closed down theatres. High infant and female mortality rate. Rise of the theatre. 28. Life and Laws Women were treated as property and could own nothing (unless they were widowed). Only options for women: brothel, nunnery, marriage. Husbands could beat wives. No real divorce options for women. Laws were in place that determined what a person could wear, where they could live, what they could eat; all based on social standing and class. Marriages are arranged. The upper class, courtier marriages, had to be approved by the monarch. Esp. under Elizabeth. 29. The Elizabethan Theatre The theatre was for the uneducated masses. Considered a low profession. No women on stage. Young boys only. Puritans hated the theatre and tried to close them. Open to the elements. The Groundlings. No fourth wall audience interacted with actors. Shakespeare would have played some of the parts. Most could not read. The color of the flag that flew above the theatre indicated what type of play was being performed. 30. More Theatre Before a play could appear on the Elizabethan stage, it first had to be approved by the Master of the Revels. Parts were often written for certain actors. Most likely the part of Hamlet was written for lead actor Richard Burbage, for example. Only the property master has complete script. Actors have their lines only and lines before entrances and exits Rhymed Couplets Quartos 31. Shakespeares Globe Shakespeares theatre was not the first, but one of the most famous. It was built in the seedy area just outside London. An almost exact replica was created in London in the mid 1980s. Only additions were safety features and speakers. It is built right next to the original Globe site. Shakespeare's plays are intentionally ambiguous in places. Globe virtual tour 32. A Few Notes on Customs. Marriage and Women Marriages are arranged. Members of the royal family are subject to their birth. Virginity is valued above all else in a woman. A divorced or unmarriable woman is a disgrace to her family and has two options: nunnery or brothel. Not permitted to be in the company of men unaccompanied. The King and His Position One must have permission from the king to leave his palace. Mourning period for a king is 6 months to a year. Speaking against a king is considered treason and can be punished by death. King may hire a traveling acting group to entertain at a party. Kings are often sent away to school (from about age 13). 33. More Customs Children were excepted to avenge a parents murder. Suicide is a mortal sin. Belief in Astrology and the supernatural. Women are considered fragile and weak. Duals or playing are common entertainment in a Renaissance castle. Honour is of the utmost importance. 34. You now have 15 minutes to improve your mind-map Theatre Life and Laws Customs King James Elizabethan England Renaissance London 35. Essay How is the Elizabethan and Jacobean society in which Shakespeare was writing in reflected in the play Hamlet? You must include facts about Elizabeth I, James I and Shakespeares life You must reference the role of women and men in Elizabethan and Jacobean society You must include at least three references from Hamlet that link to the context You could consider how todays context is similar and/or different, and why Hamlet is still a popular play. You must use sophisticated lexis 36. Assessment Objectives AO1: Responding to texts critically and sensitively, evaluating textual detail to support interpretations AO2: Explain how language, structure and form contribute to writers presentation of ideas and themes AO3: Making comparisons and links between texts AO4: Relating text to their social, cultural and historical contexts 37. Describe your first impressions of these characters. What links them? 38. What do these characters have in common? 39. OBJECTIVE Learning Objective: To explain how Hamlet is a Tragic Hero I know the key differences between tragedies and comedies I can identify and explain how Hamlet is a tragic hero I can use my knowledge of tragic heroes to analyse who the audience feels empathy for: Hamlet or Ophelia This is our success criteria of the day 40. Tragedy What are the connotations of this word? Can we think of any modern tragedies? Do we also see tragic elements in the play? What are the key differences between tragedies and comedies? You have two minutes to discuss with the people around you. We will then feed back. 41. TRAGEDY COMEDY Simplicity: Tragic heroes tend to approach problems and situations in a fairly straight-forward manner. Life can be understood in simple binaries -- good/bad; just/unjust; beautiful/ugly. Complex: Comic heroes tend to be more flexible. Life tends to be messier, full of diversity and unexpected twists and turns. It is more difficult to classify experience. Low Tolerance for Disorder: Tragic plots tend to stress order and process -- the end follows from the beginning. High Tolerance for Disorder: Comic plots tend to be more random; they seem to be improvised, leaving a number of loose ends. Heroism: Characters tend to be "superhuman, semi divine, larger-than-life" beings. Antiheroism: Characters tend to be normal, down-to-earth individuals. Comedies tend to parody authority. Militarism: Tragedies often arise in warrior cultures. And its values are those of the good soldier--duty, honour, commitment. Pacifism: Comedies tend to call into question warrior values: Better to lose your dignity and save your life. Vengeance: Offending a tragic hero often results in a cycle of vengeance. Forgiveness: In comedies, forgiveness, even friendship among former enemies, happens. Hierarchy: Tragedies tend to stress the upper- class, the noble few, royalty, and leaders. Equality: Comedies tend to include all classes of people. The lower classes are often the butt of the jokes, but they also tend to triumph in unexpected ways. Less Sexual Equality: Tragedies are often male- dominated. More Sexual Equality: Comedies, while often sexist too, are sometimes less so. Women play a larger, more active role. Rule-based Ethics: The tragic vision tends to stress the consequences of disobeying the accepted order of things. Situation-based Ethics: Comic heroes tend to make up the rules as they go along or at least be wary of generalizations. 42. Tragic Hero What do you think is meant by the term Tragic Hero? TRAGEDY HERO 43. Tragic Hero What do you think is meant by the term Tragic Hero? 1. A tragic hero is the main character (or "protagonist") in a tragedy. 2. The tragic hero is a character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy. 44. Characteristics of the Tragic Hero According to ARISTOTLE (very old, Ancient Greek, dead philosopher bloke), the common characteristics in a Tragic Hero are: Usually of noble birth, or starts off as a ruddy good chap. Hamartia - a.k.a. the tragic flaw that eventually leads to his downfall. Peripeteia - a reversal of fortune brought about by the hero's tragic flaw The audience must feel pity and fear for this character. 45. Tragic Hero Can you think of any modern tragic heroes in film or books? 46. Hamlet as a Tragic Hero 1. How is Hamlet described in the first paragraph? 2. How is Hamlet defined as a tragic hero? 3. Which quotes demonstrate Hamlet as a tragic hero? 47. Do we agree that Hamlet is a tragic hero? Overall, who do we feel most empathy for: Macbeth or the speaker? Hamlet...</p>