Haematology Test: The Importance of Monitoring Blood Count Test

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  • Haematology Test The Importance of Monitoring Blood Count Test

    The blood is a life sustaining body tissue in the form of a liquid. It performs very

    important functions in the human body such as transportation of substances

    including nutrients, oxygen, and hormones from one part of the body to the

    other. Additionally, it also offers protection against diseases, and regulates body

    temperature. Haematology is a branch of medicine that studies the composition

    of blood and blood related diseases. A haematological test is a commonly used

    diagnostic tool to detect various underlying medical conditions.

    The most frequently used haematology test is the complete blood count (CBC).

    In a CBC test, the number blood components such as red blood cells, white blood

    cells, and platelets are measured. If the count of these blood components are

    found to be abnormal, it is an indication of anomalies if the functioning of the

    body. A CBC is a very simple and effective test to diagnose various medical

    conditions at an early stage. To understand how complete blood count test

    works, it is important to get acquainted with the important components of blood

    such as:-


  • RBC:-

    Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes are the components of the blood

    that are responsible for delivering oxygen throughout the body. The normal

    count as per Haematology RBC standards for a healthy adult is between 3.6 -

    6.1 million red blood cells in a single cubic millimetre of blood. Abnormalities in

    RBC counts could indicate various diseases related to heart, kidney or lung. A

    Low blood count is also associated with a condition called Anaemia.


    White blood cells, also called leukocytes, defend the body against infection.

    Generally, a healthy adult has 4,000 to 11,000 white blood cells per cubic

    millimetre of blood as per Haematology WBC standards. They are much fewer

    in number than red blood cells, accounting for about 1 percent of your blood.

    An abnormal WBC indicates that the existence of viral and bacterial infections,

    and liver and spleen disorders.

    Platelets: -

    Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, are elements in the blood that facilitate

    clotting. A normal platelet count of a healthy adult is between 150,000 and

    440,000 per cubic millimetre of blood. Abnormal platelet counts could be an

    indication of autoimmune diseases or cancer.


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