Haematology Test: The Importance of Monitoring Blood Count Test
Post on 07-Jan-2017
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Haematology Test The Importance of Monitoring Blood Count Test
The blood is a life sustaining body tissue in the form of a liquid. It performs very
important functions in the human body such as transportation of substances
including nutrients, oxygen, and hormones from one part of the body to the
other. Additionally, it also offers protection against diseases, and regulates body
temperature. Haematology is a branch of medicine that studies the composition
of blood and blood related diseases. A haematological test is a commonly used
diagnostic tool to detect various underlying medical conditions.
The most frequently used haematology test is the complete blood count (CBC).
In a CBC test, the number blood components such as red blood cells, white blood
cells, and platelets are measured. If the count of these blood components are
found to be abnormal, it is an indication of anomalies if the functioning of the
body. A CBC is a very simple and effective test to diagnose various medical
conditions at an early stage. To understand how complete blood count test
works, it is important to get acquainted with the important components of blood
Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes are the components of the blood
that are responsible for delivering oxygen throughout the body. The normal
count as per Haematology RBC standards for a healthy adult is between 3.6 -
6.1 million red blood cells in a single cubic millimetre of blood. Abnormalities in
RBC counts could indicate various diseases related to heart, kidney or lung. A
Low blood count is also associated with a condition called Anaemia.
White blood cells, also called leukocytes, defend the body against infection.
Generally, a healthy adult has 4,000 to 11,000 white blood cells per cubic
millimetre of blood as per Haematology WBC standards. They are much fewer
in number than red blood cells, accounting for about 1 percent of your blood.
An abnormal WBC indicates that the existence of viral and bacterial infections,
and liver and spleen disorders.
Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, are elements in the blood that facilitate
clotting. A normal platelet count of a healthy adult is between 150,000 and
440,000 per cubic millimetre of blood. Abnormal platelet counts could be an
indication of autoimmune diseases or cancer.