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  • Guidelines for Better PhotographicComposition

  • Guidelines for Better Photographic Composition

    Composition Definition:The technique of capturing a photo that draws the readers eye to the subject.

  • Guidelines for Better Photographic CompositionA few thoughts before you press the shutter release...

    There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs. - Ansel Adams

    Dont take a picture of everything; take a picture of something. - Victor Pizzolato

  • Guidelines for betterPhotographic Composition

    1) Simplicity2) The Rule of Thirds3) Lines4) Balance5) Framing6) Mergers

  • 1) Simplicity

    The first and perhaps the most important guideline is simplicity. Look for ways to give the center of interest in your pictures the most visual attention. One way is to select uncomplicated backgrounds that will not steal attention from your subjects.

  • Simplicity?

  • Simplicity!By choosing the cactus as the subject and by moving in closer with the sky as the background, the photograph is not only simplified, its improved.

  • 2) The Rule of Thirds

    You can use the Rule of Thirds as a guide in the off-center placement of your subjects. Heres how it works.

  • The Rule of ThirdsBefore you snap the picture, imagine your picture area divided into thirds both horizontally and vertically. The intersections of these imaginary lines suggest four options for placing the center of interest for good composition. Try not to perfectly center your subject.

  • 3) Lines

    Lines also play an important role in composition. Seeing the lines and focusing on them can make a picture better. Look at the following 2 photos of the same structure.

  • Now we can look up and see the lines against a clear blue sky. The picture on the right is much more dynamic because of the strong diagonal lines.

  • 4) Balance

    Achieving good balance is another guideline for better picture composition. In the next slide, notice how the leaves, the window, and the couple all seem to be in the right place. The camera viewpoint and subject placement were all carefully selected to create this well-balanced photograph.

  • 5) Framing

    Frame the center of interest with objects in the foreground. This can give a picture the feeling of depth it needs to make it more than just another snapshot.

  • 6) Mergers

    In the final visual, the merger of a tree with the subjects head is obvious. Since we see in three dimensions, it's easy to focus on the principal subject only and not see the tree in the background at all. Try to be aware of what is BEHIND your subject.

  • Remember that the camera always sees mergers, so look for plain backgrounds before you pose your subject. In this case the correction was simple because the two settings were only a few feet apart.

  • Composition Quick QuizPlease draw a line under your notes, and then answer the following questions.

  • 1. The technique of capturing a photo that draws the readers eye to the subject is called

  • True or False?

    The Rule of Thirds means that you should try not to center your subject in the dead center.

  • 3. When a photographer does not pay attention to things behind their subject, sometimes ___________________ can occur.

    An example would be a pole looking like it was coming out of a persons head.


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