Guided Notes - Home - Adair County Notes Chapter 19; A World in Flames ... Section 3 I. Nazi Persecution ... *The Holocaust Describe prejudice against the Jews and

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  • Guided Notes

    Chapter 19; A World in Flames

    Section 1

    I. The Rise of Dictators (pages 584586)

    A. The _______________ that ended World War ___ and the economic _________________

    that followed ___________________ to the rise of ___________________ in Europe and Asia.

    B. ___________ developed the ___________ major _________________ in Europe. In 1919

    _______________ _________________ founded Italys ____________ Party. ______________

    was a kind of __________________ ____________________. _________________ believed

    that the _______________ was more ____________________ than the ___________________,

    and that a ______________ became ___________ by _________________ its ______________

    and building its _________________. ________________ were anti-__________________.

    C. Backed by the ________________ known as ___________________, _________________

    became the _______________ of ______________ and ______ up a ___________________.

    D. In ________ the _________________ _____________, led by _______________

    ____________, set up _________________ governments throughout the _______________

    empire. The ______________ territories were ________________ the _____________ of

    _______________ Republics in 1922. The __________________ set up a ______-party rule.

    E. By 1926 ______________ _____________ had become the new ____________

    _______________. In ___________ he began a _____________ effort to

    ____________________ the country. __________________ of _______________ who

    _____________ the _________________ policies were ______________.

    F. After World War __, the _______________ and ________________ ____________ in

    _________________ led to the ________ of new ______________ parties. The ___________

    ______________ was ________________ and anti-_________________. ____________

    ___________, a ________________ of the Nazi Party, called for the _________________ of all

  • ___________________ under ________ government. He believed ______________ Germans

    were _____________ of a _______________ race ________________ to ___________ the

    world. He wanted _______________ Europeans ________________. He felt _____________

    were ____________________ for many of the worlds ________________. In 1933

    ______________ was appointed _____________ _______________ of Germany.

    _____________ troopers __________________ _______________ into giving ______________

    ____________________ powers.

    G. Difficult _______________ times in _______________ after World War ___ undermined the

    countrys ______________ system. Many ________________ officers and ______________

    wanted to ______________ territory to ____________ needed _______________. In 1931 the

    _________________ ____________, _______________ the governments ________________,

    __________________ the _________________-rich _________________ province of

    _____________________. The _____________ took ______________ of _______________.

    II. America Turns to Neutrality (pages 587588)

    A. The ____________ of _________________ in Europe and Asia after World War __, the

    _________________ of European countries to _____________ war ___________ owed to the

    United States, and the ___________ Committee findings that _________ factories made huge

    ______________ caused __________________ to support ___________________.

    Many ___________________ wanted to ______________ ___________________

    commitments.

    B. Congress ______________ the __________________ Act of 1935 making it

    _______________ for Americans to_________ ___________ to any _______________ at

    ___________.

    C. Congress _____________ the _________________ Act of 1937, which continued the

    __________ of _______________ arms to _______________ at __________ and required

    __________________ countries to __________ ____________________ supplies from the

    United States on a ______________ and _____________ basis.

  • D. President Franklin D. ________________ supported ___________________.

    ________________________ believe that _____________ between ______________ creates

    __________________ and ___________ to ______________ war.

    E. ___________ aligned itself with _________________ and ____________, and these

    ____________ countries became known as the ___________ Powers.

    F. After ____________ launched a full-scale ______________ on ______________ in 1937,

    _________________ authorized the _____________ of _______________ to ______________,

    saying that the Neutrality Act of 1937 did ___________ apply, since neither _______________

    nor _____________ had actually _______________ war.

    Section 2

    I. Peace in Our Time (pages 589591)

    A. In February 1938, Adolf ______________ threatened to _______________ ______________

    unless Austrian ______________ were _____________ important government ____________.

    In March 1938, ______________ announced the _________________, or

    _______________________, of _________________ and _______________.

    B. Hitler claimed the ________________________, an area of ___________________ with a

    large ______________-speaking population. ____________ strongly _____________

    Germanys __________________ for the ____________________.

    C. ______________, the ______________ Union, and _____________ threatened to

    ______________ _________________ if it ________________ Czechoslovakia. At the

    _______________ Conference on ____________________ 29, 1938, _____________ and

    ___________________, hoping to _______________ another_______________, agreed to

    __________________ demands in a policy known as _____________________.

    D. In March ______________, Germany sent ____________________ into Czechoslovakia,

    bringing the ________________ lands under German _____________.

    E. Hitler _______________ the return of ____________________________ Baltic Sea

    ________. He also wanted a ______________ and ______________ across the ___________

  • Corridor. These ________________ convinced the _____________ and _______________ that

    ____________________ had ______________.

    F. In May _________, _____________ ordered the _______________ of ______________ by

    the German army.

    G. On August ______, 1939, _________________ and the __________ signed a

    _____________________ treaty, with a ___________ agreement to ___________

    _______________.

    II. The War Begins (pages 591593)

    A. On September ___, __________, _______________ and the _____________ invaded

    _____________. On September ___, _____________ and ______________ declared _______

    on ________________starting World War _____.

    B. The Germans used a __________________, or _________________ war, to attack

    ________________. The ______________ army was _____________ by October _____.

    C. On April 9, ________, the German ____________ attacked ______________ and

    _______________. Within a______________ , Germany _________________ both countries.

    D. After World War ___, the _____________ built a line of _______________ bunkers and

    _____________________ called the _________________ Line along the German ___________.

    When Hitler ____________ to attack ________________, he went ______________the

    Maginot _____________ by ________________ the _____________________,

    ________________, and _____________________. The _______________ and

    ________________ forces quickly went into _____________, becoming _________________

    there by German _______________.

    E. By June ___, about _______________ British and French troops had ____________________

    Belgium through the French __________ of ______________ and across the

    ___________________ Channel, using ships of all sizes.

    F. On June 22, __________, France __________________ to the Germans. Germany

    _________________ a ___________________ government in ________________.

  • III. Britain Remains Defiant (pages 593594)

    A. Hitler thought that _______________ would ________________ peace after France

    _____________________. He did not __________________ the __________________ of the

    ________________ people and their prime ______________, Winston _________________.

    On June 4, 1940, Churchill __________________ a ________________ speech that

    _______________ the British people and ______________ the United States to Britains

    _________________.

    B. To invade _______________, Germany had to ______________ the British ______ force. In

    the ____________ of Britain, the __________________ air force, the _________________,

    launched an ______-out ______ battle to _______________ the British _____________ Air

    Force. After _________________ bombers _________________ London, the British

    __________________by __________________ Berlin, Germany.

    C. The Royal _______Force was greatly ______________________ by the Luftwaffe, but the

    British had ___________ stations and were able to _______________ incoming German

    _________________ and ________________ British fighters to ___________________ them.

    Section 3

    I. Nazi Persecution of the Jews (pages 595598)

    A. The Nazis ____________ nearly _____ million ____________ and millions of ____________

    people during the _________________. The __________________ term for the __________

    campaign to ___________________ the ___________ before and during World War II is

    _______________.

    B. The Nazis ______________ anyone who _______________ them, as well as the

    __________________, ________________, homosexuals, and ______________ peoples. The

    Nazis ________________ __________________was aimed at all _____________.

    C. In September 1935, the ____________________ Laws took ____________________ away

    from _________________ Germans and ____________ marriage between ___________ and

    other _____________________. German Jews were ________________ of many

  • _____________ that citizens of _____________________ had long held. By 1936 at least

    __________ of Germanys ______________ were ________________.

    D. Anti-Jewish _______________ erupted throughout _______________ and

    _________________ on November _______, 1938, known as _____________________, or

    ________________________________________. _____________ Jews ___________,

    hundreds were badly _______________, thousands of Jewish ____________________ were

    _____________________, and over _____ _________________ were wrecked.

    E. Between __________ and the beginning of World War II in __________, about

    ___________________ Jews _______________ Nazi-_________________ Germany. Many of

    them ________________ to the United States. Millions of Jews remained ______________ in

    Nazi-________________ Europe because they could _______ get _______________ to

    the United States or to other countries.

    II. The Final Solution (pages 599600)

    A. On January 20, 1942, _________ leaders met at the _____________ Conference to decide

    the _______________________ of the _____________ and other ___________________.

    The plan was to ________________ up _______________ and other ___________________

    from Nazi-controlled Europe and take them to _____________________ campsdetention

    centers where ___________________ individuals ____________________ as slave

    _____________________. The _________________, the ______________, and young

    __________________ were sent to __________________________ camps to be killed in

    large __________ chambers.

    B. After World War II began, Nazis _____________ concentration _______________

    throughout _________________. ____________________ camps were built in many

    _______________________ camps, mostly in _____________________.

    ______________________ of people were _______________ each day at these camps.

    C. In only a few years, Jewish ______________ had been virtually ___________________ by the

    Nazis in the lands they conquered.

  • Section 4

    I. FDR Supports England (pages 601602)

    A. ___________ days after Britain and France ________________ war against Germany,

    President Roosevelt _________________ the _______________ States _________________.

    B. The ___________________ Act of 1939 allowed ________________ countries to ________

    weapons from the United States as __________ as they __________ ____________ and

    ________________ the ______________ away on their __________ ships.

    C. President ___________________ used a ___________________ in the Neutrality

    ____________ of 1939 and sent _____________ old American _______________________ to

    _______________________ in _____________________ for the _____________ to build

    American ________________ on British-controlled _______________________,

    ___________________, and ___________________________ islands.

    II. The Isolationist Debate (pages 602603)

    A. After the German _________________ of France and the __________________ of Allied

    forces at ___________________, American _____________ opinion changed to

    _____________ limited __________ to the _______________.

    B. The America ____________ Committee ________________ any American

    __________________ or ___________ to the ______________.

    C. President Roosevelt ________ for an unprecedented _______________ term as president in

    the election of ________________. Both Roosevelt and the Republican candidate, Wendell

    ________________, said they would _______________ the United States _______________

    but ______________ the Allied ________________________. Roosevelt __________ by a large

    margin.

    III. Edging Toward War (pages 603604)

    A. President Roosevelt proposed the ___________-Lease Act, which stated that the United

    States could ___________ or lease ______________ to any _______________ considered

    ____________ to the __________________ of the United States. Congress ______________

    the act by a ______________ margin.

  • B. In June 1941, in _______________ of the ________-______________ Pact, ______________

    began a ________________ invasion of the ______________ Union.

    C. President Roosevelt _______________the _____________________ defense zone, which

    ____________________ the entire __________________ half of the ________________ as

    ____________ of the____________________ Hemisphere and therefore ______________. This

    allowed _________________ to order the U.S. ____________ to ___________ the

    ________________ Atlantic Ocean and ____________ the _________________ of German

    ___________________________ to the British.

    D. In August ____________, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed

    to the _________________ Charter. This agreement __________________ the _________

    leaders to a ________________ world of ___________________, ____________________, free

    _________________, ______________ advancement, and ___________________ of the

    ________________.

    E. After a German ________________ fired on the American destroyer ________________,

    Roosevelt _______________________ American ships to follow a _____________________

    policy toward _________________ submarines. Germans _____________________ and

    ___________ the American destroyer _______________ James in the North Atlantic.

    IV. Japan Attacks the United States (pages 604606)

    A. Roosevelts primary ______________ between August ________and December _________

    was to __________ Britain and its _______________ _______________ Germany. When

    _____________ began _________________ its warships from Southeast

    Asia to the ____________________, Roosevelt introduced _________________ to discourage

    the ____________________ from ________________ the British _________________.

    B. In July _____________, Congress passed the ________________ Control Act, giving

    Roosevelt the ______________ to _______________ the sale of _________________

    materialsmaterials _________________ for fighting a _______________to

    other countries. Roosevelt immediately __________________ the ________________ of

    airplane ___________ and scrap ________________ to _____________. The

    ___________________ signed an ___________________ with ___________________ and Italy.

  • C. By July ___________, _______________ aircraft posed a direct ________________ to the

    _________________ Empire. Roosevelt ___________________ to the threat by

    __________________ all Japanese ___________________ in the United States and

    ___________________ the amount of __________ shipped to ________________. He also sent

    General ______________________ to the _________________________ to build ______

    American _____________________ there.

    D. The Japanese _________________ to ________________ resource-rich British and Dutch

    _________________ in Southeast Asia, ______________ the Philippines, and ______________

    Pearl _____________.

    E. Japan _______________ Pearl Harbor on December ______, 1941, _________________ or

    damaging _____________ ships of the U.S. ____________________ Fleet, killing

    _____________ Americans, and _____________________ hundreds more. The next day,

    President________________ asked Congress to ________________ war on ______________.

    F. On December _______, _____________, Japans _____________Germany and Italy

    ________________ war on the ___________________ ____________________.

  • I Can Statements and Bellringer Questions

    Chapter 19; a World in Flames

    I Can Statements.

    *America and the World

    Describe postwar conditions that contributed to the rise of antidemocratic governments in Europe.

    Explain why Americans supported a policy of isolationism.

    *World War II Begins

    Explain why Hitler was able to take over Austria and Czechoslovakia.

    Describe the early events of the war and why Britain was able to resist the Nazis.

    *The Holocaust

    Describe prejudice against the Jews and early persecution of German Jews.

    Explain the methods Hitler used to try to exterminate Europes Jewish population.

    *America Enters WWII

    Explain how Roosevelt helped Britain while maintaining official neutrality.

    Trace the events that led to increasing tension, and ultimately war, between the United States and Japan.

    Bellringer 1: __________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________________

    Bellringer 2: __________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________________________________________________________________

    Bellringer 3: _________________________________________________________________________

    ____________________________________________________________________________________

    Bellringer 4: __________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________________

    Bellringer 5: __________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________________

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