Guided Notes - Home - Adair County Notes Chapter 19; A World in Flames ... Section 3 I. Nazi Persecution ... *The Holocaust Describe prejudice against the Jews and

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<ul><li><p> Guided Notes </p><p>Chapter 19; A World in Flames </p><p>Section 1 </p><p>I. The Rise of Dictators (pages 584586) </p><p>A. The _______________ that ended World War ___ and the economic _________________ </p><p>that followed ___________________ to the rise of ___________________ in Europe and Asia. </p><p>B. ___________ developed the ___________ major _________________ in Europe. In 1919 </p><p>_______________ _________________ founded Italys ____________ Party. ______________ </p><p>was a kind of __________________ ____________________. _________________ believed </p><p>that the _______________ was more ____________________ than the ___________________, </p><p>and that a ______________ became ___________ by _________________ its ______________ </p><p>and building its _________________. ________________ were anti-__________________. </p><p>C. Backed by the ________________ known as ___________________, _________________ </p><p>became the _______________ of ______________ and ______ up a ___________________. </p><p>D. In ________ the _________________ _____________, led by _______________ </p><p>____________, set up _________________ governments throughout the _______________ </p><p>empire. The ______________ territories were ________________ the _____________ of </p><p> _______________ Republics in 1922. The __________________ set up a ______-party rule. </p><p>E. By 1926 ______________ _____________ had become the new ____________ </p><p>_______________. In ___________ he began a _____________ effort to </p><p>____________________ the country. __________________ of _______________ who </p><p>_____________ the _________________ policies were ______________. </p><p>F. After World War __, the _______________ and ________________ ____________ in </p><p>_________________ led to the ________ of new ______________ parties. The ___________ </p><p>______________ was ________________ and anti-_________________. ____________ </p><p>___________, a ________________ of the Nazi Party, called for the _________________ of all </p></li><li><p>___________________ under ________ government. He believed ______________ Germans </p><p>were _____________ of a _______________ race ________________ to ___________ the </p><p>world. He wanted _______________ Europeans ________________. He felt _____________ </p><p>were ____________________ for many of the worlds ________________. In 1933 </p><p>______________ was appointed _____________ _______________ of Germany. </p><p>_____________ troopers __________________ _______________ into giving ______________ </p><p>____________________ powers. </p><p>G. Difficult _______________ times in _______________ after World War ___ undermined the </p><p>countrys ______________ system. Many ________________ officers and ______________ </p><p>wanted to ______________ territory to ____________ needed _______________. In 1931 the </p><p>_________________ ____________, _______________ the governments ________________, </p><p>__________________ the _________________-rich _________________ province of </p><p>_____________________. The _____________ took ______________ of _______________. </p><p>II. America Turns to Neutrality (pages 587588) </p><p>A. The ____________ of _________________ in Europe and Asia after World War __, the </p><p>_________________ of European countries to _____________ war ___________ owed to the </p><p>United States, and the ___________ Committee findings that _________ factories made huge </p><p>______________ caused __________________ to support ___________________. </p><p>Many ___________________ wanted to ______________ ___________________ </p><p>commitments. </p><p>B. Congress ______________ the __________________ Act of 1935 making it </p><p>_______________ for Americans to_________ ___________ to any _______________ at </p><p>___________. </p><p>C. Congress _____________ the _________________ Act of 1937, which continued the </p><p>__________ of _______________ arms to _______________ at __________ and required </p><p>__________________ countries to __________ ____________________ supplies from the </p><p>United States on a ______________ and _____________ basis. </p></li><li><p>D. President Franklin D. ________________ supported ___________________. </p><p>________________________ believe that _____________ between ______________ creates </p><p>__________________ and ___________ to ______________ war. </p><p>E. ___________ aligned itself with _________________ and ____________, and these </p><p>____________ countries became known as the ___________ Powers. </p><p>F. After ____________ launched a full-scale ______________ on ______________ in 1937, </p><p>_________________ authorized the _____________ of _______________ to ______________, </p><p>saying that the Neutrality Act of 1937 did ___________ apply, since neither _______________ </p><p>nor _____________ had actually _______________ war. </p><p>Section 2 </p><p>I. Peace in Our Time (pages 589591) </p><p>A. In February 1938, Adolf ______________ threatened to _______________ ______________ </p><p>unless Austrian ______________ were _____________ important government ____________. </p><p>In March 1938, ______________ announced the _________________, or </p><p>_______________________, of _________________ and _______________. </p><p>B. Hitler claimed the ________________________, an area of ___________________ with a </p><p>large ______________-speaking population. ____________ strongly _____________ </p><p>Germanys __________________ for the ____________________. </p><p>C. ______________, the ______________ Union, and _____________ threatened to </p><p>______________ _________________ if it ________________ Czechoslovakia. At the </p><p>_______________ Conference on ____________________ 29, 1938, _____________ and </p><p>___________________, hoping to _______________ another_______________, agreed to </p><p>__________________ demands in a policy known as _____________________. </p><p>D. In March ______________, Germany sent ____________________ into Czechoslovakia, </p><p>bringing the ________________ lands under German _____________. </p><p>E. Hitler _______________ the return of ____________________________ Baltic Sea </p><p>________. He also wanted a ______________ and ______________ across the ___________ </p></li><li><p>Corridor. These ________________ convinced the _____________ and _______________ that </p><p>____________________ had ______________. </p><p>F. In May _________, _____________ ordered the _______________ of ______________ by </p><p>the German army. </p><p>G. On August ______, 1939, _________________ and the __________ signed a </p><p>_____________________ treaty, with a ___________ agreement to ___________ </p><p>_______________. </p><p>II. The War Begins (pages 591593) </p><p>A. On September ___, __________, _______________ and the _____________ invaded </p><p>_____________. On September ___, _____________ and ______________ declared _______ </p><p>on ________________starting World War _____. </p><p>B. The Germans used a __________________, or _________________ war, to attack </p><p>________________. The ______________ army was _____________ by October _____. </p><p>C. On April 9, ________, the German ____________ attacked ______________ and </p><p>_______________. Within a______________ , Germany _________________ both countries. </p><p>D. After World War ___, the _____________ built a line of _______________ bunkers and </p><p>_____________________ called the _________________ Line along the German ___________. </p><p>When Hitler ____________ to attack ________________, he went ______________the </p><p>Maginot _____________ by ________________ the _____________________, </p><p>________________, and _____________________. The _______________ and </p><p>________________ forces quickly went into _____________, becoming _________________ </p><p>there by German _______________. </p><p>E. By June ___, about _______________ British and French troops had ____________________ </p><p>Belgium through the French __________ of ______________ and across the </p><p>___________________ Channel, using ships of all sizes. </p><p>F. On June 22, __________, France __________________ to the Germans. Germany </p><p>_________________ a ___________________ government in ________________. </p></li><li><p>III. Britain Remains Defiant (pages 593594) </p><p>A. Hitler thought that _______________ would ________________ peace after France </p><p>_____________________. He did not __________________ the __________________ of the </p><p>________________ people and their prime ______________, Winston _________________. </p><p>On June 4, 1940, Churchill __________________ a ________________ speech that </p><p>_______________ the British people and ______________ the United States to Britains </p><p>_________________. </p><p>B. To invade _______________, Germany had to ______________ the British ______ force. In </p><p>the ____________ of Britain, the __________________ air force, the _________________, </p><p>launched an ______-out ______ battle to _______________ the British _____________ Air </p><p>Force. After _________________ bombers _________________ London, the British </p><p>__________________by __________________ Berlin, Germany. </p><p>C. The Royal _______Force was greatly ______________________ by the Luftwaffe, but the </p><p>British had ___________ stations and were able to _______________ incoming German </p><p>_________________ and ________________ British fighters to ___________________ them. </p><p>Section 3 </p><p>I. Nazi Persecution of the Jews (pages 595598) </p><p>A. The Nazis ____________ nearly _____ million ____________ and millions of ____________ </p><p>people during the _________________. The __________________ term for the __________ </p><p>campaign to ___________________ the ___________ before and during World War II is </p><p>_______________. </p><p>B. The Nazis ______________ anyone who _______________ them, as well as the </p><p>__________________, ________________, homosexuals, and ______________ peoples. The </p><p>Nazis ________________ __________________was aimed at all _____________. </p><p>C. In September 1935, the ____________________ Laws took ____________________ away </p><p>from _________________ Germans and ____________ marriage between ___________ and </p><p>other _____________________. German Jews were ________________ of many </p></li><li><p>_____________ that citizens of _____________________ had long held. By 1936 at least </p><p>__________ of Germanys ______________ were ________________. </p><p>D. Anti-Jewish _______________ erupted throughout _______________ and </p><p>_________________ on November _______, 1938, known as _____________________, or </p><p>________________________________________. _____________ Jews ___________, </p><p>hundreds were badly _______________, thousands of Jewish ____________________ were </p><p>_____________________, and over _____ _________________ were wrecked. </p><p>E. Between __________ and the beginning of World War II in __________, about </p><p>___________________ Jews _______________ Nazi-_________________ Germany. Many of </p><p>them ________________ to the United States. Millions of Jews remained ______________ in </p><p>Nazi-________________ Europe because they could _______ get _______________ to </p><p>the United States or to other countries. </p><p>II. The Final Solution (pages 599600) </p><p>A. On January 20, 1942, _________ leaders met at the _____________ Conference to decide </p><p>the _______________________ of the _____________ and other ___________________. </p><p>The plan was to ________________ up _______________ and other ___________________ </p><p>from Nazi-controlled Europe and take them to _____________________ campsdetention </p><p>centers where ___________________ individuals ____________________ as slave </p><p>_____________________. The _________________, the ______________, and young </p><p>__________________ were sent to __________________________ camps to be killed in </p><p>large __________ chambers. </p><p>B. After World War II began, Nazis _____________ concentration _______________ </p><p>throughout _________________. ____________________ camps were built in many </p><p>_______________________ camps, mostly in _____________________. </p><p>______________________ of people were _______________ each day at these camps. </p><p>C. In only a few years, Jewish ______________ had been virtually ___________________ by the </p><p>Nazis in the lands they conquered. </p></li><li><p>Section 4 </p><p>I. FDR Supports England (pages 601602) </p><p>A. ___________ days after Britain and France ________________ war against Germany, </p><p>President Roosevelt _________________ the _______________ States _________________. </p><p>B. The ___________________ Act of 1939 allowed ________________ countries to ________ </p><p>weapons from the United States as __________ as they __________ ____________ and </p><p>________________ the ______________ away on their __________ ships. </p><p>C. President ___________________ used a ___________________ in the Neutrality </p><p>____________ of 1939 and sent _____________ old American _______________________ to </p><p>_______________________ in _____________________ for the _____________ to build </p><p>American ________________ on British-controlled _______________________, </p><p>___________________, and ___________________________ islands. </p><p>II. The Isolationist Debate (pages 602603) </p><p>A. After the German _________________ of France and the __________________ of Allied </p><p>forces at ___________________, American _____________ opinion changed to </p><p>_____________ limited __________ to the _______________. </p><p>B. The America ____________ Committee ________________ any American </p><p>__________________ or ___________ to the ______________. </p><p>C. President Roosevelt ________ for an unprecedented _______________ term as president in </p><p>the election of ________________. Both Roosevelt and the Republican candidate, Wendell </p><p>________________, said they would _______________ the United States _______________ </p><p>but ______________ the Allied ________________________. Roosevelt __________ by a large </p><p>margin. </p><p>III. Edging Toward War (pages 603604) </p><p>A. President Roosevelt proposed the ___________-Lease Act, which stated that the United </p><p>States could ___________ or lease ______________ to any _______________ considered </p><p>____________ to the __________________ of the United States. Congress ______________ </p><p>the act by a ______________ margin. </p></li><li><p>B. In June 1941, in _______________ of the ________-______________ Pact, ______________ </p><p>began a ________________ invasion of the ______________ Union. </p><p>C. President Roosevelt _______________the _____________________ defense zone, which </p><p>____________________ the entire __________________ half of the ________________ as </p><p>____________ of the____________________ Hemisphere and therefore ______________. This </p><p>allowed _________________ to order the U.S. ____________ to ___________ the </p><p>________________ Atlantic Ocean and ____________ the _________________ of German </p><p>___________________________ to the British. </p><p>D. In August ____________, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed </p><p>to the _________________ Charter. This agreement __________________ the _________ </p><p>leaders to a ________________ world of ___________________, ____________________, free </p><p>_________________, ______________ advancement, and ___________________ of the </p><p>________________. </p><p>E. After a German ________________ fired on the American destroyer ________________, </p><p>Roosevelt _______________________ American ships to follow a _____________________ </p><p>policy toward _________________ submarines. Germans _____________________ and </p><p>___________ the American destroyer _______________ James in the North Atlantic. </p><p>IV. Japan Attacks the United States (pages 604606) </p><p>A. Roosevelts primary ______________ between August ________and December _________ </p><p>was to __________ Britain and its _________...</p></li></ul>