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Greek Mythology. What is Greek Mythology?. a collection of myths and legends that Greeks used to explain their world They are fictional but Greeks believed them to be true. The Greeks and Their Beliefs. The Greeks loved life. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Calisthenics

Greek MythologyWhat is Greek Mythology?a collection of myths and legends that Greeks used to explain their worldThey are fictional but Greeks believed them to be true.

The Greeks and Their BeliefsThe Greeks loved life. They believed in living life to the fullest, because death was going to happen whether you wanted it to or not.The only response to death was to make a mark on the world. Be a legendbe grandiose.Continued: The Greeks & Their BeliefsThe Greeks had many gods.Because the Olympian gods mirrored the Greeks, they were heavily flawed.Because the Greeks focused on being grandiose, the Olympian gods were mostly portrayed as physically strong, beautiful and intelligent. The same applies to the heroes in their legends and myths.

The World according to the GreeksBoth good and evil comes from the gods.Heroes and monsters came from the gods.This idea has influenced many religions that came after. Many of the conflicts that are portrayed in the myths are between family members.

The gods and goddesses of Mt. OlympusMt. Olympus was the largest mountain in Greece. It was the home of the gods and goddesses.Gods and goddesses were immortal, they could not die.No humans were allowed on top of Mt. Olympus, but the Olympians were allowed on Earth.

ZeusChief godLord of skyGod of thunder & lighteningMarried his sister HeraPopulated the heavens and the Earth

Wife and sister of ZeusGoddess of marriage, protector of childbirth & heroesPortrayed as extremely jealous and vindictiveHera

God of the sea, horses and earthquakesLives in a palace beneath the oceanCarries a three-pronged tridentGave people the horseMarried a sea nymph named AmphitriteLike his brother, he fathered many children.Poseidon

Poseidon

god of the underworld and the deadgod of wealthOwned all of the precious metal on EarthWore a cap that made him invisibleKidnapped his niece and made her his wifeHades

Demeter means Barley-motherAnother name for her is Ceres, from the word cerealGoddess of the cornfield, mistress of planting and harvesting, lady of growing thingsShe had a son and a daughter. Her daughters name was Persephone.Her daughter was kidnapped by Hades. (reasons for the seasons)Demeter

Hestia

Zeus third sister goddess of hearth family and home her only job was to keep the fire lit in the hearth on Mt. Olympus

All of Zeus childrenZeus had eight children on OlympusThe twins: Apollo and ArtimisAthenaHephaestusHermesAresDionysusAphrodite (not really Zeus child, but he took her in)

god of light, music and poetrymost beautiful godalso the god of medicinetaught people the art of healingfine marksmancould predict the futureApollo

goddess of hunting, wild things, unmarried girls and the moonShe decided never to marryOnce when she was bathing under the moonlight a human was watching her. She threw rain drops on him and changed him into a stag. Then she had him killed by his own dogs.

Artemis

Zeus favoritegoddess of wisdom, strategy, protector of cities and civilizationsgoddess of handicrafts and artShe sprang from her fathers head fully clothed and in armor. Hephaestus, Zeus son, had to release Athena by cutting his head open with an ax.

Athenagod of fireThe only ugly god, but he was peaceful, loving and popular.He walks with a limp because Zeus threw over the palace walls one day when he took his mothers side over Zeus.Made all the Olympians thrones, armor, furniture and weaponsMarried Aphrodite

Hephaestus

Zeus graceful, happy son by the goddess, MaiaGod of shepherds, merchants, travelers and thievesVery mischievous and trickyStole Apollos cows the day he was bornGuided the newly dead to the underworldInvented the alphabet, astronomy, scales, playing cards and card gamesZeus messengerWore winged sandals and a winged capHad a son named Pan. He was half goat.

Hermesgod of warBoastful, cruel and had no mannersSon of Zeus and HeraLoved to fight, but was a coward once he got hurtWherever he went there was violence and bloodshedthe curse of mortals

Ares

Ares

god of wineZeus youngest sonHis mother, Semele, was a princess and a mortal womanHis mother was consumed by fire when she was tricked by HeraHe was saved by Hermes.Taught people the art of wine making & the consequences of too much wineDionysus

Goddess of love and beautyGoddess of desireWherever she walked flowers sprang up beneath her feetshe appeared from the foam of the seaHer son is Eros (Cupid)

Aphrodite

Epics The IlliadThe Odyssey written about 700 B.C. story of a war betweenthe Greeks and thepeople of Troy Troy won the war usinga wooden horse

written about 700 B.C. story of the heroOdysseus adventures of Odysseusgoing home from theTrojan warThe earliest Greek stories were called epics. Epics arelong poems about heroes and their brave deeds. Homerwrote two great Greek epics: the Iliad and the Odyssey.FableFables were said to be written by Aesop.He is supposed to have lived around 550 B.C. Historians now know that there wasprobably never anyone named Aesop who wrote these stories. However, the stories do exist. They are known as Aesops fables.Fables are short tales that teach a lesson. Fables are often funny and show human weaknesses and strengths.Aesops fables were part of Greeces oral tradition forabout 200 years. Aesops fables are read and toldtoday by people all around the world.Bothpassed down from one generation to the nextteaches lesson long poem has bravehero andadventures describesbrave deeds is writtendown thought tobe true short story uses animalswho talk shows humanqualities often funny told out loud ends with amoralEpicFableGreek DramasA drama is a story told by people who act out the events.The Greeks developed two types of dramatragedy andcomedy. A tragedy has an unhappy ending. The characters in a tragedy cannot solve their problems no matter how hard they try. The first Greek plays were tragedies.Later the Greeks wrote comedies. A comedy ends happily. For the Greeks, a comedy was any drama with ahappy ending.In ancient Greece, women were not allowed to act. Men played all the parts, even the female characters. Dramas were used to tell religious stories.Art and ArchitectureGreek artists created art that expressed the ideals of order, balance, and harmony (classical style)Greek artists painted on potteryusing red and black paint. Large vases portrayed myths Small pieces, like cups, have pictures from everyday life.The Greeks built beautiful buildings. Large columns to support roofMost important were the temples built for the gods and goddessesMany Greek temples were decorated with sculptures.Sculpture expressed artists' ideas of perfection and beauty.