greek bronze age

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  • 1.Greek Bronze AgeSocial Studies for 9th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres

2. Bronze Age The Bronze Age is a period characterized by the useof copper and its alloy bronze as the chief hardmaterials in the manufacture of some implements andweapons. Chronologically, it stands between the Stone Age andIron Age. 3. Two Civilizations During the Bronze Age, in Greece, two importantcivilizations ruled over all the others: Minoans Mycenaeans They left a legacy of stories and art that amazed eventhe Greeks who came after them. 4. Minoans While sailing about, theGreeks stumbled acrossa tribe of people living onthe island of Crete.These people, theMinoans, were a veryadvanced civilization forthe times. They had astrong navy, which isprobably why the Greeksnever succeeded incolonizing the Minoanpeople. 5. Living like a King The Minoan king lived in thecapital city of Knossos, in amaze of a palace with 1500rooms! It was a gorgeouspalace. But during Minoan times, evenpoor people on the island ofCrete had 4-room houses, withrunning water for drinking andbathing, and bathrooms thatflushed! This was a veryadvanced civilization. 6. Traders Minoans spent much of their time at sea, because ofwhere they lived (an island). Thus they became someof the best shipbuilders of their time. Their ships carried goods such as olive oil and potteryall around the eastern Mediterranean, trading them forgold, silver and jewels. 7. Historic records: Minoan Art The ancient Minoans did havea written language. Far morethan the records they leftbehind, the paintings on thewalls of the palace at Knossosshare the daily life of theseancient people. Some walls were painted withpictures of starfish and waterscenes, much as you wouldexpect from a civilization thatlived on an island. 8. Historic records: Minoan Art But some walls were painted with pictures of young people,both boys and girls, jumping over bulls (who representedthe sun god). Scholars believed that bull jumping musthave been a very popular sport in Minoan times. 9. Where did they go? Around 1700 BCE, anearthquake hit Crete. Muchof the Minoan civilizationwas destroyed. The Minoansrebuilt. Around 1500 BCE, avolcano erupted near theisland of Crete. Tidal wavesfollowed the eruption. The Minoans might have been wiped out by natural disaster or bywar. There were warrior tribes on the mainland of Greece. Butscholars believe the tidal waves certainly weakened them.Whatever the cause, around 1500 BCE, this civilizationdisappeared from the island of Crete. 10. Mycenaeans Filling the void: As the intriguing Minoan Civilization disappeared, due to natural disasters or losses in war, a new tribe, the Mycenaeans, came to power on the Greek mainland. 11. Tough People The Mycenaeans believed themselvesto be great warriors. They fought witheveryone with whom they came incontact. Some people think that theymight have been responsible for thedisappearance of the Minoancivilization. They fought with stoneweapons. The Mycenaean age is sometimescalled the Heroic Age or The Age ofHeroes. This is because much of theirart depicts single warriors performingheroic feats, sometimes in war andsometimes against wild animals. They also believed trade should not beconducted peacefully and oftenattacked other kingdoms. 12. Leaving a Legacy We know quite a bit about the ancient Mycenaeans because theywrote things down. We know, for example, they worshiped a greatmany gods. The ancient Mycenaeans prayed to their gods for help.They expected their gods to take care of them, provided they saidthe right words in the right way. Also, they are suspected to be the attackers of the legendary city ofTroy. 13. Healthy Habits The Mycenaeans built their palaces on hilltops. By building on hilltops, theMycenaeans caught what rainwater they could. These early people learnedfrom experience that if you drank dirty water, you got sick or died. A source of clean water was very important to them, as it is to allpeople, everywhere. They built on hilltops, but they also prayed to their godsto make their water safe to drink. 14. The End These prosperous periodin history came to an endwith the invasion of theDorians, which led theway into a period of Greekhistory called the GreekDark Ages 15. Ask Yourselves Recall: Were was the Minoan civilization located? Compare: How did Minoans and Mycenaeans relate with theirneighbors? Locate: Where is Knossos located? (afterwards, locate it on a map) Analyze: How might the Minoans location provide them withprotection?