great inventions & their inventors a project created by ms1 esl 2
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Great Inventions & their InventorsA Project Created by MS1 ESL 2
Great Inventions & their InventorsThe aim of this project is to introduce to you some great European inventions and their inventors.
Our project includes European Union current country membersas well as some prospective ones.
AustriaViktor SchaubergerVortex technology(vortex technology is the study of spiraling movement)
BelgiumLeo Hendrik Baekeland BakeliteThe original bakelizer**The machine that creates bakelite a substance used as an electric insulator and to make plastic-ware.Panagiotis Verykios Ms1/ESL 2
"Photography" is derived from the Greek words phos (light) and graphein (to draw). The word was first used by the scientist Plutarch J. Georges in 1839. It is a method of recording images through the use of light or radiation.
In 1941, science fiction writer Isaac Asimov first used the word "robotics" to describe the technology of robots and predicted the rise of a powerful robot industry. This led him to the invention of the first most simple robot.
Hans Christian Orsted was born in 1777 and died in 1851.He discovered electro-magnetism and his work led to the development of electro-technology.
James Gregory invented the reflecting (or Newtonian) telescope in 1663. This telescope uses two mirrors to magnify what is being viewed.
EstoniaThad StarnerThad Starner has been wearing his computer since 1993. What began as a short-term experiment became a life-long project. His work focuses on creating a wearable computer that will help the user complete more efficiently day-to-day tasks.
Martin Hildebrand invented lightweight armoured panels which are flexible, and can be produced from combinations of different materials.
This technology is used to offer protection against high-penetration projectiles.
One of the most famous inventions is pasteurization. Louis Pasteur discovered that diseases in wine are caused by micro-organisms. These can be killed by heating wine to 55 degrees Celsius.
Today this process is applied to beer and milk. Louis Pasteur (1822- 1895)
Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879.
He showed that light quanta or particles of energy, could help to explain phenomena being studied by experimental physicists. He also made clear how light ejects electrons from metals.
Archimedes (287-212 BC) invented the water screw, a device used for raising water. It uses an encased screw which is open at both ends. The screw is set at an angle, and as the screw turns water fills the air pockets and is transported upwards. The Archimedes screw is still in use today. .
Cornelis Jacobszoon Drebbel (1572-1634) was a Dutch inventor. Among his many inventions was the first navigable submarine. His submarine design was the first to address the problem of air replenishment while submerged. His inventions were so unusual, that they gave him a reputation of being a sorcerer.
Edward Teller was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1908. Although his early training was in chemical physics, Edward Teller has made substantial contributions to the fields of nuclear physics, plasma physics, astrophysics, and statistical mechanics. This made him able to help in the invention of the nuclear bomb!
IrelandHenry Ford was an Irish immigrant involved in the development of the tractor. He founded the giant Ford Motor Company in 1903, which manufactures cars and tractors.
ITALYThe Ornithopter flying machine was never actually created. It was a design that Leonardo da Vinci created to show how man could fly. The modern day helicopter is based on this concept.
LATVIA Dr. Imants KaiminsDr. Imants Kaimins invented an ointment which when spread onto a wound forms a hygienic membrane.
This new product can be used instead of bandages to treat and heal wounds and cuts.
Gertrude Elion has made a number of significant contributions to the medical field. She patented a leukemia-fighting drug in 1954 and her research led to the development of Imuran, a drug that aids the body in accepting transplanted organs.
Sir Temi Zammit1864- 1935Sir Temi Zammit discovered the Microcossus Melitensis in the blood of the goat. This was very important because humans drinking un-pasteurized milk would be infected with the microbe, which was the cause of the fatal Mediterranean Fever.
POLANDNicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) is a renowned astronomer. He is the first in modern times to develop a heliocentric theory of the Solar System.He published his discoveries the year of his death in the work On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres (De revolutionibus orbium coelestium).
Antonio Egas Moniz was a physician who developed cerebral angiography. This operation was used as a therapeutic procedure to treat certain mental illnesses.
He was awarded the Nobel Prizein physiology in 1949.
SLOVAKIAStefan Banic constructed a prototype parachute in 1913 and tested it in Washington D.C. by jumping from the 41st floor of a building and in 1914 from an aeroplane. His parachute has become the standard equipment of all pilots.
Nicola Telsa He was an immigrant that lived in America.He invented the alternating current (AC) motor. Today virtually all electric motors are descendants of his design .
The world famous M&MsSir Forrest Mars invented the M&Ms. This chocolate product is enjoyed by many people worldwide.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel, who was a chemist, developed a safe way of handling nitroglycerin. He also developed dynamite and ballistite.
When he died in 1896 he requested that the major portion of his property be used to set up a fund. The NOBEL fund awards yearly prizes for merit in Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Physiology, Literature, and World Peace.
Great Inventions & their InventorsWe hope you enjoyed our mini presentation.
See you next yearfrom MS1 ESL.