grammar time 1 longman

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  • .a"""""... ~

    Longman y Jervis -~

  • n The alph bet, numbers

    A, an, plurals

    To be , p r onal pronoun

    This, that, th e, thos

    Preposit ion of place

    There I , th re ar

    vi ion Units 1-5

    pOSS4:tssive adlect iv s

    , , whose?

    ". Have got

    Imperatlv

    Can

    R vi ion Units 6-10

    Pre ent continuous

    Question word

    Present simple

    Prepo ition of tim

    Revision Units 11-14

    Wordlist

  • The alphabet

    Aa 13h L-c Dd [e FI- 6Cj Hh I. o

    Jj Kk L/ n: Nn c: Pf {{fJ I ~y 5sIfUu Vv Ww X~ Yc; ZZ

    o

    Numbers

    11

    1 one 1 tvo 3 th(ee 4- fouf 5 five 6 SIX

    7 seven 8 eight ~ nine 10 ten 11 e\even 11 tve\ve

    13 thi(teen 14- foufteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen

    17 seventeen 18 eighteen 1~ nineteen 10 tventy

    4

  • Write the first letter and find the secret animal.

    1 G..orilla 2 nsect 3 abbit 4 lligator 5 ish

    6 ox

    7 .lephant

    G

    3

    5

    _

    Write , draw and find the number.

    + th ree five two eleven ............... ...............

    Read the code and find the secret phrase.

    A=1 C=2 E=3 H=4 K=5 0=6 P=7 R=8 T=9 Y=10

    two six eight five ten , nine four three seven one eight eight six nine

    C -----, --

    5

  • A, an, plurals A, an, -5 plurals

    a book an apple a book two books a cake an elephant an ice-cream three ice-creams a friend an igloo an orange four oranges a toy an orange a toy five toys a present an umbrella

    Grammar corner a> We use the article a with words that begin with a

    consonant, for example book and toy (a book, a toy).

    a> We use the article an with words that begin with a vowel, (a, e, l, 0 , u), for example apple and orange (an apple, an orange) .

    a> To make the plural of most nouns we add -s at the end of the word. a book two books an ice-cream three ice-creams

    6

  • A, an, plurals

    Choose and write.

    ............~n~fJ .

    Choose and write.

    a, an

    1 ~..: .. 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 .. 6 . 7 . 8 .. 9 .

    10 .

    pen alligator rubber elephant teacher bag octopus cat egg friend

    pencil ruler umbrella elephant door window orange apple octopus ball

    Write .

    1 a pencil 2 an animal 3 a cake 4 an ice-cream 5 a boy 6 a bag 7 a frog 8 an eye 9 a toy

    100 tree

    ~~~..1?~~ .~.i.I.f? . s ix animals ............................................... ~.i~.~~ . three ....................... ........................ four ......... ..... ..... .......................... .. ten ............................................... five .................. ............................. two nine

    seven

    7

  • A, an, -es plurals

    ~ ~

    3 "I a glass --Itw~ glasses

    Grammar corner ~ To make the plural of nouns that end in -x, -ss, -sh ,

    -ch, and -0, we add -es at the end of the word. a box two box a glass three glasses

    ~ To make the plural of nou ns that end in vowel +y, we add -s at the end of the word. a toy seven toys a boy ten boys

    ~ But to make the plural of nouns that end in consonant +y, we drop the y and add -ies to the end of the word. a baby four babies

    Singular

    a box a bus a glass a brush a watch a tomato

    a baby a spy

    a boy a toy

    Plural

    five boxes three buses two glasses six brushes three watches four tomatoes

    two babies three spies

    two boys three toys

    s

  • A, an, plural

    Look, count and write.

    1 .? !~ . p.!?~~~~~.!? . . . ...

    ~-

    * * *

    * * * *

    4

    7................................

    2 3 .

    5 6 ..

    8 9 .

    kites1 .................. 2 cherries 3 ....... .... ....... 4 potatoes 5 .................. 6 toys 7 ........ ........ .. 8 dresses 9 ..~ p. p..I.~~ ....

    10 boys 11 ...... ............ 12 watches

    Write.

    1 kite 2 ~~ .~n:~ .. .... 3 alligator 4 .................. 5 tree 6 .................. 7 brush 8 .................. 9 apple

    10 .................. 11 tomato 12 ..................

    9

  • A, an, irregular plurals

    Grammar corner ~ Some nouns do not have plurals that end in -5 , -es ,

    or -les, Each of these nouns changes in a different way in the plural. a tooth five teeth

    a mouse ten mice

    ~ Other nouns do not change at all in the plural. one sheep two sheep

    one fish two fish

    Singular

    child man woman tooth foot mouse

    sheep fish

    Plural

    children men women teeth feet mice

    sheep fish

    10

  • A, an plural

    Look and write.

    1~~.t?~~ . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~~~:t?~. . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . .. .. . 2 f ..

    3~.~.. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 4 ~ .

    --r(

  • To be, personal pronouns I am, you are (question, negative)

    You aren't a bird! --==--I I'm a bird!

    Am I pretty? r- - - - - - - - ......

    Affirmative Full form Short form

    Negative Question - short answers Full form Short form

    lam I'm I am not I'm not Am I? Yes, you are. / No, you aren't. you are you're you are not you aren't Are you? Yes, I am. / No, I'm not.

    Grammar corner ~ When we speak we can use the short form of the verb.

    The short form of I am is I'm. The short form of you are is you 're.

    ~ We make a question by putting the verb first (Am, Are) and the personal pronoun (I, you ) next. The short form of you are is you're. I am Am I? You are Are you ?

    ~ We make the negative by putting not after am or are. I am not a bird. You are not a ballerina. The short forms are I'm not and you aren't. I'm not a bird. You're not a ballerina.

    ~ We write a sentence with a capital letter at the beginn ing and a full stop at the end. When it is a question , we write a question mark at the end instead of a full stop .

    12

  • To b , personal pronouns

    Look, read and write.

    3

    Am I your best friend?

    6

    Write.

    1 1/ Dave 2 you / silly 3 I / seven 4 you / fat

    ,f !. ~.~ .P~~~: X Xc? ~..~.~~ ..~.l?,~ .~.i.I. I~: ,f

    X

    .

    . ..

    ..

    5 I / good ? 6 you / ten ,f 7 I / sad X 8 you / a bird ?

    ..

    ..

    ..

    ..

    Ask and answer.

    1 I / a ballerina? 2 you / a bird? 3 I / eight? 4 you / a teacher? 5 I / good?

    Am I a ballerina'? Yes, ~~.~..~:.~ : No, Yes, Yes, No,

    .

    .

    .

    . ..

    Write about you.

    ,Are you ten?)

    --{Are you a bird0

    --{Are you a pupil0

    13

  • He, she, it is (question, negative)

    Yes, he is. He is

    1 L!.J -_~~~-";"_....J~~lI-_--~ J -~~~..,.--.....;~ very good. Listen!

    Oh no! He isn't o good singer!

    3

    Brian a man a boy

    ~

    ~ he .

    Zoe ~ a woman ~ a girl ."",..

    she e co ~ a cat ~ a ruler>""

    it

    Affirmative Full form Short form

    Negative Full form Short form

    Question - short answers

    he is she is it is

    he's she's it's

    he is not she is not it is not

    he isn't she isn't it isn't

    Is he? Is she? Is it?

    Yes, he is. / No, he isn't. Yes, she is. / No, she isn't. Yes, it is. / No, it isn't.

    Grammar corner

    E> We use he for men and boys, she for women and girls, it for an imals and things.

    E> When we speak we usually use the short form of the verb . The short forms of he is, she is and it is, are he 's, she's and it's.

    E> To make a question we put the verb is first and then the personal pronoun he , she or it . He is. Is he? She is. Is she? It is. Is it?

    E> We can use a short form of the negative to answer 'no' to a question. Is she funny? No, she isn't. But we do not use a short form to answer 'yes' to a question. Is he tall? Yes, he is. Yes, ke's. X

    14

  • To be, per onol pronouns

    Look and write. No, .

    ............... a plane.

    1

    ................ a beautiful ,_ .......1.-( ~ __\ hungry!

    flower. Thank you!

    Write.

    No, Dave isn't short. He's1 Dave's short. ................................................ . . tall. No, the bike2 The bike is yellow. ................................................ . . black. No,3 Zoe is happy. ................................................ . . sad.

    4 The man is fat. thin. S The pen is blue. red. 6 The sheep is big. small.

    Ask and answer.

    No, ~~..i.!?,~:~: ..1 Bon John / a good singer? 2 Zoe / eight? Yes, . 3 Dave / short? No, . 4 the CD / new? Yes, . S Zoe / happy? No, . 6 the classroom / big? Yes, ..

    15

  • We, you, they are (question, negative)

    They're very good friends . .------{ Dave, Zoe! Are you here? }- ---:...-'

    Affirmative

    I am (I'm) I am not (I'm not) Am I? Yes, you are. / No, you aren't. you are (you're) you are not (you're not) Are you? Yes, I am. / No, I'm not. he is (he's) he is not (he isn't) Is he ? Yes, he is. / No, he isn't. she is (she's) she is not (she isn't) Is she? Yes, she is. / No, she isn't. it is (it's) it is not (it isn't) Is it? Yes, it is. / No, it isn't. we are (we're) we are not (we aren't) Are we? Yes, you are. / No, you aren't. you are (you're) you are not (you aren't) Are you? Yes, we are. / No, we aren't. they are (they're) they are not (they aren't) Are they? Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

    Grammar corner tE> For a lot of men, women, children, animals or things we use the personal pronoun they.

    tE> When we speak we ca n use the short form of the verb. The short forms of we are, you are, they are, are we're, you're, they're.

    tE&

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