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  • Grammar and Composition

    Grammar EnrichmentGrade 10

  • Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to reproduce material contained herein on the condition that such material bereproduced only for classroom use; and be provided to students, teachers, and familieswithout charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Writers Choice. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without written permission of the publisher.

    Printed in the United States of America.

    Send all inquiries to:Glencoe/McGraw-Hill8787 Orion PlaceColumbus, Ohio 43240

    ISBN 0-07-823335-6Grammar Enrichment

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 079 05 04 03 02 01

    ii

    Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

  • Parts of Speech10.1 Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110.2 Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210.3 ActionVerbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310.3 Linking Verbs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410.4 Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510.5 Adverbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610.6 Prepositions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 710.78 Conjunctions and Interjections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    Parts of the Sentence11.14 Subjects and Predicates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911.5 Direct and Indirect Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1011.5 Object Complements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1111.5 Subject Complements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    Phrases12.1 Prepositional Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1312.2 Appositives and Appositive Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1412.3 Participles and Participial Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1512.3 Gerunds and Gerund Phrases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1612.3 Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    Clauses and Sentence Structure13.4 Complex and Compound-Complex Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1813.5 Adjective Clauses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1913.6 Adverb Clauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2013.7 Noun Clauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2113.8 Four Kinds of Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2213.9 Sentence Fragments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2313.10 Run-on Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Verb Tenses and Voice15.23 Regular/Irregular Verbs and Verb Tenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2515.5 Progressive and Emphatic Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2615.6 Compatibility of Tenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

    Subject-Verb Agreement16.23 Agreement with Linking Verbs and in Inverted Sentences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2816.46 Agreement with Special Subjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    Unit 16

    Unit 15

    Unit 13

    Unit 12

    Unit 11

    Unit 10

    iii

    Contents

  • Using Pronouns Correctly17.1 Case of Personal Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3017.2 Pronouns with and as Appositives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3117.4 Who and Whom in Questions and Subordinate Clauses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3217.5 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3317.6 Clear Pronoun Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    Using Modifiers Correctly18.12 Degrees of Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3518.35 Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3618.7 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

    Capitalization20.1 Capitalization of Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3820.23 Capitalizing Proper Nouns and Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Punctuation, Abbreviations, and Numbers21.13 End Punctuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4021.4 The Colon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4121.5 The Semicolon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4221.6 Commas with Coordinate Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4321.6 Commas and Compound Sentences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4421.6 Commas with Parenthetical Expressions and Conjunctive Adverbs . . . . . . 4521.6 Commas and Direct Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4621.6 Misuse of Commas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4721.78 Dashes and Parentheses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4821.9 Quotation Marks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4921.10 Italics (Underlining) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5021.11 The Apostrophe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5121.14 Numbers and Numerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    Unit 21

    Unit 20

    Unit 18

    Unit 17

    Contents

    iv

  • Writers Choice: Grammar Enrichment, Grade 10, Unit 10 1

    Name ...................................................................................... Class .................................................. Date ................................

    A. Identifying Nouns

    List each noun in the following sentences. For each noun you list, write all of the followingterms that apply: concrete, abstract, singular, plural, possessive, proper, common, collective.

    1. Agatha Christie was a famous mystery writer.

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    2. Her two most popular detectives are Hercule Poirot and Jane Marple.

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    3. In Murder on the Orient Express, a group of people commit the crime.

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    4. The suspense in Christies novels often depends upon her clever plots.

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    B. Using Nouns

    Write a sentence that includes each kind of noun listed. You may use the nouns in any orderyou wish.

    1. possessive, concrete, abstract _______________________________________________________

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    2. singular, plural, proper, collective ___________________________________________________

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    3. common, proper, plural, abstract ___________________________________________________

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    4. collective, concrete, singular, possessive ______________________________________________

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