grammar count and non count nouns

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Learn English With Les Grammar Essentials Lesson Learn English With Les

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Page 1: Grammar count and non count nouns

Learn English With Les Grammar

Essentials Lesson

Learn English With Les

Page 2: Grammar count and non count nouns

CONTENTS

1.Nouns: Count and Noncount

2.Using A vs. An

3.Using A/An vs. Some

4.Measurements with Noncount Nouns

5.Using Many, Much, A Few, a Little

6.Using The

7.Using ø (No Article) to Make Generalizations

8.Using Some and Any

NOUNS: COUNT AND NONCOUNT

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NOUNS: COUNT AND NONCOUNT

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some jewelry

one bracelet

three bracelets

two bracelets

NOUNS: COUNT AND NONCOUNT

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SINGULAR PLURAL

a pen

one pen

COUNT

NOUN

pens

three pens

some pens

a lot of pens

SINGULAR:

a + noun

one + noun

PLURAL:

noun + -s

NOUNS: COUNT AND NONCOUNT

A COUNT NOUN

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SINGULAR PLURAL

jewelrysome jewelry

a lot of jewelry

NONCOUNT

NOUN

(no plural form)

SINGULAR:

No - a

No - one

NOUNS: COUNT AND NONCOUNT

PLURAL:

No plural

form.

A NONCOUNT NOUN

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We love to read books.

count noncount

Let’s Practice

?

?NOUN

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I am studying grammar.

count noncount

Let’s Practice

?

?NOUN

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Please pass the salt.

count noncount

Let’s Practice

?

?NOUN

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We need some chairs.

count noncount

Let’s Practice

?

?NOUN

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USING A vs. AN

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(a) A cow is an animal.

USING A vs. AN

A

ansingular count nouns

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(b) I have an idea.

(c) My friend has an old horse.

USING A vs. AN

anwords that begin

with vowels

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(d) I have an ugly dog.

(e) I have a useful idea.

USING A vs. AN

/uh/ vowel sound

/yu/ sound

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(f) Give me an honest answer.

(g) Today is a hot day.

USING A vs. AN

/h/ sound

silent /h/, vowel sound

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I lost ___earring.an

Let’s Practice

a an

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That is ___ ugly bug.an

Let’s Practice

a an

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He is __ happy child.a

Let’s Practice

a an

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Let’s go in __ hour.an

Let’s Practice

a an

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USING A/AN vs. SOME

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singular count nouns

plural count nouns

noncount nouns

(a) I have a book.

She has an umbrella.

(b) We have some apples.

You have some soccer balls.

(c) I got some mail.

He has some information.

USING A/AN vs. SOME

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She has _____ hat on her head.a

Let’s Practice

singular count noun

a an some

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She has _____ nice hats.some

Let’s Practice

plural count noun

a an some

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I need _____ water to wash my

hands.

some

Let’s Practice

noncount noun

a an some

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MEASUREMENT WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS

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an unspecified quantity

a specified quantity

(a) I’d like some juice.

(b) I’d like a glass of juice.

(c) I’d like a cup of tea.

(d) I’d like a piece of fruit.

MEASUREMENTS WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS

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What would

you like to

drink?

MEASUREMENTS WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS

I’d like some

water, please.

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We need to buy a head of _______.cabbage

Let’s Practice

beans

cabbage

bread

cereal

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Please hand me a loaf of _______.bread

Let’s Practice

beans

cabbage

bread

cereal

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I need to find a can of ______ for dinner.beans

Let’s Practice

beans

cabbage

bread

cereal

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Do you have a box of ______?cereal

Let’s Practice

beans

cabbage

bread

cereal

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I don’t get many letters.

USING MANY, MUCH, A FEW, A LITTLE

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PLURAL COUNT noun

NONCOUNT noun

PLURAL COUNT noun

NONCOUNT noun

(a) I don’t have many bracelets.

(b) I’d don’t have much jewelry.

(c) Gina has a few earrings.

(d) I’d like a little fruit.

USING MANY, MUCH, A FEW, A LITTLE

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She gives us some homework every day.

She gives us a little homework every day.

Let’s Practice

A few or a little ?

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a few or a little

Katie has a few friends.Katie has some friends.

Let’s Practice

?

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We have a lot of dogs.We have many dogs.

Let’s Practice

many or much?

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I don’t eat much cheese.I don’t eat a lot of cheese.

Let’s Practice

many or much ?

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The teacher is helping the student.

USING THE

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specific students

specific pen/specific pencil

one moon

(a) Where are the students ?

(b) Do you want the pen or the pencil ?

(c) I love to look at the moon.

USING THE

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(d) Kazu has a dog and a cat. The dog

is big, and the cat is little.

(e) Mia has some dogs and cats. The

dogs are big, and the cats are little.

singular count nouns

plural count nouns

USING THE

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The furniture is heavy.

The jewelry is light.

(f) Yung has some furniture and some

jewelry.

noncount

USING THE

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We have a car and a boat.

____ car is new, but ____ boat is old.The the

Let’s Practice

the a an

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I need to buy __ new car.

____ car I like is very expensive.The

a

Let’s Practice

the a an

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I wish I had ____ umbrella.an

It is raining.

Let’s Practice

the a an

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USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE

GENERALIZATIONS

Apples are good for you.

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(count noun)

(count noun)

(noncount noun)

(noncount noun)

(a) ___ Apples are good for you.

(b) Ann uses ___ pens and ___ markers.

(c) Mary likes to eat ___ candy.

(d) ___ Spaghetti is easy to cook.

in general

USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE

GENERALIZATIONS

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specific

(e) Last night, we ate some pumpkin pie.

The pumpkin pie was very good, but

the whipped cream was too sweet.

USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE

GENERALIZATIONS

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specific candy

The candy you made is delicious.

(f) They like candy.

candy in general

USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE

GENERALIZATIONS

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____ food I ate last night made

me sick.

The

Let’s Practice

the

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Plants need ____ sunshine to grow.

Let’s Practice

the

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Healthy people eat ___ vegetables.

They don’t eat ___ candy.

Let’s Practice

the

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___ fruit looked fresh, and ___

bakery smelled good.

We went to a new grocery store.

The the

Let’s Practice

the

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Alice has some money.

USING SOME AND ANY

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(a) Alice has some money.

(b) Alice doesn’t have any money.

(c) Does Alice have any money?

(d) Does Alice have some money?

STATEMENT

USING SOME AND ANY

some in affirmative statementsNEGATIVE

any in negative statementsQUESTION

either some or any in questions

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(e) Graham doesn’t have any money.

(f) Graham doesn’t have any coins.

USING SOME AND ANY

noncount noun

plural count noun

any + noncount nouns

any + plural count nouns

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I need _____ time to study.some

Let’s Practice

some any

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We don’t have _____ cheese.any

Let’s Practice

some any

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All children should have _____

books.

some

Let’s Practice

some any

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There aren’t _____ horses in

the field.

any

Let’s Practice

some any

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The End

End of the Lesson