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Estar

Grammar BookMario Wells

Table of contentsQue vs cualSerEstarGustarTransitional wordsImperfectTriggersAcabar de + infHave + time + que +proVerbs like gustar

Que Vs. Cual QUE:Is used when asking for definitions.

Most often used before nouns.

Used for asking the time.

Cual:Is used before es and other forms of ser when not looking for definitions.

Is used to suggest a selection or choice among a group.

SERDescriptionOriginCharacteristicsTimeOccupationRelationships

PossessionEventsDatesDOCTOR

PEDEstar ConjugationYo estoyTu estasEl/ella/usted estaNosotros estamosUstedes - estan

Temporary conditionsEx: Estoy buen

gustarGustar: to like conjugation exampleMe gustame gusta tu peloTe gustaLe gustaNos gustaLes gusta

transitionsDespues afterAntes de/que - beforePrimero - firstLuego - nextAhora - nowRara vez rarelyAyer - yesterday

imperfectoUses:Ongoing actionRepeated actionNo definate beginning or endTime/date/age/feeling/descriptionsInterrupted activitytriggersWords that usually follow in an imperfect verbTodos los dias mientrasA menudode vez en cuandoA vecesmuchos vecesSiemprefrecuentementeCada diaLos lunesgeneralmentaAcabar + infinitiveAcabar de + infinitive to have just done somethingYo acabo deTu acabas deEl/ella/usted acaba deNosotros acabamos deUstedes - acaban deHace + timeHace + time + que + conjugated verbIt means how much time you have been doing something ex: hace un ano que estudio espanol I have been studying spanish for one year

Verbos como gustarAburrirdisgustarFascinarparecerBastardolerImportarpicarCaer bienencantarInteresarquedarDar ascofaltarMolestarvolver

ReflexiveA reflexive verb is a verb that reflects to the person saying itSubject + object are the same

MeTeSeOsnosTu commandsCommands when you drop the s and add an exclamation mark.Negative Commands: opposite ending- first person- add an s- Iregular commands: Dop + placementMe TeLoLaNosOsLosLasWhen you change syllabification add accent mark to antepenottima 3rd to last syllablePreteriteDrop the ending and addisteiimosisteisieron