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Gramatike Ne Anglisht 26yi676i

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  • 1

    ELEMENTARY ( II )

    FOLJET NDIHMSE

    T GJUHS ANGLEZE

    Gjuha angleze i ka 3 folje kryesore ndihmse , e ato jan :

    1. Be

    2. Do

    3. Have

    Kto tri folje mund t prdoren edhe si folje ndihmse por edhe si folje t plota .

    Kur prdoren si folje ndihmse ato na ndihmojn n formimin e kohrave t

    ndryshme gramatikore .

    THE PRESENT TENSE OF THE VERB BE ( Folja Be jam n kohn e tashme )

  • 2

    Positive form ( Mnyra pohore )

    Singular Plural

    Long form / Short form Long form / Short form

    I am . Im ( Un Jam ) We are .. Were ( Ne jemi ) You are . Youre ( Ti je ) You are . Youre ( Ju jeni )

    He is . Hes ( Ai sht ) They are .. Theyre ( Ata jan ) She is ... Shes ( Ajo sht ) It is Its ( sht )

    Question form ( Mnyra pyetse )

    Singular Plural Am I ( A jam un ) Are we ( A jemi ne )

    Are you ( A je ti ) Are you ( A jeni ju )

    Is he ( A sht ai ) Are they ( A jan ata /ato ) Is she ( A sht ajo )

    Is it ( A sht )

    Negative form ( Mnyra mohore )

    Singular Plural

    Long form / Short form Long form / Short form I am not / Im not ( Un nuk jam ) We are not / We arent ( Ne nuk jemi ) You are not / You arent ( Ti nuk je ) You are not /You arent ( Ju nuk jeni ) He is not / He isnt ( Ai nuk sht ) They are not/They arent (Ata nuk jan) She is not / She isnt ( Ajo nuk sht ) It is not / It isnt ( Nuk sht )

    Question - negative form ( Mnyra pyetse mohore )

    Singular Plural Am I not ( A nuk jam un ) Are we not/Arent we (A nuk jemi ne) Are you not/Arent you (A nuk je ti) Are you not/Arent you (A nuk jeni ju) Is he not /isnt he (A nuk sht ai) Are they not/Arent they ( A nuk jan ata /ato ) Is she not / isnt she (A nuk sht ajo) Is it not / isnt it ( A sht )

    PLURAL NOUNS ( Sumsi I emrave )

    1.N gjuhn angleze pr t formuar shumsin , shumics s emrave u shtohet

    mbaresa s . Most nouns add s in plural . Ex: Camera Cameras Book - Books

    2. Emrat q prfundojn me s , ss , sh , ch , x dhe o n shums marrin mbaresn es

    Nouns that end in s , ss , sh , ch , x and o , add es in plural . Ex: Bus - Buses Glass Glasses Brush Brushes ( Brushat ) Sandwich Sandwiches Box - Boxes potato - Potatoes

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    3. Emrat q prfundojn me bashktingllore + Y n shums Y ndryshon n ies .

    Nouns that end in a consonant + Y change Y into ies in plural . Ex: Dictionary Dictionaries Party - Parties

    4. Emrat q prfundojn me zanore + Y n shums u shtohet vetm mbaresa s . Nouns that and in vowel + Y add s in plural . Ex: Day Days Boy Boys 5. Emrat e parregullt ose i kan trajtat e veta t gatshme ose e ndryshojn trajten n trsi.

    Irregular nouns change their form or have their own form in plural .

    Ex: Child Children Person People Man - Men Woman - Women ( Uimin )

    Wife - Wives Mouse - Mice ( Mais )

    ADJECTIVES ( Mbiemrat )

    Mbiemrat jan pjes e ligjerats t cilt e bjn cilsimin e emrit . N gjuhn

    angleze mbiemrat gjithmon prdoren para emrave . do mbiemer e ka edhe

    kundrshtarin e vet i cili n gjuhn angleze quhet Opposite adjective . Adjectives are part of speech that describe nouns . In English language adjectives

    usually come before nouns . Each adjective has its opposite .

    Adjective Opposite Big I madh Small I vogl Cheap I lir Expensive I shtrenjt Cold - I ftoht Hot - I nxeht

    Lovely - I kndshm Horrible - I tmerrshm

    THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Koha e tashme e thjesht )

    1. Si veori kryesore e kohs s tashme t thjesht sht se shumica e foljeve t

    rregullta marrin s ose es n veten e tret njejs n mnyren pohore . The main future of the Present Simple Tense is that most verbs add s or es in the third person singular in the positive form .

    Ex: Positive form ( Mnyra pohore )

    Singular Plural

    I work We work

    You work You work

    He / she / it works They work

    2. Mnyra pyetse formohet me an t foljes ndihmse Do / Does e cila e ndihmon formimin e ksaj forme gramatikore .

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    We form the question by using the auxiliary verb Do that changes to Does in the Third Person Singular .

    Ex: Singular Plural Do I work Do we work

    Do you work Do you work

    Does he /she / it work Do they work

    3. Mnyra mohore formohet kur foljes ndihmse Do / Does i shtojm ndajfoljen not e cila tr fjalis ja jep kuptimin mohor . We form negative by adding the adverb not to the auxiliary verb Do / Does . Ex: Singular Plural

    I dont work We dont work You dont work You dont work

    He / she / it doesnt work They dont work

    Prdorimi Koha e tashme e thjesht prdoret pr ti treguar shprehit tona , rutinat ,faktet

    ,realitetin ose dika q sht e vrtet pr nj koh t gjat .

    The Present Simple Tense is used to express our habits , routines , facts , reality or

    something that is always true or is true for a long time .

    Ex: She usually plays tennis on Sundays . ( Routine)

    He always gets up early in the morning . ( Habit )

    John comes from the USA . (Fact / Reality )

    The sun rises in the east . (Fact / Reality )

    My brother works in a bank . ( True for a long time )

    SPELLING OF THE FIRST PERSON SINGULAR ( Shqiptmi i vets se tret njejs ) ne kohn e tashme

    1. Shumics s foljeve t rregullta n veten e tret njejs ne kohn e tashme u

    shtohet mbaresa s. Most verbs add s in the Third Person Singular ( he , she , it ). Ex: Speak he / she / it speaks ( flet ) Wear he / she / it wears (vesh)

    2. Foljet q prfundojn me s , ss , sh , ch dhe x n veten e tret njejs marrin

    mbaresen es. Verbs that end in s , ss , sh , ch and x add es in the Third Person Singular. Ex: Watch he /she / it watches (shiqon ) Wash he / she / it washes (pastron)

  • 5

    Relax - he / she / it relaxes (pushon)

    3. Foljet q perfundojn me bashktingllore + Y n veten e tret njjes Y ndryshon n ies. Verbs that end in a consonant + Y change the Y to ies in the Third Person Singular. Consonant + Y = ies

    Ex: Fly he / she /it flies (fluturon) Cry he / she / it cries (qan)

    4. Foljet q prfundojn me zanore + Y n veten e tret njejs marrin vetm s n fund.

    Verbs that end in a vowel + Y add s in the Third Person Singular. Ex: Play he / she / it plays (luan) Stay he / she / it stays (Qendroj)

    5. Fjalt e parregullta do /go / have n veten e tret njejs ato jan :

    Do /go / have are irregular verbs so in the Third Person Singular that are :

    Do Does Go Goes Have Has

    THE ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY (Ndajfoljet e shpeshtsis)

    Ndajfoljet e shpeshtsis prdoren pr t treguar dendurin e kryerjes s nj veprimi

    brenda nj kohe t caktuar . Kto ndajfolje jan:

    Always (gjithmon)

    Sometimes (nganjher / ndonjher)

    Usually (zakonisht)

    Often (shpesh)

    Never (kurr / asnjher)

    THERE IS / ARE

    There is / there are sht nj struktur gramatikore e cila prdoret pr t treguar

    vendin se