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  1. 1. How lasjarchasrelate to medieval Spanish civilization
    by Jacqueline Gottstein
    Christian and Muslim playing ouds
    from Las Cantigas de Santa Mara, by King Alfonso X, the Wise.
  2. 2. The Ben Ezra Synagogue where lasjarchas were discovered
  3. 3. Inside of the Ben Ezra Synagogue
  4. 4. Taifa kingdoms in Spain (in light and dark green)
  5. 5. Los reyescatlicos, Fernando e Isabel(The Catholic Monarchs)
    The marriage of Fernando II of Aragn and Isabel I of Castilla in 1469 consolidated Christian power and enabled them to re-conquer southern Spain from the Muslims in 1492.
  6. 6. Rendicin de Granada(Surrender of Granada)
    by Francisco Pradilla y Ortiz
  7. 7. Sephardi Jews
    In the strictest definition, a sephardic Jew is one who is descended from Iberian Jews before their expulsion in 1492.
    Nowadays the term can refer to the style of the Jewish liturgy, along with any Jewish traditions one practices.
    Hank Azaria, whose voice is heard through the numerous characters he plays on The Simpsons, is from a Greek family that adheres to Sephardi customs. (His mother is fluent in Spanish.)
  8. 8. Expulsion of the Jews from Europe
    With the expulsion of the Jews, Spain lost some of its wisest doctors, lawyers, artists, and financiers.
    Las jarchaswere also lostfor 456 years.
  9. 9. Unajarcha de la pgina 4-5 de tulibro de texto
    Mozrabe(Hispano-romance):El espaolmodernizado:
    Gar, qufareyu?Dime, quhar?
    cmovivrayu? cmovivir?
    Est al-habbespero,A esteamadoespero,
    Porlmurrayu.Porlmorir.
  10. 10. Hope youve enjoyed our first presentation and I look forward to your responses.
  11. 11. Works Cited
    Goody, Jack. Islam in Europe. (cover page) Original: Cantigas de Santa Maria, by Alfonso X, "The Wise King Alfonso X, The Wise. Christian and Muslim playing ouds. Cantigas de Santa Maria. Thirteenth century.Wikimedia Commons.Web. 14 March 2011.(From Creative Commons: This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: The image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.)
    Mayer, Daniel. Ben Ezra Synagogue, Cairo Egypt. July, 2008. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 14 March 2011.
    Rose, Christopher. Interior, Ben Ezra Synagogue, Cairo Egypt. June19, 2005. Flickr. Web. 14 March 2011.
    T y kriptonita.Taifa Kingdoms circa 1080 . Date not available. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 14 March 2011. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Reinos_de_Taifas_en_1080.svg
    Author unknown. Isabela of Castile. Recreation July, 2005. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 14 March 2011.
    Pradilla y Ortz, Francisco. Rendicin de Granada. 1882. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 14 March 2011.
    Ecelan. Expulsin de los judios. Retouched work September 7, 2010. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 14 March 2011.
    Aleck, Nick. American Actor Hank Azaria. November 19, 2005. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 14 March 2011.
    Mujica, Brbara. Milenio. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2002. Textbook.