good agricultural practices teaching adult learners
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Good Agricultural Practices
Teaching Adult Learners
Effective Education and Training ProgramsImprove communicationUpgrade knowledge and skillsMotivate employeesResult in positive rewards
We always think of training and the training process, but we really need to focus on LEARNING or OUTCOMES!
Enhance Learning by:Sharing objectives.Demonstrating caring and concern for learners.Using a variety of instructional methods and materials.Exhibiting enthusiasm and developing a positive approach.Providing practice and follow-up.
What Affects Learning ?Capability, age, and attitude of audience.Educational background, previous training & experience.Nature of the information being taught.Instructional methods & techniques used.Capability and attitude of the instructor.
What Do We Know About Adult Learning?
Knowing how adults learn is a vital component in developing & implementing an adult education & training program.
What do we know about adult learning ?Consider themselves independent.Have a wide variety of experiences.Are concerned with immediate problems.
Characteristics of Adult LearnersAdults enter learning situations with their own goals, motivations, needs and experiences.Adults learn better by doing!
Adults Learn Better:If they are involved.When materials are structured to meet their needs.When the subject matter is connected to their daily activities.
Adults Learn Better:In informal, organized environments.When materials are presented through a variety of methods with practical examples.When subjects are explained & supported visually.
Adults Learn BetterWhen activities & tasks are structured and clearly related to specific subjects.Through problem-solving instructional methods.Real or model experiences.
Adults Learn Better:When given opportunities to apply & practice what they have learned.In cooperative learning situations and in groups.When they are not tested or pressured.
Key PointsAdults need to integrate new ideas with old ones if they are going to keep and use the new information.
Key PointsAdults prefer How-To and Hands-On instruction.
Key PointsThey prefer single concept programs that focus on applications to problems.
Key PointsShort breaks between instructional periods provide more effective learning.Time for reflection should be provided.
Key PointsVisual images are remembered more effectively than words.Most people are visual learners!
Retaining InformationMethod of InstructionRecall3 hours3 days
Telling 70% 10%Showing 72% 20%Telling & Showing 86% 65%
Needs of Individuals People Need to Feel:
accepted* understoodimportant* part of processproud* part of a winning teamresponsible
Incorporating IllustrationsIllustrations stimulate interest.Illustrations help readers learn.
TipsSimple line drawings are often more effective than photographs.Black and white pictures reproduce better than color pictures.Sequence of pictures or line drawings can show motion.Simple captions clarify and reinforce messages.
MotivationSomething from within that prompts us to do something.It is stimulated by the external environment.
RememberLearning is an internal process.Instruction is an external activity.Carefully think through and plan all of your instructional activities to enhance learning.
Remember 5 PsPrior Planning Prevents Poor Performance.
15 Practical Tips for Planning & Conducting Outstanding Training ProgramsAdapted from: How to be a Better Trainer, Keye Productivity Center, 1991
1. Know your SubjectThoroughly prepare for your role as the instructor.What knowledge & skills do you want employees to possess after the program?Break the subject(s) into small, understandable segments.
2. Know your AudienceFor a successful program, you must know as much as possible about the people in your audience!
2. Know your AudienceImportant Questions to Answer:
1. Who makes up the audience?2. What is their occupation or specific job?3. What is their level of education?4. What is their experience?
2. Know your Audience5. Why are they attending?6. What do they know about the subject?7. What is their interest in the subject?8. What things do they have in common?9. What is their relationship to you?
3. Know the OccasionWhat is the purpose of the program?How long is the program?Where will it be held?What are the physical conditions of the location?Are there any customs or procedures that need to take place?
4. LogisticsPlan carefully and thoroughly.Double check all details.Be prepared.Be flexible !
5. Welcome & IntroductionsHearty welcome & strong introduction.Days schedule.Housekeeping details.Set the climateWhy are we here?
6. Discuss Goals & ObjectivesPresent program goals & objectives.Discuss benefits.Why should I care?Whats In It For Me (WIIFM).Invite learners to become involved.
7. Program OpeningProvide a clear overview of subject.Be creative in getting the audiences attention.Begin with stimulating information.
8. Audience InvolvementStimulate audience involvement!Solicit:AssistanceOpinionsExperiencesAsk non-threatening questions
9. Enthusiasm & SincerityDemonstrate strong positive involvement with the: subject program audience
10. How To InstructionProvide specific actions or recommendations that people can immediately implement.
9. Enthusiasm & SincerityMake positive statements about the subject matter.Speak with expressiveness and variety in tone of voice.
11. Pace & FlowChange speech rate or emphasis.Use different instructional techniques.Keep information & activities relevant.Dont skip around or digress.
12. Linkages & RelationshipsLink points together and discuss how different subjects relate to each other.Present information in a logical sequence.
13. AudiovisualsUse creative & excellent quality audiovisuals to highlight key points.Utilize a variety of instructional techniques.
14. The CloseMost programs end abruptly, so:Summarize the big picture.Challenge learners.Provide an exhilarating close !
15. Program EvaluationAssesses value of program.Provides important feedback.Strengthens future programs.
Remember Program content DeliveryDetermine whether or not learners believe what you say!
Effective Training and Learning Foster Good Performance.
AcknowledgementsThis presentation was created by Daryle E. Foster, Robert B. Gravani, and Elizabeth A. Bihn. Images provided by USDA (k5897-11, 94cs0464, k7614-6), Donna L. Scott, and Elizabeth A. Bihn