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Gluten Free Baking. Alternative Flours. Nut Flour. Made with blanched nuts Press out oil first Sandy, dry texture. Nut Meal. Made with whole nuts More coarse Makes a grittier, oilier product. This is Nutty. White rice flour is most popular Not very flavorful Pecan Hazelnut Walnut - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nut Flours

Gluten Free BakingAlternative Flours1Nut FlourMade with blanched nutsPress out oil first Sandy, dry texture

Blanched=no skinsBreading chicken or fishSandy, dry2

Nut MealMade with whole nutsMore coarseMakes a grittier, oilier product3This is Nutty.White rice flour is most popularNot very flavorfulPecanHazelnutWalnutAlmondEasiest to use

Wild, brown riceOily nuts4DIY: Nut Flours/MealsPulse whole nuts in a food processor or coffee bean grinder until sandy Can blanch or toast nuts before processing

Using almonds: can turn to almond butter quickly, so watch closely or freeze the almonds before grinding

http://www.pastrypal.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/almond-flour-ground.jpg5How to UseUse flour from oily nuts to obtain a moist productNeed to compensate for lack of glutenGluten helps trap gas, making products light and airyWithout gluten (or replacer) baked goods can come out dense, dry, crumbly, grittyUse Xanthan Gum or Guar Gum

http://www.cozypad.com/wp-content/uploads/Pecan_Nuts_2.gif

Gluten helsp structure 6A Note on XanthanPolysaccharide produced by Xanthomonas campestris via glucose fermentationHelps to trap airStabilizerHelps to bind productWidely used to replace glutenAlso use in non-gluten free foods for its thickening ability

How to Go NutsFor more structure:Dry milk solidsEvaporated milk instead of regular milkFlour blendsUse a variety of flours to balance the flavors and characteristicsBlend differs based on needs (structure, chewiness, browning?)

Its an art man8CharacteristicsRice FlourLightnessMakes a gritty, dry, crumbly productBrown rice flour adds fiberWild rice has a nutty flavor

Readily availableGritty, dry why you have to use a blend9CharacteristicsAlmond FlourSticks together betterSmooth texture, not gritty or dryLends a sweet, buttery taste to foodFiner ground almond flours yield a lighter productCoarser flour yields a crumbly products

http://cdn.sheknows.com/articles/almond-flour.jpg10Storage of Nut FloursStore in a cool placeRefrigerate or freezeThis will help avoid oil rancidity

Nutrition: White Rice Flour150 calories0.50 g fat0 g saturated1 g fiber2 g protein0% iron

Nutrition: Almond Flour160 calories14 g fat1 g saturated3 g fiber6 g protein6% iron

Almond Flour160 calories14 g fat1 g saturated3 g fiber6 g protein6% iron

White Rice Flour150 calories0.50 g fat0 g saturated1 g fiber2 g protein0% ironHazelnut Flour180 calories17 g Fat1 g saturated3 g fiber4 g protein8% ironAlmond Flour160 calories14 g fat1 g saturated3 g fiber6 g protein6% iron

150 calories0.50 g fat0 g saturated1 g fiber2 g protein0% ironWhite Rice FlourNutrition: Hazelnut Flour180 calories17 g Fat1 g saturated3 g fiber4 g protein8% iron

Nutrition: White Flour124 calories1 g fat0 g unsaturated1 g fiber4 g protein7% iron

NutritionAlternative flours have higher fatMost is healthy, unsaturated fatOmega 3 Fatty AcidsMore iron, calcium, fiberNut flours more so than rice floursHigher protein contentAntioxidants

MUFA, PUFA, ALA [omega 3]Almonds- vitamin E= antiox18SummaryNutritionally dense! Trial and error to find out best mix of flours for desired productXanthan gum, binding agentWider variety becoming available now that gluten free diets are recognized

Compared to white flour, nut flours [even rice] are more nutritionally denseTheres no one miracle blendNeed to have a binding agent, xanthan/guar/eggsNowadays, more than just rice flour is easily accesible19

Thank You! Referenceshttp://www.celiact.com/blog/2012/01/30/86-nut-flours-in-gluten-free-bakinghttp://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09376.htmlhttp://glutenfreecooking.about.com/od/glutenfreeingredients/tp/20-Gluten-Free-Flours.htmhttp://www.livestrong.com/article/553857-baking-with-almond-rice-coconut-flour/http://www.healthcastle.com/nut_flours.shtmlhttp://www.foodsubs.com/Nutmeals.htmlhttp://digestiblediaries.com/2011/11/30/xanthangum/http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC212437/pdf/jbacter00198-0209.pdfhttp://www.almondboard.com/Consumer/HealthandNutrition/Pages/AlmondFlour.aspxhttp://www.gluten-free-around-the-world.com/blanched-almond-flour.html

http://www.netrition.com/bobs_red_mill_almond_flour_page.html

http://www.bobsredmill.com/hazelnut-flour-meal.html?&cat=

http://www.bobsredmill.com/organic-white-rice-flour.html

http://mama-em.hubpages.com/hub/Easy-and-Delicious-Gluten-Free-Almond-Cake