Glosario de Términos matemáticos en Inglés

Download Glosario de Términos matemáticos en Inglés

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Para cursos de lgebra dictados en ingls, y para personas, las cuales el ingls no es su lengua nativa.

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<ul><li><p>Glossary</p><p>AsthisisaninternationalcoursegiveninEnglishthere'softenconfusionwithnonEnglishspeakingpeopleaboutsomeofthetermsusedandtheirunderlyingmeanings.Thisglossaryactsasasharedresourceforthesejargonwordsandtheirmeaningsasusedinthiscourse.FirsttheEnglishtermisgiven,thenanyapplicablemathematicalsymbol(s)andlastlyashortdefinitionwithanexample.</p><p>Feelfreetoaddnewtermswhenmorecoursematerialisreleasedandhopefullybytheendofthecoursetherewillbealonglistofmathematicswordsandconcepts.</p><p>Thetermsusedsofarinthecourse:</p><p>Sum,addition</p><p>Symbol:+</p><p>Theaddingtogetherofonevaluetoasecondvalue.</p><p>7+2=9(read:7plus2equals9)</p><p>Difference,subtraction</p><p>Symbol:</p><p>Thetakingawayofonenumericalvaluefromanothervalue.</p><p>23=1(read:2minus3equalsnegative1)</p><p>Multiplication,product</p><p>Symbol(s):*</p><p>Takingonenumberandaddingittoitselfagivennumberoftimes.</p><p>7*2=7+7=14(read:7multipliedby2equals14OR7times2equals14)</p></li><li><p>Division,quotient</p><p>Symbol(s):/:andxy</p><p>Thetakingawayofonenumberfromastartingnumberuntilyouareatzero.</p><p>21/3=7(read:21dividedby3equals7)</p><p>Negative</p><p>Symbol:,thedashasin:x</p><p>Avaluewhichistotheleftof0onthenumberline.</p><p>Positive</p><p>Symbol:Mostfrequentlynone,occasionallythe+signforemphasis.</p><p>Avaluewhichistotherightof0onthenumberline.</p><p>Absolute</p><p>Symbol(s):|x|</p><p>Thedistancebetweenthenumberxandzero.</p><p>|3|=3,|3|=3</p><p>Distance</p><p>Thenumberofunitsofthenumberlinebetweenthelargestandsmallestnumber.</p><p>Thedistancebetween2and7is72=5</p><p>Evaluate</p></li><li><p>Tosolvetheequation,orapartofit.</p><p>Equation,expression</p><p>Anynumberofoperationsonasetofvariablesinordertogettoananswer.</p><p>7+2*3/5=x</p><p>x,y</p><p>Mathematic'sfirstandsecondgreatunknowns.Basicallyashortwayofsaying:Idon'tknowthisvariablesoIreplaceitwithalettertoshortenmyequation.See'variable'.</p><p>Equals</p><p>Symbol:=</p><p>Thebalancingsymbol.Whateverexpressionisontheleftsideofitmustbeequaltooneontheright.</p><p>2=24</p><p>OrderofEvaluation:P.ER.MD.AS</p><p>P.ER.MD.ASisashorthandfortheorderofoperations.Itstandsfor:</p><p>1. Parenthesis</p><p>2. ExponentsandRoots</p><p>3. MultiplicationandDivision</p><p>4. AdditionandSubtraction.</p><p>EvaluationstartswithP,thenEandR,thenMandDandfinallyAandS.</p></li><li><p>equation(8*2)+21firsttheParenthesesareevaluated,thenfromlefttorighttheevaluated(8*2)isaddedto2andfinally1issubtracted.</p><p>Parentheses,bracketsandbraces</p><p>Symbols:(and),[and],{and}</p><p>Ameansofstatingorderofevaluation.Whateverisbetweentheparenthesismustbeevaluatedbeforeanythingelse.Bracketsandbracesareusedtoreplaceparenthesesoftherearealotofthem.</p><p>(52)*4=12</p><p>{4*[7+(4/2)]}=x</p><p>Distributing(DistributiveLaw)</p><p>Theactofgettingridofparenthesisinamultiplicationbymovinginthemultipliertoeachoftheelementsinsidetheparenthesis.</p><p>4*(52)=4*54*2</p><p>Factoringout(DistributiveLaw)</p><p>Theactoftakingoutduplicatemultipliers.</p><p>3*8+3*23*7=3*(8+27)</p><p>Average</p><p>Thenumberthatresultswhenagroupofvaluesisaddedtogetheranddividedbythenumberofelementswhichhadbeenaddedtogether.</p><p>Agroupoffournumbers1,2,3,4haveanaverageof(1+2+3+4)/4=2.5</p></li><li><p>Numerator,denominator</p><p>Thenumeratoristheuppernumberofafraction,itcountshowmanyslicesthereare.Thedenominationisthelowernumber,itgivesthesizeoftheslices.</p><p>Greaterthan/lessthan</p><p>symbols:&gt;/</p></li></ul>

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