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  • GLOBAL EMPLOYMENT TRENDS FOR YOUTH 2017

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    +0.1 +2.03 +0.04 -25.301 023 -00.22 006.65 0.887983 +1.922523006.62 -0.657987 +1.987523006.82 -006.65 0.887987 +1.987523006.60 0.887987 +1.0075230.887984 +1.987523006.64 0.887985 +1.997523006.65 0.887986 +1.984523006.66 0.327987 +1.987523006.59 -0.807987 +1.987521006.65 0.-887987 +1.987523006.65 0.807987 +1.987523 0.887983 +1.987523006.62 -0.883988 +1.987523006.63 -006.65 0.894989 +1.987523006.65 0.887990

    ILO

    Paths to a better working future

    G LO

    B A

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    YM E

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    P aths to a better w

    orking future

    Global Employment Trends for Youth 2017

    Incorporating the most recent employment trends for young women and men, Global Employment Trends for Youth sets out the youth labour market situation around the world. It shows where progress has or has not been made, updates world and regional youth labour market indicators, and gives detailed analyses of medium-term trends in youth population, labour force, employment, unemployment, working poverty and informality.

    The 2017 edition discusses the implications of technological change for youth labour market prospects, focusing on trends in sectoral employment and on the forms of work available to young people.

    The report draws on the extensive range of analyses undertaken by the ILO and others in recent years so as to outline innovative and effective policy re- sponses to the challenges facing young women and men entering the world of work today. It also offers insights into the directions needed for national policies and programmes to meet the challenges the youth of tomorrow will encounter in their search for entry points into decent work.

    November 2017

  • Global Employment Trends for Youth 2017 Paths to a better working future

    INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE • GENEVA

  • Copyright © International Labour Organization 2017

    First published 2017

    Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Conven- tion. Nevertheless, short excerpts from them may be reproduced without authorization, on condition that the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction or translation, application should be made to ILO Publications (Rights and Permis- sions), International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, or by email: pubdroit@ilo.org. The International Labour Office welcomes such applications.

    Libraries, institutions and other users registered with reproduction rights organizations may make copies in accordance with the licences issued to them for this purpose. Visit www.ifrro.org to find the reproduction rights organization in your country.

    The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presen- tation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Labour Office concerning the legal status of any country, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.

    The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributions rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of the opinions expressed in them.

    Reference to names of firms and commercial products and processes does not imply their endorsement by the International Labour Office, and any failure to mention a particular firm, commercial product or process is not a sign of disapproval.

    ILO publications and electronic products can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in many coun- tries, or direct from ILO Publications, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Catalogues or lists of new publications are available free of charge from the above address, or by email: pubvente@ilo.org

    Global Employment Trends for Youth 2017: Paths to a better working future International Labour Office – Geneva: ILO, 2017

    ISBN 978-92-2-130108-0 (print) ISBN 978-92-2-130109-7 (web pdf)

    International Labour Office

    youth employment / youth unemployment / labour market analysis / labour force participation / employment policy / developed countries / developing countries / future of work

    13.01.3

    ILO Cataloguing in Publication Data

    This publication was produced by the Document and Publications Production, Printing and Distribution Branch (PRODOC) of the ILO.

    Graphic and typographic design, layout and composition, proofreading, printing, electronic publishing and distribution.

    PRODOC endeavours to use paper sourced from forests managed in an environmentally sustainable and socially responsible manner.

    Code: DTP-CORR-WEI-PCL

  • iii

    Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi

    1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Organization of the report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    2. Global and regional trends for youth employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.1 Sharp declines in youth labour force engagement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    2.1.1 Dependency ratios are rising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.1.2 Gender participation gaps are narrowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    2.2 Global youth unemployment expected to rise slightly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.2.1 Young people continue to be over-represented among the unemployed . 16 2.2.2 Regional youth unemployment trends vary but are largely negative

    in emerging regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .