glimpse of our past

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  • GLIMPSE of OUR PAST The Philippines : "A foretaste through history Prepared by Raizza Corpuz
  • PHILIPPINE GEOGRAPHY RPC 2013
  • Theories Part of a lost continent It was believed that the Philippines was a remnant of a vast continent in the pacific which had sunk during pre- historic times like the fabled Atlantis lost somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean. This lost pacific continent was called Lemuria or Mu Its remnants aside from Philippines were Borneo, Celebes, Java, Sumatra, and other islands of the pacific. RPC 2013
  • Volcanic Origin It was proposed by Dr. Bailey Willis. According to this theory, Philippines was born due to the eruptions of sea volcanoes in remote epochs. Dr. Bailey Willis was a geological engineer who worked for theUnited States Geological Survey (USGS), and lectured at two prominent American universities. RPC 2013
  • Land Bridge Theory o This theory suggests that Philippines was once a landmass bridging China and the Asian Mainland, to Borneo, Indonesia, New Guinea, and even Australia. o The present China Sea was an exposed dry land known as the Sunda Shelf which covered an area of 1, 800, 000 square kilometers. o During the post glacial age, about 250, 000 years ago, the worlds ice melted, causing the sea level to rise. Consequently, the lower land regions including the land bridges linking Asia and the Philippines were submerged, thus, Philippines archipelago was formed. RPC 2013
  • This theory is supplied by the following plausible reasons 1. Similarity of fauna and flora in Asia and the Philippines 2. Similarity of rock structure 3. Existence of the shallow China Sea between the Asia Mainland and the Philippines 4. The presence of a fore deep at the eastern margin of the Philippines indicating the archipelago was once the edge of the Asia continental Platform RPC 2013
  • Archipelagos Name Filipinas The name given to Philippines in 1543 by the ill- starred Spanish explorer, Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, in honor of Prince Felipe of Austria who later became Philip II, the greatest king of Spain. This name first appeared on a rare map published at Venice in 1554 by Giovanni Battista Ramusio. RPC 2013
  • Philippine Islands The anglicized name of Filipinas during the American colonial regime. Republic of the Philippines The name given to Philippines after the decolonization in 1946. Ma-yi/ ma-i The name given to Philippines by the early Chinese traders such as Chau Ju Kua and Wang Ta- Yuan. Same names such as Mintolang for Mindanao, Makilu for Manila, and Pishoye for Visayas were also dubbed to Philippines by the Chinese. RPC 2013
  • Ma- i is generally accepted to refer to the island of Mindoro in Luzon because of its gold and proximity in the Chinese mainland. Rizaline Republic The name proposed by the Katipunan General Artemio Ricarte in honor of Dr. Jose Rizal Maharlika It was proposed by former President Ferdinand Marcos after his dream of making the Philippines great again. RPC 2013
  • Pearl of the Orient Seas The most romantic name of the Philippines. It was originally given in 1751 by father Juan J. Delgado as a name of Manila (Pearl of the Orient) and was also mentioned by Manuel De Azcarraga y Palmero. It was also grunted by Dr. Jose P. Rizal in his published article in the Hong Kong Telegraph RPC 2013
  • Geography and Resources Location The Philippine Archipelago sprawls a little above the equator in Southeast Asia between latitude 4 degree 23 and 21 degree 25 north and longitude 116 degree and 127 degree east. Area The Philippines is an archipelago of 7, 107 islands of which 2, 773 are named. It has a total land area of 115, 707 sq. miles or 299, 681 sq. km. Luzon has an area of 40, 814 sq. miles while Mindanao has 36, 906 sq. miles. RPC 2013
  • Philippines has a very strategic location due to the following; 1. It serves as a bridge between the cultures of the East and the West 2. It lies at the crossroad of international air and sea routes. 3. It looms as bastion of democracy in an area where dictators and communism hold sway over Asian Nations. 4. It is the citadel of Christianity between the largely Christian west and largely non- Christian east. Hence, its role as Christian Light of the World. RPC 2013
  • Shape RPC 2013 Philippines is an inverted Y- shaped archipelago of numerous islands, islets, coral reefs, abundant rivers, lakes and bays, mountains and valleys, cool plateaus, and scenic volcanoes.
  • Christian Scholars commented that Luzon is like a Helmet, Visayas and Mindanao is the Arms and Legs, and Palawan is Spirit Sword. RPC 2013
  • Climate The Philippine climate is tropical and monsoonal in character. The two distinct seasons are dry season and wet season. The temperature varies from 21 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius. The coldest month is January and the Hottest is May. RPC 2013
  • Regions RPC 2013
  • Region 1- Ilocos Region Region 2- Cagayan Valley Region 3- Central Luzon Region 4A- CALABARZON Region 4B- MIMAROPA Region 5- Bicol Region Region 6- Western Visayas Region 7- Central Visayas Region 8- Eastern Visayas RPC 2013
  • Region 9- Zamboanga Peninsula Region 10- Northern Mindanao Region 11- Davao Region Region 12- SOCCSKSARGEN Region 13- CARAGA CAR- Cordillera Administrative Region NCR- National Capital Region ARMM- Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao RPC 2013
  • Natural Resources Soil is the most important natural resources in the Philippines primarily of most people earn a living from tiling the land. Filipinos are fortunate of having a highly fertile land. The country has rich plant life. Agricultural experts believed that 8,120 species of plants grow in the country, that is, about 1,000 varieties of orchids, 1,000 species of rice, and 3,000 species of trees. RPC 2013
  • 850 species of birds are found in the Philippines. Carabao is the most useful animal for it serves as farmers best friend. At least 2,000 species of fish are found in the waters of the Philippine archipelago. Philippine forest lands have a total area of 16,633,000 hectares which represents 55 percent of the total land area. The Philippines rank third in forest reserves. RPC 2013
  • Philippines is one of Asias great gold producing regions. Energy in the Philippines is used to supply electricity and fuel to run factories, light homes, and offices. RPC 2013
  • Beauty Spots The Banaue Rice Terraces was built more than 2,000 years ago by hardy Ifugaos using only their bare hands and crude stone tools. The Mount Mayon is the Crowning Glory of the Philippine Natural Wonders. Manila Bay is one of the Enchanting Wonders of the Country. Other beauty spots are being rediscovered. RPC 2013
  • Historical Places 1. Luneta Park- It was a beautiful setting built in honor of the Philippines greatest hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. It is used to be called Bagumbayan Field where Rizal was executed by a Spanish military firing squad at early dawn of December 30, 1896. RPC 2013
  • Corregidor- It is a national shrine nicknamed as The Rock. This was the vlast bastion to fall to the invading Japanese in 1942. Such made it the symbol of the determined resistance of its Filipino and American defenders. RPC 2013
  • Paoay Church- It was built in 1694 commissioned by the Augustinian friars led by Fr. Antonio Estavillo. It was declared as one of the national treasures by former president Ferdinand Marcos. RPC 2013
  • Intramuros (Fort Santiago)- It was the old capital of Manila which was built in 1571. It was used to be the seat of colonial powers of both Spain and the United States of America. It was also a dreaded prison under the Spanish regime and the scene of countless military police atrocities during the Japanese occupation. Here, too, Dr. Jose Rizal spent his last hours before his execution at Bagumbayan. RPC 2013
  • Aguinaldo Shrine- It was here where Emilio Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. This was where the Philippine flag first raised. RPC 2013
  • Cavite Shrine- It was in this place where Emilio Aguinaldo was declared the first president of the Philippine republic. The republic of which the first in Asia. RPC 2013

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