Geothermal Energy Geothermal energy is heat inside the earth

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Geothermal Energy Geothermal energy is heat inside the earth. </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> What is Geothermal? Geothermal comes from the Greek words geo (earth) and therme (heat). Thus, geothermal energy means heat inside the earth. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> The Earth Is Made of Layers </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> At the center is a core of iron. Around that is an outer core of iron and rock so hot the rock is melted. The liquid rock is called magma. The next layer is a mixture of rock and magma called the mantle. The shell of the earth with the oceans and mountains - is called the crust. The Earth Is Made of Layers </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Heat Inside the Earth The inside of the earth is very hot. Sometimes this heat comes near the surface in the form of magma. We can use this heat to warm our houses and make electricity. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> How Do We Use Geothermal Energy? People have used geothermal energy for heating and bathing for thousands of years. Hot springs are pools of water that are warmed by underground springs, so they are always hot. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Today, power plants use steam from geothermal wells to make electricity. The steam is used to spin turbines. The turbines spin magnets in coils of copper wire to make electricity. How Do We Use Geothermal Energy? </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Even though geothermal energy is underground, there are visible features on the surface. These include volcanoes, hot springs, and geysers. Where Can We Find Geothermal Energy? </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> A volcano means hot magma is near the surface. Where Can We Find Geothermal Energy? </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> The most active geothermal resources are usually found where earthquakes and volcanoes are concentrated. Where Can We Find Geothermal Energy? </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Most geothermal activity occurs in an area called the Ring of Fire. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Most geothermal plants in the United States are located in the western half of the country. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Geothermal Energy in the United States Geothermal energy produces only a small percentage of U.S. electricity. Today, it produces about 15 billion kilowatt-hours, or less than one percent of the electricity produced in this country. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> The hot water we use will be replaced by rain. The heat inside the earth will always be there. More heat is made every day in the Earths core. We wont run out of geothermal energy! Geothermal Energy is Renewable. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Geothermal Energy is Clean. No fuel is burned, so there is no air pollution. The steam is turned into water and put back into the earth. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Geothermal energy is cheap new power plants can make electricity for about the same as coal power plants. Geothermal Energy is Cheap. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Geothermal plants dont transport fuel they sit on top of their fuel source. Geothermal power plants have been built in deserts, in the middle of crops, and in mountain forests! Geothermal Energy doesnt have to be transported. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Discussion Questions With all the advantages of geothermal power, why dont we use geothermal power more in the United States? What are some disadvantages to using geothermal power? </li> </ul>