geography: the world and its people chapter 17 north africa

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  • Slide 1
  • GEOGRAPHY: THE WORLD AND ITS PEOPLE CHAPTER 17 North Africa
  • Slide 2
  • Chapter 17: North Africa
  • Slide 3
  • EGYPT Chapter 17 Section 1
  • Slide 4
  • The Nile River The Nile River is the lifeline of Egypt Supplies 85% of Egypts water 3 Gifts of the Nile Water Fertile Soil Transportation
  • Slide 5
  • Egyptian Desert 3 Main Land Areas Nile River Valley Begins in East Africa Flows North Through Sudan into Egypt to Mediterranean Sea Sinai Peninsula Actually Part of Southwest Asia Desert Areas Cover Most of Egypt Egypts Land
  • Slide 6
  • Egypt's Economy Harvesting Cotton in Egypt Agriculture Still Egypts main economic activity Only 4% of land used for farming (along Nile River) Grow cotton, dates, vegetables, sugarcane, and wheat Cotton is Egypts leading agricultural export Economy
  • Slide 7
  • Alexandria, Egypt. Gas fired plant on the Nile Delta. Egypt's Economy Industry Cairo and Alexandria are main industrial centers Factories produce food products, textiles, and consumers goods Oil is Egypts main mineral resource Economy Cont.
  • Slide 8
  • The Aswan High Dam Provides Hydroelectric Power Allows Fellahin to plant crops two or three times a year Stops flow of Silt, which makes the soil fertile Farms now rely on expensive fertilizers Causes salty water from Mediterranean to flow into Nile River Delta
  • Slide 9
  • Egypts People Most people live within 20 miles of the Nile River 55% live in rural areas Most Fellahin are subsistence farmers Extra food is sold at bazaar, or marketplace Cairo is the capital and largest city in Egypt, and all of Africa Cairo is growing because of high birthrates in Egypt, and Fellahin are moving to cities to find work Cairo, Egypt
  • Slide 10
  • Egypt History One of the ancient worlds most advanced civilizations Ruled by Pharoahs Hieroglyphs Made paper from papyrus Created a calendar Built lasting monuments Pyramids, Sphinx Conquered by several groups over centuries Is now Arabic and Islamic Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
  • Slide 11
  • Egypt Today Became a Republic in 1953 Gamal Abdel Nasser: President from 1954-1970 Nasser opposed Israel, and took control of the Suez Canal Britain, France, and Israel invaded Egypt to regain control of canal UN convinced countries to settle their differences Suez Canal from Space
  • Slide 12
  • 17-1 EGYPT QUIZ
  • Slide 13
  • Particles deposited by a river A. Fellahin B. Hydroelectric Power C. Silt D. Bazaar E. Delta
  • Slide 14
  • A triangle-shaped area of land at a rivers mouth A. Fellahin B. Hydroelectric Power C. Silt D. Bazaar E. Delta
  • Slide 15
  • Electric energy from moving water A. Fellahin B. Hydroelectric Power C. Silt D. Bazaar E. Delta
  • Slide 16
  • Egyptian farmers A. Fellahin B. Hydroelectric Power C. Silt D. Bazaar E. Delta
  • Slide 17
  • marketplace A. Fellahin B. Hydroelectric Power C. Silt D. Bazaar E. Delta
  • Slide 18
  • Most of Egypt has a A. Tropical Climate B. Mediterranean Climate C. Desert Climate D. Polar Climate
  • Slide 19
  • Most of Egypts water supply comes from the A. Mediterranean Sea B. Atlantic Ocean C. Suez Canal D. Nile River
  • Slide 20
  • The section of Egypt that is actually a part of Southwest Asia is the A. Sinai Peninsula B. Libyan Desert C. Aswan High Dam D. Nile Valley
  • Slide 21
  • Egypts leading agricultural export is A. Vegetables B. Wheat C. Dates D. Cotton
  • Slide 22
  • The largest city in Egypt is A. Alexandria B. Suez C. Cairo D. Aswan
  • Slide 23
  • OTHER NORTH AFRICAN COUNTRIES Chapter 17 Section 2
  • Slide 24
  • Libya Capital is Tripoli More than 90% desert Poor until the discovery of oil in 1959 Has 5 million people of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry 70 percent of people live in cities near the Mediterranean coast In 1969 a dictatorship was set up by Muammar al-Qaddhafi Desert in Libya
  • Slide 25
  • Tunisia Capital City is Tunis Former French colony Belongs to region known as Maghreb, or The West Includes large areas of the Sahara Desert and Rugged Atlas Mountains Depends on agriculture and Mining 60% of Tunisias 9 million people live in urban areas Ancient city of Carthage, which fought unsuccessfully against Rome for control of Mediterranean Shepherding in the Atlas Mountains
  • Slide 26
  • Algeria Capital City is Algiers Largest country in North Africa Has deserts, mountains, and plains Between Atlas and Ahaggar Mountains are ergs Narrow strip of farmland along Mediterranean called the Tell, which is the arabic word for hill Economy depends on mining, agriculture, and manufacturing Most of Algerias 28 million people practice Islam and speak Arabic Old areas of Algiers called casbahs, section of shops, bazaars, and mosques
  • Slide 27
  • Morocco Capital city is Rabat Located in Northwest corner of Africa Most of 29 million people are of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry Land: Coastal plain, Atlas Mountains, Sahara Desert Economy depends on agriculture, mining, tourism, and fishing From 1000s to early 1900s Morocco was a Muslim kingdom In 1900s ontrolled by France and Spain Became Independent kingdom again in 1956
  • Slide 28
  • 17-2 OTHER NORTH AFRICAN COUNTRIES QUIZ
  • Slide 29
  • A government under one all-powerful leader A. Tell B. Ergs C. Dictatorship D. Casbahs E. Algiers
  • Slide 30
  • Old sections of Algiers with shops, mosques, and bazaars A. Tell B. Ergs C. Dictatorship D. Casbahs E. Algiers
  • Slide 31
  • Arabic word meaning hill A. Tell B. Ergs C. Dictatorship D. Casbahs E. Algiers
  • Slide 32
  • Huge areas of shifting sand dunes A. Tell B. Ergs C. Dictatorship D. Casbahs E. Algiers
  • Slide 33
  • Capital of Algeria A. Tell B. Ergs C. Dictatorship D. Casbahs E. Algiers
  • Slide 34
  • Libya became wealthy because of the discovery of A. Uranium B. Water C. Gold D. Oil
  • Slide 35
  • More than 90% of Libya is A. Water B. Swampland C. Desert D. Farmland
  • Slide 36
  • Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco from a region known as the A. Sahara B. Maghreb C. Egypt D. Algeria
  • Slide 37
  • The largest country in North Africa is A. Tunisia B. Morocco C. Egypt D. Algeria
  • Slide 38
  • The major economic activities of Morocco are agriculture, mining, and A. Heavy industry B. Tourism C. Oil production D. Manufacturing
  • Slide 39
  • FURTHER QUESTIONS? Results