Geoffrey Chaucer 1343? - 1400 “Father of English Poetry”

Download Geoffrey Chaucer 1343? - 1400 “Father of English Poetry”

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  • Slide 1
  • Geoffrey Chaucer 1343? - 1400 Father of English Poetry
  • Slide 2
  • History Highlights Setting = Medieval England Feudal society Time of Crusades & the Plague Entertainment for Royals Tournaments, Theater, Poetry & Music Entertainment for commoners Fairs Tournaments Public executions
  • Slide 3
  • Who is Chaucer? Father = middle class wine merchant Many occupations page in royal house, soldier, diplomat, royal clerk Held civil service positions for three kings (Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV) Married lady-in-waiting to the queen
  • Slide 4
  • Chaucer the Writer Began writing in his 20 s Travelled throughout Europe Fluent in English, Latin, Italian, & French Writing only part-time occupation Becomes most famous writer of the time!
  • Slide 5
  • Chaucers Language Language of literature, science, law, & church = Latin & French English considered primitive First poet to compose in vernacular (language of the people) Wrote in Middle English using heroic couplet, a pair of rhyming lines with five stressed syllables (iambic pentameter)
  • Slide 6
  • Chaucers Techniques Characterization Direct & Indirect Allegory Characters, settings, event stand for moral truths Literal & symbolic meaning (didactic) Satire witty language to convey insults Irony Surprisingly little alliteration
  • Slide 7
  • Chaucers Imitatio? Contemporary of Italian greats Dante The Divine Comedy Petrarch sonnets Boccaccio -- Decameron Framing device/Framework story A tale within a tale Canterbury Tales plan
  • Slide 8
  • Chaucer the Pilgrim Narrator in his own story Double Irony Masked in a masquerade Social commentator Study of three classes Feudal Church Middle Class His own house overlooked pilgrim road to Canterbury
  • Slide 9
  • The Canterbury Tales Written in his later years (1386?) Never completed magnum opus Planned 120 tales - only completed 22 Best historical picture of 14 th century life in England Inspired by own pilgrimage to Canterbury? Combines popular genres of romances (tales of chivalry), sermons, fables, & bawdy stories
  • Slide 10
  • Why to Canterbury? Canterbury Cathedral
  • Slide 11
  • At the Cathedral
  • Slide 12
  • Slide 13

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