Geoffrey Chaucer 1343? - 1400 “Father of English Poetry”

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Geoffrey Chaucer 1343? - 1400 Father of English Poetry </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> History Highlights Setting = Medieval England Feudal society Time of Crusades &amp; the Plague Entertainment for Royals Tournaments, Theater, Poetry &amp; Music Entertainment for commoners Fairs Tournaments Public executions </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Who is Chaucer? Father = middle class wine merchant Many occupations page in royal house, soldier, diplomat, royal clerk Held civil service positions for three kings (Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV) Married lady-in-waiting to the queen </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Chaucer the Writer Began writing in his 20 s Travelled throughout Europe Fluent in English, Latin, Italian, &amp; French Writing only part-time occupation Becomes most famous writer of the time! </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Chaucers Language Language of literature, science, law, &amp; church = Latin &amp; French English considered primitive First poet to compose in vernacular (language of the people) Wrote in Middle English using heroic couplet, a pair of rhyming lines with five stressed syllables (iambic pentameter) </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Chaucers Techniques Characterization Direct &amp; Indirect Allegory Characters, settings, event stand for moral truths Literal &amp; symbolic meaning (didactic) Satire witty language to convey insults Irony Surprisingly little alliteration </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Chaucers Imitatio? Contemporary of Italian greats Dante The Divine Comedy Petrarch sonnets Boccaccio -- Decameron Framing device/Framework story A tale within a tale Canterbury Tales plan </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Chaucer the Pilgrim Narrator in his own story Double Irony Masked in a masquerade Social commentator Study of three classes Feudal Church Middle Class His own house overlooked pilgrim road to Canterbury </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> The Canterbury Tales Written in his later years (1386?) Never completed magnum opus Planned 120 tales - only completed 22 Best historical picture of 14 th century life in England Inspired by own pilgrimage to Canterbury? Combines popular genres of romances (tales of chivalry), sermons, fables, &amp; bawdy stories </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Why to Canterbury? Canterbury Cathedral </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> At the Cathedral </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> </ul>