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Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism

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  • Slide 1
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism
  • Slide 2
  • Ancient Genocides The Armenian Genocide The Holocaust ApartheidRwanda Ethnic Cleansing in Yugoslavia Darfur
  • Slide 3
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism Project Choose one of the topics from below and watch the movie and read a/the book associated with it. Write a research paper that incorporates ideas from the movie and book with outside primary and secondary source material. Holocaust Schindlers List; Diary of Anne Frank or The Hiding Place or Night Rwanda Hotel Rwanda; Left to Tell or Shake Hands With the Devil South Africa Invictus; Cry the Beloved Country http://www.yale.edu/gsp/index.html
  • Slide 4
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism What is the United Nations definition of genocide? What is the United Nations definition of genocide? What acts constitute genocide? What acts constitute genocide? How does it differ from the charge crimes against humanity? How does it differ from the charge crimes against humanity? What is the difference in the view of academics and human rights activists toward genocide? What is the difference in the view of academics and human rights activists toward genocide?
  • Slide 5
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism How should genocide be dealt with? Should it be on a national scale, regional, or global? What is the role of transnational organizations such as the United Nations? How should genocide be dealt with? Should it be on a national scale, regional, or global? What is the role of transnational organizations such as the United Nations? Write down your opinion now, and then compare it to your opinion upon completion of this unit. Write down your opinion now, and then compare it to your opinion upon completion of this unit.
  • Slide 6
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism How does genocide affect societies, groups, and individuals? How does genocide affect societies, groups, and individuals?
  • Slide 7
  • All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing. --Edmund Burke
  • Slide 8
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism Ancient Genocides
  • Slide 9
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Ancient Genocides Deuteronomy 7 and 20 Deuteronomy 7 and 20 Joshua 6 and 8 Joshua 6 and 8 Thucydides The History of the Peloponnesian War Chapter X Thucydides The History of the Peloponnesian War Chapter X
  • Slide 10
  • Genocide and the Bible For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament?
  • Slide 11
  • Sparta For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament?
  • Slide 12
  • Sparta For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament?
  • Slide 13
  • Roman Destruction of Carthage For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament?
  • Slide 14
  • Roman Destruction of Carthage For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? For what reason did God order the complete destruction of the cities of Jericho and Ai? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament? Is it possible to reconcile the atrocities performed in the name of God, and attributed to God in the Old Testament with the messages of love, compassion, and forgiveness found in the New Testament?
  • Slide 15
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism The Armenian Genocide Genocide
  • Slide 16
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide Readings Readings DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 17
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How did the Turks implement their plans? How did the Turks implement their plans?
  • Slide 18
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How did the Turks implement their plans? How did the Turks implement their plans?
  • Slide 19
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How did the Turks implement their plans? How did the Turks implement their plans?
  • Slide 20
  • Armenia
  • Slide 21
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How did the Turks implement their plans? How did the Turks implement their plans?
  • Slide 22
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? Why was the Armenian genocide perpetrated? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How many people died in the Armenian genocide? How did the Turks implement their plans? How did the Turks implement their plans?
  • Slide 23
  • Armenia The Turk who takes the fortunes (of others) The Turk who takes the fortunes (of others) A saigneur is someone who makes another bleed may be a play on words: seigneur means lord A saigneur is someone who makes another bleed may be a play on words: seigneur means lord
  • Slide 24
  • Armenia
  • Slide 25
  • Removal of the bodies from the streets of Gacata Removal of the bodies from the streets of Gacata
  • Slide 26
  • Armenia Massacres of Christians in Turkey Massacres of Christians in Turkey
  • Slide 27
  • Armenia New massacres in Armenia Mobilization in Greece New massacres in Armenia Mobilization in Greece
  • Slide 28
  • Armenia
  • Slide 29
  • Slide 30
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Armenian Genocide We did not commit genocide we defended the country We did not commit genocide we defended the country Why has the Turkish government continued to deny the Armenian genocide? Why has the Turkish government continued to deny the Armenian genocide? How does this denial affect the relationship between the United States and Turkey? How does this denial affect the relationship between the United States and Turkey?
  • Slide 31
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism The Holocaust
  • Slide 32
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: The Holocaust Benchmarks Benchmarks SS.912.W.7.8 Explain the causes, events, and effects of the Holocaust (1933-1945) including its roots in the long tradition of anti-Semitism, 19th century ideas about race and nation, and Nazi dehumanization of the Jews and other victims. Readings Readings DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 33
  • Foundation for Genocide Why were the Jews blamed for Germanys defeat in World War I? Why were the Jews blamed for Germanys defeat in World War I? What role did the Armenian genocide play in Hitlers plans to destroy the Jews in Germany? What role did the Armenian genocide play in Hitlers plans to destroy the Jews in Germany? What factors contributed to Hitlers drive to implement the Final Solution? What factors contributed to Hitlers drive to implement the Final Solution?
  • Slide 34
  • Anti-Semitic Propaganda Cover: "When you see this symbol..." Cover: "When you see this symbol..." Page 2: "Remember what the Jews have done to our people." The page reviews World War I, for which the Jews are held responsible, then states: "Now for the first time, World Jewry openly says what it wants: 'Germany must die!'" Page 2: "Remember what the Jews have done to our people." The page reviews World War I, for which the Jews are held responsible, then states: "Now for the first time, World Jewry openly says what it wants: 'Germany must die!'" Page 3: "And you can read the Jew's solution in the booklet The War Aim of World Plutocracy." A review of Kaufman's proposal follows. "The German Wehrmacht will ensure that World Jewry's terrible plan, as proclaimed by the Jew Kaufman, will never become reality. Page 3: "And you can read the Jew's solution in the booklet The War Aim of World Plutocracy." A review of Kaufman's proposal follows. "The German Wehrmacht will ensure that World Jewry's terrible plan, as proclaimed by the Jew Kaufman, will never become reality. Page 4: "You must ensure through your behavior that Jewry never again has even the slightest influence on our people." Page 4: "You must ensure through your behavior that Jewry never again has even the slightest influence on our people."
  • Slide 35
  • Anti-Semitic Propaganda This is the cover to the most infamous issue of Der Strmer, the 1934 issue accusing Jews of practicing ritual murder to secure the blood of Christians to use in Jewish religious rituals. The headline reads: Jewish Murder Plan against Gentile Humanity Revealed. The issue actually got banned by the Nazis after it had been out for a while, not because of anti-Semitic content, but because it compared alleged Jewish ritual murder with the Christian sacrament of communion. This is the cover to the most infamous issue of Der Strmer, the 1934 issue accusing Jews of practicing ritual murder to secure the blood of Christians to use in Jewish religious rituals. The headline reads: Jewish Murder Plan against Gentile Humanity Revealed. The issue actually got banned by the Nazis after it had been out for a while, not because of anti-Semitic content, but because it compared alleged Jewish ritual murder with the Christian sacrament of communion. The Jews are our misfortune! The Jews are our misfortune!
  • Slide 36
  • Foundation for Genocide What is the definition of the word holocaust? What is the definition of the word holocaust? What was the Holocaust? What was the Holocaust? Which groups did the Nazis include in the Holocaust? Which groups did the Nazis include in the Holocaust?
  • Slide 37
  • Foundation for Genocide Free Saxony from Marxist trash! Free Saxony from Marxist trash! 1930 or earlier - poster for a provincial election in Saxony 1930 or earlier - poster for a provincial election in Saxony
  • Slide 38
  • Foundation for Genocide What was Kristallnacht? What was Kristallnacht? What was its purpose? What was its purpose?
  • Slide 39
  • The SS Who were the SS? Who were the SS? How is it that the SS was able to inflict such punishment and torture on the prisoners within the camps? How is it that the SS was able to inflict such punishment and torture on the prisoners within the camps?
  • Slide 40
  • Foundation for Genocide How were individuals identified in European cities? How were individuals identified in European cities? What steps were taken by the Nazis to implement the Final Solution? What steps were taken by the Nazis to implement the Final Solution?
  • Slide 41
  • The Ghetto
  • Slide 42
  • Transport
  • Slide 43
  • Distribution of Labor and Death Camps
  • Slide 44
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Slide 45
  • The Auschwitz Death Camp What did the selection process consist of? What did the selection process consist of? Why were the prisoners heads shaved upon arrival at the camp? Why were the prisoners heads shaved upon arrival at the camp?
  • Slide 46
  • Survival in the Camps on the average, only those prisoners could keep alive who, after years of trekking from camp to camp, had lost all scruples in their fight for existence; they were prepared to use every means, honest and otherwise, even brutal force, theft, and betrayal of their friends, in order to save themselves. Victor E. Frankl
  • Slide 47
  • The Auschwitz Death Camp What were the capabilities of the gas chambers and crematoria? What were the capabilities of the gas chambers and crematoria? What agent was used in the chambers? What agent was used in the chambers? How does that particular agent kill? What is its modern use?
  • Slide 48
  • The Auschwitz Death Camp What conditions existed within the camps in terms of accommodations? What conditions existed within the camps in terms of accommodations? How were prisoners treated? How were prisoners treated?
  • Slide 49
  • The Psychology of the Camp Three stages or periods of camp life Three stages or periods of camp life Admission Entrenchment in camp routine Release and liberation
  • Slide 50
  • The Psychology of the Camps What was the mindset of a newly admitted prisoner to the camp? What was the mindset of a newly admitted prisoner to the camp?
  • Slide 51
  • The Psychology of the Camps What was the most common form of suicide in the camps? What was the most common form of suicide in the camps? How was it determined that someone was about to commit suicide? How was it determined that someone was about to commit suicide? How would other prisoners try to talk this person down from these thoughts? How would other prisoners try to talk this person down from these thoughts?
  • Slide 52
  • The Psychology of the Camps What was the second phase prisoners would go through after admission to the camps? What was the second phase prisoners would go through after admission to the camps? What actions manifested during this period? What actions manifested during this period? How did the prisoners view time? How did the prisoners view time?
  • Slide 53
  • The Psychology of the Camps This body here, my body, is really a corpse already. What has become of me? Victor E. Frankl
  • Slide 54
  • The Psychology of the Camps How did the body and mind respond to the brutality of the camps? How did the body and mind respond to the brutality of the camps?
  • Slide 55
  • First They Came When the Nazis came for the communists, I remained silent; I was not a communist. When they locked up the social democrats, I remained silent; I was not a social democrat. When they came for the trade unionists, I did not speak out; I was not a trade unionist.
  • Slide 56
  • First They Came When they came for the Jews, I remained silent; I wasn't a Jew. When they came for me, there was no one left to speak out. Pastor Martin Niemoller
  • Slide 57
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and RacismApartheid
  • Slide 58
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Apartheid DPs: Europes Displaced Persons DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 59
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and RacismRwanda
  • Slide 60
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Rwanda Benchmarks Benchmarks SS.912.W.9.3 Explain cultural, historical, and economic factors and governmental policies that created the opportunities for ethnic cleansing or genocide in Cambodia, the Balkans, Rwanda and Darfur and describe various governmental and non- governmental responses to them. Readings Readings DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 61
  • Colonialism Why did the Belgians divide those in their colonies into different groups? Why did the Belgians divide those in their colonies into different groups? What were the names and characteristics of those groups? What were the names and characteristics of those groups? Why did these classifications make little sense? How did King Leopold maintain control among the African colonists? How did King Leopold maintain control among the African colonists?
  • Slide 62
  • United Nations in Rwanda How were the plans of the Hutu leadership communicated to the Interhamwe? How were the plans of the Hutu leadership communicated to the Interhamwe? How were the Tutsis dehumanized? How were the Tutsis dehumanized? Why was this approach taken?
  • Slide 63
  • United Nations in Rwanda What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops? What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops?
  • Slide 64
  • United Nations in Rwanda What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops? What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops?
  • Slide 65
  • United Nations in Rwanda What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops? What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops?
  • Slide 66
  • United Nations in Rwanda What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops? What event led to the withdrawal of a majority of UN troops?
  • Slide 67
  • Emmanuelle Ilibigazi
  • Slide 68
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism Ethnic Cleansing in Yugoslavia
  • Slide 69
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Ethnic Cleansing in Yugoslavia Benchmarks Benchmarks SS.912.W.9.3 Explain cultural, historical, and economic factors and governmental policies that created the opportunities for ethnic cleansing or genocide in Cambodia, the Balkans, Rwanda and Darfur and describe various governmental and non- governmental responses to them. Readings Readings DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 70
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and RacismDarfur
  • Slide 71
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: Darfur Benchmarks Benchmarks SS.912.W.9.3 Explain cultural, historical, and economic factors and governmental policies that created the opportunities for ethnic cleansing or genocide in Cambodia, the Balkans, Rwanda and Darfur and describe various governmental and non- governmental responses to them. Readings Readings DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 72
  • Genocide, Ethnic Cleansing, and Racism United Nations Policy
  • Slide 73
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing: United Nations Policy Benchmarks Benchmarks SS.912.W.9.3 Explain cultural, historical, and economic factors and governmental policies that created the opportunities for ethnic cleansing or genocide in Cambodia, the Balkans, Rwanda and Darfur and describe various governmental and non- governmental responses to them. Readings Readings DPs: Europes Displaced Persons Fires of Hatred
  • Slide 74
  • The Role of the United Nations Why was the response of the UN in Rwanda so ineffective? Why was the response of the UN in Rwanda so ineffective? The UN provides the legal framework for prosecuting criminals The UN provides the legal framework for prosecuting criminals What is the four-step process followed by the UN when dealing with real or perceived genocides? What is the four-step process followed by the UN when dealing with real or perceived genocides?
  • Slide 75
  • The Role of the United Nations What should be done if the United Nations is unwilling or incapable of acting to stop a genocide? What should be done if the United Nations is unwilling or incapable of acting to stop a genocide? Should a state like the US or UK step up and take leadership? Should a state like the US or UK step up and take leadership? Should a coalition of local states patrol its own neighborhood? Should a coalition of local states patrol its own neighborhood? Should the UN, NATO, or some other transnational organization be counted on to step in? Should the UN, NATO, or some other transnational organization be counted on to step in?