GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS

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GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS. What does it mean ?. Its genetic material (DNA or RNA) has been changed by genetic engineering Cannot occur in nature or in usual crossbreeding Micro-organisms , insect , plants , mammals. Division. Haphazard mutagens and ionizing radiation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Europes Land To be continued!

GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS

What does it mean?Its genetic material (DNA or RNA) has been changed by genetic engineeringCannot occur in nature or in usual crossbreedingMicro-organisms, insect, plants, mammals

DivisionHaphazardmutagens and ionizing radiationwheat, canola,..no regulations by lawConscioustransgenesis (Gene from other kind of organism is used)

PlantsTo make them more resistant against pests or weedsTo grow faster or biggerTo be more nutrtiousTo create vaccines or other medications

AnimalsTo create petsTo research human diseasesTo produce products intended for human therapeutic use (pharmaceutical products or tissue for implantation)To produce industrial or consumer products

GMOs & World90% of GM plants originate from the USA (50%), Argentina, Brazil or Canada

GMOs & EUAll of the countries banned or significantly reduced GMOsEU authorized 31 modifications (cotton 6, corn 17, soya 3,..)If some product contain GMO (more than 0,9%), it has to be stated on the packaging

Why yes?Use in medicine and researchEliminate famineBetter resistance to weeds, pests and diseasesFoods with better texture, flavor and nutritional value

San Joaquin ValleyCalifornia, USAImportant agricultural areaHuge increase of soil salinity some crops cant grow there use genes of salt tolerant species (mangrove) to make the crops grow there againDesert?!

Why not?Created just for a short period of time we cant really say if it is harmful or notMay affect biodiversityFood allergiesAntibiotic resistanceIs it humane at all?

The Schwarzeneggers of cowsBelgian BlueMutation in a protein which stops growing musclesBreeding for meat

Thank you for your attentionCreated by: Jana PiklopilovMarkta MalMichaela Stejskalov