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2009General knowledge

RAVI KUMAR Special Training program, IEG 1/1/2009

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

Index1. Earth Some Important Facts 2. Indian States International Boundaries 3. Important Crops India 4. Important National Highways 5. Important Rivers India 6. Important River Valley Projects 7. Important Indian Town Rivers 8. Hill Stations India 9. Sanctuaries and Parks in India 10. Mineral Resources of India ********** 1. Important Days 2. Books and Authors 3. Independence Days of Various Countries 4. First in the World 5. Epithets 6. Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World 7. Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks 8. Inventions and Discoveries 9. National Emblems 10. Worlds Prominent Scientists *****************

1. Nick Names of Important Indian Places 2. Recipients of Bharat Ratna 3. Important Sites in India 4. First in India Men 5. First in India Women 6. Persons & Places

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

INDIA IN SCIENCE & TECH 1. Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers 2. Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7 3. Some Important Facts of Human Body 4. Milestones in Medicine 5. Science Terminology 6. National Surveys and Other Institutions in India 7. Noice Scale

INDIAN HISTROY1. Buddhism 2. Newspaper Journals 3. Constitutional Development 4. Jainism 5. Governor Generals of India 6. Important National Activities 7. Venue, Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) WORLD 1. 2. 3. 4. Famous towns in world Famous places in world Mountains,peaks of the world Some highest waterfalls

5. Largest lakes of the world 6. Solar system 7. Cities situated on river sides

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

1 INDIA-I

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

Earth Some Important Facts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Age Mass Volume Mean Density Total Surface Area Land Area Water Area Equatorial Diameter Polar Diameter Escape Velocity Highest Land Point Lowest Land Point Greatest Ocean Depth Equatorial Circumference Polar Circumference Mean Surface Temperature Maximum distance from sun (Aphelion) Minimum distance from sun (Perihelion) Rotation Speed Revolution Speed Dates when days & nights are equal Dates of longest days and shortest nights 4,550 million years 5.976 x 10kg 1.083 x 10 litres 5.518 kg/lt 510 million sq.km 29.2% of the total surface area 70.8% of the total surface area 12,755 km 12,712 km 11.2 km/sec Mount Everest (8,852 m) Dead Sea (396 m) Mariana Trench (11,033 m) 40,076 km 40,024 km 14C About 152 million km About 147 million km 23 hrs, 56 min & 40.91 sec 365 days, 5hrs & 45.51 sec Mar,21 (Vernal Equinox); Sept. 23 (Autumnal Equinox) June 21 (Summer Solstice); Dec, 22 (Winter Solstice)

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

Indian States International Boundaries --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Bordering Pakistan 2 Bordering China 3 Bordering Nepal 4 Bordering Bangladesh Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat. Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh. Bihar, Uttaranchal, UP, Sikkim, West Bengal West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, Assam West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam

5 Bordering Bhutan

6 Bordering Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram 7 Bordering Afghanistan Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan - occupied area)

Important Crops India ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 4 5 6 Rice Wheat Maize Bajra Jowar TOTAL COARSE CEREALS TOTAL PULSES TOTAL FOOD GRAINS Groundnut West Bengal, Punjab, UP UP, Punjab, Haryana Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka Rajasthan, Gujarat, UP Maharashtra, Karnataka, MP, AP Maharashtra, Karnataka, UP

7 8 9

MP, UP, Maharashtra UP, Punjab, West Bengal Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Depak Muniraj

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10

Rapeseed And Mustard

Rajasthan, UP, Haryana Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan UP, Maharashtra, Karnataka Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh WB, Bihar, Assam Assam, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh. In India all 4 varieties of silk are available; Mulberry, tussar, eri and muga. Mulberry is the main variety, while tussar is mainly found in Bihar. Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka Important National Highways

11 Soyabean 12 Sunflower 13 TOTAL OIL SEEDS

14 Sugarcane 15 Cotton 16 Jute and Mesta 17 Tea 18 Coffee 19 Rubber 20 Silk 21 Tobacco

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo National Highways 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NH 1 NH 2 NH 3 NH 4 NH 5 NH 6 NH 7 NH 8 NH 9 NH 10 Connects New Delhi - Ambala - Jalandhar - Amritsar. Delhi - Mathura - Agra - Kanpur - Allahabad - Varanasi - Kolkata Agra - Gwalior - Nasik - Mumbai Thane and Chennai via Pune and Belgaun. Kolkata - Chennai Kolkata - Dhule Varanasi - Kanyakumari Delhi - Mumbai (Via Jaipur, Baroda and Ahmedabad) Mumbai - Vijaywada Delhi - Fazilka

Dr. Depak Muniraj

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Important Rivers India -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo 23 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Name Origin From Falls into Krishna river Bay of Bengal Chenab Arabian Sea Chenab Satluj Chenab Ganga Yamuna Ganga Ganga Yamuna Ganga Bay of Bengal Length (km) 640 2525 1050 2880 720 470 725 1375 1050 1080 730 480 780 2900

Tungabhadra Western Ghats Ganges Satluj Indus Ravi Beas Jhelum Yamuna Chambal Ghagra Kosi Betwa Son Combined Sources Mansarovar Rakas Lakes Near Mansarovar Lake Kullu Hills near Rohtang Pass Near Rohtang Pass Verinag in Kashmir Yamunotri M.P. Matsatung Glacier Near Gosain Dham Peak Vindhyanchal Amarkantak

Brahmaputra Near Mansarovar Lake Narmada Tapti Mahanadi Luni Ghaggar Sabarmati Krishna Godavari Cauvery Amarkantak Betul Distt. In M.P. Raipur Distt. In Chhatisgarh Aravallis Himalayas Aravallis Western Ghats Nasik Distt. In Maharashtra

Gulf of Khambat 1057 Gulf of Khambat 724 Bay of Bengal 858

Rann of Kuchchh 450 Near Fatehabad 494

Gulf of Khambat 416 Bay of Bengal Bay of Bengal 0 1465 805

Brahmagir Range of Western Ghats Bay of Bengal

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

Important River Valley Projects --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sno 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Project Name Bhakra Nangal Project Mandi Project Chambal Valley Project Damodar Valley Project Hirakud Project Rihand Project Kosi Project Mayurkashi Project Kakrapara Project Nizamsagar Project Nagarjuna Sagar Project Tungabhadra Project Shivasamudram Project Tata Hydel Scheme Sharavathi Hydel Project Kundah & Periyar Project Farakka Project Ukai Project Mahi Project River Name On Sutlaj in Punjab. Highest in India. Ht 226 m. Reservoir is called Gobind Sagar Lake. On Beas in HP On Chambal in MP & Rajasthan. 3 dams are there: Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam. On Damodar in Bihar. Based on Tennessee Valley Project, USA. On Mahanadi in Orissa. World's longest dam: 4801m On Son in Mirzapur, Reservoir is called Govind Vallabh Pant reservoir. On Kosi in N.Bihar. On Mayrukashi in WB. On Tapi in Gujarat. On Manjra in AP. On Krishna in AP On Tungabhadra in AP & Karnataka On Cauvery in Karnataka. It is the oldest river valley project of India. On Bhima in Maharashtra On Jog Falls in Karnataka In TN On Ganga in WB. Apart from power and irrigation it helps to remove silt for easy navigation. On Tapti in Gujarat On Mahi in Gujarat

Dr. Depak Muniraj

http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

20 21 22 23 24 25

Salal Project Mata Tila Multipurpose Project Thein Project Pong Dam Tehri Project

On Chenab in J & K On Betwa in UP & MP On Ravi, Punjab On Beas, Punjab On Bhgirathi, Uttaranchal

Sardar Sarovar Project On Narmada, Gujarat/MP. Important Indian Town Rivers

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Town Allahabad Patna Varanasi Kanpur Hardwar Badrinath Agra Delhi Mathura Ferozpur Ludhiana Srinagar Lucknow Jaunpur Ayodhya Bareilly Ahmedabad Kota River At the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna Ganga Ganga Ganga Ganga Alaknanda Yamuna Yamuna Yamuna Satluj Satluj Jhelum Gomti Gomti Saryu Ram Ganga Sabarmati Chambal

Dr. Depak Muniraj

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19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Jabalpur Panji Ujjain Surat Jamshedpur Dibrugarh Guwahati Kolkata Sambalpur Cuttack Serirangapatnam Hyderabad Nasik Vijayvada Curnool Tiruchirapalli

Narmada Mandavi Kshipra Tapti Swarnarekha Brahmaputra Brahmaputra Hooghly Mahanadi Mahanadi Cauvery Musi Godavari Krishna Tungabhadra Cauvery

Hill Stations India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hill Stations Almora (Kumaon hills) Cherrapunji (Shillong) Coonoor (Nilgiri hills) Dalhousie Darjeeling Gulmarg Kasauli (Shimla) Kodaikanal Uttar Pradesh Meghalaya Tamil Nadu Himachal Pradesh West Bengal Kashmir (Highest) Himachal Pradesh Tamil Nadu State Name

Dr. Depak Munir