Gayaguem Music & Its Structure JOENGAK Traditional Music Genre Folk Music

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Gayaguem Music &amp; Its Structure JOENGAK Traditional Music Genre Folk Music </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Joengak ( : right :music= righteous music) Generally speaking, a slow melody is leisurely, like a flock of clouds floating in the sky. Central to court ritual and ceremonial music and aristocratic music in Joseon Dynasty (1392 ~ 1910) Slow tempo / emotionally restrained Self-cultivation Peaceful </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Joengak : Sujaechun Meditation? In Royal Procession Ceremonies and Court Music Performances Everlasting Life Su : life jae :same chun : heaven </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Joengak : Sujaechun </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Intensive vibrato ( Nonghyun ) &amp; sigimsae Compare to Jeongak Greater Range of Tempo &amp; More Expressive Melodies in Emotions Meaning Scattered Melodies Various Rhythm Cycle Folk Music : Sanjo Nongak : traditional farmers' music Gayaguem Sanjo performance : </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Epic-Length Stories Sori = Song Aniri = Narration Ballim = Mimetic gestures Gosu ( ) = Drummer Chuimsae : eolssu, eu-iee, eolssigu Musical Drama Folk Music : Pansori Buk : </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Vocalist Governed by a Modal System Drummer with a Fixed Cyclic Pattern Freedom to Improvise Sanjo vs. Pansori Length of Pansori Folk Music : Pansori </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Samguksagi (Historical record of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, A.D. 1145) The King Gasil of Gaya Kingdom (A.D. 42 532) Zither from Gaya Ureuk &amp; The King Jinheung of Silla Gayaguem : Its Origin </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Flat bottom = Earth Twelve strings = Twelve months Round surface of the front board = Heaven Sun &amp; Moon = Yin &amp; Yang(balance of universal forces) Jwadan, = Joy and Happiness / The Sun &amp; The moon Gayaguem : Structure with its Symbolic Value </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Twelve bridges, anjok ( / /wild geese feet) Phoenix= good luck : </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Jeongak Gayageum: Assoicated with accompaniment for court/chamber music and lyric songs Wider spacing between strings Slow music : Yeongsan-hoesang Twelve to twenty-five strings Jeongak Ancient gayageum : Beopgeum (law-zither), Pungnyu (elegance), or Jeongak (right music) Gayageum Gayaguem : Types and Musical Characteristics </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> : Buddhas sermon Nine Pieces : Slowest in the 1 st movement to fastest in the 9 th movement Sangryungsan Ensemble accompaniment for lyric song Music of Jeongak Gayaguem : Yeongsan-hoesang &amp; others </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> 19 th century with the emergence of Sanjo music (fast tempos and improvisational) Closer string spacing &amp; Shorter length Folk Song : Arirang Traditionally Silk string &amp; Occasionally Synthetic string since the late 20 th century Sinawhi : Ensemble form of Sanjo / Jazz Music of Sanjo Gayaguem Music for sanjo gayageum: Sanjo </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Composed by Byunggi Hwang Music of Sanjo Gayaguem : Contemporary Music (Chimhyangmoo) Spreading through a Tree Imagination of Western Culture through the Silk Road to Silla a valuable Indian incense a tree </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Silk String vs. Polyester String Soft &amp; Delicate Tone Color vs. Louder &amp; More Brilliant Sound Modern music Various number of strings : 18 Strings : tuned to a Pentatonic Scale &amp; Made of Polyester Synthetic String 25 Strings : tuned heptatonically Modified Gayaguem </li> </ul>