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GAUCHER DISEASE By: Melissa Sanders

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Gaucher Disease. By: Melissa Sanders. What is it?. Gaucher disease is a rare genetic disorder where a person lacks an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase . Not having this enzyme causes harmful substances to build up in the liver, spleen, bones and bone marrow. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Gaucher  Disease

GAUCHER DISEASEBy: Melissa Sanders

Page 2: Gaucher  Disease
Page 3: Gaucher  Disease

What is it? Gaucher disease is a rare genetic

disorder where a person lacks an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase.

Not having this enzyme causes harmful substances to build up in the liver, spleen, bones and bone marrow.

These substances prevent the organs and cells from working properly.

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Three subtypes of Gaucher Type 1. Most common. Involves bone

disease, anemia. Affects children and adults. Popular in Ashkenazi Jewish population.

Type 2. Begins in infancy with severe neurologic involvement. Leads to rapid, early death.

Type 3. Cause liver, spleen and brain problems. Patients live into adulthood.

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Symptoms Bone pain and fractures Cognitive impairment Easy bruising Enlarged spleen, liver Fatigue Heart valve problems Lung disease Seizures Severe swelling at birth Skin changes

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Inheritance

Gaucher is a recessive disease. This means that the mother and father must both pass one abnormal copy of the gene to the child in order for the child to develop the disease.

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Coping with Gaucher Wide variety of physical, emotional and

social challenges.

Managing Pain Fighting Fatigue Addressing Apperance

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Treatment and Prevention Enzyme replacement therapy available Bone marrow transplant needed in severe

cases

Genetic counseling is recommended for possible parents with a family history of Gaucher.

Testing determines if parents carry gene to pass on disease

Prenatal test can tell if fetus has Gaucher

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Enzyme Replacement Therpy

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Bone Marrow Transplant Needle

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Prognosis with Gaucher

How well a person does depends on subtype.

Infantile Gaucher disease may lead to early death. Most affected children die before age 5

Adults with Type 1 can expect normal life expectancy with enzyme replacement therapy

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Pain Management Pain associated with type 1 Gaucher

disease can go from minimal to severe. At worst, bone pain can limit normal activities, small movements are painful, sleep is difficult and may force individual to undergo hospitalization.

Lifestyle changes may be necessary to minimize pain.

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Fighting Fatigue Fatigue results from anemia and an

enlarged liver or spleen. Severe anemic will feel tired even after full night of sleep.

Ordinary activities require more effort but most find they can engage in normal activities if they pace themselves and plan accordingly.

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Cure No known cure for Gaucher disease. Treatment for Type 2 and 3 Gaucher is

enzyme replacement theapy or bone marrow transplant

Type 1 Gaucher disease has no known cure or treatment.

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Addressing Appearance Body image can be difficult for people

with an enlarged spleen or liver. Being smaller in stature is also a common concern.

Children and adults may be teased or ridiculed for looking fat, pregnant or different.

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Stain of three patients

Patient two and three are normal individuals

Patient one has this extra band.

Gene believed to carry Gaucher disease