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  • Gas/Liquid Separation Technology

    Sulzer Chemtech

  • Introduction

    2

    Content Page

    Introduction 2

    ProductSummary 4

    MistElimination 8

    KnitMeshMistEliminators 11

    Mellachevron 14

    AxialCyclonicDevices 17

    CombinedSystems 18

    Applications 20

    Sulzerisamajorplayerinthefieldofgas/liquid and liquid/liquid separation tech-nology, offering a full rangeof innovativeproducts and related services. Our com-mitment to development of technology,combinedwithapplicationknowhowandconsistent fabrication standards ensuresthatawell-engineeredsolutionisavailableformostseparationproblems.

    Our expertise gained from hundreds ofsuccessful installations in a broad spec-trumofapplicationsensuresthatthebestpossible product is recommended foeeachindividualduty.

    OurstrategicallianceagreementwithShellGlobal Solutions International B.V. pro-videsaccesstostateoftheartseparationtechnology,includingtheShellSwirltubeTMandSchoepentoeterTM.Theacquisitionofthe KnitMesh Separation Business hasadded KnitMeshTM Mist Eliminators andCoalescerstoourexistingproductrange.

  • Specialists in Retro-Fit and Performance Enhancement

    Our engineering team relishes the chal-lenges associated with existing installa-tions.Professionaladviceandtailor-madeequipmentdesigns,foundedondecadesof experience, can overcome a host ofseparationproblemsrelatedto:

    changesinprocessconditions

    de-bottlenecking

    agingplant

    sub-optimalequipmentlayout

    Introduction

    3

    Service and Supply

    Sulzeroffersaflexibleandcomprehensiverangeofservicewhichcanbetailoredtosuityourprojectrequirements,including:

    processdesign

    feasibilitystudies

    detailedengineering

    equipmentmanufactureandsupply

    installation

    0604 2500-11

    Emergency Delivery

    Sulzercan react to themostchallengingdeadlines and can assist with urgent re-placementorrepairofseparatorinternals.For emergencies, contact your nearestSulzerChemtechoffice-detailsofwhichcanbefoundatwww.sulzer.com

    If installation services are required, ourtechniciansareavailableonyourworksitetomakesureyourequipmentmeetsspec-ificationsandyourprojectgoessmoothlyfrom start to finish. A Sulzer technicianinspectsyourequipmentbefore it leavesourplant.Atyourworksite,youcancountonourtechnicians,whoarespecialistsinseparationandmasstransfersystems,tomonitoreachphaseofyourinstallationtoensureyouareupandrunningontime.

    Research and Development

    Werecognizethatinvestmentinresearchand development is an essential com-ponent for long term success. We havelaboratories where separation internalsanddesigntechniquescanbetestedanddevelopedinfullyinstrumentedpilotscalecolumns.

    Increasingly, computer models are beingused to aid the design of new products.Sulzerusescomputationalfluiddynamics(CFD) models to simulate product perfor-

    mance.Thistechniquenotonlyeliminatestherequirementforexpensiveprototypesto be constructed, but provides a muchgreater understanding of the productsoperationinadvanceofanylaboratoryoroperational trials. CFD simulations havealsobeenused togreateffect in solvingflow distribution problems in a variety ofsystems.

    0607 2503-15

  • 4

    Type of Separator

    KnitMeshTM

    MistEliminator

    KnitMeshV-MISTERTM

    MellachevronTM

    MistEliminator

    ShellSwirltubeTM

    ShellSwirltubeLightTM

    Materials

    StainlesssteelsAlloyC22,C276,400,625,825and20,CopperPP,FEP,ETFE,PTFE,Glassfibers

    StainlesssteelsAlloyC22,C276,400,625,825and20,CopperPP,FEP,ETFE,PTFE,Glassfibers

    StainlesssteelsAlloyC22,C276,400,625,825and20,PP,PVC,PVDF,FRP

    Stainlesssteels,Alloy625,825

    Stainlesssteels,Alloy625,825

    Applications

    Broadrangeofgas/liquidseparationproblems.ScrubbingsystemsandabsorbersEvaporatorsSteamdrumsKnock-outpotsGlycoldehydrationInertgasscrubbersMSF/MEDdesalinationSulfuricacidabsorbersanddryers.

    Broadrangeofgas/liquidseparationproblems.ScrubbingsystemsandabsorbersEvaporatorsSteamdrumsKnock-outpotsGlycoldehydrationInertgasscrubbersMSF/MEDdesalinationSulfuricacidabsorbersanddryers.

    Broadrangeofgas/liquidseparationproblems.ScrubbingsystemsandabsorbersEvaporatorsSteamdrumsKnock-outpotsGlycolcontactorsInertgasscrubbersMSF/MEDdesalinationSulfurcondenserFlue-gasdesulfurization(FGD)

    Gasprocessingapplications;inletsepa-rators,turbo-expandersuctiondrums,dew-pointseparators,compressorsuctiondrums,glycolcontactors.

    Gasprocessingapplications;inletsepa-rators,turbo-expandersuctiondrums,compressorsuctiondrums.Scrubbingsystemsandabsorbers,PEBneutraliza-tioncolumn.

    Product Summary

    0607 2507-12

    0607 2512-1

    0607 2504-10

  • 5

    Typical operational Range

    RelativelylowcapacitywithK-valuestypicallyupto0.107m/s(0.35ft/s).Highefficiencyseparationdowntodropletsizesof2to3m.Pressuredroptypicallylessthan2.5mbar.Designsavailableforinstallationineitherhorizontalorverticalgasflow.

    EnhancedcapacitywithK-valuestypicallyupto0.15m/s(0.49ft/s).Limitedtohorizontalinstallationwithverti-calgasflow.Highefficiencyseparationdowntodropletsizesof2to3m.Pressuredroptypicallylessthan2.5mbarVeryeffectiveforheavyliquidloadings/irrigatedsystems.

    HighcapacitysystemsavailablewithK-valuesupto0.45m/s(1.47ft/s)atthevanefaceinlet.Effectivedropletseparationdownto~20m.Efficiencycanbeenhancedbycombina-tionwithKnitMeshpre-conditioners.Generallyforuseat:-surfacetension>10dynes/cm.-operatingpressure20%moreefficiency

    ~4.5F-Factor

    Characteristics

    400%capacity

    20%moreefficiency

    ~6.0F-Factor

    TEGTEGTEG

    NGNG NG

    Drygasoutlet

    SulzerKnitMesh9797Glycolcontactor

    misteliminator

    LeanTEG

    Chimneytray

    Wetgasinlet

    Schoepentoeter

    Liquidoutlet

    Manway

    SulzerKnitMesh9798Scrubbersection

    misteliminator

    RichTEG

    SulzerMellapak/MellapakPlus

    Liquiddistributor

    Manway

    TEG

    NG

  • 21

    Applications

    Using Sulzers MKS Multi CassetteTM Technology in Glycol ContactorsThefirstapplication forSulzerMKSMultiCassette mist eliminators was for instal-lationinGlycolContactorsinRussia.Thecontactors were revamped from trays toSulzer MellapakPlus and were operatedatveryhighgas loading factors. Inorderto keep the glycol loss low at this highcolumn gas throughput the MKS Multi

    Glycol Dehydration Process using Shell SMSM internals in theFeed Inlet Scrubber and MKS Multi Cassette in the Glycol Con-tactor

    Highlyefficientliquidscrubbingfromthegasfeedtoglycolcontactorsisneededinor-dertoavoidbottlenecksinthedehydrationsystemcausedbyhydrocarboncarryoverwhichcanleadtofoamingandexcessiveoverallglycollosses.SulzersmisteliminationproductssuchasSulzerKnitMesh,SulzerMKSMultiCassetteandShellSeparatorsmeetforthesehighprocessdemands.

    Condensate Treatment Unit

    ApplicationofSulzers liquid/liquidsepa-ratorproductssuchas:

    SulzerMellaplateplatepack

    4Cassettesequippedwithstructuredwiredemistingpacking

    CollectorTray

    SwirlTube

    SwirlingElements DrainPipe

    VaporisfreeofmistCassettemisteliminatorswereinstalledinthecontactortopsection.Theapplicationwasshowntomeetmeasuredglycolloss-esof

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