FUTURE TENSES By Ahmet YAVUZ. Future Tenses Tenses used to describe future are: Simple Present Present Continuous Will future Be going to future Future.

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<ul><li><p>FUTURE TENSESBy Ahmet YAVUZ</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesSimple Present I do / she does (form)We use present simple to talk about TIMETABLES, PROGRAMMES etc. (for public transportation, cinemas etc.) My train leaves at 11:30, so I need to be at the station by 11:15.What time does the film begin this eveningThe train leaves at 9 pm.Although the action takes place in the future, it takes place regularly and is set by a time table.</p></li><li><p>Future TensesSimple Present You can use the simple present tense to talk about people if their plans are fixed like a timetable. (such as politicians, businessmen)What time do you finish work tomorrow?I start my new job on MondayCompare the present use and future use of present simple:The buses start at 6 a.m. and stop at 12 p.m. every day. (simple present)The train to Ankara leaves at 9 a.m. tomorrow and arrives there at 6 p.m. (future)Our classes usually begin at 9 and finish at 12. (simple present)My class begins at 9 tomorrow and finishes at 12. (future)</p></li><li><p>Future TensesSimple Present</p></li><li><p>Future TensesSimple Present buraya simple present for the future bika altrma koy</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesPresent ContinuousI am doing something (tomorrow) = I have already decided and arranged to do it.A: What are you doing on Saturday evening?B: I am going to the cinemaA: What time is Cathy arriving tomorrow?B: Half past ten. I am meeting her at the station.I am not working tomorrow so we can go out somewhere. Ian isnt playing football next Saturday. Hes hurt his leg. </p></li><li><p>Future TensesPresent ContinuousTime expressions such as tomorrow, next week, next year, next summer are used with present continuous to express arranged future. I'm meeting Ann next Saturday.They are giving a party next month. She is leaving Istanbul in two days.(ki gn sonra stanbul'dan ayrlyor. / ki gn sonra stanbul'dan ayrlacak.)</p></li><li><p>Future TensesPresent ContinuousCompare:I'm going to the theatre tonight. In the example you can see that the tickets are already bought. So we are talking about an arrangement for the near future.The play starts at 8 oclock.The difference between Present simple and Present continuous can be seen in this example. </p></li><li><p>Future TensesPresent Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesPresent Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p><p>Present Simple Or Present Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future Tenses Present Continuous or Simple</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureForm of be going to future</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureUse of be going to futureI am going to do something = I have decided to do it. I intend to do it. A: Are you going to watch the late film on TV tonight?B: No, I am going to have an early night.A: I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it? B: She is going to buy a new car.I am going to make a quick phone call. Can you wait for me. If we are talking about an action which has been decided or planned earlier, we use be going to. A: Why have you bought this material? B: I'm going to make a skirt for myself. </p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureStrong prediction: If we have proof that something will happen we use be going to. The sky is black. It is going to rain.There is a lot of blossom on the trees this spring. We are going to have a good crop.I feel terrible. I think I am going to be ill.The economic situation is bad now and things are going to get worse. </p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureExercise on Future I Simple (going to)The following people are about to do something. You can see that they have already planned or prepared the action.</p><p>What does she need the telephone for? (she / call / her boyfriend) ________Why are they wearing sport suits? (they / play / squash) ________Why has Fiona bought chocolates? (She / visit / her grandma) ________Why do you need a map? (we / walk / in the mountains) ________What do you need the cloth and the bucket for? (we / wash / the car) ________Why are you running about with the toothbrush? (I / brush / my teeth) ________Why is daddy not coming with us? (he / repair / the car) ________Hurry up! (they / light / the bonfire) ________Why are all these tapes on the table? (we / learn / Greek) ________What do you need the pen for? (I / write / some postcards) ________ </p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureExercise on Future I Simple (going to)The following people do not intend to do the following actions.Write negative sentences in going to future.</p><p>(I / sell / my car) ________(he / help / us) ________(they / study / harder) ________(we / cook / dinner tonight) ________(I / celebrate / my birthday this year) ________(she / cleaning / her room) ________(they / move / house) ________(she / stay / with Amy) ________(they / change / their clothes) ________(we / get up early / next Sunday </p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureExercise on Future I Simple (going to)Write questions in going to future.</p><p>(he / cook dinner / tonight) ________(you / run / in the race) ________(they / climb / that mountain) ________(she / exercise / at the gym / in the afternoon) ________(you / carry / that heavy box) ________(computer / crash) ________(we / eat / fish / tonight) ________(he / play football / tomorrow) ________(Lucy / call / a taxi) ________(you / sing / a song / for us) ________</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to FutureTest on Future I Simple (going to) he / get up / early Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________they / do / their best Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________you / learn / Irish Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________she / buy / a computer Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________we / take / the bus Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________she / watch / the match Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________they / wait / in the park Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________He / buy / bread / this afternoon Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p><p>Present Continuous or be going to</p></li><li><p>Future TensesPresent Continuous or be going toBuraya present continuous ve be going to karlatrmas konulacak</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureForm of will future</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureUse of will future1. We use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking.Oh! Ive left the door open. I will go and shut it. What would you like to drink? Ill have an orange juice,pleaseDid you phone Lucy? Oh, no. I forgot. Ill phone her now.Present simple cannot be used in these situations. I will go and shut the door. (not I go and shut)I don't have any money. Don't worry. I'll lend you some. (zlme. Ben sana veririm.)Some guests are corning in two hours, and nothing is ready yet. Don't worry. I'll wash the dishes and you can do the cooking. (Ben bulaklar ykarm, sen yemei piirirsin.)</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill Future2.Will is used in these situations:Offering to do somethingThat bag looks heavy. I will help you with it. Agreeing to do somethingA: Can you give Tim this book? B: Sure, I will give it to him when I see him this afternoon.Promising to do somethingThanks for lending me the money. Ill pay you back on Friday.Asking somebody to do something (Will you.....?)Will you please turn the stereo down. I am trying to concentrate.</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill Future3. Will is generally used with these expressions.</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureWill is used to make predictions without proof.There will be a rise in prices after the elections. With will we use tomorrow, next week, next month, next summer, in two days (iki gn sonra), in ten minutes (on dakika sonra), two days from now (iki gn sonra), five years from now (be yl sonra), soon ( az sonra, yaknda).We will take an exam next week.Tomorrow is a public holiday, so she won't go to work.She will graduate in three years.Two months from now, they will move into a new flat.</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureFurther notes:With " I " and "we we can use "shall" instead of "will".We will/shall invite them to the party.I will/shall help you with your homework.Short form for "will not" and "shall not" are "won't" and "shan't. They will not/won't come tomorrow. We shall not/shan't go to the party.</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureExercise on Future I Simple (will)Write positive sentences in will Future.</p><p>We (help) ________ you. I (get) ________ you a drink. I think our team (win) ________the match. Maybe she (do) ________a language course in Malta. I (buy) ________the tickets. Perhaps she (do) ________this for you. Maybe we (stay) ________at home. She hopes that he (cook) ________dinner tonight. Im sure they (understand) ________your problem. They (go / probably) ________to the party. </p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureExercise on Future I Simple (will)Write negative sentences in will future.</p><p>(I / answer / the question) ________(she / read / the book) ________(they / drink / beer) ________(we / send / the postcard) ________(Vanessa / catch / the ball) ________(James / open / the door) ________(we / listen / to the radio) ________(they / eat / fish) ________(she / give / him / the apple) ________(the computer / crash) ________ </p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureExercise on Future I Simple (will)Write questions in will future.</p><p>(you / ask / him) ________(Jenny / lock / the door) ________(it / rain) ________(the teacher / test / our English) ________(what / they / eat) ________(when / she / be / back) ________(who / drive / us / into town) ________(where / we / meet) ________(when / I / be / famous) ________(what / you / do) ________</p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill FutureTest on Future I Simple (will) Harry / cause / trouble Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________you / copy / the homework Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________the clouds / disappear Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________he / marry / his girlfriend Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________</p><p>the snowman / melt Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________the people / panic Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________they / react / to my question Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________she / probably / teach / in London Positive: ________Negative: ________Question: ________ </p></li><li><p>Future TensesWill Future</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousBe going to futureWill futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p><p>be going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future Tensesbe going to or will</p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture ContinuousFORM</p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture ContinuousUSE OF THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSEa) We use this tense to express an action which will be in proggress at a certain time in the future. (Bu tense'i, gelecekte bir noktada yapyor olacamz eylemleri ifade etmek iin kullanrz.)Don't call me tomorrow between ten and eleven I'll be having an interview then.This time next year, you'll probably be attending university.My plane departs at nine tomorrow, so I'll be flying to New York at this hour tomorrow.b) We can also use this tense to request something from someone. (Bu tense'i birinden bir ey rica ederken de kullanabiliriz.)"Will you be going past the post office when you go out? 'Yes. Why?""If so, can you post this letter for me?""Will you be using your bike tomorrow? "No, I don't think so. "If not, can you lend it to me for the afternoon?"</p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture ContinuousSignal Words(at) this time next week next year next monthin one yearnext weektomorrowat two oclock tomorrowat midnight</p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture ContinuousExercise on Future ProgressivePut the verbs into the correct form (future progressive).</p><p>At midnight we (sleep)____________. This time next week we (sit) ____________at the beach. At nine I (watch) ____________the news. Tonight we (cram up) ____________for our English test. They (dance) ____________all night. He (not / play) ____________all afternoon. I (not / work) ____________all day. (eat / you) ____________at six? (drive / she) ____________to London? (fight / they) ____________again? </p></li><li><p>Future TensesTenses used to describe future are:Simple PresentPresent ContinuousWill futureBe going to futureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous</p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture Perfect TenseFORM</p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture Perfect TenseWe use this tense to express actions that will be completed at a certain time in the future.(Gelecekte bir noktada yapm, tamamlam olacamz eylemleri bu tense ile ifade ederiz. )By, before, in a week (or in a week's time), in ten days (or in ten days' time), in three years (or in three years' time) are used with this tenseShe will have graduated from university in two years.She promises that she will have finished her report by tomorrow.They will have completed the new school building by next year. </p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture Perfect Tense"By the time", "when" ve "before", bu tense ile sk kullanlan zaman balalardr.I will have finished my homework by the time mother comes back.Before this term is finished, you will have learnt most of the English grammar.The children will have gone to bed when the guests arrive.We will already have eaten dinner when he comes. O geldiinde biz yemeimizi yemi olacaz.*** "by" ile "by the time" arasndaki farka dikkat ediniz. "By" bir preposition olduu iin kendinden sonra bir isim gelir, (by two o'clock, by next month, by tomorrow, by then, etc.) "By the time" ise bir balatr. Kendinden sonra bir cmle gelir.l will have finished my work by 5 o'clock.I will have finished my work by the time you come back.I'll call you at 2.00. I hope you'll have finished your work by then.I'll call you at 2.00. I hope you'll have finished your work by the time I call you. </p></li><li><p>Future TensesFuture Perfect TenseExercise on Future Perfect SimplePut the verbs into the correct form (future II simple).</p><p>By 9 o'clock we (cook) _________ dinner. They (eat) ____...</p></li></ul>